Category Archives: Tawhid

The Obligation of the believers towards the angels

We used the book entitled “The World of the Noble Angels” by Sheikh Umar S. al Ashqar rahimullah for our study.  Read HERE.

Following are the salient points

The believer who worships Allah and seeks His pleasure must regard the angels as friends and view them with love and respect. They would avoid anything that would annoy or offend the angels.

i. Not offending the angels

The scholars denounced those who slander the angels or speak badly of them.

For example

– equating angry looks to the look of the angel Maalik (keepr of health)

– Equating an ugly person to Munkar Nakeer

If this is said in the context of condemning ugliness and harshness.

ii. Keeping away from sin and disobedience. 

The things which often angers the angels most are sin, disobedience to Allah, kufr and shirk.

Hence the angels do not enter places and houses where Allah is disobeyed, or in it exist things that Allah dislikes and hates, such as stone altars, statues and life pictures.

Angels do not like coming near to people who indulge in sin such as the drunkards.

Hadith – Bukhari 4:448, Narrated Abu Talha

I heard Allah’s Apostle saying; “Angels (of Mercy) do not enter a house wherein there is a dog or a picture of a living creature (a human being or an animal).”

Abu Dawood (4180) narrated from ‘Ammaar ibn Yaasir (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said:

“There are three whom the angels do not come near: the dead body of a kaafir, a man who smears himself with khalooq and a person who is junub, unless he does wudoo’.”

Read an explanation of the hadith HERE.

iii. The angels are offended by that which offends the son of Adam

Among the things that angels are offended from are offensive smells and by filth and dirt.

The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Anyone who eats garlic and onions or leeks should not come near our Masjid. The angels are harmed by what harms the sons of Adam.” [Sahih Muslim]

iv. The prohibition on spitting to the right while praying

Anas b. Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: When any one of you is engaged in prayer, he is holding intimate conversation with his Lord, so none of you must spit in front of him, or towards his right side, but towards his left side under his foot.

v. Befriending all the angels

The Muslim has to like all the angels without any discrimination between one angel and another. They are all slaves of Allah that do what is commanded .

The Jews claimed they had friends and enemies among the angels; Jibrael their enemy and Mikael was their friend.

Al Baqarah 2: 97-98

Say (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ): “Whoever is an enemy to Jibrael (Gabriel) (let him die in his fury), for indeed he has brought it (this Qur’ân) down to your heart by Allâh’s Permission, confirming what came before it [i.e. the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] and guidance and glad tidings for the believers. (97) “Whoever is an enemy to Allâh, His Angels, His Messengers, Jibrael (Gabriel) and Mikael (Michael), then verily, Allâh is an enemy to the disbelievers.” (98)

The Jews claimed that Jibreel is their enemy because he comes with war and destruction, and if the one who had come to the Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam had been Mikaeel, they would have followed him.

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Shirk in Asma wa Sifaat

We used this book – Explaining Shirk The Greatest Sin by Sheikh Uthaymeen

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1. Shirk in Humanisation.

Shirk in Asma wa Sifaat can be in the form of humanising God.

In shirk al Asmaa as Sifaat, Allah is given the form and qualities of human being or animals. The image of God is often painted, moulded or carved in the shape of human. Usually in the  physical feature oft those who are worshiping them.

For example Hindus and Buddhists worship idols that have the likeness of Asian man or woman and consider them the manifestation of God in creation.

Some Christian painters such as Michaelangelo have drawn God looking like an European man with long white hair and beard and is plastered on thec ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in vatican.

2. Shirk by Deification

In this shirk, Allah’s names and attributes are given to creation.

For example the Shiite sects in teh Nusayreeyah of Syria believed that Ali bin Abu talib was a manifestation of Allah and they gave him many qualities of Allah.

There’s  a teaching called Ismails also known as Agha Khanis whose leader is called Agha Khan. they believed that their leader is God incarnated.

The Druze of Lebanon believed that the Faatimid Caliph al Haakim bi Amrillah was teh last manifestation of Allah among mankind.

Some Sufis like al Hallaj believe that they have become one with God

Taken from – The fundamentals of Tawheed by Abu Ameenah Bilal Phillips

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Angels and the Believers 4

1. They shade the shaheed with their wings

Jabir narrated that his father was presented to the Messenger of Allah after his dead body was mutilated. I wanted to uncover his face but some people told me not to. We then heard some women weeping. The Messenger of Allah said: “Why are you weeping? The angels are still providing shade for him until this moment!” (Bukhari – Muslim)

2. The angels who brought the ark of covenant (at Taboot)

al Baqarah 2: 248

And their Prophet (Samuel A.S.) said to them: Verily! The sign of His Kingdom is that there shall come to you At-Tâbût (a wooden box), wherein is Sakinah[] (peace and reassurance) from your Lord and a remnant of that which Mûsâ (Moses) and Hârûn (Aaron) left behind, carried by the angels. Verily, in this is a sign for you if you are indeed believers. (248) 

Allah has said that its the angels who brought to the Children of Israel at that time a wooden box known as at Tabut to reassure them, so that they may know that Taloot (saul) was chosen by Allah, so they should follow him and obey him.

3. The angels will protect Makkah and Madeenah from the dajjal

Reported in Saheeh Muslim from Fatimah bint Qays, from the story of Tameem ad Daari, in which it says the Dajjal said

“I am al Maseeh ad Dajaal. Soon I will be granted permission to emerge and will emerge and travel throughout the earth. There will be no town which I will not enter, during  a period of forty days, apart from Makkah and Teebah. they are both forbidden from me;  every time I try to enter one of them, I will be met by an angel with an unsheathed sword in his hand, who will prevent me from entering it. At every gate there is an angel guarding it.”

Fatimah bint Quays said:

“The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said, striking the minbar with his stick, “This is Teebah, This is Teebah, this is Teebah,” meaning al Madeenah.”

Bukhaari narrated from Abu Bakrah that the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said:

“The terror of al Maseeh ad Dajaal will not enter Madeenah. At that time it will have seen seven gates, at each of which will be two angels.”

4. Eesaa will descend in the company of the angels

In Sunan Tirmidhi, it is narrated from an Nawaas ibn Sam’aan that in the hadith about the dajjal, the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,

“Whilst he is like that, “Eesa ibn Maryam will come down at the white minaret, in the east of Damascus, wearing two garments lightly dyed with saffron, placing his hands on the wings of two angels”.

5. The angels spread their wings over as Shaam

It is narrated that Zayd ibn Thabit al Ansaari said:

“I heard the Messenger of ALlah sallallahu alihi wasalam say,”How blessed is Ash Shaam (present day Syria, Jordan and Palestine) how blessed is ash Shaam! They said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, why is that?’, He said, ‘The angels spread their wings over ash Shaams.”

6. The reward in coinciding with the angels

It is narrated in Sahhehayn (Bukhari and Muslim) that the Messenger of Allah sallalalhu alaihi wasalam said:

“When the Imam says Ameen, say Ameen, for whoever’s saying Ameen coincides with the Ameen of the angels, all his previous sins will be forgiven.”

In Saheeh al Bukhari:

“If one of you says Ameen and the angels in heaven says Ameen, and they coincide with one another, all his previous sins will be forgiven.”

In Saheeh al Bukhari it is narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet sallallahu alaihi salam said:

“When the Imaam says ‘Sami’ Allahu liman hamidah,’ say, ;Rabbanaa wa laka’l-hamd.’ Whoever’s words coincide with those of the angels, all his previous sins will be forgiven.”

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Shirk in Tawheed Uluhiah/ Tawheed of Worship/ Tawheed of Eebadah

We used this book – Explaining Shirk by Sheikh Uthaymeen to explain in further details.

Any acts of worship that is other than Allah and the reward of worship is sought from the creation instead of the Creator falls under Shirk in Tawheed Uluhiyah or shirk in Tawheed of Eebadah.

It may fall under major shirk or minor shirk.

MAJOR SHIRK

When any worship is directed to other than Allah. This is exactly what prophets were sent by Allah to call mankind away from

An Nahl 19: 36

And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allâh (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Tâghût (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Tâghût besides Allâh).” Then of them were some whom Allâh guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth). 

One of the meaning of taghuts is worshiping other than Allah.

A lot of emphasis has been placed on the evil of shirk in Eebadah because it contradicts the very purpose of our creation

Dhariyaat 51: 56

And I (Allâh) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). (56)

Major shirk of this kind is an act of rebellion against the Lord of the Universe, and thus it is an ultimate sin. It is a sin so great that it virtually cancels out the good deeds and the place is hell (if he does not repent before he dies).

False religion is also based on this shirk. False religion will ask its followers to worshup the creation and not the creator

i. Christians call to worship a man – Prophet of God Jesus alalihi salam.

ii. Catholics pray to Mary the Mother of God.

iii. They also worship angels like Michael who is honoured on the 8th May and 29th September. there is also Michaelmas day as St. Michael as well as human saints

iv. There are Muslims who fall in this class who make du’a t Prophet muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam or mystics saints.

MINOR SHIRK

Mahmood ibn Lubayd reported that Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said,

“What I fear most for you is minor shirk (ash-shirk al-Asghar)”
The companions asked, “O Messenger of Allaah! What is minor shirk?”
He replied, “Ar-Riyaa, for verily on the Day of Resurrection when people are receiving their rewards Allaah will say:
‘Go to those whose admiration you sought in the world and see if you can find any reward from them.’”

Collected by Ahmad, at-Tabaraanee and al-Bayhaqee and authenticated in Silsilah al-Ahaadeeth as-Saheehah, vol.2, p.671, no.951.

Mahmood ibn Lubayd also said,

“ The Prophet (sallaALLAHU alaihiwasallam) came out and announced, ‘O people, beware of secret shirk!’ The people asked, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, what is secret shirk?’ He replied, ‘When a man gets up to pray and strives to beautify his prayer because people are looking at him, that is secret shirk.’”-Collected by Ibn Khuzaymah

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Angels and the Believers 3

i. They come down when a believer recites the Quran

Narrated Al-Bara’ bin ‘Azib: A man recited Surat-al-kahf (in his prayer) and in the house there was a (riding) animal which got frightened and started jumping. The man finished his prayer with Taslim, but behold! A mist or a cloud hovered over him. He informed the Prophet of that and the Prophet said, “O so-and-so! Recite, for this (mist or cloud) was a sign of peace descending for the recitation of Quran.”  (Book #56, Hadith #811)

Al-Bukhari recorded that Usayd bin Hudayr said that he was once reciting Surat Al-Baqarah while his horse was tied next to him. The horse started to make some noise. When Usayd stopped reciting, the horse stopped moving about. When he resumed reading, the horse started moving about again. When he stopped reciting, the horse stopped moving, and when he resumed reading, the horse started to move again. Meanwhile, his son Yahya was close to the horse, and he feared that the horse might step on him. When he moved his son back, he looked up to the sky and saw a cloud radiating with light that looked like lamps. In the morning, he went to the Prophet and told him what had happened and then said, “O Messenger of Allah! My son Yahya was close to the horse and I feared that she might step on him. When I attended to him and raised my head to the sky, I saw a cloud with lights like lamps. So I went, but I couldn’t see it.” The Prophet said, “Do you know what that was” He said, “No.” The Prophet said,

«تِلْكَ الْمَلَائِكَةُ دَنَتْ لِصَوْتِكَ وَلَو قَرَأْتَ لَأَصْبَحْتَ يَنْظُرُ النَّاسُ إِلَيْهَا، لَا تَتَوارَى مِنْهُم»

(They were the angels, they came close hearing your voice (reciting Surat Al-Baqarah), and if you had kept reading, the people would have been able to see the angels when the morning came, and the angels would not be hidden from their eyes.)

ii. They convey the salams of the ummah to Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam

From Ibn Mas’ud, the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said: ‘Allah has angels who travel about the earth; they convey to me the peace greeting from my ummah. Declared sahih by Albani

This hadith teaches us that

i. we should make lots of salawat toour prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam and it will be conveyed to him Insya Allah

ii. We do not need to ask people to send salam to the prophet when they visit the prophet sallalhu alaihi waslam grave, because the angels are our messengers who will pass the salam to us whenever we make salawat.

iii. They protect and support righteous people, and relieve their distress

Allah may send angels to protect some of His righteous slaves other than the Prophets and Messengers.

This story is in Ibn Kathir in a commentary of the ayah 27: 62

Is not He (better than your gods) who responds to distressed one, when he calls on Him, and He removes the evil (Qur’an 27:62)

– He said:Al-Haafiz ibn ‘Asaakir mentioned the story of a man of whom Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Dawood ad-Daynoori, who was known as Ad-Daqqi as-Soofi. This man said:

I used to transport people and their goods with a mule that belonged to me, from Damascus to Balad az-Zabadaani. One day a man rode with me, and for part of the way we were traveling off the beaten track. He said to me, “Take this path, it is shorter”, I said, “That’s no good. “He said “But it is shorter”

So we took the path, and it reached a place where it was very difficult to go, and there was deep valley in which there were many dead bodies. He said, “Hold the mule’s head, so I can dismount.” So he dismounted, then he rolled up his sleeves and gathered his garments. Then he pulled out a knife and came towards me. I ran away from him and he followed me. I implored him by Allah, and said, “Take the mule and all the baggage on it. He said they are mine anyway but I am going to kill you. I tried to scare him by reminding him of Allah and the punishment, but he paid no heed to that.”

So I surrendered to him, and said “let me pray two rakah” He said hurry up then. So I stood up to pray , but the words of the Qur’an would not come to me. I could not remember even a single letter. I remained standing, confused and he was saying “Come on! get on with it” Then Allah enabled me to recite this Ayah

Is not He (better than your gods) who responds to distressed one, when he calls on Him, and He removes the evil (Qur’an 27:62)

Suddenly I saw a horseman who had come from the mouth of the valley with a spear on his hand. He threw the spear at the man, and it did not miss his heart. The man fell dead, and I clung to the horseman and said, “By Allah, who are you” He said “I am a messenger of the One who responds to the distressed one when he calls on Him, and Who removes the evil” Then I took the mule and the baggage and I returned safe and sound.

Similarly, Allah sent Jibreel to help the mother of Ismaa’eel in Makkah.

In Saheeh al-Bukhaari it is narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas from the Prophet (Peace be upon him), in the story of Ibraaheem’s migration with Ismaa’eel and his mother Haajir to the land of Makkah – which is a long story – that the mother of Ismaa’eel ran like a distressed person between As-Safa’ and Al-Marwah seven times, looking for water.

“When she looked out from Al-Marwah, she heard a voice, and she kept quiet and listened attentively. She heard the voice again and said,

“O (whoever you may be)! You have made me hear your voice; have you got something to help me?”

And she saw an angel at the place of Zamzam, digging the earth with his heel (or his wing), till water flowed from that place…

The angel said to her,

‘Don’t be afraid of being neglected, for this is the House of Allah which will be built by this boy and his father, and Allah never neglects His people.’”

(Bukhaari, 6/397, hadith no. 3364)

This angel who came to her was Jibreel. In Al-Musnad it is narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas that Ubayy ibn Ka’b said:

“When Jibreel dug Zamzam with his heel, the mother of Ismaa’eel started to scoop up the earth around it.

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

‘May Allah have mercy on Ismaa’eel’s mother! Had she left Zamzam alone (flowing without trying to control it), Zamzam would have been a stream flowing on the surface of the earth.’”

(Musnad Ahmad, 5/121)

Allah knows best how He sends help to the rest of us when we are in distress. Tawakkal to Allah that He doesn’t leave one in distress for He knows what is best for you.

iv. The angels attend the funerals of the righteous

Ibn Umar [ra] narrated that the messenger of Allah, [pbuh] said concerning the death of Sa’ad ibn Mu’adh: “This is a righteous servant for whom the Throne shook and for whom the gates of heavens were thrown open and whose funeral was witnessed by 70,000 angels who had never descended to the earth until that day. He was squeezed (in his grave once), then he was released”(Muslim)

More about Saad bin Mu’adh HERE

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Shirk in Tawheed of Lordship

Insya Allah we will be using this simple article for this topic.

Explaining Shirk by Sheikh al Uthaymeen

Shirk in Tawhid ar Rububiyyah
This shirk includes the belief that either
i. Shirk by association – that there are others who share Allah’s control and rule over the creation
ii. Shirk by negation – Believing that there is no God at all.
This kind of shirk can be divided into two main types
i. Shirk by association

The most common example in this shirk is superstitious. Believing that something will bring them luck or bad luck or believing in fortune tellers and horoscopes.

Do you believe an amulet can bring you luck? Or a black cat can bring you bad luck? This is shirk, because none of the created things can do any of these things because the One who has power is only Allah. He has predestined everything for you and He also has decreed for you your rizq. Nothing controls your life or your fortune. By taking a charm for good luck, you have destroyed your tawheed ar Rububiyyah and you have also committed shirk. May Allah protect us.

It is the same with horoscope. We read the horoscopes and believe that what it says will happen to you. We abide by their suggestions for good luck to avoid bad luck. If you read the horoscope and you believe in it, this is shirk. If you read it for fun but do not believe in it, this is a big sin and you need to repent. Listen to this hadith by Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam

The Salaah (daily prayer) of whoever approaches a fortuneteller and asks him about anything will not be accepted for forty days and nights.’
[Saheeh Muslim vol.4,p. 1211, no 5440]

This believing in luck and horoscope and fortune teller is associating Allah’s action of the one who provides and the One who has the power to do anything and denies that Allah is the One who can see the Unseen.

With Him are the keys to the unseen and no one knows except Him. Al An’aam 6:59
Say: None in the heavens or earth knows the unseen except Allah An naml 27:65

Another form of associating Allah is also by making a decision of Allah into parts like the Hindus. They believe in one god – brahma. But they believe this one god is divided to three forms: Brahma the creator god, Vishnu the preserver god and Shiva the destroyer God.

ii. Shirk by Negation

By denying that there is no god at all or saying that he himself is god like Pharoah

An Naziat 79: 24
24. saying: “I am Your Lord, Most high”,

This is also shirk in Tawheed ar Rububiyah thinking that the world is created by itself and nothing is governing it. Does he not look at himself and pnder how all these can just occur by itself? How the world can run its course without the Planer and Creator?

Reference

Islamic Studies Book 2 – Dr Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips IIPH

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Angels and the Believers 2

This is the continuation of Angel and the Believers 1 HERE.

viii. Saying Ameen to the du’a of the believers

The angels say ameen to the du’a of the believers, thus making the du’a more likely to be answered.

In Saheeh Muslim and Sunan Ibn Majah, it is narrated from Abu Darda that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, ‘The Dua of a person for his Muslim brother in his absence will be answered. At his head there is an angel, and every time he prays for him for something good, the angel who has been appointed to be with him, says, ‘Ameen, may you have likewise.

This hadith is saying that two kind of people are receiving the merits when you make du’a for your absent brother

i. The absent brother who didn’t know of this du’a. When the angels say Ameen, it means to say O Allah accept his Dua for the absent Muslim.

ii. You yourself because the angels also will say and for you too’ after, ‘Ameen,’ meaning may Allah grant you the same.

Imam an-Nawawi (rahimahullah) writes in the explanation of this Hadeeth, ‘The excellence of supplicating for the absent Muslims is mentioned in this Hadeeth. This merit will be achieved even if one were to supplicate for a group of Muslims. Also, if one supplicates for the whole Muslim Ummah, he will have achieved the same advantage, as is known from the apparent meaning of the Hadeeth.

Qadhi Ayaz (rahimahullah) relates, ‘If the Salaf wanted to beseech Allah for something with regards to oneself, then they would supplicate to Allah with the same on behalf of their Muslim brethren because such a supplicate is accepted and the Angel supplicates for the supplicant.’

Hafidh Dhahabi (rahimahullah) relates from Umm ad-Darda that Abu Darda had 380 Muslim friends, for whom he would supplicate in his prayer. His wife inquired about the issue and he replied, ‘Shouldn’t I desire that the Angels supplicate for me.’ (

Also, we must be careful not to pray against our brothers.

Take note also on this hadeeth

Umm Salamah narrated that Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said, “Do not pray for anything but good for yourselves, for the angels say “ameen” to whatever you say.”

Thus a believer should never pray against himself.

ix. The angels pray for forgiveness for the believers

Allah says in As Shuara 42: 5

Nearly the heavens might be rent asunder from above them (by His Majesty), and the angels glorify the praises of their Lord, and ask for forgiveness for those on the earth, verily, Allâh is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

Allah tells us that the angels pray for forgiveness for those who are on earth

Also the angels of the bearers of the Throne glorify their Lord pray for the forgiveness of the believers especially those who repent. They pray that Allah will save them from Fire and place them in Jannah and keep them away from committing sins and act of disobedience

Al Ghaffir 40: 9

Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allâh) and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh) (saying): “Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who repent and follow Your Way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire! (7) “Our Lord! And make them enter the ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens) which you have promised them, — and to the righteous among their fathers, their wives, and their offspring! Verily, You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. (8) “And save them from (the punishment, for what they did of) the sins, and whomsoever You save from (the punishment for what he did of) the sins (i.e. pardon him) that Day, him verily, You have taken into mercy.” And that is the supreme success. (9)

Oh what joy to be among those that angels pray for. Let us strive to be among the believers who are being prayed constantly upon.

x. The angels attend gatherings of knowledge and circles of dhikr

Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Allah, the Exalted, has teams of angels who go about on the roads seeking those who remember Allah. When they find some people remembering Allah they call to one another and say, `Come to what you are looking for;’ and they surround them with their wings till the space between them and the lowest sky is fully covered.

What kind of circles and gatherings are referred to here? It would be a gathering that talks about Allah and adhere to the sunnah of the Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam, away from lagha. For examples quran classes, halaqah, discussions about the deen, lectures and others Insya Allah.

So when we are doing halaqah, we hope that there will be angels around us who will ask for our forgiveness and ask that we enter jannah. Frequently make promises meanwhile.

Abu Hurairah and Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When a group of people assemble for the remembrance of Allah, the angels surround them (with their wings), (Allah’s) mercy envelops them, Sakinah, or tranquillity descends upon them and Allah makes a mention of them before those who are near Him.” [Muslim].

Commentary: This Hadith also highlights the merits of remembrance of Allah and the high grades of the people indulging in it.

xi. The angels record those who attend Jumu’ah. 

Narrated by Abu Hurayrah The Messenger of Allah said “On the day of Jummah, the angels stand at the entrance of that Masjid in which Jummah salaat is to be offered. They write down the name of the person who enters the Masjid first, and thereafter the name of the person who follows, and they continue doing this. The person who entered first will receive the reward of sacrificing a camel in the path of Allah; the one who followed him will get the reward of sacrificing a cow, thereafter a chicken, thereafter the reward of giving an egg as charity in the path of Allah. Once the khutbah commences, the angels close the register and begin listening to the khutbah. “ (Bukhari and Muslim)

Thus the angels record those who go to friday prayers in order of attendance.

xii. The angels also record whatever people say about good things.

Narrated Rifa’a bin Rafi Az Zuraqi: One day we were praying behind the Prophet. When he raised his head from bowing, he said, “Sami’a-l-lahu Liman hamida.” A man behind him said, “Rabbana walaka-l hamd hamdan Kathiran taiyiban mubarakan fihi” (O our Lord! All the praises are for You, many good and blessed praises). When the Prophet completed the prayer, he asked, “Who has said these words?” The man replied, “I.” The Prophet said, “I saw over thirty angels competing to write it first.”  (Bukhari 799)

The recording angels are definitely other that the two angels who write down a person’s good deeds and evil deeds since they are described as thirty odd.

xiii. The angels change shifts

Abu Hurairah (radi Allahu anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “There are angels who take turns in visiting you by night and by day, and they all assemble at the dawn (Fajr) and the afternoon (Asr) prayers. Those who have spent the night with you, ascend (to the heaven) and Allah, Who knows better about them, asks, ‘In what condition did you leave My slaves?’ They reply, ‘We left them while they were performing Salat and we went to them while they were performing Salat.’” [Sahih Bukhari]

Angels are roaming around looking for people who are in the remembrance of Allah. They have different groups and work in shifts. When one group comes, the other group go and they meet at Fajr prayer and asr prayer.

Abu Musa reported: The Messenger ofallah (may peace be upon him) was standing amongst us and he told us five things. He said: Verily the Exalted and Mighty God does not sleep, and it does not befit Him to sleep. He lowers the scale and lifts it. The deeds in the night are taken up to Him before the deeds of the day. and the deeds of the day before the deeds of the night. His veil is the light. In the hadith narrated by Abu Bakr (instead of the word” light” ) it is fire. If he withdraws it (the veil), the splendour of His countenance would consume His creation so far as His sight reaches.

Perhaps this is the time that our deeds taken up to Allah. Indeed Allah is All Aware.

Allah has ascribed a high status to Fajr prayers because the angels witness to it

In Surah al Isra’ 17: 78-79

Perform As¬Salât from mid-day till the darkness of the night (i.e. the Zuhr, ‘Asr, Maghrib, and ‘Ishâ’ prayers), and recite the Qur’ân in the early dawn (i.e. the morning prayer). Verily, the recitation of the Qur’ân in the early dawn is ever witnessed (attended by the angels in charge of mankind of the day and the night). (78) And in some parts of the night (also) offer the Salât (prayer) with it (i.e. recite the Qur’an in the prayer), as an additional prayer (Tahajjud optional prayer – Nawâfil) for you (O Muhammad SAW). It may be that your Lord will raise you to Maqâm Mahmûd (a station of praise and glory, i.e. the honour of intercession on the Day of Resurrection). (79)

Almighty Allah knows everything but even then He asks the angels about His pious slaves so that the piety of the believers and their merit and distinction become evident to all.

The angels for the night come at the time of Asr when the angels from the morning are present. The angels of the two shifts assemble at this time and exchange duties. The angels of the night shift then leave their duty in the morning at Fajr, and the angels of the morning shift resume their duty. Thus, the two groups assemble again at this time.

Angels are very punctual. They know no such thing as procrastination or delay. Thus, when they are exchanging duties only the people who are punctual in their Salat are engaged in Fajr or Asr prayers. Therefore, we should try very hard to be punctual in praying the Asr and Fajr Salat so that when Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) asks the angels about us He is told that the angels left us while we were remembering Him and praying and not while we were sleeping, busy in games, watching T.V., or some other worthless activity.

 

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