Category Archives: Arabic Words

Exercises, new words and ذلك و تلك

We did a little test. Insya Allah, improving  their writing as well.

test

Also counting backwards from ten to one in arabic

 

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Still following the Medina arabic book. Learned a new word

حجر – batu

امام – Imam

ذلك – itu

تلك ini

Find the lesson HERE and HERE

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Another lesson that will be fully explain next week

اللطقس or الجو – cuaca

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We looked at a hadith that they can read and understand

miftah

 

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New Words : Animals and Numbers from 6 to 10

Alhamdulillah we continued our arabic class today.

The other day we make a book and categorising our new words. We called this book : The book of Nouns or كتاب الأسماء

kitabul asma

Among the categories that we have for now are

المباني – bangunan

المكتبة – kedai buku/ pejabat

البيت – rumah

  • المطبخ – dapur
  • غرفة النوم – bilik tidur

ملابس – pakaian

عالم – dunia

الأعداد – nombor

الأشخاص – manusia

they wrote down the vocabularies they have learnt. We hope to add in more, but most importantly we hope that we can use these words in real life context. Allah Mustaan

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We learn some animal names. Using the Madina arabic book HERE.

We also identified the animals as in the Quran.

قط – kucing

كلب – anjing

Dog is mentioned in Quran in several places

Al Araf 7: 176

And had We willed, We would surely have elevated him therewith but he clung to the earth and followed his own vain desire. So his parable is the parable of a dog: if you drive him away, he lolls his tongue out, or if you leave him alone, he (still) lolls his tongue out. Such is the parable of the people who reject Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). So relate the stories, perhaps they may reflect

Al Kahf 18: 18

And you would have thought them awake, whereas they were asleep. And We turned them on their right and on their left sides, and their dog stretching forth his two forelegs at the entrance [of the Cave or in the space near to the entrance of the Cave (as a guard at the gate)]. Had you looked at them, you would certainly have turned back from them in flight, and would certainly have been filled with awe of them

Al Kahf 18: 22

(Some) say they were three, the dog being the fourth among them; and (others) say they were five, the dog being the sixth, guessing at the unseen; (yet others) say they were seven, the dog being the eighth. Say (O Muhammad SAW): “My Lord knows best their number; none knows them but a few.” So debate not (about their number) except with the clear proof (which We have revealed to you). And consult not any of them (people of the Scripture, Jews and Christians) about (the affair of) the people of the Cave. (22)

حمار – Keldai

Al Baqarah 2: 259

Or like the one who passed by a town and it had tumbled over its roofs. He said: “Oh! How will Allâh ever bring it to life after its death?” So Allâh caused him to die for a hundred years, then raised him up (again). He said: “How long did you remain (dead)?” He (the man) said: “(Perhaps) I remained (dead) a day or part of a day”. He said: “Nay, you have remained (dead) for a hundred years, look at your food and your drink, they show no change; and look at your donkey! And thus We have made of you a sign for the people. Look at the bones, how We bring them together and clothe them with flesh”. When this was clearly shown to him, he said, “I know (now) that Allâh is Able to do all things.” (259)

Jumua 62: 9

The likeness of those who were entrusted with the (obligation of the) Taurât (Torah) (i.e. to obey its commandments and to practise its laws), but who subsequently failed in those (obligations), is as the likeness of a donkey which carries huge burdens of books (but understands nothing from them). How bad is the example of people who deny the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations) of Allâh. And Allâh guides not the people who are Zâlimûn (polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers). (5)

حصان – kuda

In the Quran, the word used for horse is خيل

Al Imran 3: 14

زُيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ حُبُّ الشَّهَوَاتِ مِنَ النِّسَاءِ وَالْبَنِينَ وَالْقَنَاطِيرِ الْمُقَنطَرَةِ مِنَ الذَّهَبِ وَالْفِضَّةِ وَالْخَيْلِ الْمُسَوَّمَةِ وَالْأَنْعَامِ وَالْحَرْثِ ۗ ذَٰلِكَ مَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۖ وَاللَّـهُ عِندَهُ حُسْنُ الْمَآبِ ﴿١٤

Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women, children, much of gold and silver (wealth), branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. This is the pleasure of the present world’s life; but Allâh has the excellent return (Paradise with flowing rivers) with Him. (14)

An Nahl 16: 8

وَالْخَيْلَ وَالْبِغَالَ وَالْحَمِيرَ لِتَرْكَبُوهَا وَزِينَةً ۚ وَيَخْلُقُ مَا لَا تَعْلَمُونَ ﴿٨

And (He has created) horses, mules and donkeys, for you to ride and as an adornment. And He creates (other) things of which you have no knowledge. (8)

جمل – unta

There are different words used for camels. You can find in the quran الإبل and   ناقة

Al Ghashiah 88: 17

أَفَلَا يَنظُرُونَ إِلَى الْإِبِلِ كَيْفَ خُلِقَتْ ﴿١٧

Do they not look at the camels, how they are created? (17)

Ash Shams 91: 13

فَقَالَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّـهِ نَاقَةَ اللَّـهِ وَسُقْيَاهَا ﴿١٣

But the Messenger of Allâh [Sâlih (Saleh) A.S.] said to them: “Be cautious! (Fear the evil end). That is the she-camel of Allâh! (Do not harm it) and bar it not from having its drink!” (13)

ديك – ayam jantan

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We continued with numbers from six to ten. It was a breeze for them Alhamdulillah for they know this already. I just need them to spell it correctly though. Insya Allah khayr

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The word من

We learned the word today. This means who. In malay, it means siapa. Thus this isthe third question form word that we learned. We have learned

ما

أ

We are following the Madinah Arabic book and you can find what we study today HERE and HERE.

More new words

طبيب / طبيبة – doktor

ولد / بنت –  budak lelaki/ budak perempuan

طالب / طالبة   – pelajar lelaki/ pelajar perempuan

رجل – lelaki

مدرس / مدرسة- guru lelaki/ guru perempuan

تاجر/ تاجرة  – jurujual lelaki/ jurujual perempuan

I corrected the way they write the arabic letters in our exercise.. We used the white board and also exercise books for the exercise.

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Then we introduced the arabic numbers from one to five. They practiced to write the numbers, the words for it and the meaning in Malay

الاعداد

واحد satu – one

اثنان dua – two

ثلاثة tiga – three

أرربعة empat – four

خمسة lima – five

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Test of the New Arabic Words

We did some tests from the words we learned in the Madinah Arabic Book. You may find it here and here and here.

I also customised the tests for them by asking them to translate the words from the Malay language to arabic

test arabic adakah

It was short and fun. I got to correct the way they actually write the letters and also some spelling mistakes. Alhamdulillah.

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We also make a simple test from our lessons on the CAKE. I write down a simple arabic and asked them to get me the unknown words in arabic.
test arabic resepi

Then come the fun part is to apply it to actual things. What better way to do it than to actually be in the kitchen? We did not bake cakes though, but instead we made cookies and learn a few new words as well.

cookies كوكيز

cocoa كاكاو

small spoon ملعقة صغيرة

we are baking نخبز

oven فرن

cookies

The cookies come in different sizes. LOL!

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The word أ

Had a little test of the previous words today. They had to translate some words from Malay to Arabic. The words are

Apa ini? Ini rumah.

ما هذا؟ هذا بيت

Apa ini? Ini kek.

ما هذه؟ هذه الكعكة

Ini masjid.

هذا مسجد

Ini kunci

هذا مفتاح

Saya sayang ibu saya

أحب أمي

Tepung di dapur.

الدقيق في المطبخ

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We learn new words from the cake. THE CAKE

الملعقة

البيوض

السكر

الزبدة

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Then we used the Arabic Madinah book and took new words

قميص

نجم

And also the word أ which is one of the question form which may mean is it or is there or does it? Depending on the sentence. In Malay it can be translated to Adakah. The respond to this question is either a yes or a no. Thus we learned two more new words نعم and  لا

Example

Adakah ini rumah?

Ya, ini rumah

اهذا بيت؟

نعم هذا بيت

Adakah ini kerusi?

Tidak, ini katil

أهذا كرسي

لا هذا سرير

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Then we bring some examples on أ in the quran.

Surah al Maun 107: 1

أَرَءَيۡتَ ٱلَّذِى يُكَذِّبُ بِٱلدِّينِ

Surah al Fil 105: 1-2

أَلَمۡ تَرَ كَيۡفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِأَصۡحَـٰبِ ٱلۡفِيلِ (١) أَلَمۡ يَجۡعَلۡ كَيۡدَهُمۡ فِى تَضۡلِيلٍ۬ (٢

Aurah al mursalat 77:12

 أَلَمۡ نُہۡلِكِ ٱلۡأَوَّلِينَ

and many more

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Introducing Arabic

I am thinking of introducing Arabic as one of the subjects in our halaqah classes Insya Allah.

For my eldest son, he has the opportunity to speak with some of his friends and also his sheikh who doesn’t speak English at all. He is also slowly following the arabic lessons given by Brother Nouman Ali Khan in bayyinah Insya Allah. Once in a while (we haven’t done it for a long time though), we will be following Brother Fahd Al Tahiri in his Sarf lessons. May we be steadfast.

So I am thinking of introducing simple arabic to my other children aged 11 and 8 (in Year 2013). I do not know where to start so have been looking around for a good syllabus and resources.

My children can write in the arabic font Insya Allah and can read fairly well if it has harakat on it. However, they do not know what it means like most of us. Allah Mustaan. Nor can they speak the language.

I am not so good myself but am slowly taking arabic lessons at a local centre where I live.

For now I will be combining the course in the Madinah Arabic books and the resources that I found HERE.

1. Our first lesson is introducing the words  هذا and هذه.

2. Then we start going through the vocabularies in the first page of the madinah book. You can find it HERE and HERE.

3. I added some new words based on this cute lesson about The Cake. HERE.

We only took five new words from here which are

الكعكة

أحب امي

السلطانية

المطبخ

الدقبق

We will continue another 5 words next week Insya Allah

4. I introduced the word  ما  which means what.

5. Then we make simple question samplers with

ما هذا

ما هذه

And played around using the questions in the vocabularies we just learned

I also pointed out the spelling of the words هذا and هذه has no alif after ha even tough we pronounce it long. In the quran there is the alif saghirah to indicate for you to read it long. In standard arabic, there is no alif but we still pronounce it long.

example in surah Quraysh ayat 3

فَلۡيَعۡبُدُواْ رَبَّ هَـٰذَا ٱلۡبَيۡتِ

Insya Allah they are to familiarise themselves with the words.

 

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Suratul Quraysh 106: 1-4

(It is a great Grace and protection from Allâh), for the taming of the Quraish, (1)
(And with all those Allâh’s Grace and Protections for their taming, We cause) the (Quraish) caravans to set forth safe in winter (to the south), and in summer (to the north without any fear), (2)
So let them worship (Allâh) the Lord of this House (the Ka’bah in Makkah). (3)
(He) Who has fed them against hunger, and has made them safe from fear. (4)

It is reported in Tafsir Ibn kathir, that this surah is a continuation of Suratul Feel. However the sahabahs wrote “In the Name of Allah Most Gracious, Most merciful” between the two surahs. This is because if the two are combined the meaning would be “We have destroyed its people in order to gather (Ilaf) of the Quraysh. Allah knows best.

Makkah was an infertile land. No agricultural activity can take place in Makkah. The people of Makkah depend on business where they travel around to do business.

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We made a little craft for Z to put the arabic names for the seasons now that they have learned the arabic word for winter and summer. We are currenly in autumn. Alhamdulillah wonderful weather nowadays.

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The Quraysh took advantage of the seasons in the year to travel. During the hot season of the summer, they would travel to the Shams where the temperature is much cooler. While during the clod season, they would travel to the south where the temperature is moderate.

Let’s look at the average yearly temperature around these regions. We will look at temperature in the month of January which represents the most peak winter. And July which would normaly represent the most peak summer.

Syria which would represent the northern area yaani the Shams. Refer HERE.
January – 6 Celcius
July – 26 celcius

Makkah. refer HERE.
January – 23 Celcius
July – 35 Celcius

Yemen . Refer HERE.
January – 26 Celcius
July – 33 Celcius.

I am slightly doubting on the data at Makkah in July. I reckon it can actually hit 50 celcius or at least 40 plus.

But the gist is, you can see the best place to travel in the mid summer is to the Shams when the temperature is most moderate. And to take advantage of the moderate winter temperature along the jazeera area.

And this was what the quraysh did.

This was all by the Grace of Allah.

To travel around the Arabia at that time was very dangerous for there are bandits everywhere. However no one dared to touch the Quraysh because of their reputation as the caretaker of the House of  Allah. This has become more evident after the year of the Elephants.

But they have forgotten that this was a favour given by Allah to them.

Have they not seen that We have made (Makkah) a secure sanctuary, while men are being snatched away from all around them? Then do they believe in Bâtil (falsehood – polytheism, idols and all deities other than Allâh), and deny (become ingrate for) the Graces of Allâh? (Surah Ankaboot 29: 67)

Arabic words learnt in this two ayah

رحلة – Journey

الشِتأ – the winter

الصَيْف – the summer

Activity

Identifying seasons in arabic

spring – الرَّبيع

autumn – الخريف

The protection that the quraysh had when they travel around either during winter or summer are all blessings from Allah. Their elevated status that they are the custodians of Kaabah are also blessings from Allah.

Allah continues in the next verse.

So let them worship (Allâh) the Lord of this House (the Ka’bah in Makkah). (3)

This verse is actually a command from Allah to them to worship Allah, the one who bestows them with all the blessings. Also the one who is the Lord of Kaabah of which the reason of their elevation in status.

Allah reminded the people of Quraysh to worship the Lord of the honoured Kaabah. The holy Kaabah that Allah protected from the elephants. Allah has honoured the Quraysh as the custodian of Kaabah. Because of the Kaabah, Allah has raised the status of the Quraysh among the arabs. Even more so after the Year of the Elephants.

However the Quraysh, has been worshipping false idols and has placed idols around the holy house. Whereas they know Allah is the one who creates them and the one who provides rizq and the one who protects them.

Let us take heed of the lessons. Only ask from Allah. And Only He is to be worshipped.

Allah continues in the next verse on the other blessings that are given to them

1. fed them against hunger

2. Security

The Qurays were blessed by Allah

1. protection of the caravan when they travel for business

2. The advantageous  of the seasons throughtout the year

3. Security during the time of harm

4. fed from hunger.

And yet they worship idols who couldn’t do neither good nor harm to them.

Let us reflect on our own well being. More so if we have status, or we are born in a good family and surrounded by “noble” people.

Do we ever stop and think that these are all from Allah. We must continuously thank Him and continuously doing good deeds that pleases Allah.

Arabic words in verse 3 and 4

هذا البيت – this house. In Quran this means Kaabah

جوع – hunger

خَوْف – fear

I am hungry – أنا جَوعن

I am full – أنا شبعان

Things to bring in

Huruf jar – Li, min

Lessons from this surah:

  1. Security is one the greatest blessings
  2. The Sacred House (Al Kaabah) was honoured before Islam and after Islam
  3. And thus the custodian of Kaabah was also honoured by the Arab people.
  4. The livelihood of the people of Makkah was mostly due to the trades.
  5. The Quraysh travel to different places in the season of winter and summer for trade.
  6. Allah has honoured and elevated their status such that their traveling was safe despite the rampant robberies and insecurities within the arab world.
  7. Allah reminded them of the blessings that He has bestowed on them and that they should worship only Him and not the other deities.

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