Category Archives: Islamic Stories/ Seerah

Prophet Samuel and the Mentioning of Tabut in the Quran

Al Baqarah 2: 246-251

Have you not thought about the group of the Children of Israel after (the time of) Musâ (Moses)? When they said to a Prophet of theirs, “Appoint for us a king and we will fight in Allâh’s Way.” He said, “Would you then refrain from fighting, if fighting was prescribed for you?” They said, “Why should we not fight in Allâh’s Way while we have been driven out of our homes and our children (families have been taken as captives)?” But when fighting was ordered for them, they turned away, all except a few of them. And Allâh is All-Aware of the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers). (246) And their Prophet (Samuel A.S.) said to them, “Indeed Allâh has appointed Talût (Saul) as a king over you.” They said, “How can he be a king over us when we are fitter than him for the kingdom, and he has not been given enough wealth.” He said: “Verily, Allâh has chosen him above you and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allâh grants His Kingdom to whom He wills. And Allâh is All-Sufficient for His creatures’ needs, All-Knower.” (247) And their Prophet (Samuel A.S.) said to them: Verily! The sign of His Kingdom is that there shall come to you At-Tâbût (a wooden box), wherein is Sakinah[] (peace and reassurance) from your Lord and a remnant of that which Mûsâ (Moses) and Hârûn (Aaron) left behind, carried by the angels. Verily, in this is a sign for you if you are indeed believers. (248) Then when Tâlût (Saul) set out with the army, he said: “Verily! Allâh will try you by a river. So whoever drinks thereof, he is not of me, and whoever tastes it not, he is of me, except him who takes (thereof) in the hollow of his hand.” Yet, they drank thereof, all, except a few of them. So when he had crossed it (the river), he and those who believed with him, they said: “We have no power this day against Jâlût (Goliath) and his hosts.” But those who knew with certainty that they were to meet their Lord, said: “How often a small group overcame a mighty host by Allâh’s Leave?” And Allâh is with As-Sâbirûn (the patient). (249) And when they advanced to meet Jâlût (Goliath) and his forces, they invoked: “Our Lord! Pour forth on us patience, and set firm our feet and make us victorious over the disbelieving people.” (250) So they routed them by Allâh’s Leave and Dâwûd (David) killed Jâlût (Goliath), and Allâh gave him [Dawûd (David)] the kingdom [after the death of Talût (Saul) and Samuel] and Al¬Hikmah (Prophethood)[], and taught him of that which He willed. And if Allâh did not check one set of people by means of another, the earth would indeed be full of mischief. But Allâh is full of Bounty to the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists). (251)

 

 

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The Son of Noah alaihi salam

Surah Hud 11: 42-43

وَهِىَ تَجۡرِى بِهِمۡ فِى مَوۡجٍ۬ كَٱلۡجِبَالِ وَنَادَىٰ نُوحٌ ٱبۡنَهُ ۥ وَڪَانَ فِى مَعۡزِلٍ۬ يَـٰبُنَىَّ ٱرۡڪَب مَّعَنَا وَلَا تَكُن مَّعَ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ (٤٢) قَالَ سَـَٔاوِىٓ إِلَىٰ جَبَلٍ۬ يَعۡصِمُنِى مِنَ ٱلۡمَآءِ‌ۚ قَالَ لَا عَاصِمَ ٱلۡيَوۡمَ مِنۡ أَمۡرِ ٱللَّهِ إِلَّا مَن رَّحِمَ‌ۚ وَحَالَ بَيۡنَہُمَا ٱلۡمَوۡجُ فَكَانَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُغۡرَقِينَ (٤٣

So it (the ship) sailed with them amidst the waves like mountains, and Nûh (Noah) called out to his son, who had separated himself (apart), “O my son! Embark with us and be not with the disbelievers.” (42) (The son) replied: “I will betake myself to some mountain, it will save me from the water.” Nûh (Noah) said: “This day there is no saviour from the Decree of Allâh except him on whom He has mercy.” And a wave came in between them, so he (the son) was among the drowned. (43)

This was Yam, the son of Nuh, who was the brother of Sam, Ham and Yafuth. Some said his name is Kanaan. He was a disbeliever and committed evil deeds.  He opposed his father and in his religion and teachings, thus he drowned along with all others who drowned. (Ibn Kathir)

What a difficult situation for Nuh alaihi salam to watch his own son perished in the water and died as disbeliever as well.

When they landed safely on Mount Judi, Nuh alaihi salam said

Surah Hud 11: 45

And Nûh (Noah) called upon his Lord and said, “O my Lord! Verily, my son is of my family! And certainly, Your Promise is true, and You are the Most Just of the judges.” (45)

Nuh alaihi salam was sad that his own son also perish in the flood.

Allah answered that his son was not from his family who Allah promise to rescue

Surah Hud 11: 46-47

He said: “O Nûh (Noah)! Surely, he is not of your family; verily, his work is unrighteous, so ask not of Me that of which you have no knowledge! I admonish you, lest you be one of the ignorant.” (46) Nûh (Noah) said: “O my Lord! I seek refuge with You from asking You that of which I have no knowledge. And unless You forgive me and have Mercy on me, I will indeed be one of the losers.” (47)

The lesson we learn here is Islam makes us true families even thicker than blood. As Allah has declared that since his son is not of a believer, he is thus not among the family.

Another lesson here is often when we see a misbehaving child, we would blame on the parents. while sometime there are some truth to it, but not necessarily be the case.

As the case here, the faith of Prophet Nuh alaihi salam did not reach some of the members in his family. His wife and his son were disbelievers and both are mention in the Quran.

As for us, we strive to be good Muslims and live to strive to please Allah. We shall remind ourselves on how Allah has reminded us in Surah tahrim 66: 6

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قُوا أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيكُمْ نَارًا وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ عَلَيْهَا مَلَائِكَةٌ غِلَاظٌ شِدَادٌ لَّا يَعْصُونَ اللَّـهَ مَا أَمَرَهُمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ 

O you who have believed, protect yourselves and your families from a Fire whose fuel is people and stones, over which are [appointed] angels, harsh and severe; they do not disobey Allah in what He commands them but do what they are commanded.

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Prophet Nuh alaihi salam : The Flood

So We revealed to him (saying): “Construct the ship under Our Eyes and under Our Revelation (guidance). Then, when Our Command comes, and water gushes forth from the oven, take on board of each kind two (male and female), and your family, except those thereof against whom the Word has already gone forth. And address Me not in favour of those who have done wrong. Verily, they are to be drowned. (Al mumeenoon 23: 27)

Allah ordered that when His Decree comes and the punishment befalls Prophet Nuh alaihi salam is to do the followings

i. Put in the Ark a pair from every kind of animal

ii. Take with him his family who believe meaning to leave the ones who disbelieve

iii. And not to beseech Allah when he sees the disbelievers drowning

The scholars differed regarding how many people boarded the Ark with Nuh. It is reported from Ibn Abbas, that there were eighty men along with their wives. Some said 72, some said 10 while some said only his family.

As for the wife of Prophet Nuh alaihi salam, some said she died before the Flood. Some said she drowned with the disbelievers. The Bible says she was in the Ark, thus perhaps she became disbeliever afterwards.

Regardless, we know that the wife of Prophet Nuh alaihi salam was a disbeliever

Surah at Tahrim 66: 10

Allâh sets forth an example for those who disbelieve, the wife of Nûh (Noah) and the wife of Lut (Lot). They were under two of our righteous slaves, but they both betrayed them (their husbands by rejecting their doctrine) So they [Nûh (Noah) and Lut (Lot) A.S.] availed them (their respective wives) not, against Allâh, and it was said: “Enter the Fire along with those who enter!” (10)

Allah instructed Prophet Noah alaihi salam

Surah Mu’meenoon 23: 28-29

And when you have embarked on the ship, you and whoever is with you, then say: “All the praises and thanks are to Allâh, Who has saved us from the people who are Zâlimûn (i.e. oppressors, wrong-doers, polytheists, those who join others in worship with Allâh). (28) And say: “My Lord! Cause me to land at a blessed landing-place, for You are the Best of those who bring to land.” (29)

In another Surah Hud 11: 40-41

(So it was) till when Our Command came and the oven gushed forth (water like fountains from the earth). We said: “Embark therein, of each kind two (male and female), and your family – except him against whom the Word has already gone forth – and those who believe. And none believed with him, except a few.” (40) And he [Nûh (Noah) A.S.] said: “Embark therein, in the Name of Allâh will be its (moving) course and its (resting) anchorage. Surely, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Tafsir At-Tabarî) (41)And he [Nûh (Noah) A.S.] said: “Embark therein, in the Name of Allâh will be its (moving) course and its (resting) anchorage. Surely, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Tafsir At-Tabarî) (41)

It is clear in these ayahs, that before Prophet Nuh alaihi salam embark on the journey, he glorified Allah, thanked Allah and make du’a to Allah.

Similarly in another ayah in Surah Zukhroof 43:12-14

And Who has created all the pairs and has appointed for you ships and cattle on which you ride; (12) In order that you may mount on their backs, and then may remember the Favour of your Lord when you mount thereon, and say: “Glory to Him who has subjected this to us, and we could never have it (by our efforts).” (13) And verily, to Our Lord we indeed are to return! (14)

Thus, we should take this lesson and also glorify and praise Allah and make du’a to Allah before we ride in a vehicle.

Prophet Nuh alaihi salam began his journey with Allah’s name and ended it with Allah’s name.

The Flood

The waves of the water were like mountains

Hud 11: 42

So it (the ship) sailed with them amidst the waves like mountains,

This is because Allah sent down rain from the sky, the like of which the people of earth has never seen before. Similarly, there was no rain like it after the incident. The earth gushed fourth its water from its springs when it was ordered to do so.

Surah al Qamar 54: 10-14

Then he invoked his Lord (saying): “I have been overcome, so help (me)!” (10) So We opened the gates of heaven with water pouring forth. (11) And We caused the spring to gush forth from the earth. So the waters (of the heaven and the earth) met for a matter predestined (12) And We carried him on a (ship) made of planks and nails, (13) Floating under Our Eyes, a reward for him who had been rejected! (14) And indeed, We have left this as a sign, Then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)? (15)

Subhanallah. Even the devastating tsunami that we watched can never be compared to the flood that befalls on the people of Nuh alaihi salam. May Allah protect us.

Surah al Haqqah 69: 11-12

Verily! When the water rose beyond its limits [Nûh's (Noah) Flood], We carried you (mankind) in the floating [ship that was constructed by Nûh (Noah)]. (11) That We might make it a (Noah’s ship)an admonition for you, and that it might be retained by the retaining ears. (12)

Discuss. Allah says that Allah is giving these stories as a reminder for us. Reflect to what you have learned by far and what kind of admonition did you get.

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Al Bayyinah – Introduction

al-bayyinah

1. those who disbelieve from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and among Al-Mushrikûn, were not going to leave (their disbelief) until there came to them clear evidence.
2. a Messenger (Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe Wa Sallam)) from Allâh, reciting (the Qur’ân) purified Pages [purified from Al-Bâtil (falsehood, etc.)].
3. containing correct and Straight laws from Allâh.
4. and the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) differed not until after there came to them clear evidence. (i.e. Prophet Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe Wa Sallam) and whatever was revealed to Him).
5. and they were commanded not, but that they should Worship Allâh, and Worship none but Him alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to him), and perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât) and give Zakât: and that is the Right religion.
6. Verily, those who disbelieve (in the Religion of Islâm, the Qur’ân and Prophet Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe Wa Sallam)) from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and Al-Mushrikûn will abide In the Fire of Hell. they are the worst of creatures.
7. Verily, those who believe [in the Oneness of Allâh, and In his Messenger Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe Wa Sallam)) including All obligations ordered by Islâm] and do righteous good deeds, they are the best of creatures.
8. their reward with their Lord is ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise (Gardens of Eternity), underneath which rivers flow, they will abide therein forever, Allâh well-pleased with them, and they with Him. that is for Him who fears his Lord.

INTRODUCTION

Imam Ahmad recorded from Anas bin Malik that the Messenger of Allah said to Ubayy bin Ka`b,
إِنَّ اللهَ أَمَرَنِي أَنْ أَقْرَأَ عَلَيْكَ
لَمْ يَكُنِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَـبِ
Verily, Allah has commanded me to recite to you (Those who disbelieve from among the People of the Scripture.)) Ubayy said, “He (Allah) mentioned me by name to you”

The Prophet replied,
«نَعَم»
Yes. So he (Ubayy) cried. Al-Bukhari, Muslim, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i all recorded this Hadith from Shu`bah. (Al Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi)
4.1. Ubayy bin Ka’ab

Abu Mundhir! Which verse of the Book of Allah (swt) is the greatest?” asked the Messenger of Allah (saw).

“Allah and His Messenger know best,” came the reply. The Prophet (saw) repeated the question and Abu Mundhir in response recited the Ayat al-Kursi or the Verse of the Throne:

“Allah, there is no god but He, the Living, the Self-Subsisting. Neither slumber overtakes Him nor sleep. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth…” (Surah al-Baqarah, 2:255)

The Prophet (saw) smote his chest with his right hand in approval on hearing the reply and with his countenance beaming with happiness, said to Abu Mundhir (ra):

“May knowledge delight and benefit you, Abu Mundhir.”

This Abu Mundhir whom the Prophet (saw) congratulated on the knowledge and understanding that Allah (swt) had bestowed on him, was Ubayy ibn Ka’b, one of his distinguished companions and a person of high esteem in the early Muslim community.

Ubayy (ra) was one of the Ansar and belonged to the Khazraj tribe. He was one of the first persons of Yathrib to accept Islam. He pledged allegiance to the Prophet (saw) at al-’Aqabah before the Hijrah. He participated in the Battle of Badr and other engagements thereafter.

Ubayy (ra) was one of the select few who committed the Qur’anic revelations to writing and had a Mus-haf of his own. He acted as a scribe of the Prophet (saw), writing letters for him. At the demise of the Prophet (saw), he was one of the twenty-five or so people who knew the Qur’an completely by heart. His recitation was so beautiful and his understanding so profound that the Prophet (saw) encouraged his companions to learn the Qur’an from him and from three others. Later, ‘Umar (ra) too once told the Muslims as he was dealing with some financial matters of state:

“O people! Whoever wants to ask about the Qur’an, let him go to Ubayy ibn Ka’b (ra)…” (‘Umar went on to say that anyone wishing to ask about inheritance matters should go to Zayd ibn Thabit, about questions of fiqh to Mu’adh ibn Jabal and about questions of money and finance, to himself – ra)

Ubayy (ra) enjoyed a special honor with regard to the Qur’an. One day, the Prophet (saw) said:

“O Ubayy ibn Ka’b! I have been commanded to show or lay open the Qur’an to you.”

Ubayy (ra) was elated. He knew of course that the Prophet (saw) only received commands from on high. Unable to control his excitement, he asked:

“O Messenger of Allah… Have I been mentioned to you by name?”

“Yes,” replied the Prophet (saw), “by your own name and by your genealogy (nasab) in the highest heavens.”

Any Muslim whose name had been conveyed to the heart of the Prophet (saw) in this manner must certainly have been of great ability and of a tremendously high stature.

Throughout the years of his association with the Prophet (saw), Ubayy (ra) derived the maximum benefit from his sweet and noble personality and from his noble teachings. Ubayy (ra) related that the Prophet (saw) once asked him:

“Shall I not teach you a Surah the like of which has not been revealed in the Tawrah, nor in the Injil, nor in the Zabur, nor in the Qur’an?”

“Certainly,” replied Ubayy (ra).

“I hope you would not leave through that door until you know what it is,” said the Prophet (saw), obviously prolonging the suspense for Ubayy (ra). Ubayy continues:

“He stood up and I stood up with him. With my hand in his, he started to speak. I tried to delay him fearing that he would leave before letting me know what the Surah is. When he reached the door, I asked:

‘O Messenger of Allah! The Surah which you promised to tell me…’

He replied:

‘What do you recite when you stand for Salat?’ So, I recited for him Surah Fatihah and he said:

‘(That’s) it! (That’s) it! They are the seven oft-repeated verses of which Allah Almighty has said: We have given you the seven oft-repeated verses and the Mighty Qur’an.’”

Ubayy’s devotion to the Qur’an was uncompromising. Once he recited part of a verse that the Khalifah ‘Umar (ra) apparently could not remember or did not know and he said to Ubayy (ra):

“You have lied,” to which Ubayy (ra) retorted:

“Rather, you have lied.”

A person who heard the exchange was astounded and said to Ubayy (ra):

“Do you call the Amir al-Mu’minin a liar?”

“I have greater honor and respect for the Amir al-Mu’minin than you,” responded Ubayy (ra), “but he has erred in verifying the Book of Allah and I shall not say the Amir al-Mu’minin is correct when he has made an error concerning the Book of Allah.”

“Ubayy is right,” concluded ‘Umar (ra).

Ubayy (ra) gave an idea of the importance of the Qur’an when a man came to him and said, “Advise me,” and he replied:

“Take the Book of Allah as (your) leader (imam). Be satisfied with it as (your) judge and ruler. It is what the Prophet has bequeathed to you. (It is your) intercessor with Allah (swt) and should be obeyed…”

After the demise of the Prophet (saw), Ubayy (ra) remained strong in his attachment to Islam and his commitment to the Qur’an and Sunnah of the Prophet (saw). He was constant in his ‘ibadah and would often be found in the mosque at night, after the last obligatory prayer had been performed, engaged in worship or in teaching. Once he was sitting in the mosque after Salat with a group of Muslims, making supplication to Allah (swt). ‘Umar (ra) came in and sat with them and asked each one to recite a du’a’. They all did until finally Ubayy’s turn came. He was sitting next to ‘Umar (ra) and felt somewhat over-awed and became flustered. ‘Umar (ra) prompted him and suggested that he say:

“Allahumma ighfir lana. Allahumma irhamna. O Lord, forgive us; O Lord, have mercy on us.”

Taqwa remained the guiding force in Ubayy’s life. He lived simply and did not allow the world to corrupt or deceive him. He had a good grasp of reality and knew that however a person lived and whatever comforts and luxuries he enjoyed, these would all fade away and he would have only his good deeds to his credit. He was always a sort of a warner to Muslims, reminding them of the times of the Prophet (saw), of the Muslims’ devotion to Islam then, of their simplicity and spirit of sacrifice. Many people came to him seeking knowledge and advice. To one such person he said:

“The believer has four characteristics. If he is afflicted by any misfortune, he remains patient and steadfast. If he is given anything, he is grateful. If he speaks, he speaks the truth. If he passes a judgment on any issue, he is just.”

Ubayy (ra) attained a position of great honor and esteem among the early Muslims. ‘Umar (ra) called him the “sayyid of the Muslims” and he came to be widely known by this title. He was part of the consultative group (mushawarah) to which Abu Bakr, as Khalifah, referred many problems. This group was composed of men of good sense and judgment (ahl ar-ra’y) and men who knew the law (ahl al-fiqh) from among the Muhajirin and Ansar. It included ‘Umar, ‘Uthman ‘Ali, ‘Abdur-Rahman ibn ‘Awf, Mu’adh ibn Jabal, Ubayy ibn Ka’b and Zayd ibn Harithah (ra). ‘Umar (ra) later consulted the same group when he was Khalifah. Specifically for fatwas (legal judgments) he referred to ‘Uthman, Ubayy and Zayd ibn Thabit (ra).

Because of Ubayy’s high standing, one might have expected him to be given positions of administrative responsibility, for example as a governor, in the rapidly expanding Muslim State. (During the time of the Prophet (saw), in fact, he had performed the function of a collector of sadaqah) Indeed, Ubayy (ra) once asked:

“What’s the matter with you? Why don’t you appoint me as a governor?”

“I do not want your religion to be corrupted,” replied ‘Umar (ra).

Ubayy (ra) was probably prompted to put the question to ‘Umar (ra) when he saw that Muslims were tending to drift from the purity of faith and self-sacrifice of the days of the Prophet (saw). He was known to be especially critical of the excessively polite and sycophantic attitude of many Muslims to their governors who he felt brought ruin both to the governors and those under them. Ubayy (ra) for his part was always honest and frank in his dealings with persons in authority and feared no one but Allah (swt). He acted as a sort of conscience to the Muslims.

One of Ubayy’s major fears for the Muslim ummah was that a day would come when there would be severe strife among Muslims. He often became overwhelmed with emotion when he read or heard the verse of the Qur’an:

Surah al An’am 6: 65. say: “He has power to send torment on You from above or from under Your feet, or to cover You with confusion In party strife, and make You to taste the violence of one another.” see How variously we explain the Ayât (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), so that they may understand.

He would then pray fervently to Allah (swt) for guidance and ask for His clemency and forgiveness.

Ubayy (ra) died in the year 29 AH during the Khalifah of ‘Uthman (ra).

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Imagine being the one mentioned by Allah by name. Subhanallah. Wouldn’t that be wonderful?

Remember we learned about this when we learn about Angels and the Believers?

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Allah Instructed to Construct the Ark

After a long period (seriously long) of rejection, humiliation and threats, and it was clear that no one (except a few) will accept Islam.

Allah Doesn’t Send Guidance to those who Refuse Guidance

Allah said in Surah Al Hood 11: 36

And it was revealed to Nûh (Noah): “None of your people will believe except those who have believed already. So be not sad because of what they used to do. (36)

This verse comforts Nuh alaihi salam and provide consolation for him. It informs him that the one who did not believe will not even believe. Also he was assured that he has conveyed the message to his best ability and that guidance comes from Allah.

Allaah says also in the Qur’aan that the disbelievers will never believe, regardless of you warning them, because Allaah has sealed their hearts, ears, and sight. Similarly He says that whomever He wills to misguide can never be guided.

Guidance belong to Allah but Allah doesn’t randomly choose among His slave who is to be guided and who is to be left astray. Allah is Most Fair. He does not create any of us and leave us alone to fend to ourselves. Not only has he sent to us Messengers along with His Books. But He continuously gives guidance to all of us.

This guidance is called Hidayah Al Bayaan. A guidance that is for all. He sends it through His signs in His creation. He sends it through people’s speech or actions, through the first insight that people have in their heart when they observe Allah’s greatness in any form. Everyone receives this guidance. It is our freewill that will make you take this guidance or otherwise.

For those who take this guidance, Allah will continue to bestow to them Hidayah At Tawfiq of which through Allah’s mercy He bestows ilham to the person to do more good and to be steadfast. .

However there are among those who continuously reject the signs both on their tongue and in their heart. Despite the guidance given to them they keep on rejecting them until Allah will finally seals their hearts, ears and sight from any form of guidance and Allah will allow them to continue to be in the state of disbelieve until the end of their life. And these people will be the ones Allah will put in the fire.

May Allah not make us among these people.

Frequently make du’a that Allah gives us tawfiq to be able to do more deeds. Without Allah’s help, we won’t be able to achieve anything.

Can you give examples of the things you need to ask for Allah’s tawfiq?

- memorise quran

- being steadfast in the deen

- praying at night

Allah Answers Prophet Nuh’s Du’a

Allah continued the verses by giving his an instruction to build an ark.

“And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our Revelation, and call not upon Me on behalf of those who did wrong; they are surely to be drowned.” (37)

Prophet Nuh alaihi salam did his utmost effort in presenting Islam to his people. It was hard work. After a long 950 years, receiving endless mocks and being ignored and the next generation only became worse than the earlier ones. The people were pushing him for the punishment, finally Prophet Nuh alaihi salam call upon Allah and poured his heart out concerning his people.

As Saffat 37: 75-76 

And indeed Nûh (Noah) invoked Us, and We are the Best of those who answer (the request). (75) And We rescued him and his family from the great distress (i.e. drowning), (76)

Prophet Nuh invoked Allah in Surah Ash Shuara 26: 117-118 

He said: “My Lord! Verily, my people have belied me. (117) Therefore judge You between me and them, and save me and those of the believers who are with me.” (118)

Al Qamar 54: 10 

Then he invoked his Lord (saying): “I have been overcome, so help (me)!” (10)

Al Mu’meenoon 23: 39 

He said: “O my Lord! Help me because they deny me.” (39)

An Nuh 71: 26-27 

And Nûh (Noah) said: “My Lord! Leave not one of the disbelievers on the earth! (26) “If You leave them, they will mislead Your slaves, and they will beget none but wicked disbelievers.” (27)

A number of points accumulated against them that led to their destruction, such as their disbelief, their evilness and also the supplication of their prophet against them.

Among the du’a that is accepted by Allah, is the du’a made by the one who is being oppressed. Indeed Prophet Nuh alaihi salam and the believers who were with him were oppressed and mocked by the wrongdoers

Allah said in surah An naml 27: 62

Is not He (better than your gods) Who responds to the distressed one, when he calls on Him, and Who removes the evil, and makes you inheritors of the earth, generations after generations? Is there any ilâh (god) with Allâh? Little is that you remember! (62)

Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam said

‘The prayer of the oppressed is answered, even if he is a sinner as his sinning is only against his own soul (Saheehul-Jam’i, no. 3377.)

So Beware that you don’t become among those who are oppressors. Oppressor does not necessarily mean if you are a leader of a country, you can be a boss oppressing the employee beneath you, a parent oppressing the rights of the children, or anyone oppressing anyone.

Even the du’a of the non muslim is answered if he is oppressed. So beware!

Do you remember the events about intercession in the yaumul akhirah? That people will go from Prophet Adam to prophet Nuh to Prophet Ibrahim to Prophet Musa to Prophet Isa and finally to prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam to ask them to ask intercession from Allah that He start the judgment day because everyone has been standing for so long.

Narrated Abu Huraira: 

Some (cooked) meat was brought to Allah Apostle and the meat of a forearm was presented to him as he used to like it. He ate a morsel of it and said, “I will be the chief of all the people on the Day of Resurrection. Do you know the reason for it? Allah will gather all the human being of early generations as well as late generation on one plain so that the announcer will be able to make them all-hear his voice and the watcher will be able to see all of them. The sun will come so close to the people that they will suffer such distress and trouble as they will not be able to bear or stand. Then the people will say, ‘Don’t you see to what state you have reached? Won’t you look for someone who can intercede for you with your Lord’

Some people will say to some others, ‘Go to Adam.’ So they will go to Adam and say to him. ‘You are the father of mankind; Allah created you with His Own Hand, and breathed into you of His Spirit (meaning the spirit which he created for you); and ordered the angels to prostrate before you; so (please) intercede for us with your Lord. Don’t you see in what state we are? Don’t you see what condition we have reached?’ Adam will say, ‘Today my Lord has become angry as He has never become before, nor will ever become thereafter. He forbade me (to eat of the fruit of) the tree, but I disobeyed Him . Myself! Myself! Myself! (has more need for intercession). Go to someone else; go to Noah.’

So they will go to Noah and say (to him), ‘O Noah! You are the first (of Allah’s Messengers) to the people of the earth, and Allah has named you a thankful slave; please intercede for us with your Lord. Don’t you see in what state we are?’ He will say.’ Today my Lord has become angry as He has never become nor will ever become thereafter. I had (in the world) the right to make one definitely accepted invocation, and I made it against my nation. Myself! Myself! Myself! Go to someone else; go to Abraham.’

They will go to Abraham and say, ‘O Abraham! You are Allah’s Apostle and His Khalil from among the people of the earth; so please intercede for us with your Lord. Don’t you see in what state we are?’ He will say to them, ‘My Lord has today become angry as He has never become before, nor will ever become thereafter. I had told three lies (Abu Haiyan (the sub-narrator) mentioned them in the Hadith) Myself! Myself! Myself! Go to someone else; go to Moses.’

The people will then go to Moses and say, ‘O Moses! You art Allah’s Apostle and Allah gave you superiority above the others with this message and with His direct Talk to you; (please) intercede for us with your Lord Don’t you see in what state we are?’ Moses will say, ‘My Lord has today become angry as He has never become before, nor will become thereafter, I killed a person whom I had not been ordered to kill. Myself! Myself! Myself! Go to someone else; go to Jesus.’

So they will go to Jesus and say, ‘O Jesus! You are Allah’s Apostle and His Word which He sent to Mary, and a superior soul created by Him, and you talked to the people while still young in the cradle. Please intercede for us with your Lord. Don’t you see in what state we are?’ Jesus will say. ‘My Lord has today become angry as He has never become before nor will ever become thereafter. Jesus will not mention any sin, but will say, ‘Myself! Myself! Myself! Go to someone else; go to Muhammad.’

So they will come to me and say, ‘O Muhammad ! You are Allah’s Apostle and the last of the prophets, and Allah forgave your early and late sins. (Please) intercede for us with your Lord. Don’t you see in what state we are?” The Prophet added, “Then I will go beneath Allah’s Throne and fall in prostration before my Lord. And then Allah will guide me to such praises and glorification to Him as He has never guided anybody else before me. Then it will be said, ‘O Muhammad Raise your head. Ask, and it will be granted. Intercede It (your intercession) will be accepted.’ So I will raise my head and Say, ‘My followers, O my Lord! My followers, O my Lord’. It will be said, ‘O Muhammad! Let those of your followers who have no accounts, enter through such a gate of the gates of Paradise as lies on the right; and they will share the other gates with the people.” The Prophet further said, “By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, the distance between every two gate-posts of Paradise is like the distance between Mecca and Busra (in Sham).”

Prophet Nuh alaihi salam mentioned that he had used up the du’a quota against his people and he is ashamed to make another major du’a at the time of yaumul akhirah. And the du’a that Nuh alaihi salam was referring to was the one that he asked Allah to destroy his people.

Allah Commanded to Build the Ark

Allah responded to Nuh’s du’a by instructing him to build an ark. Allah commanded the construction of the ark. It was probably the biggest project ever build in that time. It was said there was no ship build before and afterwards. Allah knows best.

Allah informed Nuh that when the punishment come upon his people, there is no one who can stop it. There won’t be any ransoming or speech at that time.

Allah informed this in advance because perhaps when the punishment came, Nuh might have leniency to his people upon seeing it.

Allah said,

Hud 11: 37 

“And construct the ship under Our Eyes and with Our Revelation, and call not upon Me on behalf of those who did wrong; they are surely to be drowned.” (37)

Now, couldn’t Allah just send an azab to the people of Nuh? Rather Allah make them work! Allah has decreed an order, and He did not give them immediately in the human sense of alatul. In fact, according to some of the pious predecessors said that when Allah answered the prayer of Nuh, He ordered him to plant a tree that the wood will be used to make the ship. Thus Nuh waited for one hundred years for it to grow. He then made the ship during the next hundred years. Another opinion was that he build it for forty years. Allah knows best.

There are lessons that we may explore from these

- Nothing comes easily without working for it. This is the group that will inherit the earth, the handful of Muslims left on earth, they need to work hard to be the progeny of earth so they must know how to work.

- They also need to work as a community. This is the biggest project any of them, or probably anyone in the world have ever embarked. What better team building session can there be than this?

- They had to build the ark on the mountains, far from the water source. This is a test of eemaan for them because to the plain mind of the ignorants, this is ridiculous. Only those with eemaan will obey the orders of Allah with the leadership of their Prophet.

The Believers Were Continuously Mocked

So there was prophet Nuh alaihi salam building an ark in the middle of nowhere far from any form of water source. Imagine what his people would say? Especially the leaders of the people. Those who were mocking him all these while. Those who did not believe in him. They have been calling Nuh a mad man, and now it seems (to them) that Prophet Nuh alaihi salam is proving himself to be mad.

Hud 11: 38-39 

And as he was constructing the ship, whenever the chiefs of his people passed by him, they made a mocked at him. He said: “If you mock at us, so do we mock at you likewise for your mocking (38) “And you will know who it is on whom will come a torment that will cover him with disgrace and on whom will fall a lasting torment.” (39)

Allah will deal with those unbelievers who mock he believers, if not in this world, it will be worse in the Hereafter

Al Muzammil 73: 10-13

 And be patient (O Muhammad SAW) with what they say, and keep away from them in a good way. (10) And leave Me Alone to deal with the beliers (those who deny My Verses), those who are in possession of good things of life. And give them respite for a little while. (11) Verily, with Us are fetters (to bind them), and a raging Fire. (12) And a food that chokes, and a painful torment. (13)

Mocking is really a despicable behaviour. Allah forbids us mocking others. Allah says in Surah Hujurat 49: 11

O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; Nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, Nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one’s brother after having Faith [i.e. to call your Muslim brother (a faithful believer) as: "O sinner", or "O wicked"]. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed Zâlimûn (wrong-doers). (11)

Think again when we call others by names or laugh at their nature which may seem unfamiliar to us. May Allah forgive.

The Ark’s Size

In terms of size some scholar said Allah ordered Nuh to build the ark eighty dhira’ long, to paint it inside and outside with tar, and to make its bow curved so it can easily sail in water.

Some said the ark’s length was three hundred Dhira’ with a width of fofty Dhira’ (yards). Qatadah said that was mentioned in Torah as well according to what he has read.

Hassan al Basri said the length was six hundred Dhira and the width is three hundred Dhira’.

Ibn Ababs said the length was one thousand and two hundred dhira’ with teh width six hundred dhira’.

The consensus is the height was thirty Dhira’. It was a three story deck ship, with every deck ten Dhira’ high. The bottom deck was for animals and cattle, the middle deck was for the people, and the upper deck was for birds. Its door was on its side and there was a multi layer cover on top of it.

It was build by the guidance of Allah.

Al Mu’mineen 23 : 27

So We revealed to him (saying): “Construct the ship under Our Eyes and under Our Revelation (guidance).

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Battle of Tabuk

Story of the battle of Tabuk is taken from the Sealed Nectar taken HERE

Current Road Route Madinah-Tabuk

Setting:
9th year after hijrah
In the hot summer month
Tabuk is about 700km from Madinah according to current road route

The Byzantines Empire

Reason for battle :

Previously a fierce fight between the Byzantines and the Muslims at Mu’tah. The confrontation gave great impression on the Arabs, all over Arabia. Caesar was aware of the potential threat by the Muslims especially nearing the border of the Arab worlds. Thus the threat must be stopped. Caesar gathered a huge army of teh byzantines and pro Roman Ghassanide against the Muslims.

Prophet’s Response

Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam knew that if he delayed or reacted passively to the Byzantine threat, this would give opportunity for them to drill all the way to Madinah.

He sallallahu alaihi waslaam ordered the companion to get ready for war.

Sent for the Makkans and the other Arab tribes asking for their assistance

Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam declared openly of his intention to meet the Byzantines and fight them. He urged to people to get ready and fight in teh way of Allah.

Prophet also call out for charities.

Threats that Muslims Had

- The hypocrites spreading fear of the powerful undefeated Roman Armies

- The Muslims were already experiencing hardship and drought.

- Lack of Funds. Despite the big number of charity, the army was not properly equipped. The shortage of provision and mount was so serious that 18 men mounted one camel alternately. Members of the armie had to eat leaves. Others resort to slaughtering the camel thus losng the mount. It was hardship such that the army was called the Army of Distress.

Muslim’s response to cal of Jihad at Tabuk

- The Muslims race to give their wealth and property to support the invasion.

- Uthman bin Affan prepared two hundred saddled camels to travel to Ash Shams. Presented them all with 200 hudred ounces of gold. Then he brought 100 saddled camels. Gave 1000 dinars.

Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam said,

From this day on nothing will harm ‘Uthman regardless of what he does.”

Uthman continued to give charity and reach 900 camels and 100 horses.

- Abdur Rahman bin Awaf – 200 ounces of silver

- Abu Bakr – paid all his wealth and leave for himself nothing.

- Umar paid half of his wealth

Al Abbas – gave a lot of money. So did Talhah, Sa’d bin ‘Ubadah and Muhammad bin Maslamah. People rushed to give as much as they can. Women too.

The needy and the poor who could not afford a ride came to the prophet sallalhu alaihi wasalam asking for one so they could fight but was turned down. and left crying after that. 9:92

Except the hypocrites. 9: 79

The Muslim Army

- Big number – thirty thousand

- This and the fame of the Muslims army scared the Byzantines army that they never came down to fight.

- The march was in Rajab and they returned in madinah. Thus ghazwah is for 50 days. 20 days in Tabuk

- This is the last battle that Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam made.

Lessons

1. Prophet Muhammad’s salllahu alaihi wasalam decision to meet the Byzantinne armies proved to be the most correct decision

- it shows the rising power and seriousness they have coming from the Arabia. Arabia is sandwiched between two empires Byzantine and Persia but none bothered to conquer them let alone fathom that the coming rising power will be from Arabia – the Muslims.

- It opened the eyes of the rest of Arabia to the Muslim’s influence that turned many of the arabs living in the borders of the Byzantines and Arab to be in alliance with teh Muslims. Thus changing the border of the Byzantine ruling

2. When the Muslims committed themselves and strive fully in the path of Allah, Allah strikes fear in the heart of the non Muslims

3. The Sahabah were generous and were all out in giving charity in Allah’s path

4. Even though no actual war took place, but the armies had difficulties throughout the preparation and the journey but the true Muslims strived.

5. Surah at Tawbah was sent down mostly throughout this battle

6. The hypocrites were deal sternly after this battle

7. the hypocrites were trying hard to demoralise the Muslims by putting fear of the super powers of the time to them.

 

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Prophet Nuh alaihi salam : The reaction of his people.

They begin to threathen him by stoning and expulsion

Al Aaraf 7: 60

The leaders of his people said: “Verily, we see you in plain error.” (60)

Noah answered them saying,

[Nûh (Noah)] said: “O my people! There is no error in me, but I am a Messenger from the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists)! (61)

“I convey unto you the Messages of my Lord and give sincere advice to you. And I know from Allâh what you know not. (62)

Then they replied to Noah which is found in  Surah Hud 11: 27

The chiefs who the disbelieved among his people said: “We see you but a man like ourselves, nor do we see any follow you but the meanest among us and they (too) followed you without thinking. And we do not see in you any merit above us, in fact we think you are liars.” (27)

The points that you must looked at in this verse are

i. It’s the chief who are answering and addressed to

ii. The mocking that Noah is only human thus incapable of relaying the message

iii. their observation that the followers are among the lower class deeming that this is not in their class

iv. Accusing the Messenger as liars and has nothing special against them

You will see that this very points are among the points that most disbelievers would use against the Messengers. Time and time again history will repeat. Even now these are still the remarks made by the disbelievers against our religion and our messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam.

Let us hear the story of Heraclius that describe to us among the signs of a Prophet

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas:

Abu Sufyan bin Harb informed me that Heraclius had sent a messenger to him while he had been accompanying a caravan from Quraish. They were merchants doing business in Sham (Syria, Palestine, Lebanon and Jordan), at the time when Allah’s Apostle had truce with Abu Sufyan and Quraish infidels. So Abu Sufyan and his companions went to Heraclius at Ilya (Jerusalem). Heraclius called them in the court and he had all the senior Roman dignitaries around him. He called for his translator who, translating Heraclius’s question said to them, “Who amongst you is closely related to that man who claims to be a Prophet?” Abu Sufyan replied, “I am the nearest relative to him (amongst the group).”

Heraclius said, “Bring him (Abu Sufyan) close to me and make his companions stand behind him.” Abu Sufyan added, Heraclius told his translator to tell my companions that he wanted to put some questions to me regarding that man (The Prophet) and that if I told a lie they (my companions) should contradict me.” Abu Sufyan added, “By Allah! Had I not been afraid of my companions labeling me a liar, I would not have spoken the truth about the Prophet. The first question he asked me about him was:

‘What is his family status amongst you?’

I replied, ‘He belongs to a good (noble) family amongst us.’

Heraclius further asked, ‘Has anybody amongst you ever claimed the same (i.e. to be a Prophet) before him?’

I replied, ‘No.’

He said, ‘Was anybody amongst his ancestors a king?’

I replied, ‘No.’

Heraclius asked, ‘Do the nobles or the poor follow him?’

I replied, ‘It is the poor who follow him.’

He said, ‘Are his followers increasing decreasing (day by day)?’

I replied, ‘They are increasing.’

He then asked, ‘Does anybody amongst those who embrace his religion become displeased and renounce the religion afterwards?’

I replied, ‘No.’

Heraclius said, ‘Have you ever accused him of telling lies before his claim (to be a Prophet)?’

I replied, ‘No. ‘

Heraclius said, ‘Does he break his promises?’

I replied, ‘No. We are at truce with him but we do not know what he will do in it.’ I could not find opportunity to say anything against him except that.

Heraclius asked, ‘Have you ever had a war with him?’

I replied, ‘Yes.’

Then he said, ‘What was the outcome of the battles?’

I replied, ‘Sometimes he was victorious and sometimes we.’

Heraclius said, ‘What does he order you to do?’

I said, ‘He tells us to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship anything along with Him, and to renounce all that our ancestors had said. He orders us to pray, to speak the truth, to be chaste and to keep good relations with our Kith and kin.’

Heraclius asked the translator to convey to me the following, I asked you about his family and your reply was that he belonged to a very noble family. In fact all the Apostles come from noble families amongst their respective peoples. I questioned you whether anybody else amongst you claimed such a thing, your reply was in the negative. If the answer had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that this man was following the previous man’s statement. Then I asked you whether anyone of his ancestors was a king. Your reply was in the negative, and if it had been in the affirmative, I would have thought that this man wanted to take back his ancestral kingdom.

I further asked whether he was ever accused of telling lies before he said what he said, and your reply was in the negative. So I wondered how a person who does not tell a lie about others could ever tell a lie about Allah. I, then asked you whether the rich people followed him or the poor. You replied that it was the poor who followed him. And in fact all the Apostle have been followed by this very class of people. Then I asked you whether his followers were increasing or decreasing. You replied that they were increasing, and in fact this is the way of true faith, till it is complete in all respects. I further asked you whether there was anybody, who, after embracing his religion, became displeased and discarded his religion. Your reply was in the negative, and in fact this is (the sign of) true faith, when its delight enters the hearts and mixes with them completely. I asked you whether he had ever betrayed. You replied in the negative and likewise the Apostles never betray. Then I asked you what he ordered you to do. You replied that he ordered you to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship any thing along with Him and forbade you to worship idols and ordered you to pray, to speak the truth and to be chaste. If what you have said is true, he will very soon occupy this place underneath my feet and I knew it (from the scriptures) that he was going to appear but I did not know that he would be from you, and if I could reach him definitely, I would go immediately to meet him and if I were with him, I would certainly wash his feet.’ Heraclius then asked for the letter addressed by Allah’s Apostle

which was delivered by Dihya to the Governor of Busra, who forwarded it to Heraclius to read. The contents of the letter were as follows: “In the name of Allah the Beneficent, the Merciful (This letter is) from Muhammad the slave of Allah and His Apostle to Heraclius the ruler of Byzantine. Peace be upon him, who follows the right path. Furthermore I invite you to Islam, and if you become a Muslim you will be safe, and Allah will double your reward, and if you reject this invitation of Islam you will be committing a sin by misguiding your Arisiyin (peasants). (And I recite to you Allah’s Statement:)

‘O people of the scripture! Come to a word common to you and us that we worship none but Allah and that we associate nothing in worship with Him, and that none of us shall take others as Lords beside Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: Bear witness that we are Muslims (those who have surrendered to Allah).’ (3:64).

Abu Sufyan then added, “When Heraclius had finished his speech and had read the letter, there was a great hue and cry in the Royal Court. So we were turned out of the court. I told my companions that the question of Ibn-Abi-Kabsha) (the Prophet Muhammad) has become so prominent that even the King of Bani Al-Asfar (Byzantine) is afraid of him. Then I started to become sure that he (the Prophet) would be the conqueror in the near future till I embraced Islam (i.e. Allah guided me to it).”

The sub narrator adds, “Ibn An-Natur was the Governor of llya’ (Jerusalem) and Heraclius was the head of the Christians of Sham. Ibn An-Natur narrates that once while Heraclius was visiting ilya’ (Jerusalem), he got up in the morning with a sad mood. Some of his priests asked him why he was in that mood? Heraclius was a foreteller and an astrologer. He replied, ‘At night when I looked at the stars, I saw that the leader of those who practice circumcision had appeared (become the conqueror). Who are they who practice circumcision?’ The people replied, ‘Except the Jews nobody practices circumcision, so you should not be afraid of them (Jews).

‘Just Issue orders to kill every Jew present in the country.’

While they were discussing it, a messenger sent by the king of Ghassan to convey the news of Allah’s Apostle to Heraclius was brought in. Having heard the news, he (Heraclius) ordered the people to go and see whether the messenger of Ghassan was circumcised. The people, after seeing him, told Heraclius that he was circumcised. Heraclius then asked him about the Arabs. The messenger replied, ‘Arabs also practice circumcision.’

(After hearing that) Heraclius remarked that sovereignty of the ‘Arabs had appeared. Heraclius then wrote a letter to his friend in Rome who was as good as Heraclius in knowledge. Heraclius then left for Homs. (a town in Syrian and stayed there till he received the reply of his letter from his friend who agreed with him in his opinion about the emergence of the Prophet and the fact that he was a Prophet. On that Heraclius invited all the heads of the Byzantines to assemble in his palace at Homs. When they assembled, he ordered that all the doors of his palace be closed. Then he came out and said, ‘O Byzantines! If success is your desire and if you seek right guidance and want your empire to remain then give a pledge of allegiance to this Prophet (i.e. embrace Islam).’

(On hearing the views of Heraclius) the people ran towards the gates of the palace like onagers but found the doors closed. Heraclius realized their hatred towards Islam and when he lost the hope of their embracing Islam, he ordered that they should be brought back in audience.

(When they returned) he said, ‘What already said was just to test the strength of your conviction and I have seen it.’ The people prostrated before him and became pleased with him, and this was the end of Heraclius’s story (in connection with his faith).

Back to the story of Nuh

The Quran tells us what nuh said to his people in Surah Hud 11: 28-31

He said: “O my people! Tell me, if I have a clear proof from my Lord, and a Mercy (Prophethood) has come to me from Him, but that (Mercy) has been obscured from your sight. Shall we compel you to accept it (Islâmic Monotheism) when you have a strong hatred for it? (28)

And O my people! I ask of you no wealth for it, my reward is from none but Allâh. I am not going to drive away those who have believed. Surely, they are going to meet their Lord, but I see that you are a people that are ignorant (29) 

“And O my people! Who will help me against Allâh, if I drove them away? Will you not then give a thought? (30) 

“And I do not say to you that with me are the Treasures of Allâh, “Nor that I know the Ghaib (unseen);”nor do I say I am an angel, and I do not say of those whom your eyes look down upon that Allâh will not bestow any good on them. Allâh knows what is in their inner-selves (as regards belief, etc.). In that case, I should, indeed be one of the Zâlimûn (wrong-doers, oppressors).” (31)

When we read the verses on how Prophet Nuh alaihi salam addressed the non believers, you can see how Prophet Nuh addressed them with politeness and gentleness. This is the way to make daawah.

When Allah told Prophet Musa alaihi salam to make daawah, He said in Taha 20: 44

And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear (Allâh).” (44)

and in An Nahl 16: 125

Invite (mankind, O Muhammad SAW) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islâm) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Revelation and the Qur’ân) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided. (125)

Many people are willing to argue and will resort to bad words and actions. Avoid responding in similar ugly ways and try your best to have patience. May Allah make us among the sabr.

Also Prophet nuh stressed to them that he is not seeking any reward or status or power  by anyone by conveying this message. His reward is from Allah whose reward is the best and more lasting than the one that any human can give.

In Surah Hud 11: 27 which I have put up earlier, the chiefs did not like it that the followers of Prophet Nuh were mostly among the people of lower” class. They asked him to expel these people then only would they follow Prophet Nuh alaihi salam. Nuh refused to do so.

At the time of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam, the disbelievers of quraysh also asked him to expel the low and weak Muslims like Ammar bin Yassir, Suhayb, Bilal, Khabab and others. Islam is not about “class” and social status of people. There is no difference between us except our taqwa.

Next in ayah 11: 31, Prophet Nuh alaihi salam declared that he does not own treasure, nor is he an angel  nor he knows things thatare unseen except that he is merely a slave of Allah who is given some knowledge that Allah has taught him. He also does not have any power to make harm on them.

His people continue to argue with him, raising up petty issues.

As Shuara 26: 111-115

They said: “Shall we believe in you, when the meanest (of the people) follow you?” (111) 

He said: “And what knowledge have I of what they used to do? (112) 

“Their account is only with my Lord, if you could (but) know. (113) 

“And I am not going to drive away the believers. (114) 

I am only a plain warner.” (115)

The arguments went on for a long time and only a few people believed in Nuh. He made daawah for 950 years.

Al Ankabut 29: 14

And indeed We sent Nûh (Noah) to his people, and he stayed among them a thousand years less fifty years [inviting them to believe in the Oneness of Allâh (Monotheism), and discard the false gods and other deities], and the Deluge overtook them while they were Zâlimûn (wrong-doers, polytheists, disbelievers). (14)

Whenever a generation passed, they would advised the newer ones not to believe in Huh. To disagree and fight him. Thus they all become blind followers who only follow what their parents and forefathers worship and it has become the nature for them not to follow the way of the truth.

This is among the cries of Prophet Nuh alaihi salam to Allah in Surah Nuh 71: 27

If You leave them, they will mislead Your slaves, and they will beget none but wicked disbelievers.” (27)

This went on  and on and on until his people said to him as mentioned in Surah hud 11: 32-34

They said: “O Nûh (Noah)! You have disputed with us and much have you prolonged the dispute with us, now bring upon us what you threaten us with, if you are of the truthful.” (32) 

He said: “Only Allâh will bring it (the punishment) on you, if He wills, and then you will escape not. (33)

“And my advice will not profit you, even if I wish to give you good counsel, if Allâh’s Will is to keep you astray. He is your Lord! and to Him you shall return.” (34)

If Allah wills a person astray, no one can guide  them. And if Allah wishes him to be guided, no one can make him astray. And Allah does not do this by random pick. He sent all of us guidance through many of his signs. As for the people of Nuh, they even have the chance to meet a prophet before them. They had the chance to listen to him. They are the one who insisted in upholding the tradition of worshiping idol. Insisted on shirk. Continuously rejected the sign. Mocking it on their tongue and hating it in the heart. After a long time of the insistence of kufr and they actually said, bring on what the torture that Allah has for them, in arrogance. Allah finally seals their  senses faculties and their heart to any form of hidayah and will leave them astray.

may we be protected from that.

Among the lessons
1. prophets never asked for wealth nor status
2. they only await for reward from Allah.
3. meaning dunya wise, there is really nothing for them to gain.
4. Prophets are Messengers, not an angel or anything unseen. They also do not own treasures of the world except for knowledge that Allah tells them so.
5. Daawah is to bemade in good words and politely
6. prophet Nuh alaihi salam made du’a for 950 years.
7. Generations come in these years even more wicked than before
8. Prophet Nuh alaihi salam asked Allah to destroy these people because of their continuous disbelieving to Allah

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Imam an Nawawi

Imaam an-Nawawi

Jamaal ud-Deen Zarabozo

Taken from Commentary on the Forty Hadeeth of an-Nawawi


The Life of an-Nawawi

Before commenting on the Forty Hadeeth of an-Nawawi, it would be proper to introduce Imaam an-Nawawi to the reader. It is important for Muslims to take the time to learn about the lives of the pious predecessors. The great scholars and pious individuals of the past can be great examples for the living. Their behaviour and actions can have a great effect upon the hearts. Their examples demonstrate that in every age, there were pious Muslims who followed the way of the Prophet (SAAS) and his noble Companions, without compromise and without giving into the desires of this world. They demonstrate to the Muslims of today that the guidance of the Qur’aan and Hadeeth was sufficient for them to lead their lives in manners pleasing to Allah, although they did not sit with and learn directly from the Prophet (SAAS) or even his close companions.

Today, Muslims face many of the same problems, temptations and difficulties that these pious predecessors faced. The pious predecessors read and intensively studied the Qur’aan and Hadeeth to attain guidance for their lives. They applied the Qur’aan and Sunnah in their lives under various circumstances. What they derived from the Divine Guidance should be considered a light for all of those who come after them who face circumstances similar to theirs.

There are many aspects of an-Nawawi’s life, in particular, that may set an example for those living today. In his introduction to his Master’s Thesis on an-Nawawi, Ahmad al-Haddaad echoed these views when he stated,

The third reason [for writing about an-Nawawi] was to bring to the forefront the life of this extraordinary man who lived in a later time. It is hoped that this biography will bring to us and the coming generations great benefits with respect to seriousness and striving for knowledge, with respect to asceticism and fearing Allah, and with respect to the bravery in publicly speaking the truth. The lives of the pious have greatest effect on those who hear about them. Allah has certainly spoken the truth when He said, “And all that We relate to you (O Muhammad) of the news of the messenger [is] in order that We may make your heart strong and firm.” (Hood 120) [1]

The goal here is to be brief. Therefore, only certain aspects of his life will be highlighted. [2]

Background to an-Nawawi’s Life:

Islam in the Seventh Century of Hijrah

The Seventh Century of Islam was a very turbulent time, especially for the area of Sham (“Greater Syria”). It was during this Century that the Mongols invaded the East and the Crusaders controlled part of the Muslim lands from the West. In the year 656 AH, the Mongols invaded and conquered Baghdad, the capital of the Abbasids. In 658, however, under the reign of al-Mudhafar Qutuz ibn Abdullaah and military leadership of al-Dhaahir Baibars, the Muslims handed the Mongols a stunning defeat at Ain Jaloot. Also, in 679, when the Mongols again tried to conquer Aleppo, they were defeated. From that time onwards, Muslim forces continues to battle and make headway against the Mongols. Similarly, the Crusaders were defeated and removed from Sham in the year 691.

By the grace and mercy of Allah, these turbulent times did not mean the end of Islam studies for the inhabitants of that area. In fact, when Noor ad-Deen Zanki (d. 569) entered Sham he found that the light of learning had been extinguished. Therefore, he made a concerted effort to encourage the people of that area to renew their studies of Islam. In the process, he opened many schools for the study of Islam. In fact, he opened the first Dar al-Hadeeth in Damascus, Aleppo and elsewhere. This same spirit of spreading knowledge and establishing educational institutions was carried on by those who ruled after Noor ad-Deen Zanki, especially Saif ud-Deen Qalaawoon (d. 689). Therefore, one does not find a shortage of scholars and learning even during that turbulent century of Islamic history.

An-Nawawi’s Birth and Upbringing

Muhi ad-Deen [3] Abu Zakariya [4] Yahya ibn Sharaf al-Hizaami an-Nawawi was born in the 631 A.H. (1233 C.E.) in the village of Nawa, south of Damascus, Syria. Coming from Nawa, he is given the descriptive name of an-Nawawi, which is also sometime written an-Nawaawi.

An-Nawawi did not come from a well-known family. There is very little mention, if any, of his grandfather, father and other relatives. This implies that they were a modest family. They also were not known for producing great scholars. However, his father did have a reputation for being very pious and God-fearing. His father had a garden in which he would grow food for his family. He would avoid, and taught his family to avoid, eating anything which may be forbidden in any way whatsoever. This was a true application of the following Hadeeth from Sunan at-Tirmidhi:

“O People! Verily Allah is good and He does not accept but what is good. Allah has ordered the believers with the same command that He ordered the messengers. He said, ‘O Messengers, eat of the good and pure things and work righteous deeds. Verily, I am knowledgeable of what you do.’ And He said, ‘O believers! Eat of the good and wholesome things that We have provided for you.’ And he mentioned a man who was on a long journey, with disheveled hair and dust-ridden, stretching out his hands to the sky, saying, ‘O Lord, O Lord,’ while his food is of the forbidden and his provisions are of the forbidden. How is he going to responded to [by Allah]?”

From his youth, Yahya an-Nawawi was not attracted to sports or playing. Indeed, other children chided him for this. From an early age, he turned his attention to his studies. He hated any activity that would take him away from memorising the Qur’aan. On one occasion, the children forced him to play with them and he cried because of the time that he was wasting. [5] It is not surprising then that he memorised the Qur’aan at an early age.

At the age of eighteen, his father took him to Damascus to continue his studies. He excelled in the Shafi’ee school of fiqh, memorising some of its most important texts. He performed the pilgrimage to Makkah, visited Madinah and other locations but then returned to Damascus until prior to his death, when he returned to his hometown of Nawa.

An-Nawawi’s Personal Life:

His Pursuit of Knowledge

An-Nawawi first studies at the Saaramiya school in Damascus. This is where his father left him. He had no housing there whatsoever. After some time, he approached the Shaikh of the school to ask if he had any housing, as many of the schools house their students. They had no housing so the Shaikh suggested that he go to Rawaahiyah School. There he was given a very small room in which he lived for a number of years. In fact, he remained in that small room until he was named the head of the Ashrafiyah school, a number of years later. [6] It was stated that, when one visited him, the room was so small and the books were so many, that the only was one could sit down was to remove the books and pile them on top of each other to make some room to sit.

After Saaramiyah, he continued his studies at the Rawaahiya school in Damascus. At one point in time, he was attending twelve lectures a day on assorted topics, including Arabic language, hadith, fiqh and Islamic legal theory. Some of his well-known teachers [6] included Ishaaq ibn Ahmad al-Maghrabi al-Maqdisi (d. 650 A.H.), Abdur-Rahmaan al-Anbari (d. 661 A.H.) and Abdul-Azeez al-Ansaari (d. 662 A.H.). He studied Sahih Muslim from Abu Ishaaq Ibraaheem al-Waasiti. In 655 A.H., at the age of 24, he began teaching at the Ashrafiyah school. His reputation and excellence as a scholar began to be recognised by the scholars and inhabitants of Damascus.

His pursuit of knowledge dominated his entire life. He would put all of his time into studying, learning, and teaching. It is even stated that he would not sleep except when sleep would overtake him. He would rest on his book and sleep for a little, then he would act startled upon awakening and continues studying. He once said about himself, “I spent two years without lying on the ground [to sleep] on my side.” That is, he would always study and write until sleep overtook while in a sitting position. Al-Qutb al-Yauneeni said about him, “He would not waste any moment of the day or night but he would spend it busy with attaining knowledge. Even when he walking and in the streets he will be busy going over what he had remembered and reviewing his notes. He continued gaining knowledge in that way for a period of six years.” [6]

It seems – and only Allah knows the reality – that Allah truly blessed his time. Perhaps this was due to a sincere intention to please Allah. As mentioned above, he would attend up to twelve classes a day. Commenting on that fact, al-Diqr wrote,

He used to have twelve study sessions a day with his teachers. These included explanations, verifications, commentaries, explaining the different aspects and expressions as well as exacting the correct wordings. This would take, at a least approximation, twelve hours a day. Then he would need to review what he had learned and memorise what need to be memorised. The very least approximation is that this would also take twelve hours a day. This is twenty-four hours in a day! When would he sleep? When would he eat? When would he perform the acts of worship? When would he perform the voluntary late night prayers? It is well-known that he performed those types of acts of obedience and worship. When would all of that take place? He was in need of studying and reviewing for all the twenty fours in a day and nihgt. This shows how Allah blessed and graced this man. Allah blessed him in his time. He gave him the ability to complete in one day what it takes everyone else two years to accomplish. This is the only way we can explain this tremendous undertaking that made him one of the greatest scholars of his time in about ten years. In fact, it made him the leader (Imam) of his time. This is also the only way we can explain all of his wonderful, detailed and radiant writings in a span of time that lasted no more than fifteen years. He spent all of his lifetime and living hours in learning, teaching and writing. [7]

His Austerity

He led a very austere and simple life. Some narrations state that all the clothing he possessed was a turban and long gown. He did not desire any of the pleasures of this world. At one point in time, he would not eat anything except some cake and olives that his father would send him from time to time from Nawa. One of the reasons for this was that he was certain that such food came from permissible sources.

He would refuse even permissible things out of fear that they may lead him to doubtful matters. Indeed, he refused to eat any of the fruits of Damascus because he knew that orchards, many of which were endowments and for orphans and others, were not handled properly and he feared that the food he would be eating was not from a permissible source. Another reason he gave for not eating the fruit was that much of it was handled through sharecropping and there was a difference of opinion among the  scholars concerning the validity of sharecropping. In a footnote, al-Haddaad points out that, in reality, all of those matters boiled down to one thing: al-Nawawi was afraid to involve himself in any matter concerning which there was even the slightest doubt. [8]

An-Nawawi desired to live a simple and pure life, although it would have been possible for him to live otherwise, given his teaching position and influence. Cheif Justice Sulaimaan al-Zara’i narrated that he visited an-Nawawi on the day of Eid. An-Nawawi was eating some kind of broth with no meat. He asked Sulaimaan to eat with him and he said that is was not appealing to him. Sulaimaan’s brother went and bought some roasted meat and sweets. Sulaimaan told an-Nawawi to eat from it and he refused. Sulaimaan said to him, “O my brother, is this forbidden?” He said, “No, but it is the food of the tyrants [and extravagant].” In this matter, he was following the example of the Prophet (SAAS) who could have enjoyed many of the bounties of this world, but, instead, his household would go days without cooking any meat or having their full of bread for two days straight. [9] It seems that an-Nawawi did not consider such food as impermissible, in general, as obviously the Prophet (SAAS) ate such foods. However, it seems that he was never sure that there source was permissible, so he refused to eat such foods. [10]

He was also well-known for his modesty. Part of his modesty included never being served by any of his students. At the same time, he continued to serve his students even into his old age.

An-Nawawi would fast perpetually (every day except the days of Eid). [11] In general, he would only eat once a day, after the last obligatory prayer of the day; and he would only drink once a day, before dawn. When he drank, he would drink cold water out of fear that it may make him drowsy. Al-Haddaad argues that this was done by an-Nawawi so that he would dedicate all of his time to work and worship instead of the pleasures of this life. Al-Haddaad writes that it is said that knowledge is not attained by rest. In fact, he states, a person will not receive even part of knowledge unless he dedicates himself to it. If a person dedicates all of himself to knowledge, then he may achieve a portion of it. Al-Haddaad states that perhaps this was an-Nawawi’s perception of knowledge. He left his heart completely free and open to receive the blessed knowledge of the religion of Islam.[12]

He did not accept a stipend for his teaching. It seems that he may have accepted money for the first year or two. That money he did receive, he would spend on books that were left as endowments after him. However, after that time, he refused to accept any money whatsoever for his services. [13]

One material possession of this world that an-Nawawi did have was books. In general, a student is greatly in need of books. He is perhaps as much in need of books than he is of food and water, as al-Haddaad pointed out. As alluded to earlier, an-Nawawi’s small room was like a warehouse of books. Once of the testimonies as to how many books an-Nawawi had may be found in his introduction to at-Tahqeeq wherein he said, “I have with me, of the books of Shafi’ee fiqh, and all praises are due to Allah, about one hundred books, including well-known books, rare books and others.” [14] Al-Haddaad comments, “If that was the case with the number of books of fiqh, which were not as plentiful as they were in later eras, then what about the number of books of hadith he must have had, as there were many more books of hadith available at his time.” [15] Taaj ud-Deen as-Subki (683-756), who was a Chief Justice (Qaadi al-Qudha), was asked to complete one of an-Nawawi’s works, al-Majmoo. He tried to excuse himself by saying that he did not have the number of references available to him that an-Nawawi had.

It seems clear though, that an-Nawawi’s goal was not simply to possess a large library. His books were not for decoration or display. Instead he benefited greatly from these works and, from his lectures and writings, numerous people have benefited from them since then.

1. Taken from HERE.

A Short Biography of Imaam an-Nawawi

Imaam an-Nawawi (rahimahu Allaahu ta’aalaa – died 676 Hijree) was without doubt one of the greatest scholars this Ummah has been blessed with. His works have had a tremendous benefit and influence for the Muslims throughout history, and from amongst his works is his collection of 42 ahaadeeth of the Prophet sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam which together form a comprehensive explanation of this Great Deen of Islaam. This work is commonly referred to as “an-Nawawi’s Forty Hadeeth” and without doubt it contains immense benefit and guidance.The complete name of Imaam an-Nawawi is Abu Zakaria Mohiuddin Yahya, son of Sharaf An-Nawawi. Nawawi refers to Nawaa, a place near Damascus, in the suburb of the city of Howran. Imaam an-Nawawi was born at Nawa in the year 631 A.H.(about 1255 CE) His father, a virtuous and pious man, resolved to arrange for proper and befitting education as he had discovered the symptoms of heavenly intelligence and wisdom in his promising child at an early stage.

The Imaam’s Simplicity and Good Manners:

The learned persons, elite of the society and the public greatly respected the Imaam on account of his piety, learning and excellent character. He used simple dress and ate simple food. Devout scholars do not care about worldly chattels, they give preference to religious and academic pursuits, and the propagation of Faith. They experience more heavenly delight and joy in such activities than those who seek satisfaction in luxurious foods, precious clothes and other worldly things. Imaam an-Nawawi had a prominent place among the erudite notables of his age. He was a God-fearing person having illustrious and glorious aims regarding the propagation of Faith.The celebrated Shaykh Mohiuddin expresses his impression about Imaam an-Nawawi thus:

“Imaam an-Nawawi had three distinctive commendable qualities in his person. If anybody has only one out of these three, people turn to him in abundance for guidance. First, having knowledge and its dissemination. Second, to evade completely from the worldly inclinations, and the third, inviting to all that is good (Islam) enjoining Al-Ma’ruf [i.e., Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do] and forbidding Al-Munkar [polytheism and disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden]. Imaam an-Nawawi had all three in him.”

His works and his death:

The learned Imaam had a very short life but even during this short period, he had written a large number of books on different subjects. Every work of the Imaam is a masterpiece and a treasure of knowledge. Hundreds and thousands of people benefit from these works.Some of his works :

  • Al-Minhaj fi Sharh Sahih Muslim – A Commentary on Sahih Muslim
  • al-Arba’een (ie The Forty Hadeeth)
  • Riyaad-us-Saliheen
  • Kitaab-ur-Raudah
  • Tahdheeb-ul-Asmaa was-Sifaat
  • Kitaab-ul-Adhkaar
  • At-Taqreeb fee Ilmil-Hadeeth wal-Irshad feehi
  • Sharh Sunan Abee Dawood (Incomplete)
  • Tabaqaat Ash-Shaafi’iyyah
  • Muhimmatul-Ahkaam
  • Bustaan-ul-’Aarifeen
  • Al-Khulaasatu fil-Hadeeth

At about the age of 45, Imaam an-Nawawi returned to his hometown. Soon after his arrival at Nawaa, he fell ill and died. However, Imaam an-Nawawi is still living in the hearts of Muslims. His works are of everlasting value. May Allah have Mercy upon him.

 This one taken from HERE.

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Prophet Nuh Sent to His People

Allah sent Nuh alaihi salam when his people are deep in their worshipping idols and false gods, and was treading the path of darkness and ignorance. Thus Allah sent Propht Nuh alaihi salam as a mercy for His slaves.

Nuh alaihi salam was also the first messenger to be sent on earth. This can be proved in the hadith when the people of the day of judgment go to certain prophets to ask them to ask Allah to start the judgment day.

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “The believers will be kept (waiting) on the Day of Resurrection so long that they will become worried and say, “Let us ask somebody to intercede far us with our Lord so that He may relieve us from our place.

Then they will go to Adam and say, ‘You are Adam, the father of the people. Allah created you with His Own Hand and made you reside in His Paradise and ordered His angels to prostrate before you, and taught you the names of all things will you intercede for us with your Lord so that He may relieve us from this place of ours? Adam will say, ‘I am not fit for this undertaking.’ He will mention his mistakes he had committed, i.e., his eating off the tree though he had been forbidden to do so. He will add, ‘Go to Noah, the first messenger sent by Allah to the people of the Earth.’ The people will go to Noah who will say, ‘I am not fit for this undertaking’ He will mention his mistake which he had done, i.e., his asking his Lord without knowledge.’ He will say (to them), ‘Go to Abraham, Khalil Ar-Rahman.’ They will go to Abraham who will say, ‘I am not fit for this undertaking. He would mention three words by which he told a lie, and say (to them). ‘Go to Moses, a slave whom Allah gave the Torah and spoke to, directly and brought near Him, for conversation.’

They will go to Moses who will say, ‘I am not fit for this undertaking. He will mention his mistake he made, i.e., killing a person, and will say (to them), ‘Go to Jesus, Allah’s slave and His Apostle, and a soul created by Him and His Word.’ (Be: And it was.) They will go to Jesus who will say, ‘I am not fit for this undertaking but you’d better go to Muhammad the slave whose past and future sins have been forgiven by Allah.’ So they will come to me, and I will ask my Lord’s permission to enter His House and then I will be permitted. When I see Him I will fall down in prostration before Him, and He will leave me (in prostration) as long as He will, and then He will say, ‘O Muhammad, lift up your head and speak, for you will be listened to, and intercede, for your intercession will be accepted, and ask (for anything) for it will be granted:’ Then I will raise my head and glorify my Lord with certain praises which He has taught me. Allah will put a limit for me (to intercede for a certain type of people) I will take them out and make them enter Paradise.”

(Qatada added: I heard Anas saying that) the Prophet said, ‘I will go out and take them out of Hell (Fire) and let them enter Paradise, and I will return for the third time and will ask my Lord for permission to enter His house, and I will be allowed to enter.

When I see Him, I will fall down in prostration before Him, and will remain in prostration as long as He will, and then He will say, ‘Raise your head, O Muhammad, and speak, for you will be listened to, and intercede, for your intercession will be accepted, and ask, for your request will be granted.’ So I will raise my head and praise Allah as He has taught me and then I will intercede and He will put a limit for me (to intercede for a certain type of people). I will take them out and let them enter Paradise.”

(Qatada said: I heard Anas saying that) the Prophet said, “So I will go out and take them out of Hell (Fire) and let them enter Paradise, till none will remain in the Fire except those whom Quran will imprison (i.e., those who are destined for eternal life in the fire).” The narrator then recited the Verse:– “It may be that your Lord will raise you to a Station of Praise and Glory.’ (17.79) The narrator added: This is the Station of Praise and Glory which Allah has promised to your Prophet. (Bukhari)

In this long hadith, we are concern at the moment, at the mentioned of prophet Nuh. It is said here, that he is the first messenger sent.

Ulul Azim

The highest status of the Messengers and Prophets are five

Muhammad sallalalhu alaihi wasalam

Nuh

Ibraheem

Moosa

Eesa

They are referred to as ULUL AZIM or the Messengers of strong will.

Al Ahqaf 46: 35

فَٱصۡبِرۡ كَمَا صَبَرَ أُوْلُواْ ٱلۡعَزۡمِ مِنَ ٱلرُّسُلِ

Therefore be patient (O Muhammad SAW) as did the Messengers of strong will..

_______________

Every Prophet after Prophet Nuh alaihi salam was from his descendent, and so is the case after Ibraheem alaihi salam.

Al Hadid 57: 26

And indeed, We sent Nûh (Noah) and Ibrahîm (Abraham), and placed in their offspring Prophethood and Scripture, And among them there are some who are guided, but many of them are Fâsiqûn (rebellious, disobedient to Allâh). (26)

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The scholars differed regarding the age of Prophet Nuh alaihi salam when he was sent as a  Messenger. Some have said 50 or 350 and also 480. And he made daawah to his people for 950 years.

Subhanallah can you imagine that? 950 years?

——————————-

What did Prophet Nuh alaihi salam called his people to?

- to worship Allah without associating with any partners with Allah

- not to worship idols, statues and false gods

- believe and acknowledge the Oneness of Allah

And this is the message that is brought by all Messengers of Allah.

____________________

The story of Prophet Nuh alahi salam can be found a lot in the quran.

One of them is in Surah Nuh (concerning what he calls them to)

Surah Nuh 71: 1-4

Verily, We sent Nûh (Noah) to his people (Saying): “Warn your people before there comes to them a painful torment.” (1) 

He said: “O my people! Verily, I am a plain warner to you, (2) 

“That you should worship Allâh (Alone), be dutiful to Him, and obey me, (3) 

“He (Allâh) will forgive you of your sins and respite you to an appointed term. Verily, the term of Allâh when it comes, cannot be delayed, if you but knew.” (4)

In other soorah (of similar meaning)

Al Aaraf 7: 59

Al Mu’meenoon 23: 23

______________________

Prophet Nuh’s daawah

Allah mentioned in the quran That prophet Nuh alaihi salam made daawah in various ways. Listen to how Prophet nuh alaihi salam told Allah how much he tried to make daawah to his people. He mentioned, as Allah told us in Surah Nuh, all that he did in his daawah’s effort even though it is not fruitful. His people rejected him.

This is one way to make du’a, to mention to Allah how much we have done for his sake and to continue to beg for Allah’s help.

Surah Nuh 71: 5-19

He said: “O my Lord! Verily, I have called my people night and day (i.e. secretly and openly to accept the doctrine of Islâmic Monotheism) (5) 

“But all my calling added nothing but to (their) flight (from the truth) (6) 

“And verily, every time I called unto them that You might forgive them, they thrust their fingers into their ears, covered themselves up with their garments, and persisted (in their refusal), and magnified themselves in pride. (7) 

“Then verily, I called to them openly (aloud); (8) 

“Then verily, I proclaimed to them in public, and I have appealed to them in private, (9) 

“I said (to them): ‘Ask forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving; (10) 

‘He will send rain to you in abundance; (11) 

‘And give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.’ ” (12) 

What is the matter with you, that you fear not Allâh (His punishment), and you hope not for reward (from Allâh or you believe not in His Oneness). (13) 

While He has created you in (different) stages i.e. first Nutfah, then ‘Alaqah and then Mudghah, see (VV.23:13,14).(14)

See you not how Allâh has created the seven heavens one above another, (15) 

And has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp? (16) 

And Allâh has brought you forth from the (dust of) earth. (Tafsir At-Tabarî) (17) Afterwards He will return you into it (the earth), and bring you forth (again on the Day of Resurrection)? (18) 

And Allâh has made for you the earth a wide expanse. (19) 

Firstly, Prophet Nuh alaihi salam made daawah night and day, calling them to Islam.

Imagine us doing this. Even making comments on youtube for example. We may lose patience reading the non believers retort us back. Mock us. Mock Allah and his prophets. Mock islam. Or even when we try to advise our friends, we may be called a party pooper or other names and being told to stay silent and leave. We may even lose friends.

Prophet Nuh alaihi salam, made daawah day and night calling them to the truth. But what did the people do? They ran away! Or when he spoke, they put their fingers in their ears not wanting to listen. Can you imaine talking to people and they do that to you? Or  they cover themselves refusing to listen! And despite all these, they became more and more arrogant!

Imagine doing these for 950 years only to get rejection from them. Subhanallah! Indeed the prophets are the chosen people and we ask Allah that we will be placed among them in jannah.

Sometimes he talked in the open caling people in his campaign. Sometimes Prophet Nuh talked to them in private. He told them how Allah is most merciful and He will forgive everything.

Prophet Nuh alaihi salam continued by telling them what Allah has given them and that he is the one with power who can do all these.

Prophet Nuh told them to ask forgiveness from Allah and Allah will give them more of what they have because Allah is the One who gives all of these.

Give rain

Give them wealth and sons

Provide for them gardens

and make rivers

These are all resources that make their livelihood.

He also reminded who created them and that Allah made them in three different stages.

And that he made seven heavens, the moon that reflects the light and the sun like a lamp.

And that the earth for you wide so that you could cultivate, live in it and travel on it.

This is one way to make daawah to remind people to reflect on their surroundings. Nothing we see now happen by chance. It is created by the one who not only create but maintain it perfectly. Do you think rain and flowing rivers just happen on itsown. The vast land and the canopy of sky? Look around and reflect.

And all of this are easy for Allah. And He can destroy all of it and gather all of you back and make you alive again. He is able to do all things.

Prophet Nuh alaihi salam conveyed his message to his people and all he got are people who became even more arrogant, ignored him, cover themselves when he speak, put fingers in their ears. Imagine you are talking to someone and they mock you like this.

Prophet Nuh alaihi salam tried his very best and even more. He put so many means in his daawah but the means did not succeed. His people carried on in deviation, transgression and worshiping idols.

Lessons

1. Prophet Nuh alaihi salam is the first Messenger sent to people on earth.

2. All prophets are of his lineage

3. He is among the Ulul Azim among the prophets.

4. His calling for tawheed teaches us to have patience in daawah.

5. Among methods of daawah that we can learn

i. Develop skills

  • make use of the tools/ means that you have.
  • the current way is the media and the internet.
  • this require you to learn to write effectively
  • to acquire knowledge as much as you can from young.
  • ability to orate
  • have the best of akhlaq

ii.  Reflection

  • Ask people to make reflection of the surroundings
  • remind them who created all of this
  • remind who is the one who gives you everything

3. make istighfar

  • and Allah will forgive you
  • and he will give you more

4. Talk to Allah

  • Prophet Nuh Alaihi salam told Allah what he has done for his daawah
  • He complained to Allah about the people who refuse to listen to him
  • Remember Allah is As Samee’. He is the one who listens to everything.

 

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Prophet Nuh (Noah) alaihi salam – When Shirk Began to Take Place

Prophet Nuh alaihi salam : Nuh ibn Lamech ibn Methuselah ibn Idris ibn Yared ibn Mahaleel ibn Qeenan ibn Enos ibn Sheeth (Seth) ibn Adam. (Peace be upon them all).

Ibn Jarir mentioned that Noah alaihi salam was born after one hundred and twenty six years of the death of Adam alaihi salam.

Ibn Hibban reported in his book Saheeh on the authority of Abu Umamah that a man asked the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam,

O Messenger of Allah, was Adam a Prophet? The Prophet replied, “Yes, a prophet that Allah spoke to.” the man then asked, “Then how much time was there between the two of them?” The Prophet replied, “There was ten Qarn (centuries) between the two of them. (Muslim)

In a hadith narrated by Ibn ‘Abbaas, the Prophet (S) said: “There were ten Qarn between Adam and Noah, all living according to Islam.”

qarn is a period of time. It can either mean a century or a generation. If it is ten centuries, then we know that is 1,000 years, or a millennium.

If Qarn means generations, as according to how Quran define Qarn is, then it would mean ten generations. Thus that amount of time could be much more than a 1,000 years.

مَّ أَنشَأۡنَا مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِمۡ قَرۡنًا ءَاخَرِينَ

Then, after them, We created another generation (31) Mu’meenoon 23: 31

The people in that time live very long age. Prophet Nuh himself made daawah alone for 950 years! Subhanallah! Compare that to our average age now. Perhaps 60 or 70 or 80.

Allah has created our lifespan shorter now with His great wisdom. Perhaps the world would be overpopulated otherwise? Allah knows best.

The people within the generations were muslims, those who worship the God who created all things. Until after the ten Qarns people began to worship idols and false gods. Thus Allah sent Prophet Nuh alaihi salam as a mercy for His slaves.

Nuh was the first Messenger to be sent upon earth.

After those pious generations, certain incidents happened that led people of the time to gradually worship idols.

In surah Nuh, there are mentiones of their gods.

An Nuh 71: 23

 “And they have said: ‘You shall not leave your gods, nor shall you leave Wadd, nor Suwâ’, nor Yaghûth, nor Ya’ûq, nor Nasr (these are the names of their idols). (23)

Ibn Abbas said, “These are the names of the pious people from among them. Following their deaths, Shaytan inspired their people to erect status in the place where they used to sit, and to call them with their names. They did so, however at this point, they were not worshiped until that generation died and the new generation deviated.”

Ibn Jareer said : They were pious people during the period of Adam and Nooh, and they had followers. When they died, tehir followers said, “If we make statues of them, it will be more pleasing to us in worship and will remind us of them.”

So they built statues of them. But when they died and other generations came after them, Iblees approached them saying, Your forefathers used to worship them, and through that worship they got rain. So why don’t you worship them too? And that is how they came to worship them.”

A summary of what Ibn Abu Hateem said

Wadd : He was a pious man who was loved by his people. But when he died, they gathered and remained around his grave in Babylon and were overwhelmed by grief on the death of this man. When Shaytan saw them in this state, he came to them disguised as a man and said, “I saw your grief on the death of this man. So should I make a statue like him which could be erected, thus you may remember him? They answered, “Yes” So he made a statue like him which they erected up their gathering place and they remembered him. When Shaytan noticed their keenness in remembering him, he suggested, “Should I build a statue of him in the homes of everyone of you, so that each one of you could remember him in his home?” They agreed. The Shaytan then made the statue and they laced in their house and the people used it to remember him.

Their children’s generation saw what their fathers did for their remembrance. However when the children came, they had no idea of how their fathers remembered them and so gradually they took them as their god. So the first one to be worshipped besides Allah was Wadd, the idol they named after Wadd himself.”

Al-Bukhari recorded from Ibn `Abbas that he said, “The idols that were among the people of Nuh wound up among the Arabs afterwards. In reference to Wadd, it became the idol of the people of Kalb in the area of Dawmat Al-Jandal. Suwa` became the idol of the people of Hudhayl. Yaghuth became the idol of the people of Murad, then the people of Bani Ghutayf at Al-Juruf in the area of Saba’ worshipped it after them. Ya`uq became the idol of the people of Hamdan. Nasr became the idol of the people of Himyar for the family of Dhu Kala`.

These idols were all named after righteous men from the people of Nuh.

`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said, “These are statues that were worshipped in the time of Nuh.” Ibn Jarir recorded from Muhammad bin Qays that he said concerning Yaghuth, Ya`uq and Nasr, “They were righteous people between the time of Adam and Nuh, and they had followers who used to adhere to their guidance. Then, when they died, their companions who used to follow them said, `If we make images of them, it will increase our desire to perform worship when we remember them.’ So they made images of them. Then, when those people died and other people came after them, Iblis approached them and said, `They (your predecessors) used to worship these statues and they were granted rain by their worship of them.’ Thus, they (the latter people) worshipped them.”

Some lessons you can learn from this

1. Shaytan is very patient and cunning. They took their time to sow the seeds of syirk beautifying it to what seemingly a pious deed.

2. Small deviation may cause the generation to go astray in the future.

3. We must stop syirik from the root.

4. To avoid making images of people and hanging it up for memories.

5. To not exaggerate in praising the pious ones.

6. Prophet Nuh is the first  messenger on earth.

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