By the fig, and the olive, (1) By Mount Sinai, (2) By this city of security (Makkah) , (3) Verily, We created man in the best stature (mould), (4) Then We reduced him to the lowest of the low, (5) Save those who believe (in Islâmic Monotheism) and do righteous deeds, Then they shall have a reward without end (Paradise). (6) Then what (or who) causes you (O disbelievers) to deny the Recompense (i.e. Day of Resurrection)? (7) Is not Allâh the Best of judges? (8)
1. Ayah 1-3
1. by the fig, and the olive,
2. by Mount Sinai,
3. and by This city of security
Allah begins this surah with an oath. The letter is is called wau al Qassim meaning the wau for making an oath. As we have learned previously, when Allah makes an oath on one of His creations, it shows the importance of that creation and also what follows after the oath.
Can you name where did Allah make oaths in other surah?
Let’s look at what Allah swears on in this surah.
This is the fruit tin or english is called fig. We usually buy the dried ones
Thia is zaitun or in english is called olive. You usually find it on pizza and salad.
This is Mount Sinai, a very historical location to the three religions which are Judaism, Christian and Islam. It is located in the Peninsula Sinai, in between Egypt and occupied Philistine.
Baladil Amin. A city of security.
Some of the scholars have interpreted that all these are pointing out to places. Important places, which Allah has spread the religion from or rather where Allah has brought His Messengers to.
Tin and zaitun are among the trees that are widely grown in the Shams area. Shams areas consist of Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and Philistine. Some of the scholars say this really refer to Jurusalem in Philistine where Prophet Isa alaihi salam was sent to. Can you circle Jurusaem in the map above?
Mount Sinai is the mountain where Allah talks directly to prophet Musa alaihi salam. Can you circle Mount Sinai in the map?
وَهَـٰذَا ٱلۡبَلَدِ ٱلۡأَمِينِ
Many scholars also have described this as Makkah itself for it was the safest place to be and it is the city of security where whoever enters is safe. It is also the city in which Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam received his revelation.
Can you circle Makkah in the map?
Some of the Imams have said that these are three different places, and that Allah sent a Messenger to each of them from the Leading Messengers, who delivered the Great Codes of Law. This is why He swore by a noble place, then by a nobler place, and then by a place that is the nobler than both of them.
Allah knows best.