Among the best names of Allah which he introduced Himself to His slaves in the Quran is al Affuw – the Oft pardoning.
Al Afuuw means the One who is Oft pardoning of His slaves’s sins. It means that Allah is the One who Forgives sins and OVERLOOK offences.
Ghaffur/ Ghaffir meanscovering while al Afuuw implies cancelling all sins.
Allah overlooks many sins and wrongdoings otherwise, He would have destroyed the world and annihilated all the people
An Nahl 16: 61
And if Allâh were to seize mankind for their wrong-doing, He would not leave on it (the earth) a single moving (living) creature, but He postpones them for an appointed term and when their term comes, neither can they delay nor can they advance it an hour (or a moment). (61)
A component of Allah’s Pardoning of His Slaves is that He conceals the sins, of His slaves in the dunya and the Hereafter. He also informs people of their sins, forgives them and then substitutes their sins with good deeds.
Allah is the Pardoner, the One who excuses people. How is His Pardoning of the people different from the way people use this attribute? Allaah is Forgiving and Merciful. From this angle, we could say that Allaah’s Pardoning is paired with Forgiveness and Mercy.
For example, how do the people forgive? When you ask for forgiveness, is everyone always ready to forgive you? What about the people who forgave you? Do they always forgive you with complete forgiveness or do they come back later and mention what you did, although they say that they forgave you…?
When Allaah (`Azza wa Jall) forgives someone, He expunges their record, meaning he erases ones record (completely). If Allaah (`Azza wa Jall) excused you for something, you will not have to face Allaah and be asked about that thing.
اتق الله حيثما كنت وأتبع السيئة الحسنة تمحها
Fear Allaah wherever you are
and follow up a bad deed with a good one,
it will wipe (the former) out.
Hadith narrated by Abu Dhar.
One of the ways Allaah that will pardon you is if you obey what His Messenger ﷺ has guided us to. If you make Tawbah from your sin, Allaah will pardon you for your sin. He has promised us this. If you repent to Allaah sincerely, He will forgive you and He will pardon your sin. The one who has made repentance from his sin is like the one who has not sinned at all, because the Pardoning of Allaah is complete and perfect. No trace. No bad feelings. Nothing left. Allaah erases the bad deed from your record and He replaces it with a good deed. Who does that from the people?
Who will pardon you, THEN give you credit for good things after you’ve transgressed against them? Who considers you better than what you were before (after you sought their forgiveness)? But Allaah (`Azza wa Jall) is perfect in His Pardoning, and when He Pardons you, He loves that you sought His Forgiveness. This is from the completeness of His Attribute of Pardoning
Allah inform us that the believers invoke Allah and say
Al Baqara 2: 286
وَٱعۡفُ عَنَّا وَٱغۡفِرۡ لَنَا وَٱرۡحَمۡنَآۚ أَنتَ مَوۡلَٮٰنَا فَٱنصُرۡنَا عَلَى ٱلۡقَوۡمِ ٱلۡڪَـٰفِرِينَ
Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maulâ (Patron, Supporter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.
Aisyah radiallahhu anha asked teh Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam what to say during the Night of decree. he told her to say, “O Allah! You are Oft pardoning and You love Pardoning. Pardon me. (Tirmidhi)
When Prophet Muhamamd sallallahu alalihi wasalam woke up at night to pray, he used to say “O Allah! I seek refuge in Your Pleasure from Your anger and in Your Prdoning from Your Punishment”
Forgiving and pardoning Others
Allah asked people to forgive whoever did wrong against them if they are able to retaliate, and He PROMISED to forgive them if they did so
An Nisa 4: 149
لَّا يُحِبُّ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡجَهۡرَ بِٱلسُّوٓءِ مِنَ ٱلۡقَوۡلِ إِلَّا مَن ظُلِمَۚ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ سَمِيعًا عَلِيمًا (١٤٨
إِن تُبۡدُواْ خَيۡرًا أَوۡ تُخۡفُوهُ أَوۡ تَعۡفُواْ عَن سُوٓءٍ۬ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ عَفُوًّ۬ا قَدِيرًا (١٤٩
Allâh does not like that the evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged. And Allâh is Ever All¬Hearer, All¬Knower. (148)
Whether you (mankind) disclose (by good words of thanks) a good deed (done to you in the form of a favour by someone), or conceal it, or pardon an evil, … verily, Allâh is Ever Oft-Pardoning, All-Powerful. (149)
An Noor 24: 22
And let not those among you who are blessed with graces and wealth swear not to give (any sort of help) to their kinsmen, Al-Masâkîn (the poor), and those who left their homes for Allâh’s Cause. Let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allâh should forgive you?
Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? Let us learn the beautiful story behind his ayah. May we be given the same eemaan. HERE.
Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam said, “Charity does not reduce one’s own wealth, pardoning others increaes one’s own power and dignity, and whoever humbles himself before Allah will be elevated instead.”
And Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (22)
2. The perfect Names of |Allah – Dr Umar S al Ashqar