Lailatul Qadr

 

LAILATUL QADR – THE NIGHT of DECREE

Laylatul Qadr is exclusively for the Ummah of Rasullulah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), since the Quran was revealed on this night. We don’t realize how merciful Allah is towards us, and the future generations of the Ummah to follow. The reason this Blessed night was given to us is related in a hadith as follows:

“Allah’s Messenger, (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), looked back at the previous communities and saw that his community lived for a much shorter period in comparison to them. He was concerned about how his community would be able to gain as many rewards as those of the previous communities. So when Allah, the Exalted, saw the concerns in the heart of His Beloved, (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), then he, (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), was given Laylatul-Qadr, which is more virtuous than a thousand months.” {Imâm Mâlik, Muwatta}

`Ubadah bin As-Samit that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi salam said, The Night of Al-Qadr occurs during the last ten (nights). Whoever stands for them (in prayer) seeking their reward, then indeed Allah will forgive his previous sins and his latter sins. It is an odd night: the ninth, or the seventh, or the fifth, or the third or the last night (of Ramadan).

The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi salam also said,

Verily, the sign of the Night of Al-Qadr is that it is pure and glowing as if there were a bright, tranquil, calm moon during it. It is not cold, nor is it hot, and no shooting star is permitted until morning. Its sign is that the sun appears on the morning following it smooth having no rays on it, just like the moon on a full moon night. Shaytan is not allowed to come out with it (the sun) on that day.

It has been reported that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said,

“The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wassalam performed I`tikaf during the first ten nights of Ramadan and we performed I`tikaf with him. Then Jibril came to him and said, `That which you are seeking is in front of you.’ So the Prophet performed I`tikaf during the middle ten days of Ramadan and we also performed I`tikaf with him. Then Jibril came to him and said; `That which you are seeking is ahead of you.’ So the Prophet stood up and gave a sermon on the morning of the twentieth of Ramadan and he said, Verily, it is during the twenty-seventh or the twenty-ninth night. And verily, the angels who are on the earth during that night are more numerous than the number of pebbles.

Mujahid (rahimahullah), one of the prominent mufassireen of the tabi’een said: the prayer and fasting on this day is like continuous prayer and fasting for 1000 months. Just imagine that you are blessed to meet this special night, just how many thousands of months of worshiping will that equate to. Subhanallah, this is the mercy of Allah to our ummah.

But to meet the night is not just a matter of chance. It requires hard work, steadfast and loads of du’a. Even though there are hadith indicating it will be on the odd nights and the signs that follow it, the reality is we do not know which one is the night. We just need to strive on all of the last ten nights.

The Decree on Laylatul Qadr

Allah has issued His decrees for His slaves fifty thousand years before He created His creation. The Quran and sunnah has indicate that there are two kinds of decrees: the annual decrees and the daily decree. The annual decree takes place on Laylatul Qadr. Details on who will live and die during the coming year, how much provision and rain people will have, what actions people will do, and so on, are transferred from Umm al-Kitaab.

Ad Dukhan 44: 3-5

3. we sent it (this Qur’ân) down on a blessed night [(i.e. night of Qadr, Sûrah No: 97) In the month of Ramadân,, the 9th month of the Islâmic calendar]. Verily, we are ever warning [mankind that Our torment will reach those who disbelieve In Our Oneness of Lordship and In Our Oneness of worship].
4. therein (that night) is decreed Every matter of ordainments .
5. Amran (i.e. a command or This Qur’an or the decree of Every matter) from us. Verily, we are ever sending (the Messengers),

The daily decree means the carrying out of the decrees so they happen at the times previously determined.
Ar Rahman 55: 29

29. Whosoever is In the heavens and on earth begs of Him (its needs from Him). Every Day He has some affair to bring forth (such as giving honour to Some, disgrace to Some, life to Some, death to Some, etc.)!

Mufassirin commented on this ayah that part of Allah’s affair every day is to give life and give death
It is the night!

A night so beautiful is reserved only for Allah’s companions. Those who truly aim to seek this night will give their utmost servitude to the One they are seeking (in this Night). They will give quality worship and ignore their tiredness.

So valuable is this Night of Qadr that the Qur’ân devotes this special Sûrah to it “Lailatul Qadr is better than a thousand months”. This one night surpasses the value of 30,000 nights. The most authentic account of the occurrence of the Night indicates that it can occur on any one of the last ten, odd numbered nights of Ramadhân. The fact that the exact night is unknown reflects Allâh’s will in keeping it hidden. Indeed, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa salam was prevented from telling us its precise time. One day, he came out to tell the companions the exact night. On the way he saw two men arguing with each other. By the will of Allâh, he sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam forgot and subsequently remembered it. Afterwards the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was instructed not to divulge this information. “Had I been allowed,” he sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam remarked once, “I would have told you (of its exact time).” [Ahmad] The Almighty in His wisdom kept this hidden from us for many reasons (wa Allâhu ‘Alam).

Perhaps He wants us to strive hard in our worship during the last ten days of Ramadhân so that we don’t become lazy, worshipping hard on just that one night and denying ourselves the benefit of doing the same on the other nights. The sincere believer who worries day and night about his sins and phases of neglect in his life patiently awaits the onset of Ramadhân. During it he hopes to be forgiven by Allâh for past sins, knowing that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam promised that all who bear down during the last ten days shall have all their sins forgiven. To achieve this, he remembers the Prophet’s sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam advice in different sayings wherein he used words like “seek”, “pursue”, “search”, and “look hard” for Lailatul Qadr.

Al-Aloosi comments; The fact that we don’t know the exact Night of Qadr – removes us from
some blame, in comparison to if we knew when the Night of Qadr was, and if we were lazy then – that would bring us ALOT more blame.

Moreover, Allâh and His Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam provided us some signs of its occurrence.

What should one do during the last ten days in pursuit of Lailatul Qadr? The devoted servant of Allâh makes these nights alive with prayer, reading and reflecting on Qur’ân. The long qiyaam prayer has been particularly recommended during the nights on which Laylat ul-Qadr could fall.

He makes du’aa’ to Allâh, penitently beseeching Him for His forgiveness. He is inspired by the Prophet’s sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam words

“Our Lord, most Exalted, Most high comes down to the lowest heaven during the last third of each night and announces (reassuringly): Whoever makes du’aa’, I shall answer it. Whoever asks (for something halal) I shall grant it; and whoever seeks forgiveness, I shall forgive him.” [Bukhârî]

The believer, conscious of Allâh and their sins, will continue to beseech Allâh, in and out of prayer, during his prostration.

Aa’isha radiallaahu ‘anhu said:

“When the (last) ten started, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would tighten his izaar (i.e. he stayed away from his wives in order to have more time for worship), spend the whole night awake (in prayer), and wake up his family.” [Bukhaaree and Muslim]

For a time, the only concern will be cleansing oneself of the forgetfulness that this life propagates in one’s heart, the sins that accumulate, darkening the heart, making it insensitive to disobeying Allâh. He begs Allâh to keep him away from misfortunes in this world, the punishment of the grave, and the torment of Hell. He asks Allâh to make him patient and steadfast in struggling to maintain his Islam in this world and asks Him to overlook his shortcomings, periods of laziness and neglect. Sincere devotion on that night will render the believer forgetful of the time, until he is surprised by the Adhan of Fajr. After Fajr, as the sun creeps above the horizon, reddish and weak in its appearance, without any rays, the effort at night will have been worthwhile.

The believer rejoices, knowing that this was quite possibly Lailatul Qadr and

“Whoever stays up (in prayer and remembrance of Allâh) on the Night of Qadr fully believing (in Allâh’s promise of reward for that night) and hoping to seek reward (from Allâh alone and not from people), he shall be forgiven for his past sins.” [Bukhârî, Muslim]

‘Aisha (radiallahu ‘anhaa) asked the Messenger of Allah a very smart question: “if we know that tonight is laylatul-qadar, what should we do?” How can we maximize our deeds this great day? What’s the one, best thing to say or do?

اللْهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي

And he responded: Say: “Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun, tuhibbu al-’afwaan, fa’affuw ‘anniy.”)

Meaning? O Allah, You are Al-Affuw–the one who obliterates sins and leaves not even a trace of them–and you love Al-Afwaan, the ones who ask for ‘affaw; so ‘affuw (obliterate, destroy, disintegrate, remove, annihilate) my sins. [Bukhari]
LESSONS

1. Quran is revealed as a whole to Baitul Izzah in the night of Lailatul Qadr
2. Lailatul Qadr is a blessed night with so many virtues that we cannot afford to miss it.
3. Lailatul Qadr is even better than 1000 months
4. The knowledge that lailatul qadr is better than 1000 months should make us strive to make worship on this special night so insya Allah will be graced with blessings form Allah on this night.
5. There is peace in the night up to dawn the coming morning.
6. Make du’a and strive that you’ll be among those who will meet this night.

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