1. Verily! We have sent it (this Qur’ân) down In the night of Al-Qadr (Decree)
Here Allah use the pronoun WE. Allah use different pronouns for himself in the Quran
i. Ana انا – I
ii. Nahnu نحن – We
iii. Anta انت – You
iv. Hua هو – He
All pronouns are singular except for NAHNU (we).
The pronoun WE is used to show power and strength. Allah says nahnu when He sends down and gives water, food and forms creation. Nahnu is also a formal speech for Majestic acts.
The pronoun Ana (I) is mentioned when Allah is extremely angry or extremely merciful. The pronoun Ana (I) is more personalized, closer to the slave.
2. Anzala and Nazzala
Anzala (af’ala) – sent down one at a time
Nazzala (fa’alla) – sent down gradually
The Quran was NAZZALA – meaning it was sent down gradually.
The Torah and Gospel were ANZALA
Surah al Imran 3:3
3. it is He who has sent down the Book (the Qur’ân) to You (Muhammad) with truth, confirming what came before it. and He sent down the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel).
One can only see the difference in the meaning in the quran Arabic word not the translation. The translation gives the same meaning – sent down.
Nazzala – sent down gradually is used for the Quran. Quran was sent down gradually in the period of 23 years.
Anzala – used for the Torah and Bible which is sent down as a whole at one time.
In the first ayah of surah al Qadr Allah uses the word ANZALA indicating that it is sent down at one time. This is referring to Quran. Why is Anzala used now?
As explained earlier by the hadith by ibn Abbas, this refers to Quran being sent down to the lower heaven – Baitul Izzah on Laylatul Qadr. As also earlier explained, only after that Quran was sent down gradually to Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam.
Here Allah tells us that He has sent down the Quran on a very special night – lailatul qadr – The Night of Decree.
Allah further explains that this night is better than ONE THOUSAND MONTHS!! Subhanallah just one night better than 1000 months. How many years is that?
Let us go further in the surah to understand Insya Allah
1. Al Qadr : the Revelation of Quran