Monthly Archives: April 2014

The Obligation of the believers towards the angels

We used the book entitled “The World of the Noble Angels” by Sheikh Umar S. al Ashqar rahimullah for our study.  Read HERE.

Following are the salient points

The believer who worships Allah and seeks His pleasure must regard the angels as friends and view them with love and respect. They would avoid anything that would annoy or offend the angels.

i. Not offending the angels

The scholars denounced those who slander the angels or speak badly of them.

For example

– equating angry looks to the look of the angel Maalik (keepr of health)

– Equating an ugly person to Munkar Nakeer

If this is said in the context of condemning ugliness and harshness.

ii. Keeping away from sin and disobedience. 

The things which often angers the angels most are sin, disobedience to Allah, kufr and shirk.

Hence the angels do not enter places and houses where Allah is disobeyed, or in it exist things that Allah dislikes and hates, such as stone altars, statues and life pictures.

Angels do not like coming near to people who indulge in sin such as the drunkards.

Hadith – Bukhari 4:448, Narrated Abu Talha

I heard Allah’s Apostle saying; “Angels (of Mercy) do not enter a house wherein there is a dog or a picture of a living creature (a human being or an animal).”

Abu Dawood (4180) narrated from ‘Ammaar ibn Yaasir (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said:

“There are three whom the angels do not come near: the dead body of a kaafir, a man who smears himself with khalooq and a person who is junub, unless he does wudoo’.”

Read an explanation of the hadith HERE.

iii. The angels are offended by that which offends the son of Adam

Among the things that angels are offended from are offensive smells and by filth and dirt.

The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Anyone who eats garlic and onions or leeks should not come near our Masjid. The angels are harmed by what harms the sons of Adam.” [Sahih Muslim]

iv. The prohibition on spitting to the right while praying

Anas b. Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: When any one of you is engaged in prayer, he is holding intimate conversation with his Lord, so none of you must spit in front of him, or towards his right side, but towards his left side under his foot.

v. Befriending all the angels

The Muslim has to like all the angels without any discrimination between one angel and another. They are all slaves of Allah that do what is commanded .

The Jews claimed they had friends and enemies among the angels; Jibrael their enemy and Mikael was their friend.

Al Baqarah 2: 97-98

Say (O Muhammad Peace be upon him ): “Whoever is an enemy to Jibrael (Gabriel) (let him die in his fury), for indeed he has brought it (this Qur’ân) down to your heart by Allâh’s Permission, confirming what came before it [i.e. the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] and guidance and glad tidings for the believers. (97) “Whoever is an enemy to Allâh, His Angels, His Messengers, Jibrael (Gabriel) and Mikael (Michael), then verily, Allâh is an enemy to the disbelievers.” (98)

The Jews claimed that Jibreel is their enemy because he comes with war and destruction, and if the one who had come to the Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam had been Mikaeel, they would have followed him.

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Shirk in Asma wa Sifaat

We used this book – Explaining Shirk The Greatest Sin by Sheikh Uthaymeen

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1. Shirk in Humanisation.

Shirk in Asma wa Sifaat can be in the form of humanising God.

In shirk al Asmaa as Sifaat, Allah is given the form and qualities of human being or animals. The image of God is often painted, moulded or carved in the shape of human. Usually in the  physical feature oft those who are worshiping them.

For example Hindus and Buddhists worship idols that have the likeness of Asian man or woman and consider them the manifestation of God in creation.

Some Christian painters such as Michaelangelo have drawn God looking like an European man with long white hair and beard and is plastered on thec ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in vatican.

2. Shirk by Deification

In this shirk, Allah’s names and attributes are given to creation.

For example the Shiite sects in teh Nusayreeyah of Syria believed that Ali bin Abu talib was a manifestation of Allah and they gave him many qualities of Allah.

There’s  a teaching called Ismails also known as Agha Khanis whose leader is called Agha Khan. they believed that their leader is God incarnated.

The Druze of Lebanon believed that the Faatimid Caliph al Haakim bi Amrillah was teh last manifestation of Allah among mankind.

Some Sufis like al Hallaj believe that they have become one with God

Taken from – The fundamentals of Tawheed by Abu Ameenah Bilal Phillips

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