Category Archives: Angel

The Obligation of the believers towards the angels

We used the book entitled “The World of the Noble Angels” by Sheikh Umar S. al Ashqar rahimullah for our study.  Read HERE.

Following are the salient points

The believer who worships Allah and seeks His pleasure must regard the angels as friends and view them with love and respect. They would avoid anything that would annoy or offend the angels.

i. Not offending the angels

The scholars denounced those who slander the angels or speak badly of them.

For example

– equating angry looks to the look of the angel Maalik (keepr of health)

– Equating an ugly person to Munkar Nakeer

If this is said in the context of condemning ugliness and harshness.

ii. Keeping away from sin and disobedience. 

The things which often angers the angels most are sin, disobedience to Allah, kufr and shirk.

Hence the angels do not enter places and houses where Allah is disobeyed, or in it exist things that Allah dislikes and hates, such as stone altars, statues and life pictures.

Angels do not like coming near to people who indulge in sin such as the drunkards.

Hadith – Bukhari 4:448, Narrated Abu Talha

I heard Allah’s Apostle saying; “Angels (of Mercy) do not enter a house wherein there is a dog or a picture of a living creature (a human being or an animal).”

Abu Dawood (4180) narrated from ‘Ammaar ibn Yaasir (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said:

“There are three whom the angels do not come near: the dead body of a kaafir, a man who smears himself with khalooq and a person who is junub, unless he does wudoo’.”

Read an explanation of the hadith HERE.

iii. The angels are offended by that which offends the son of Adam

Among the things that angels are offended from are offensive smells and by filth and dirt.

The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Anyone who eats garlic and onions or leeks should not come near our Masjid. The angels are harmed by what harms the sons of Adam.” [Sahih Muslim]

iv. The prohibition on spitting to the right while praying

Anas b. Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: When any one of you is engaged in prayer, he is holding intimate conversation with his Lord, so none of you must spit in front of him, or towards his right side, but towards his left side under his foot.

v. Befriending all the angels

The Muslim has to like all the angels without any discrimination between one angel and another. They are all slaves of Allah that do what is commanded .

The Jews claimed they had friends and enemies among the angels; Jibrael their enemy and Mikael was their friend.

Al Baqarah 2: 97-98

Say (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ): “Whoever is an enemy to Jibrael (Gabriel) (let him die in his fury), for indeed he has brought it (this Qur’ân) down to your heart by Allâh’s Permission, confirming what came before it [i.e. the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] and guidance and glad tidings for the believers. (97) “Whoever is an enemy to Allâh, His Angels, His Messengers, Jibrael (Gabriel) and Mikael (Michael), then verily, Allâh is an enemy to the disbelievers.” (98)

The Jews claimed that Jibreel is their enemy because he comes with war and destruction, and if the one who had come to the Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam had been Mikaeel, they would have followed him.

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Angels and the Believers 4

1. They shade the shaheed with their wings

Jabir narrated that his father was presented to the Messenger of Allah after his dead body was mutilated. I wanted to uncover his face but some people told me not to. We then heard some women weeping. The Messenger of Allah said: “Why are you weeping? The angels are still providing shade for him until this moment!” (Bukhari – Muslim)

2. The angels who brought the ark of covenant (at Taboot)

al Baqarah 2: 248

And their Prophet (Samuel A.S.) said to them: Verily! The sign of His Kingdom is that there shall come to you At-Tâbût (a wooden box), wherein is Sakinah[] (peace and reassurance) from your Lord and a remnant of that which Mûsâ (Moses) and Hârûn (Aaron) left behind, carried by the angels. Verily, in this is a sign for you if you are indeed believers. (248) 

Allah has said that its the angels who brought to the Children of Israel at that time a wooden box known as at Tabut to reassure them, so that they may know that Taloot (saul) was chosen by Allah, so they should follow him and obey him.

3. The angels will protect Makkah and Madeenah from the dajjal

Reported in Saheeh Muslim from Fatimah bint Qays, from the story of Tameem ad Daari, in which it says the Dajjal said

“I am al Maseeh ad Dajaal. Soon I will be granted permission to emerge and will emerge and travel throughout the earth. There will be no town which I will not enter, during  a period of forty days, apart from Makkah and Teebah. they are both forbidden from me;  every time I try to enter one of them, I will be met by an angel with an unsheathed sword in his hand, who will prevent me from entering it. At every gate there is an angel guarding it.”

Fatimah bint Quays said:

“The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said, striking the minbar with his stick, “This is Teebah, This is Teebah, this is Teebah,” meaning al Madeenah.”

Bukhaari narrated from Abu Bakrah that the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said:

“The terror of al Maseeh ad Dajaal will not enter Madeenah. At that time it will have seen seven gates, at each of which will be two angels.”

4. Eesaa will descend in the company of the angels

In Sunan Tirmidhi, it is narrated from an Nawaas ibn Sam’aan that in the hadith about the dajjal, the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,

“Whilst he is like that, “Eesa ibn Maryam will come down at the white minaret, in the east of Damascus, wearing two garments lightly dyed with saffron, placing his hands on the wings of two angels”.

5. The angels spread their wings over as Shaam

It is narrated that Zayd ibn Thabit al Ansaari said:

“I heard the Messenger of ALlah sallallahu alihi wasalam say,”How blessed is Ash Shaam (present day Syria, Jordan and Palestine) how blessed is ash Shaam! They said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, why is that?’, He said, ‘The angels spread their wings over ash Shaams.”

6. The reward in coinciding with the angels

It is narrated in Sahhehayn (Bukhari and Muslim) that the Messenger of Allah sallalalhu alaihi wasalam said:

“When the Imam says Ameen, say Ameen, for whoever’s saying Ameen coincides with the Ameen of the angels, all his previous sins will be forgiven.”

In Saheeh al Bukhari:

“If one of you says Ameen and the angels in heaven says Ameen, and they coincide with one another, all his previous sins will be forgiven.”

In Saheeh al Bukhari it is narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet sallallahu alaihi salam said:

“When the Imaam says ‘Sami’ Allahu liman hamidah,’ say, ;Rabbanaa wa laka’l-hamd.’ Whoever’s words coincide with those of the angels, all his previous sins will be forgiven.”

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Angels and the Believers 3

i. They come down when a believer recites the Quran

Narrated Al-Bara’ bin ‘Azib: A man recited Surat-al-kahf (in his prayer) and in the house there was a (riding) animal which got frightened and started jumping. The man finished his prayer with Taslim, but behold! A mist or a cloud hovered over him. He informed the Prophet of that and the Prophet said, “O so-and-so! Recite, for this (mist or cloud) was a sign of peace descending for the recitation of Quran.”  (Book #56, Hadith #811)

Al-Bukhari recorded that Usayd bin Hudayr said that he was once reciting Surat Al-Baqarah while his horse was tied next to him. The horse started to make some noise. When Usayd stopped reciting, the horse stopped moving about. When he resumed reading, the horse started moving about again. When he stopped reciting, the horse stopped moving, and when he resumed reading, the horse started to move again. Meanwhile, his son Yahya was close to the horse, and he feared that the horse might step on him. When he moved his son back, he looked up to the sky and saw a cloud radiating with light that looked like lamps. In the morning, he went to the Prophet and told him what had happened and then said, “O Messenger of Allah! My son Yahya was close to the horse and I feared that she might step on him. When I attended to him and raised my head to the sky, I saw a cloud with lights like lamps. So I went, but I couldn’t see it.” The Prophet said, “Do you know what that was” He said, “No.” The Prophet said,

«تِلْكَ الْمَلَائِكَةُ دَنَتْ لِصَوْتِكَ وَلَو قَرَأْتَ لَأَصْبَحْتَ يَنْظُرُ النَّاسُ إِلَيْهَا، لَا تَتَوارَى مِنْهُم»

(They were the angels, they came close hearing your voice (reciting Surat Al-Baqarah), and if you had kept reading, the people would have been able to see the angels when the morning came, and the angels would not be hidden from their eyes.)

ii. They convey the salams of the ummah to Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam

From Ibn Mas’ud, the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said: ‘Allah has angels who travel about the earth; they convey to me the peace greeting from my ummah. Declared sahih by Albani

This hadith teaches us that

i. we should make lots of salawat toour prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam and it will be conveyed to him Insya Allah

ii. We do not need to ask people to send salam to the prophet when they visit the prophet sallalhu alaihi waslam grave, because the angels are our messengers who will pass the salam to us whenever we make salawat.

iii. They protect and support righteous people, and relieve their distress

Allah may send angels to protect some of His righteous slaves other than the Prophets and Messengers.

This story is in Ibn Kathir in a commentary of the ayah 27: 62

Is not He (better than your gods) who responds to distressed one, when he calls on Him, and He removes the evil (Qur’an 27:62)

– He said:Al-Haafiz ibn ‘Asaakir mentioned the story of a man of whom Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Dawood ad-Daynoori, who was known as Ad-Daqqi as-Soofi. This man said:

I used to transport people and their goods with a mule that belonged to me, from Damascus to Balad az-Zabadaani. One day a man rode with me, and for part of the way we were traveling off the beaten track. He said to me, “Take this path, it is shorter”, I said, “That’s no good. “He said “But it is shorter”

So we took the path, and it reached a place where it was very difficult to go, and there was deep valley in which there were many dead bodies. He said, “Hold the mule’s head, so I can dismount.” So he dismounted, then he rolled up his sleeves and gathered his garments. Then he pulled out a knife and came towards me. I ran away from him and he followed me. I implored him by Allah, and said, “Take the mule and all the baggage on it. He said they are mine anyway but I am going to kill you. I tried to scare him by reminding him of Allah and the punishment, but he paid no heed to that.”

So I surrendered to him, and said “let me pray two rakah” He said hurry up then. So I stood up to pray , but the words of the Qur’an would not come to me. I could not remember even a single letter. I remained standing, confused and he was saying “Come on! get on with it” Then Allah enabled me to recite this Ayah

Is not He (better than your gods) who responds to distressed one, when he calls on Him, and He removes the evil (Qur’an 27:62)

Suddenly I saw a horseman who had come from the mouth of the valley with a spear on his hand. He threw the spear at the man, and it did not miss his heart. The man fell dead, and I clung to the horseman and said, “By Allah, who are you” He said “I am a messenger of the One who responds to the distressed one when he calls on Him, and Who removes the evil” Then I took the mule and the baggage and I returned safe and sound.

Similarly, Allah sent Jibreel to help the mother of Ismaa’eel in Makkah.

In Saheeh al-Bukhaari it is narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas from the Prophet (Peace be upon him), in the story of Ibraaheem’s migration with Ismaa’eel and his mother Haajir to the land of Makkah – which is a long story – that the mother of Ismaa’eel ran like a distressed person between As-Safa’ and Al-Marwah seven times, looking for water.

“When she looked out from Al-Marwah, she heard a voice, and she kept quiet and listened attentively. She heard the voice again and said,

“O (whoever you may be)! You have made me hear your voice; have you got something to help me?”

And she saw an angel at the place of Zamzam, digging the earth with his heel (or his wing), till water flowed from that place…

The angel said to her,

‘Don’t be afraid of being neglected, for this is the House of Allah which will be built by this boy and his father, and Allah never neglects His people.’”

(Bukhaari, 6/397, hadith no. 3364)

This angel who came to her was Jibreel. In Al-Musnad it is narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas that Ubayy ibn Ka’b said:

“When Jibreel dug Zamzam with his heel, the mother of Ismaa’eel started to scoop up the earth around it.

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

‘May Allah have mercy on Ismaa’eel’s mother! Had she left Zamzam alone (flowing without trying to control it), Zamzam would have been a stream flowing on the surface of the earth.’”

(Musnad Ahmad, 5/121)

Allah knows best how He sends help to the rest of us when we are in distress. Tawakkal to Allah that He doesn’t leave one in distress for He knows what is best for you.

iv. The angels attend the funerals of the righteous

Ibn Umar [ra] narrated that the messenger of Allah, [pbuh] said concerning the death of Sa’ad ibn Mu’adh: “This is a righteous servant for whom the Throne shook and for whom the gates of heavens were thrown open and whose funeral was witnessed by 70,000 angels who had never descended to the earth until that day. He was squeezed (in his grave once), then he was released”(Muslim)

More about Saad bin Mu’adh HERE

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Angels and the Believers 2

This is the continuation of Angel and the Believers 1 HERE.

viii. Saying Ameen to the du’a of the believers

The angels say ameen to the du’a of the believers, thus making the du’a more likely to be answered.

In Saheeh Muslim and Sunan Ibn Majah, it is narrated from Abu Darda that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, ‘The Dua of a person for his Muslim brother in his absence will be answered. At his head there is an angel, and every time he prays for him for something good, the angel who has been appointed to be with him, says, ‘Ameen, may you have likewise.

This hadith is saying that two kind of people are receiving the merits when you make du’a for your absent brother

i. The absent brother who didn’t know of this du’a. When the angels say Ameen, it means to say O Allah accept his Dua for the absent Muslim.

ii. You yourself because the angels also will say and for you too’ after, ‘Ameen,’ meaning may Allah grant you the same.

Imam an-Nawawi (rahimahullah) writes in the explanation of this Hadeeth, ‘The excellence of supplicating for the absent Muslims is mentioned in this Hadeeth. This merit will be achieved even if one were to supplicate for a group of Muslims. Also, if one supplicates for the whole Muslim Ummah, he will have achieved the same advantage, as is known from the apparent meaning of the Hadeeth.

Qadhi Ayaz (rahimahullah) relates, ‘If the Salaf wanted to beseech Allah for something with regards to oneself, then they would supplicate to Allah with the same on behalf of their Muslim brethren because such a supplicate is accepted and the Angel supplicates for the supplicant.’

Hafidh Dhahabi (rahimahullah) relates from Umm ad-Darda that Abu Darda had 380 Muslim friends, for whom he would supplicate in his prayer. His wife inquired about the issue and he replied, ‘Shouldn’t I desire that the Angels supplicate for me.’ (

Also, we must be careful not to pray against our brothers.

Take note also on this hadeeth

Umm Salamah narrated that Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said, “Do not pray for anything but good for yourselves, for the angels say “ameen” to whatever you say.”

Thus a believer should never pray against himself.

ix. The angels pray for forgiveness for the believers

Allah says in As Shuara 42: 5

Nearly the heavens might be rent asunder from above them (by His Majesty), and the angels glorify the praises of their Lord, and ask for forgiveness for those on the earth, verily, Allâh is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

Allah tells us that the angels pray for forgiveness for those who are on earth

Also the angels of the bearers of the Throne glorify their Lord pray for the forgiveness of the believers especially those who repent. They pray that Allah will save them from Fire and place them in Jannah and keep them away from committing sins and act of disobedience

Al Ghaffir 40: 9

Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allâh) and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh) (saying): “Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who repent and follow Your Way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire! (7) “Our Lord! And make them enter the ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens) which you have promised them, — and to the righteous among their fathers, their wives, and their offspring! Verily, You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. (8) “And save them from (the punishment, for what they did of) the sins, and whomsoever You save from (the punishment for what he did of) the sins (i.e. pardon him) that Day, him verily, You have taken into mercy.” And that is the supreme success. (9)

Oh what joy to be among those that angels pray for. Let us strive to be among the believers who are being prayed constantly upon.

x. The angels attend gatherings of knowledge and circles of dhikr

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Allah, the Exalted, has teams of angels who go about on the roads seeking those who remember Allah. When they find some people remembering Allah they call to one another and say, `Come to what you are looking for;’ and they surround them with their wings till the space between them and the lowest sky is fully covered.

What kind of circles and gatherings are referred to here? It would be a gathering that talks about Allah and adhere to the sunnah of the Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam, away from lagha. For examples quran classes, halaqah, discussions about the deen, lectures and others Insya Allah.

So when we are doing halaqah, we hope that there will be angels around us who will ask for our forgiveness and ask that we enter jannah. Frequently make promises meanwhile.

Abu Hurairah and Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When a group of people assemble for the remembrance of Allah, the angels surround them (with their wings), (Allah’s) mercy envelops them, Sakinah, or tranquillity descends upon them and Allah makes a mention of them before those who are near Him.” [Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith also highlights the merits of remembrance of Allah and the high grades of the people indulging in it.

xi. The angels record those who attend Jumu’ah. 

Narrated by Abu Hurayrah The Messenger of Allah said “On the day of Jummah, the angels stand at the entrance of that Masjid in which Jummah salaat is to be offered. They write down the name of the person who enters the Masjid first, and thereafter the name of the person who follows, and they continue doing this. The person who entered first will receive the reward of sacrificing a camel in the path of Allah; the one who followed him will get the reward of sacrificing a cow, thereafter a chicken, thereafter the reward of giving an egg as charity in the path of Allah. Once the khutbah commences, the angels close the register and begin listening to the khutbah. “ (Bukhari and Muslim)

Thus the angels record those who go to friday prayers in order of attendance.

xii. The angels also record whatever people say about good things.

Narrated Rifa’a bin Rafi Az Zuraqi: One day we were praying behind the Prophet. When he raised his head from bowing, he said, “Sami’a-l-lahu Liman hamida.” A man behind him said, “Rabbana walaka-l hamd hamdan Kathiran taiyiban mubarakan fihi” (O our Lord! All the praises are for You, many good and blessed praises). When the Prophet completed the prayer, he asked, “Who has said these words?” The man replied, “I.” The Prophet said, “I saw over thirty angels competing to write it first.”  (Bukhari 799)

The recording angels are definitely other that the two angels who write down a person’s good deeds and evil deeds since they are described as thirty odd.

xiii. The angels change shifts

Abu Hurairah (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “There are angels who take turns in visiting you by night and by day, and they all assemble at the dawn (Fajr) and the afternoon (Asr) prayers. Those who have spent the night with you, ascend (to the heaven) and Allah, Who knows better about them, asks, ‘In what condition did you leave My slaves?’ They reply, ‘We left them while they were performing Salat and we went to them while they were performing Salat.’” [Sahih Bukhari]

Angels are roaming around looking for people who are in the remembrance of Allah. They have different groups and work in shifts. When one group comes, the other group go and they meet at Fajr prayer and asr prayer.

Abu Musa reported: The Messenger ofallah (may peace be upon him) was standing amongst us and he told us five things. He said: Verily the Exalted and Mighty God does not sleep, and it does not befit Him to sleep. He lowers the scale and lifts it. The deeds in the night are taken up to Him before the deeds of the day. and the deeds of the day before the deeds of the night. His veil is the light. In the hadith narrated by Abu Bakr (instead of the word” light” ) it is fire. If he withdraws it (the veil), the splendour of His countenance would consume His creation so far as His sight reaches.

Perhaps this is the time that our deeds taken up to Allah. Indeed Allah is All Aware.

Allah has ascribed a high status to Fajr prayers because the angels witness to it

In Surah al Isra’ 17: 78-79

Perform As¬Salât from mid-day till the darkness of the night (i.e. the Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, and ‘Ishâ’ prayers), and recite the Qur’ân in the early dawn (i.e. the morning prayer). Verily, the recitation of the Qur’ân in the early dawn is ever witnessed (attended by the angels in charge of mankind of the day and the night). (78) And in some parts of the night (also) offer the Salât (prayer) with it (i.e. recite the Qur’an in the prayer), as an additional prayer (Tahajjud optional prayer – Nawâfil) for you (O Muhammad SAW). It may be that your Lord will raise you to Maqâm Mahmûd (a station of praise and glory, i.e. the honour of intercession on the Day of Resurrection). (79)

Almighty Allah knows everything but even then He asks the angels about His pious slaves so that the piety of the believers and their merit and distinction become evident to all.

The angels for the night come at the time of Asr when the angels from the morning are present. The angels of the two shifts assemble at this time and exchange duties. The angels of the night shift then leave their duty in the morning at Fajr, and the angels of the morning shift resume their duty. Thus, the two groups assemble again at this time.

Angels are very punctual. They know no such thing as procrastination or delay. Thus, when they are exchanging duties only the people who are punctual in their Salat are engaged in Fajr or Asr prayers. Therefore, we should try very hard to be punctual in praying the Asr and Fajr Salat so that when Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) asks the angels about us He is told that the angels left us while we were remembering Him and praying and not while we were sleeping, busy in games, watching T.V., or some other worthless activity.

 

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The Angels and the Believers

Earlier we discussed about the role of angels with the sons of Adam which among them are to blow the soul in the mother’s womb, protecting people, conveying message, writing people’s deeds and taking the souls at death. These are for both believers and the disbelievers.

However there are also different roles of the angels to the believers and the non believers. This is what we will discuss now Insya Allah.

1. Their love for the believers

In Saheeh al-Bukhari, the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam says:

“When Allah subhaanahu wa ta’aala loves someone, he calls Jibreel and Allah then says, ‘Ya Jibreel! Inni uhibbu fulan! (Oh Jibreel! Verily, I love such and such a person, so love him!)’”

And Allah names that person and then Jibreel loves that person. Then Jibreel calls out to all the angels of the heavens and he says, “Allah loves so and so, so love him!”and so all the angels love him. And then Allah places pleasure in the hearts of the people towards this person!”

The Prophet sal Allaau alayhi wa sallam said in another narration of this hadeeth:

“The slave will continue to try to win the pleasure of Allah; he will try to win the love of Allah until Allah calls Jibreel and says to him, ‘Oh Jibreel! My slave so and so is trying to please me, verily my love has overcome him!’”

The thing that we need to do first, is that Allah to love us? Let’s brainstorm what we can do to achieve this status?

2. Sending blessings to the Believers

Allah tells us that the angels sends blessings on the Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam

Al Ahzab 33: 56

Allâh sends His Salât (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy) on the Prophet (Muhammad SAW) and also His angels (ask Allâh to bless and forgive him).

They also send blessings on the believers

Al Ahzab 33: 43

He it is Who sends Salât (His blessings) on you, and His angels too (ask Allâh to bless and forgive you), that He may bring you out from darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into light (of Belief and Islâmic Monotheism). And He is Ever Most Merciful to the believers. (43)

Salaah (blessings) from Allah means that He praises His slaves. In this case before the angels.

Salaah (blessings) from the angels means that they pray for people and seek forgiveness for them.

Wouldn’t be a great reward to be included among those they send the salaah to?

How do we achieve this?

Some examples

ii. Teaching people good things.

Abu Umaamah narrated that the messenger of Allah said:

“Allah and His angels, and the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth, even the ant in its hole, and even the fish, send blessings upon the one who teaches people good things”
(Sunan at-Tirmidhi, 2/343, no. 2161)

ii. Those who wait for prayer in congregation.

Abu Hurayrah said:

“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘The angels send blessings on any one of you so long as he stays where he is sitting. They say, ‘O Allah, forgive him, O Allah, have mercy on him’, so long as he does not break his wudoo’.’”
(Bukhari, 2/131, no. 647)

iii. Those who pray in the first row (s).

Al-Baraa’ ibn ‘Aazib narrates that the Messenger of Allah said:

“Allah and His angels send blessings upon the front rows”

(Sunan Abi Dawood, 1/120, no.618)

iv. Those who fill in the gaps in the rows.

It is narrated that Aa’ishah said:

“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Allah and His angels send blessings on those who complete the rows, and whoever fills a gap (in a row), Allah will raise his status because of it’”
(Sunan Ibn Maajah, 1/164, no. 814)

v. Those who eat suhoor.

In Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan and Mu’jam at-Tabaraani al-Awsat it is narrated with a hasan isnaad from Ibn ‘Umar that the Messenger of Allah said:

“Allah and His angels send blessing upon those who eat suhoor”
(Saheeh al-Jaami, 2/135)

vi. Those who send blessings upon the Prophet ( )

Ahmad narrated in his Musnad and Al-Diyaa’ narrated in Al-Mukhtaarah from ‘Amir Ibn Rabee’ah with a hasan isnaad that the Messenger of Allah said:

“There is no person who sends blessings upon on me, but the angels send blessings on him so long as he sends blessings on me. So let a person do a little of that or a lot”
(Saheeh al-Jaami’, 5/174)

vii. Those who visit the sick.

It is narrated from ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib that the Prophet said:

There is no man who visits a sick person in the evening, but seventy thousand angels go out with him, and pray for forgiveness for him until morning, and he will have provision in Paradise. And whoever goes to him in the morning, seventy thousand angels go with him, and pray for forgiveness for him until evening, and he will have provision in Paradise
(Sunan Abi Dawood, 2/598, no. 2655. Abu Dawood stated this hadith is saheeh marfoo’)

How does the angels’ blessings affect us?

Al Ahzab 33: 43

He it is Who sends Salât (His blessings) on you, and His angels too (ask Allâh to bless and forgive you), that He may bring you out from darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into light (of Belief and Islâmic Monotheism). And He is Ever Most Merciful to the believers. (43)

When Allah mentions us to the hosts on high, and when the angels pray for the believers and ask for forgiveness for them. This has the effect of guiding us and and ridding the darkness of kufr and shirk and sin, leading us to the light.

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The Angels and the Sons of Adam

1. They bring down Allah’s Messages

Allah selected the angels for a very great and noble job which is to take commands and teachings to the people.

Al Fatir 35: 1
All the praises and thanks are to Allâh, the (only) Originator [or the (Only) Creator] of the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels messengers with wings, – two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Verily, Allâh is Able to do all things. (1)

Allah has told us that Jibreel is the only one who carries this mission

Ash Shuara 26: 193-194

And truly, this (the Qur’ân) is a revelation from the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists), (192)Which the trustworthy Rûh [Jibril (Gabriel)] has brought down; (193) Upon your heart (O Muhammad SAW) that you may be (one) of the warners, (194)

But wahy may be brought by other angels even though very rarely, as the hadith goes

Ibn Abbas in which Ibn Abbas narrates:

“One day Jibreel was sitting with the Prophet ﷺ and Jibreel heard the sound of a door in the heavens. So he raised his head and saw an angel coming. Then Jibreel said to the Prophet ﷺ, ‘This door is a door that was never opened before until today. And this angel is an angel who never came before.’ The angel came to Jibreel and the Prophet ﷺ and gavesalaams (greetings of peace) to them. Then he said to the Prophet ﷺ, ‘I give you the good news of two lights that are given to you that were never given to any prophet before you: the Opening of the Book (i.e. Surat al-Fatiha) and the last verses of Surat al-Baqarah.’”

Not everyone to whom an angel comes is a Messenger or a prophet.

Allah sent Jibreel to Maryam. (The story of how Isa was created)

Allah sent Jibreel to the mother of Ismaeel whn she ran out of food and drink (the story of zam zam)

The sahabah saw Jibreel in human form (hadith Islam, Iman and ihsan)

An angel visited a man who was visiting his brother because he loved him for th sake of Allah.

2. They blow life into people and record their future

While we are in our mother’s womb, Allah sends and angel to blow life into us and write important things from our future.

Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother’s womb for forty days in the form of a nutfah (a drop), then he becomes an ‘alaqah (clot of blood) for a like period, then a mudghah (morsel of flesh) for a like period, then there is sent to him the angel who blows his soul into him and who is commanded with four matters: to write down his rizq (sustenance), his life span, his actions, and whether he will be happy or unhappy (i.e. whether or not he will enter Paradise). (Bukhari and Muslim from Ibn Mas’ood)

We did the hadith previously at hadith 4 – Man’s development and his destiny

3. They write what the People Do

Be aware that there are angels who stay with us all the time. they record all what we do, whether good or bad.

Az Zukhroof 43: 80

Or do they think that We hear not their secrets and their private counsel? (Yes We do) and Our Messengers (appointed angels in charge of mankind) are by them, to record. (80)

The angels never forget to write anything.

All of us have two angels –
one on the right recording good deed
one on the left recording bad deed

Al Infitar 82: 10-12
But verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch you, (10) Kirâman (Honourable) Kâtibîn writing down (your deeds) (11) They know all that you do. (12)

Al Qaaf 50: 17-18
(Remember!) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being), one sitting on the right and one on the left (to note his or her actions) (17) Not a word does he (or she) utter, but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it).(18)

Please refer to the arabic words in this verse.

The word qa’eed – translated as sitting. really means watching.

The word raqeeb ateed – translated as watcher means always ready to do that and he never misses a single word.

Thus each person will find that this books contain everything that he said or did.

The kuffar will see their books of deeds on the Day of resurrection andthey will cry out

Al Kahf 18: 49

And the Book (one’s Record) will be placed (in the right hand for a believer in the Oneness of Allâh, and in the left hand for a disbeliever in the Oneness of Allâh), and you will see the Mujrimûn (criminals, polytheists, sinners), fearful of that which is (recorded) therein. They will say: “Woe to us! What sort of Book is this that leaves neither a small thing nor a big thing, but has recorded it with numbers!” And they will find all that they did, placed before them, and your Lord treats no one with injustice. (49)

From a hadith,

Abu Hurayra is that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A slave of Allah might say something which pleases Allah Almighty without realising it on account of which Allah raises him some degrees. A slave of Allah might say something which angers Allah Almighty without realising it on account of which he falls into Jahannam.” [al-Bukhari]

From Al Qaf 50: 18

(Remember!) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being), one sitting on the right and one on the left (to note his or her actions) (17)

Not a word does he (or she) utter, but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it). (18)

Ibn Katheer mentioned that Imam Ahmad used to moan when he was sick. Then he heard that Tawoos said, “Everything is written down, even (a person’s moans).” After that, Ahmad never moaned until he died, may Allah have mercy on him.

Subhanallah Allah Ar Raheem Ar Rahman. He makes the angels on the left to give a chance for the sinners to repent in 6 hours before he starts recording the records,

Abu Umamah reported that the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,
Indeed the angel on the left lifts the pen for six hours from a sinful Muslim. If he then regrets and seek Allah’s forgiveness for his sins, the angels drop it. Otherwise he records it as one wrong. At tabaranni. verified hasan by al Albanee

The angels also record the actions of the heart

Al Infitar 82: 12

They know all that you do. (12) 

Narrated by Abu Huraira that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said:

Allah says: Whenever My slave intends to do a bad deed, (I say to the deeds recording angels): Do not record it against him until he (actually) commits it. If he has done so, write it down exactly as one in his record book. But if he refrains from it for My sake, write down this as a virtue in his favour. And when he intends to do a good deed, but does not actually do it, write it as a virtue for him. And if he puts it into practice, write its reward equal to, from ten to seven hundred times (in his account). (This Hadith is sound and reported by Bukhari, Muslim and Tirmidhi). 

Another hadith by Abu Hurayrah

The angels says, ‘O Lord, Your slave wants to do something bad,’ although He (Allah) Knows best about him. So, Allah says, ‘Watch him. If he does it then write it down as it is. If he does not do it, then write it down as one hasanah for him, for he is abstaining from it because of Me.’ (Bukhari and Muslim)

4. Stirring up good motives in the heart

Allah has appointed for each person a qareen (constant companion) from among the angels and another from among the jinn.

Ibn Masood said, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“There is no one among you but he has with him a constant companion (qareen) from among the jinn and a constant companion from among the angels.” They said, “You too, O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “Me too, but Allaah has helped me against him (the devil-companion) and he has become Muslim.” (Muslim)

The angelic companion is probably different from the angels who are commanded to record the deeds. This angel is appointed to guide the person. This qareen from the angel will tell us and encourage us to do good while the qareen of the jinn will tell us and encourage us to do evil.

Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«إِنَّ لِلشَّيْطَانِ لَمَّةً بِابْنِ آدَمَ، وَلِلْمَلَكِ لَمَّةً، فَأَمَّا لَمَّةُ الشَّيطَانِ فَإِيعَادٌ بِالشَّرِّ، وَتَكْذِيبٌ بِالْحَقِّ، وَ أَمَّا لَمَّةُ الْمَلَكِ فَإِيعَادٌ بِالْخَيْرِ، وَتَصْدِيقٌ بِالْحَقِّ، فَمَنْ وَجَدَ ذَلِكَ فَلْيَعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ مِنَ اللهِ، فَلْيَحْمَدِ اللهَ، وَمَنْ وَجَدَ الْأُخْرَى فَلْيَتَعَوَّذْ مِنَ الشَّيْطَان»

(Shaytan has an effect on the son of Adam, and the angel also has an effect. As for the effect of Shaytan, it is by his threatening with evil repercussions and rejecting the truth. As for the effect of the angel, it is by his promise of a good end and believing in the truth. Whoever finds the latter, let him know that it is coming from Allah and let him thank Allah for it. Whoever finds the former, let him seek refuge – with Allah – from Shaytan.)

The Prophet then recited,

﴿الشَّيْطَـنُ يَعِدُكُمُ الْفَقْرَ وَيَأْمُرُكُم بِالْفَحْشَآءِ وَاللَّهُ يَعِدُكُم مَّغْفِرَةً مِّنْهُ وَفَضْلاً﴾

(Shaytan threatens you with poverty and orders you to commit Fahsha’; whereas Allah promises you forgiveness from Himself and bounty. Al Baqarah 2: 286)

This is the narration that At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i collected in the book of Tafsir in their Sunan collections.

Al-Haafiz Abu Moosa narrated from Abu az-Zubayr that Jaabir said:

“The Messenger of Allah :saw: said:

‘When a person goes to bed, an angel and a devil hasten towards him. The angel says,

‘End you day with good,”

– and the devil says,

“End your day with evil.”

If he remembers Allah until (sleep) overtakes him, the angel expels the devil and spends the night watching over him.

When he wakes up, an angel and a devil hasten towards him. The angel says,

“Start (your day) with good,’

– and the devil says,

‘Start (your day) with evil.’

If he says,

‘Praise be to Allah who has brought my soul back to life after causing it to die, and has not caused me to die during my sleep. Praise be to Allah Who has detained the souls whom He decreed should die, and has sent back the others until an appointed time. Praise be to Allah Who grasps the heaven and the earth lest they move away from their places, and if they were to move away from their places, there is not one that could grasp them after Him (cf. 35:41), and Praise be to Allah Who holds up the heavens so that they cannot fall on the earth except by His leave,’

– then the angel expels the devil and spends the day watching over him.” (Bukhari)

This should encourage us to do lots of good deeds so that the angels are near to us constantly. Angels love good deeds while the devil hates it.

5. testing the Sons of Adam

Allah may send some of His angels to test the sons of Adam.

Narrated Abu Huraira: that he heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “Allah willed to test three Israelis who were a Leper, a blind man and a bald-headed man. So, he sent them an angel who came to the leper and said, ‘What thing do you like most?’ He replied, “Good color and good skin, for the people have a strong aversion to me.’ The angel touched him and his illness was cured, and he was given a good color and beautiful skin. The angel asked him, ‘What kind of property do you like best?’ He replied, ‘Camels (or cows).’ (The narrator is in doubt, for either the leper or the bald-headed man demanded camels and the other demanded cows.) So he (i.e. the leper) was given a pregnant she-camei, and the angel said (to him), ‘May Allah bless you in it.’ The angel then went to the bald-headed man and said, ‘What thing do you like most?’ He said, ‘I like good hair and wish to be cured of this disease, for the people feel repulsion for me.’ The angel touched him and his illness was cured, and he was given good hair. The angel asked (him), ‘What kind of property do you like bests’ He replied, ‘Cows,’ The angel gave him a pregnant cow and said, ‘May Allah bless you in it.’ The angel went to the blind man and asked, ‘What thing do you like best?’ He said, ‘(I like) that Allah may restore my eye-sight to me so that I may see the people.’ The angel touched his eyes and Allah gave him back his eye-sight. The angel asked him, “What kind of property do you like best?’ He replied, ‘Sheep.’ The angel gave him a pregnant sheep. Afterwards, all the three pregnant animals gave birth to young ones, and multiplied and brought forth so much that one of the (three) men had a herd of camels filling a valley, and one had a herd of cows filling a valley, and one had a flock of sheep filling a valley. Then the angel, disguised in the shape and appearance of a leper, went to the leper and said, I am a poor man, who has lost all means of livelihood while on a journey. So none will satisfy my need except Allah and then you. In the Name of Him Who has given you such nice color and beautiful skin, and so much property, I ask you to give me a camel so that I may reach my destination. The man replied, ‘I have many obligations (so I cannot give you).’ The angel said, ‘I think I know you; were you not a leper to whom the people had a strong aversion? Weren’t you a poor man, and then Allah gave you (all this property).’ He replied, ‘(This is all wrong), I got this property through inheritance from my fore-fathers’ The angel said, ‘If you are telling a lie, then let Allah make you as you were before. ‘ Then the angel, disguised in the shape and appearance of a bald man, went to the bald man and said to him the same as he told the first one, and he too answered the same as the first one did. The angel said, ‘If you are telling a lie, then let Allah make you as you were before.’ The angel, disguised in the shape of a blind man, went to the blind man and said, ‘I am a poor man and a traveler, whose means of livelihood have been exhausted while on a journey. I have nobody to help me except Allah, and after Him, you yourself. I ask you in the Name of Him Who has given you back your eye-sight to give me a sheep, so that with its help, I may complete my journey’ The man said, ‘No doubt, I was blind and Allah gave me back my eye-sight; I was poor and Allah made me rich; so take anything you wish from my property. By Allah, I will not stop you for taking anything (you need) of my property which you may take for Allah’s sake.’ The angel replied, ‘Keep your property with you. You (i.e 3 men) have been tested and Allah is pleased with you and is angry with your two companions.”  

6. The angels take the soul from the body

Allah has appointed some of His angels to pull the souls out of people’s boies when their appoited time comes which has been decreed by Allah.

As Sajda 32: 11

Say: “The angel of death, who is set over you, will take your souls, Then you shall be brought to your Lord.” (11)

Lessons

1. Angels are around the people.
2. The angels are messengers to human. But the last prophetic wahyu was for Prophet Muhamamd sallallahu alaihi wasalam
3. They blow life into people when they are in their mothers womb
4. The angel would also record the person’s future
5. They record what the people do

Reference

1. The World of the Noble Angels – Umar S al Ashqar rahimullah

2. Knowing the Angels – Muhammad al Jibaly

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The Angels with Prophet Adam alaihi Salam

We start from Prophet Adam alaihi salam. the first man.

When Allah wanted to create Adam, Allah informed the angels of that. The angels asked Allah the reason behind that.

Al baqarah 2: 30

And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations on earth.” They said: “Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, – while we glorify You with praises and thanks and sanctify You.” He (Allâh) said: “I know that which you do not know.” (30)

Angels did not ask because they intend to disobey. Na’udzubillah. They ask to know and understand. Some scholars said, that previously there were another creation that brought destruction. Allah knows best. And indeed the angels are constantly glorifying Allah and praising Allah. But Allah informed the angels that He knows all things.

When Adam’s creation was completed, and Allah has breathed his soul into him, Allah commanded the angels and Iblis (who was residing in heaven) to prostrate to Adam.

Sad 38: 71-72

(Remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “Truly, I am going to create man from clay” (71) So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me, then you fall down prostrate to him.” (72)

And as you know, the angels immediately responded to the command except Iblees.

Sad 38: 73-74
So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them: (73) Except Iblîs (Satan) he was proud and was one of the disbelievers. (74)

The Angels Taught Adam the Greetings of Islam

It is narrated that Abu Hurayrah said : the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi waslaam said : “Allah created Adam in His image, and he was sixty cubit tall. When He had created Adam, Allah said, “Go and greet them – a group of angels who were sitting – and listen to how they respond, for that will be your greeting and the greeting of descendents, ” so he said, “Assalamu ‘alaikum”, and they said, “Assalamu ‘alaykum warahmatullahh.” So the angles added the word wa rahamatullah.

This is among the first thing that the angel taught mankind.

Some explanation of “Allah created Adam in His image”, Insya Allah

HERE.

The angels washed Adam when he died

When Adam died, who would know how to wash his body. So the angels taught them.

Narrated by Ubayy that the prophet sallalahu alaihi wasalam said : “When Adam died, the angels washed his body with water an odd number of times, then they buried him in a grave with a lahd and said : this is the way of the sons of Adam.”

Reference

1. The World of the Noble Angels – Umar S. al Ashqar

2. Knowing the Angels – Muhammad al Jibaly

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