6. Nay! Verily, man does transgress All bounds (in disbelief and evil deed, etc.).
7. because He considers himself self-sufficient.
8. Surely! unto Your Lord is the return.
Kalla is a stern warning. It is a higher degree than the Arabic word “la”.
The word Taghut is derived from ‘Tughyan’. The literal meaning of this word is ‘crossing the border or to pass the limit’.
The definition of TAGHUT in the Shariah is ‘anyone who exceeds the proper limits by ascribing to himself any of the rights of Allah (Subhana wa ta‘ala) and makes himself a partner with Allah (Subhana wa ta‘ala)’.
Imam Malik (may Allah have mercy on him) defined Taghut as:
Anything or anyone worshipped apart from Allah (Subhana wa ta‘ala).
- Includes a lot of things that are worshipped such as idols.
- Satan (the biggest Taghut), witches, soothsayers (claiming knowledge of the unseen),
- those who are pleased with people directing acts of worship to them,
- those who legislate (making things « halal» which Allah has declared « haram » and making things « haram » which allah declared « halal».).
All these are Tawaghit (plural of taghut) that every Muslim should disassociate himself from them and from those who worship them.”
Sheikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahab categorise taghut as
- The Devil who calls the people to worship other than Allaah. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:
“Did I not command you O children of Aadam, that you should not worship the Devil. Verily, he is a plain enemy to you.” [YaaSeen:36:60]
- The tyrannical and oppressive ruler who changes Allah’s rulings. The proof for this is Allah’s saying:
“Have you not seen those (hypocrites) who claim to have faith in that which has been revealed to you, and that which was revealed before you, and they wish to go for judgement (in their disputes) to the Taaghoot, when they have been ordered to reject them? But the Devil wishes to lead them far astray.” [Nisaa: 4:60]
- The one who judges by other than what Allah has revealed, and the proof for this is Allaah’s saying:
“And whoever does not judge by what Allaah has revealed, then they are the disbelievers.” [Maa’idah: 5:44]
- The one who claims to have knowledge of the Unseen, apart from Allah. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:
“He alone is the All-Knower of the Unseen, and He does not disclose His Unseen matters to anyone. Except to a messenger whom He has chosen, and then He makes a band of watching guards (angels) to march before him and behind him.” [Jinn: 72: 26-27]
- The one who is worshipped apart from Allah, while being pleased with being worshipped. The proof for this is Allah’s saying:
“And whoever amongst them says: ‘Verily, I am a God besides Him (Allaah)’, then this person’s recompense will be the Hellfire. That is the way We recompense the wrongdoers.” [Anbiyaa: 21:29]
In this verse, Allah says that man has made transgress. Transgress means go beyond the allowed limit and this is tughyan. And those who do this is a taghut. Allah further explains that the reason why people transgress is because they think they are self sufficient.
Allah informs that man is very pleased, most evil, scornful and transgressive when he considers himself self-sufficient and having an abundance of wealth.
When we say someone is self sufficient, this means they are able to live and thrive completely on their own, without looking to anyone for help or assistance. Being self-sufficient in worldly matters is a good thing – it is better to provide for yourself than to have to ask someone else for help. This being self-sufficient should not be mistaken with the certain lifestyle that people adopt. Some do their own farming and herd their own animals, living off the grid and producing renewable energy themselves and so on.
However it is not good to be self-sufficient from Allah. We should instead be thankful for Allah’s provision and turn to Him first when we need something.
What is referred in the verse is, when one feels he is self sufficient, he does not see the need for Allah. He thinks all the good he has is all from his own work and effort. When he attains all the good things of the dunya, he became proud and went beyond the boundary set by Allah.
Allah threatens this group of people that in the end the place of return is to their Lord. Explain why you think this is a threat