Category Archives: Against the Shaytan

Hadith 11 – Adherence to What is Certain

On the authority of Abu Muhammad al-Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Taib, the grandson of the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu alayhi wasallam, and who is dearest to him, radiyallahu anhuma, who said: I committed to memory from the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu alayhi wasallam, (the following words):

Leave that about which you are in doubt for that about which you are in no doubt.

[Al-Tirmidhi and al-Nasaíi related it, and al-Tirmidhi said: It is a good and genuine Hadith]

Hadith 6 – Avoidance of Doubtful Matter

This hadith, include the meaning of hadith 6: Avoidance of doubtful matter. Do you remember the gist of the hadith 6? We did it HERE

Hadith 6 advocates taqwa in avoiding things that are doubtful. Hadith 6 also talks about the heart for when it is good then only the whole body is good. A corrupt heart, will only yield to a corrupt body.

Principle of Worship : Action Upon Certainty

Hadith 11 is about encouragement to adhere to things that are certain – that the heart feels reassured rather than anxiety. This is the principle that is applied by the pious people whose deeds are governed by consciousness of Allah at all times.

Also acting upon certainty serves to defeat the attempts of shaytan at confusing the worshipper with imaginary fears and distracting him from his worship. This is called waswasah and it must be ignored.

Waswasah – Shaytan’s Devilish Insinuations
Waswasah is one of shaytan’s strategies against the Children of Adam. They would whisper to the Muslims in matters of ritual purification like ablution and solah when they intend to perform them. These are among the areas of attack

i. To keep them away from following the sunnah of the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam.

Making them believe that all the teachings in the sunnah are not enough to worship Allah properly. Then people will invent other methods, hoping to increase reward from Allah, while they are in fact reducing or cancelling it altogether.

Prophet sallahu alaihi wasalam used to take wudhu’ and ghusl with very little water. If a person under the influence of shaytan would not be satisfied with little water.

Whoever wants to rid himself from this trial has to believe, with certainty, that the truth is in following the sunnah of the Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam in both his words and actions has to be on the right path. In essence this should encourage us to seek the true knowledge so that we remain certain of our actions.

ii. Solah
– making one doubt in their number of rakaah
– making them doubt about their niyah of their prayer. So you see some people who make niyah out loud before their takbeer and kept repeating, “usalli” many times. This is an exaggeration of obedience to shaytan and acceptance of his waswasah. Alhamdulillah we don’t make niyah out loud and we are certain about our prayer that niyah’s place is in the heart.
– Remember this hadith
Uthmaan ibn Abi’l-Aas (radi Allahu anhu) came to the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) and said: “The Shaytaan comes between me and my prayer and recitation of Quran, and he is confusing me.” The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “That is a devil called Khinzab. If you notice that, then seek refuge with Allah from him, and spit drily to your left three times.” Uthmaan ibn Abi’l-Aas (radi Allahu anhu) said: “I did that, and Allah took him away from me.” [Muslim]

The people under the influence of waswasah by shaytan are a joy to the khanzab and his companions. We seek refuge in Allah from them.

iii. Purification
– Some people doubt they have thoroughly cleaned themselves. A story as an example of exaggeration of such
– Abu al faraj bin Al juziy reported from Abu Al Wafa’ bin Uqayl that a man said to him: “I dip in water many times, and still doubt whether I have washed properly or not, so what is your opinion?” The sheikh said to him, “Go, for the obligation of solah is withdrawn from you.” He said, “Why do you say so?” The sheikh replied: “Because the Prophet said: “There are three persons whose actions are not recorded: a lunatic whose mind is deranged till he is restored to consciousness, a sleeper till he awakes, and a boy till he reaches puberty. Whoever dips in water many times, yet still has doubt whether he is wet or not, is a lunatic.”
– Ponder this
Zin Al Abidin once said to his som, O son, get me some clothing to wear when I respond to the call of nature: for I have seen flies landing on filth, then touching cloth afterwards. Then he observed that neither the Prophet sallalahu alaihi wasalam nor his companions used to war more than two pieces of clothing, so he cancelled his request.
– The deen is easy. If we follow the sunnah, we won’t be putting hardship on ourselves Insya Allah.
– Also be aware in wasting when taking wudhu’
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said,
“There is a shaytan (devil) for ablution called `walhan’, meaning greedy, avoid the waste of water.”(at Tirmidhee)

iv. Waswasah about breaking wudhu’

For example
i. When one doubts the number of rakaah he has prayed
– If he is not sure whether it is three or four, he takes the lesser number (that is certain) and continued praying and perform sujud sahwi.
ii. If he is confused with the number of tawaf
– Take the lesser number (that is certain) and continue.
iii. Ablution
– Also another worship that shaytan likes to infect the worshiper with suspicions. Many have fallen into this trap. Repeating their wudhu’ and prayers because of suspicions. This is exactly what shaytan wants – that you waste your time because of your suspicions. Waste water and make things difficult on yourself and sometimes others too.
– Doubt is not sufficient to invalidate ablution. This is an important principle.
– When one is uncertain, one must assume that his ablution is still in effect and continue in one’s worship.
– A hadith narrated by Abu Hurayrah aid that the messenger of Allah aid, If any of you have pain in his abdomen, but is doubtful whether or not anything has issued from him, he should not leave the mosque (to make wudhu’) unless he hears a sound or perceives a smell.”
– We must make every effort to defeat the strategies of shaytan.

Knowledge

This shows the importance of knowledge. The knowledge of what invalidates will help us come up with certainty and eliminate problems of being doubtful. The knowledge of the sunnah will help us avoid the bidaah and uncertainty, Insya Allah.

Lessons

In this hadith emphasis on avoidance of waswasah is emphasised. It is important to have great care for the deen, but being excessive in doing things based on suspicions is an indication that one is under the influence of shaytan.
• Shaytan is always looking for ways to lead us astray
• Shaytan also try to put ideas in us and make us doubt our ibadah.
• Making ibadah difficult by being suspicious is among the work of shaytan.
• Among the most common room for attack in purity, abution and solah.
• One way to combat waswasah is knowledge of the sunnah.
• The knowledge of sunnah will help us be certain what is right or excessive in the deen.
• Seek refuge in Allah against waswasah of shaytan.

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Filed under Against the Shaytan, hadith

Haroot and Maroot

Allah mentions these two angels in the Quran

Al Baqarah 2: 102

They followed what the Shayâtin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaimân (Solomon). Sulaimân did not disbelieve, but the Shayâtin (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two (angels,) Hârût and Mârût, but neither of these two angels taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).” And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allâh’s Leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their ownselves, if they but knew. (102)

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Who are Haroot and Maroot?

They are the two angels that Allah mentions in the Quran. He sent them to Babylon where the devils taught black magic to people. The two angels showed them even more powerful magic with warning that the magic is only a trial.

They are sent down to test human with human and thus separate who believers and who are the disbelievers.

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The current media be it movie and books glamourise magic tremendously. To learn “white magic” is perhaps the coolest thing in the world. Harry Potter and friends are good group of young people who are fighting evil. “white magic” is good and “Black magic” is voldermort, bad and evil and cannot be named.

The truth is all magic are evil. And magic is disbelieve!

That is why Allah said prophet Sulaiman alaihi salam did not disbelieve in this ayah.

If you look around when people talk about magic, you can trace that supposedly magic goes all the way to Prophet Sulaiman alaihi salam. And this is false. And Allah has confirmed that this is false! And we believe in Allah than some people who are trying to glamourise magic and raise the status of shaytan!

Allah has given prophet Sulaiman the miracle (mu’jizat) to be able to control the jinn, animals and wind. He was very much against magic and had confiscated the book of magic and kufr that some people were practising with teh aid of Shytan. He hid it under his throne.

After his death and after the death of the righteous who knew, shaytan showed the human the books of magic under Prophet Sulaiman’s throne and accused Prophet Sulaiman of practicing magic and that was why Prophet Sulaiman could have the power that he had.

And after that magic spread again under the lie that it originated from Prophet Sulayman.

Among the plots of shaytan is to separate the husband and wife and they will try their utmost best to do it.

Muslim recorded that Jabir bin `Abdullah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Satan erects his throne on water and sends his emissaries among the people. The closest person to him is the person who causes the most Fitnah. One of them (a devil) would come to him and would say, `I kept inciting so-and-so, until he said such and such words.’ Iblis says, `No, by Allah, you have not done much.’ Another devil would come to him and would say, `I kept inciting so-and-so, until I separated between him and his wife.’ Satan would draw him closer and embrace him, saying, `Yes, you did well.’)

Lessons

1. Haroot and Maroot are angels sent down to Babyln to test human with magic.
2. Learning magic is disbelieve.
3. protect yourself by getting closer to Allah.
4. Do your morning and evening adzkar.
5. Prophet Sulaiman alaihi salam did not practise magic.
6. media is trying hard to glamourise magic.
7. There is no such thing as white magic.
8. White magic and black magic are equally evil.
9. Do you think Harry Potter and friends are good?

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Some adult readings which support the lesson

The Jews abandoned the Book of Allah and practiced Magic

As-Suddi commented on,

وَلَمَّا جَآءَهُمْ رَسُولٌ مِّنْ عِندِ اللَّهِ مُصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَهُمْ

(And when there came to them a Messenger from Allah (i.e. Muhammad ) confirming what was with them), “When Muhammad came to them, they wanted to contradict and dispute with him using the Tawrah. However, the Tawrah and the Qur’an affirmed each other. So the Jews gave up on using the Torah, and took to the Book of Asaf, and the magic of Harut and Marut, which indeed did not conform to the Qur’an. Hence Allah’s statement,

كَأَنَّهُمْ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ

(As if they did not know!).”

Also, Qatadah said that Allah’s statement,

كَأَنَّهُمْ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ

(As if they did not know!) means, “They knew the truth but abandoned it, hid it and denied the fact that they even had it.”

Magic existed before Sulayman (Solomon)

As-Suddi said that Allah’s statement,

وَاتَّبَعُواْ مَا تَتْلُواْ الشَّيَـطِينُ عَلَى مُلْكِ سُلَيْمَـنَ

(They followed what the Shayatin (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulayman) means, “`During the time of Prophet Solomon.’

Beforehand, the devils used to ascend to heaven and eavesdrop on the conversations of the angels about what will occur on the earth regarding death, other incidents or unseen matters. They would convey this news to the soothsayers, and the soothsayers would in turn convey the news to the people. The people would believe what the soothsayers told them as being true.

When the soothsayers trusted the devils, the devils started to lie to them and added other words to the true news that they heard, to the extent of adding seventy false words to each true word. The people recorded these words in some books.

Soon after, the Children of Israel said that the Jinns know matters of the Unseen. When Solomon was sent as a Prophet, he collected these books in a box and buried it under his throne; any devil that dared get near the box was burned. Solomon said, `I will not hear of anyone who says that the devils know the Unseen, but I will cut off his head.’

When Solomon died and the scholars who knew the truth about Solomon perished, there came another generation. To them, the devil materialized in the shape of a human and said to some of the Children of Israel, `Should I lead you to a treasure that you will never be able to use up’ They said. `Yes.’ He said, `Dig under this throne,’ and he went with them and showed them Solomon’s throne. They said to him, `Come closer.’ He said, `No. I will wait for you here, and if you do not find the treasure then kill me. ‘ They dug and found the buried books, and Satan said to them, `Solomon only controlled the humans, devils and birds with this magic.’

Thereafter, the news that Solomon was a sorcerer spread among the people, and the Children of Israel adopted these books. When Muhammad came, they disputed with him relying on these books. Hence Allah’s statement,

وَمَا كَفَرَ سُلَيْمَـنُ وَلَـكِنَّ الشَّيْاطِينَ كَفَرُواْ

(Sulayman did not disbelieve, but the Shayatin (devils) disbelieved).

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There were different opinions about Harut and Marut whether they are angels or they are men. Whether they did teach magic or otherwise.

Many among the Salaf, said that Harut and Marut were angels who came down from heaven to earth and did what they did as the Ayah stated. To conform this opinion with the fact that the angels are immune from error, we say that Allah had eternal knowledge what these angels would do, just as He had eternal knowledge that Iblis would do as he did.

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Learning Magic is Kufr

Allah said,

وَمَا يُعَلِّمَانِ مِنْ أَحَدٍ حَتَّى يَقُولاَ إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ فِتْنَةٌ فَلاَ تَكْفُرْ

(But neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).)

Abu Ja`far Ar-Razi said that Ar-Rabi’ bin Anas said that Qays bin `Abbad said that Ibn `Abbas said, “When someone came to the angels to learn magic, they would discourage him and say to him, `We are only a test, so do not fall into disbelief.’ They had knowledge of what is good and evil and what constitutes belief or disbelief, and they thus knew that magic is a form of disbelief. When the person who came to learn magic still insisted on learning it, they commanded him to go to such and such place, where if he went, Satan would meet him and teach him magic. When this man would learn magic, the light (of faith) would depart him, and he would see it shining (and flying away) in the sky. He would then proclaim, `O my sorrow! Woe unto me! What should I do.”

Al-Hasan Al-Basri said that this Ayah means, “The angels were sent with magic, so that the people whom Allah willed would be tried and tested. Allah made them promise that they would not teach anyone until first proclaiming, `We are a test for you, do not fall into disbelief.”’ It was recorded by Ibn Abi Hatim. Also, Qatadah said, “Allah took their covenant to not teach anyone magic until they said, `We are a test. Therefore, do not fall in disbelief.”’

Also, As-Suddi said, “When a man would come to the two angels they would advise him, `Do not fall into disbelief. We are a test. ‘ When the man would ignore their advice, they would say, `Go to that pile of ashes and urinate on it.’ When he would urinate on the ashes, a light, meaning the light of faith, would depart from him and would shine until it entered heaven. Then something black that appeared to be smoke would descend and enter his ears and the rest of his body, and this is Allah’s anger. When he told the angels what happened, they would teach him magic. So Allah’s statement,

وَمَا يُعَلِّمَانِ مِنْ أَحَدٍ حَتَّى يَقُولاَ إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ فِتْنَةٌ فَلاَ تَكْفُرْ

(But neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, “We are for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).)

Sunayd said that Hajjaj said that Ibn Jurayj commented on this Ayah (2:102), “No one dares practice magic except a disbeliever. As for the Fitnah, it involves trials and freedom of choice.”The scholars who stated that learning magic is disbelief relied on this Ayah for evidence. They also mentioned the Hadith that Abu Bakr Al-Bazzar recorded from `Abdullah, which states,

«مَنْ أَتَى كَاهِنًا أَوْ سَاحِرًا فَصَدَّقَهُ بِمَا يَقُولُ فَقَدْ كَفَر بِمَا أُنْزِلَ عَلى مُحَمَّدٍصلى الله عليه وسلّم»

(Whoever came to a soothsayer or a sorcerer and believed in what he said, will have disbelieved in what Allah revealed to Muhammad .)

This Hadith has an authentic chain of narration and there are other Hadiths which support it.

Causing a Separation between the Spouses is One of the Effects of Magic

Allah said,

فَيَتَعَلَّمُونَ مِنْهُمَا مَا يُفَرِّقُونَ بِهِ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَزَوْجِهِ

(And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between man and his wife,) This means, “The people learned magic from Harut and Marut and indulged in evil acts that included separating spouses, even though spouses are close to, and intimately associate with each other. This is the devil’s work.” Muslim recorded that Jabir bin `Abdullah said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ لَيَضَعُ عَرْشَهُ عَلَى الْمَاءِ ثُمَّ يَبْعَثُ سَرَايَاهُ فِي النَّاسِ فَأَقْرَبُهُمْ عِنْدَهُ مَنْزِلَةً أَعْظَمُهُمْ عِنْدَهُ فِتْنَةً وَيَجِيءُ أَحَدُهُمْ فَيَقُولُ: مَا زِلْتُ بِفُلَانٍ حَتَّى تَرَكْتُهُ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ كَذَا وَكَذَا، فَيَقُولُ إِبْلِيسُ: لَا وَاللهِ مَا صَنَعْتَ شَيْئًا، وَيَجِيءُ أَحَدُهُمْ فَيَقُولُ: مَا تَرَكْتُهُ حَتّى فَرَّقْتُ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ أَهْلِهِ، قَالَ: فَيُقرِّبُهُ وَيُدْنِيهِ وَيَلْتَزِمُهُ وَيَقُولُ: نِعْمَ أَنْت»

(Satan erects his throne on water and sends his emissaries among the people. The closest person to him is the person who causes the most Fitnah. One of them (a devil) would come to him and would say, `I kept inciting so-and-so, until he said such and such words.’ Iblis says, `No, by Allah, you have not done much.’ Another devil would come to him and would say, `I kept inciting so-and-so, until I separated between him and his wife.’ Satan would draw him closer and embrace him, saying, `Yes, you did well.’)

Separation between a man and his wife occurs here because each spouse imagines that the other spouse is ugly or ill-mannered, etc.

Source
1. Tafsir Ibn Kathir
2. Knowing the Angels (Eeman Made Easy) – Muhammad al Jibaly

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Filed under Against the Shaytan, Tawhid

Surah An Nas 114: 1-6

Words to watch

قل

This word means say. In the context of this ayah, the word means, Allah is telling prophet Muhammad sallalahu alaihi wasalam to say what He commanded the prophet sallalahu alaihi wasalam to say.

It is feel Amr or a commanding verb.

Give examples of other feel Amr
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Next word to watch

أعوذو

I seek protection.

Suratun Nas and Suratul Falaq are among the surahs that Allah sent as a protection from Shaytan if we frequently recite it. They are called Mu’awwithatayn which means the two protectors. If you notice both the surah begins with seeking protection.
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Who do we seek protection from? For sure we only seek protection from Allah for seeking protection from other than that is SYIRIK.

رب الناس
ملك الناس
اله الناس

Rabb of mankind – the Nurturer and the Rectifier of their affairs
King of mankind – The owner and the Disposer of their affairs
God of mankind – The one that they worship

In this surah, Allah is teaching us to seek protection from Him. He is the Lord of mankind, their Nurturer, their Caretaker, and their Provider. He is also their King, their Owner, and the True God who possess all Attributes of Perfection.

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الوسواس

The Whisperer

The waswasah has terrible effect on us. In fact, one of the methods to lead people astray is to shake people’s belief by making them doubtful. Shaytan may make you doubtful about your

• Doubts about one’s purity
o Am I clean enough to pray? Is my clothes dirty? Is this brown patch on my sleeve najis?
o Is this place clean enough to make solah at?

• Wudhu.
o Was my wudhu’ correct? Did I wipe my feet? Did I do it right? Did I get my sequences correct?
o Did I fart earlier? Do I have still my wudhu?

• Solah
o How many rakaahs am I on?
o Did I make the second sujud?

• Inspiring people that the worship (which is following the sunnah) is not good enough
o Thus encouraging people to do more (which is not in the sunnah)

• Making people’s suspicious of others

• Doubting about Allah
o Thus shaking the eemaan

As you can see, waswasah is a serious thing. Seek refuge in Allah from this. Allah taught us through His Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam, one way to seek protection is by reciting the muawwadithayn.

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الخناس

Khannaas means the one who withdraws. This is the characteristics of shaytan, he would continuously whisper and will continuously steps back.

He whispers into people’s heart, and when a person remembers Allah, he withdraws – stop and retreats. His offense is Waswaas (whispering), and his defense is Khannaas (stepping back).

Ibn Abbas said : “The shaytan lies in wait in the heart of the son of Adam, and when he is distracted and forgetful, he whispers to him, but if he remembers Allah he withdraws.”

Narrated Abdur Rahman ibn Samurah who said, “The Messenger of Allah sallalalhu alaihi wasalam said, “I saw a man from my ummah whom the devils have seized, but his remembrance of Allah came and banished the devils away from him.”

Simple examples for you are the lessons that we learned when saying Bismillah before eating and entering the house. And not to forget what happen to the shaytan when Adzaan is recited. Subhanallah.

THE BOOK OF DRINKS (KITAB AL-ASHRIBA)
Muslim :: Book 23 : Hadith 5006
Jabir b. ‘Abdullah reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When a person enters his house and mentions the name of Allah at the time of entering it and while eating the food, Satan says (addressing himself: You have no place to spend the night and no evening meal; but when he enters without mentioning the name of Allah, the Satan says: You have found a place to spend the night, and when he does not mention the name of Allah while eating food, he (the Satan) says: You have found a place to spend the night and evening meal. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Jabir b. Abdullah through the same chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording.

Superiority/ Virtues of Adhan
Book of Call to Prayer
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 582
Narrated Abu Huraira:
Allah’s Apostle said, “When the Adhan is pronounced Satan takes to his heels and passes wind with noise during his flight in order not to hear the Adhan. When the Adhan is completed he comes back and again takes to his heels when the Iqama is pronounced and after its completion he returns again till he whispers into the heart of the person (to divert his attention from his prayer) and makes him remember things which he does not recall to his mind before the prayer and that causes him to forget how much he has prayed.”

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الصدور

Which means chests. The singular is الصدر

We may find the word chest in the dua’ that we recite in surah Taha 20: 25

Write down the arabic singular and plural word for the body parts below

1. Face
2. Eye
3. Nose
4. Head
5. Chest
6. Tongue
7. Ear
8. Mouth
9. Lip
10. Foot

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Whispering could occur from both jinn and man.

What kind of whispers come from man?

• Friends
o It may come from our friends. And you know how easy it is to be peer-pressured. The need to conform. The need to be accepted. To look cool among our friends.
o Our friends may continuously invite us to do something sinful like for example smoking, taking drugs, going to haram places like disco and so forth. They may call you names and put you down for not joining.
o And that is why Prophet Muhamamd sallalhu alaihi wasalam told us to find righteous friends.
Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: A man follows the religion of his friend; so each one should consider whom he makes his friend.

• Society
o Society might pressure one to do something haram which is a norm to them.
o Remember the hadith of the ghuraba. Prophet Muhamamd sallallahu alaihisalam said, “Islam began as something strange, and it shall return to being something strange, so give glad tidings to the strangers”
o We ask Allah that He hold so our heart strong to this faith and protect us from the whispers of Shaytan and His allies.

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Lessons

In this surah Allah tells us to seek refuge in Him against the shaytan. Allah describes among the characteristics of the shaytan and among the ways he gets to the children of Adam.

Among the characteristics of Shaytan are
– they are the whisperers (Al waswas)
– They whisper and withdraw without tire
– They retreat when Allah is remembered
– They whisper to misguide you and cause doubts

Remember! Shaytan has a mission. And His mission is to keep us astray. This is his promise to Allah.

We have discussed this HERE.

Seeking Protection from Allah alone

The best words with which a person can seek refuge with Allah are Suratul Falaq and Suratun Nas. The Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam commanded Abdullah ibn Hubayb to recite Suratul Ikhlas and the Al Mu’wadhatayn three times in the evening and in the morning, and he said to him: “Allah will protect you from everything thereby.”

The Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam said to Ibn Abbas, “The best words with which one can seek refuge with Allah are Al Mi’wadhatayn.”

Why does Shaytan not go away when you seek refuge with Allah

Seeking refuge is like a sword in the hand of a warrior. If your hand is strong then the sword is fatal. In a weak hand, even the best sword wouldn’t do anything much to the enemy.

To be the warrior against shaytan, one must be pious. One must fear Allah. One must have tawakkul on Allah. One’s heart must be filled in His remembrance. One must rush for good deeds and stay away from what is forbidden. Then only the sword will become fire which burns the Shaytaan. This is in contrast to the one who has weak faith.

Reference
1. Tafsir Ibn Kathir
2. Methodical Interpretation of the Noble Quran Part 30 – Dr Ahmad Nawfal. darussalam
3. Waswasah The Whispering of the Shaytan – Ibn Qayyim
4. Nouman Ali Khan podcast lectures of Suratun Nas.
5. The world of Jinn and Devils – Umar S. al Ashqar

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Entering the House

Teaching some basic sunnans or just good manners that we can do everyday since we have to enter the house everyday anyway. 🙂

1. Enter in the name of Allah

The Book of Drinks (Kitab Al-Ashriba)

Muslim :: Book 23 : Hadith 5006

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah reported

Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When a person enters his house and mentions the name of Allah at the time of entering it and while eating the food, Satan says (addressing himself: You have no place to spend the night and no evening meal; but when he enters without mentioning the name of Allah, the Satan says: You have found a place to spend the night, and when he does not mention the name of Allah while eating food, he (the Satan) says: You have found a place to spend the night and evening meal. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Jabir b. Abdullah through the same chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording.

Alhamdullilah we have been practising this since we learnt this hadith when we studied the manners of eating sometime ago. Read HERE.

It is an easy sunnah to do. So why not. 😀

2. Enter the house with the right foot.

For we always start something good with our right. (Actually I only heard this but I have no prove for this. Can someone share this)

3. Enter the house gently.

Do not slam the door. But do make some sounds indicating to the people in the house that you are home. My husband usually have a lot of keys to handle. It makes a jingle sound. Z immediately will run hiding in the hope that his father would search for him. 🙂

Do not surprise or startle people of your presence. Help them to prepare themselves to welcome you home. 🙂

4. Greet our family members with salam as we enter.

This is also mentioned in the Quran Al Noor 24:61

Say salam But when you enter the houses, greet one another with a greeting from Allah (i.e., say: As-Salamu ‘Alaikum – may you be safe from evil), blessed and good.” (Al Noor 24:61)

From Tafsir Ibn Kathir of the ayah (But when you enter the houses, greet one another):

Sa`id bin Jubayr, Al-Hasan Al-Basri, Qatadah and Az-Zuhri said, “This means greet one another with Salam.”

Ibn Jurayj said: Abu Az-Zubayr said, “I heard Jabir bin `Abdullah say, `When you enter upon your family, greet them with a greeting from Allah, blessed and good.’ He said, `I do not think it is anything but obligatory.”’

Ibn Jurayj said: “And Ziyad said that Ibn Tawus used to say: `When any one of you enters his house, let him say Salam.”’

Mujahid said: “And when you enter the Masjid, say: `Peace be upon the Messenger of Allah’; when you enter upon your families, greet them with Salam; and when you enter a house in which there is nobody, say: `As-Salamu `Alayna wa `Ala `Ibad-Allah-is-Salihin (peace be upon us and upon the righteous servants of Allah).’ This is what one is commanded to do, and it has been narrated to us that the angels will return his greeting.”

From this narration, we can conclude that we should say salam as we enter our house and greet our family members.

I usually say salam regardless that there is no one in the house anyway. However, in the nrration above it says we should say`As-Salamu `Alayna wa `Ala `Ibad-Allah-is-Salihin (peace be upon us and upon the righteous servants of Allah).’ And the angels will return the greeting.

Also read HERE on the related matter.

5. Use the siwak

The Book of Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah) Muslim ::

Book 2 : Hadith 489

‘A’isha reported:

Whenever Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) entered his house, he used tooth-stick first of all.

We have never done this sunnah. We will see how best we can do to apply this in our life, Insya Allah. However, if we are not using the tooth stick, we will use the toothbrush minus the toot paste for a change.

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Summary of Manners of entering our house.

1. Say Bismillah

2. Enter with right foot.

3.Make some sounds indicating you are home

4. Say Salam

5. Brush our teeth.

——————————————————–

Main reference

1. More than 1000 Sunan every day and night. – Compiled by Khaelid Husaynaan. Translated by Aboo Ismaaeel Munir. Qtar Guest Centre

2. The Muslim Home 40 Recommendations In the Light of the Quran and Sunnah – Muhammad Salih al Munajjid. IIPH

3. Tafsir Ibn Kathir.

4. The Book of Manners – Compiled by Fuad ibn Abdul Azeea Ash Shulhoob translated by Faisal Shafiq. Darussalam

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Against the Shaytan : Lapbook

We did a lapbook last school holiday. This sort of summarises what we have learned the last term. To be honest with you, this is coincidental. I didn’t really plan the syllabus to cover so much lessons on the shaytan (because I am still not good at that bigger planning for the syllabus. But it does give an idea of sort).

We covered the story of Prophet Adam and you can’t help to narrate the story of the arrogant shaytan there. Click the links below to read them

1. Prophet Adam a.s.
2. Lessons to be learnt from knowing the story of Prophet Adam a.s.

We also narrated the story of Shaytan’s promise to Allah to make sure that the children of Adam will continue to stray away from Allah’s path. And we discussed on Shaytan’s missions and how we must fight against them. Click the link below to read them
1. Shaytan’s mission
2. Lessons from learning the stories of Shaytan’s mission

I included a summary of ammunition against shaytan. May we all be protected against Shaytan’s fitna. Click the link below to read
Ammo against the shaytan

Even the subject on akhlaq about the manners of eating tells them them we must avoid shaytan’s way by not eating with left hand for example. Click the link below to read
Manners of Eating

We also covered lessons on Ayatul Kursi and Al Falaq and Annas. I have not written down the notes on Suratul Falaq and Suratun Nas. But I did write our work on Ayatul Kursi. Click the link below to read it
Ayatul Kursi Al Baqarah 2:255

So this lapbook became a good conclusion of this term’s lesson.  It help them to refresh what they did. Insya Allah.

Anyway here it is, the lapbook : Against the Shaytan

We used mostly paper bags that we get when we purchased things from the store for the cover page.

And this is the contents when you flip the page and make it stand on its own

On the most left is a flip book which has Haziq’s and Sya’s version of the story of Shaytan.

Excerpt of H’s version

“All bowed, except Iblis. Allah then asked Iblis, “Why did you not bow down?” Iblis replies, “I am made of fire and he is made of stinky clay, so I shall not bow to him!”Allah then said,”Oh Iblis! Leave Jannah! Paradise is not for the arrogant!”

Excerpt of S’s version

A long time ago, there were planets and jannah and hell and lots of animals. Inside jannah there are angels. Allah told one good jin to go to Jannah. They lived and prayed to Allah.

One day a man called Adam was created. Allah told the angels and iblis to bow down. The angels bowed but Iblis did not. Allah asked, why didn’t you bow down? Because he is made of clay and I am made of fire! Iblis got kicked out of jannah. Iblis asked if he could live longer. Allah said yes. Iblis wants to disturb us and make us forget Allah.

In the middle page of the lapbbok, I used envelopes. In those envelopes are prove of verses of Quran that
1. Shaytan is arrogant
2. Shaytan doesn’t want us to be good.

Among the verse for “Shaytan is arrogant”
Al Aaraf 7:11-13
11. It is We who created you and gave you shape; then we bade the angels to bow down to Adam and they bowed down; not so Iblis; he refused to be among those who bow down.

12. Allah said: ” What prevented thee from bowing down when I commanded thee? he said, “I am better than He : Thou didst create me from fire, and him from clay.”

13. Allah said, “Get thee down from this: It is not for thee to be arrogant here. get out for thou are the meanest (of creatures).”

Other verses we included were
Al Hijr 15:28-33 and Al Sad 38: 71-76

Verses for “Shaytan doesn’t want us to be good

Al Aaraf 7:13-18

13. Allah said, “Get thee down from this: It is not for thee to be arrogant here. get out for thou are the meanest (of creatures).”

14. He said ;”Give me respite till the Day they are raised up.”

15. Allah said :’Be thou among those who have respite.”

16. He said: “because Thou hast thrown me out of the way. Lo! I will lie in wait for them on Thy straight way

17. “Then will I assault them from before them  and behind them, from their right and their left : nor will Thou find in most of them gratitude (for Thy mercies)”

18 Allah said : “Get out from this disgraced and expelled. If any of them follow thee, hell will I fill with you all.”

Other verses

An Nisaa 4:118-121 A Israa 17:61-62 Al Sad 38:77-82

Then we remind each other to always ask for Allah’s forgiveness. To not be arrogant. To obey Allah. And to not  listen to the temptation of shaytan.

On the third page we put up two flip books. The top one says “What is shaytan’s mission?” I was really expecting one answer i.e. to stray from Allah’s path. But the kids gave me so many version which I accepted all of them.

The black book is a summary of the possible ammunition that we can use in our struggle against shaytan.

You can find the notes HERE.

On the last page, we put suratul Falaq and surah annas. The two surahs that are recommended to be read by all of us as a protection against evil, Insya Allah.

And we pasted the copy of our exercise on ayatul Kursi, the greatest ayah in the Al Quran. The notes on ayatul Kursi can be found HERE

With that, I pray that my children will always be in the Straight Path and will be strong in their deen. May we all be protected against the fitna of shaytan.

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Lessons to be learnt from the story of Prophet Adam a.s.

1. We are in war with the shaytan. he is our enemy!

2. Shaytan works by making tricks on us. Just look at the choice of words he used to deceive Adam and Hawwa. He wouldn’t say directly to disobey Allah. He used the name of Allah to swear, he promised that the tree is of eternity and immortality (human’s weakness). Shaytan knows our weakness, whatmore after thousands of years of experience and he will work around it.

Shaytan makes bad things look cool and good things seem uncool and nerdy.

3. Quickly ask for forgiveness (repent) when we have sinned for Allah loves that and Allah is AlGhafur and Arrahim. Allah is merciful. Never forget to repent.
4. The difference between Prophet Adam. a.s. and Shaytan being asked to leave heaven is that  Prophet Adam was sincerely sorry for what he had done and asked for repentance whereas Shaytan was still arrogant and in fact blamed Allah for him being astray.

5. Let us be the one who always ask for Allah’s forgiveness and not that like Shaytan who refuse and remain arrogant.

Some questions

1.)A long, long time ago, before people, before dinosaurs, before the earth, what was there?

ALLAH

2.) What are some creations of Allah(swt) before people?

The earth, jinns and angels.

3.) Allah created man. Who was the first man?

Adam

4.) Why did Allah(swt) order the angels to bow down to Adam?

As a form of respect

5.) Who refused? WHy?

Iblis. Iblis thinks he is better than Adam because he is made from fire and Adam was made from clay.

6.) Who is Iblis?

He is shaitan/satan. he was a Jinn.

7.)Allah made a woman. who was she?

Hawwa. (**note to children: Christians call her Eve)

8.) Adam and Hawwa allowed themselves to be tricked by Iblis. What was their punishment? They were placed out of paradise and put on the earth.

9.) How did Adam feel? He was very sorry and repented.

10.) Do we think that Allah(swt) would forgive him? Of course! Allah (swt) is the Most Merciful!

11.) Iblis vowed : Iblis) said: “Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path. Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones (i.e. they will not be dutiful to You).”  What does this mean? It means he is going to do his best to make people do bad things so they can be punished in hell.

Questions taken from HERE.

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Prophet Adam a.s.

We read the story of prophet Adam a.s. HERE

WHY ARE WE CREATED ON EARTH

Al Baqarah 2:30

And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “Verily, I am going to place (mankind) generations after generations (vicegerent) on earth.” They said: “Will You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, – while we glorify You with praises and thanks and sanctify You.” He (Allâh) said: “I know that which you do not know.” (30)

And He taught Adam all the names (of everything) [], then He showed them to the angels and said, “Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful.” (31)

This Ayah refers to the names of in-animate bodies, animals, plants, angels, and means of technology…etc, for example, the sea contains fish and the fishnet should be thrown in the sea in a certain way to catch fish.  Then, you should rub two stones together to produce fire, so that you can grill fish and eat it.  This seed is called ‘wheat.’ You can plant it in the soil until the rain falls and the seed grows to be a plant.

Adam (AS) was not just a pious man; he was also knowledgeable in the matters of the universe. Allah (SWT) taught him the names because He destined him to be a vicegerent on earth. Accordingly, he should be experienced in earthly matters.  How could he be a vicegerent on earth if he was a failure?

They (angels) said: “Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what you have taught us. Verily, it is You, the All-Knower, the All-Wise.” (32)

He said: “O Adam! Inform them of their names,” and when he had informed them of their names, He said: “Did I not tell you that I know the Ghaib (unseen) in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal and what you have been concealing?” (33)

CREATION OF HAWWA
O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He created his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], and from them both He created many men and women; and fear Allâh through Whom you demand (your mutual rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship)[]. Surely, Allâh is Ever an All¬Watcher over you. (1)

ABOUT SHAYTAN’s WHISPERS and DECEPTION

In Surat Al-A’râf (the Heights) verse 19, Allah says what can be translated as, “And O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in Paradise, and eat thereof as you both wish, but approach not this tree otherwise you both will be of the Zâlimûn (unjust and wrong-doers).” (TMQ, 7:19).

Then Satan whispered to them that he might manifest unto them that which was hidden from them of their shame, and he said: Your Lord forbade you from this tree only lest ye should become angels or become of the immortals.<(TMQ, 7:20).

In Surat Taha the Shaytan said to Adam what can be translated as, "O Adam! Shall I lead you to the Tree of Eternity and to a kingdom that will never waste away?" (TMQ, 20:120)

The following verse from Surat Al-A'râf, "And he (Shaytân) swore by Allah to them both that he was their sincere adviser.” (TMQ, 7:21)

So he misled them with deception. Then when they tasted of the tree, that which was hidden from them of their shame (private parts) became manifest to them and they began to cover themselves with the leaves of Paradise (in order to cover their shame). And their Lord called out to them (saying): "Did I not forbid you that tree and tell you: Verily, Shaitân (Satan) is an open enemy unto you?" (7:22)

ABOUT ADAM’s REPENTANCE

In Surah Al Baqarah mentions Al Baqarah 2:35-37
And We said: “O Adam! Dwell you and your wife in the Paradise and eat both of you freely with pleasure and delight, of things therein as wherever you will, but come not near this tree or you both will be of the Zâlimûn (wrong-doers).” (35)

Then the Shaitân (Satan) made them slip therefrom (the Paradise), and got them out from that in which they were. We said: “Get you down, all, with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be a dwelling place for you and an enjoyment for a time.” (36) Then Adam received from his Lord Words . And his Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). Verily, He is the One Who forgives (accepts repentance), the Most Merciful (37)

In Aaraf 7:23

They said: “Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.” (23)

H was excited reading this ayah. Somehow he noticed this verse in the nasheed “If you ask me by Yusuf Islam.”. So I have printed this out and he has memorised it. It’s a wonderful doa for all of us.

In Taha 2:122

Then his Lord chose him, and turned to him with forgiveness, and gave him guidance (122)

ABOUT ADAM AND HAWWA WERE SENT DOWN TO EARTH

Aaraf 7:38

We said: “Get down all of you from this place (the Paradise), then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever follows My Guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve (38)

Taha 20:123

He (Allâh) said:”Get you down (from the Paradise to the earth), both of you, together, some of you are an enemy to some others. Then if there comes to you guidance from Me, then whoever follows My Guidance he shall neither go astray, nor shall be distressed. (123)

Baqarah 2:38

We said: “Get down all of you from this place (the Paradise), then whenever there comes to you Guidance from Me, and whoever follows My Guidance, there shall be no fear on them, nor shall they grieve (38)

Read Al Baqarah 2:32-38

And then we watched a video of Yusuf Estes narrating the story of Prophet Adam in the Peace TV series. Somegow I can’t put it up here for some reason.  But you can go and watch it HERE.

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