Monthly Archives: September 2013

Do You Not Love that Allah Should Forgive You?

Read the story of how Abu Bakar as Sidq reacted after learning who slandered his daughter A’isyah radia Allahhu anhu

SLANDER

HERE

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Al Afuww – The Oft Pardoning

Among the best names of Allah which he introduced Himself to His slaves in the Quran is al Affuw – the Oft pardoning.

Al Afuuw means the One who is Oft pardoning of His slaves’s sins. It means that Allah is the One who Forgives sins and OVERLOOK offences.

Ghaffur/ Ghaffir meanscovering while al Afuuw implies cancelling all sins.

Allah overlooks many sins and wrongdoings otherwise, He would have destroyed the world and annihilated all the people

An Nahl 16: 61

And if Allâh were to seize mankind for their wrong-doing, He would not leave on it (the earth) a single moving (living) creature, but He postpones them for an appointed term and when their term comes, neither can they delay nor can they advance it an hour (or a moment). (61) 

A component of Allah’s Pardoning of His Slaves is that He conceals the sins, of His slaves in the dunya and the Hereafter. He also informs people of their sins, forgives them and then substitutes their sins with good deeds.

Allah is the Pardoner, the One who excuses people. How is His Pardoning of the people different from the way people use this attribute? Allaah is Forgiving and Merciful. From this angle, we could say that Allaah’s Pardoning is paired with Forgiveness and Mercy.

For example, how do the people forgive? When you ask for forgiveness, is everyone always ready to forgive you? What about the people who forgave you? Do they always forgive you with complete forgiveness or do they come back later and mention what you did, although they say that they forgave you…?

When Allaah (`Azza wa Jall) forgives someone, He expunges their record, meaning he erases ones record (completely). If Allaah (`Azza wa Jall) excused you for something, you will not have to face Allaah and be asked about that thing.

اتق الله حيثما كنت وأتبع السيئة الحسنة تمحها

Fear Allaah wherever you are

and follow up a bad deed with a good one,

it will wipe (the former) out.

Hadith narrated by Abu Dhar.

One of the ways Allaah that will pardon you is if you obey what His Messenger ﷺ has guided us to. If you make Tawbah from your sin, Allaah will pardon you for your sin. He has promised us this. If you repent to Allaah sincerely, He will forgive you and He will pardon your sin. The one who has made repentance from his sin is like the one who has not sinned at all, because the Pardoning of Allaah is complete and perfect. No trace. No bad feelings. Nothing left. Allaah erases the bad deed from your record and He replaces it with a good deed. Who does that from the people?

Who will pardon you, THEN give you credit for good things after you’ve transgressed against them? Who considers you better than what you were before (after you sought their forgiveness)? But Allaah (`Azza wa Jall) is perfect in His Pardoning, and when He Pardons you, He loves that you sought His Forgiveness. This is from the completeness of His Attribute of Pardoning

Allah inform us that the believers invoke Allah and say

Al Baqara 2: 286

وَٱعۡفُ عَنَّا وَٱغۡفِرۡ لَنَا وَٱرۡحَمۡنَآ‌ۚ أَنتَ مَوۡلَٮٰنَا فَٱنصُرۡنَا عَلَى ٱلۡقَوۡمِ ٱلۡڪَـٰفِرِينَ

Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maulâ (Patron, Supporter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.

Aisyah radiallahhu anha asked teh Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam what to say during the Night of decree. he told her to say, “O Allah! You are Oft pardoning and You love Pardoning. Pardon me. (Tirmidhi)

When Prophet Muhamamd sallallahu alalihi wasalam woke up at night to pray, he used to say “O Allah! I seek refuge in Your Pleasure from Your anger and in Your Prdoning from Your Punishment”

Forgiving and pardoning Others

Allah asked people to forgive whoever did wrong against them if they are able to retaliate, and He PROMISED to forgive them if they did so

An Nisa 4: 149

لَّا يُحِبُّ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡجَهۡرَ بِٱلسُّوٓءِ مِنَ ٱلۡقَوۡلِ إِلَّا مَن ظُلِمَ‌ۚ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ سَمِيعًا عَلِيمًا (١٤٨

إِن تُبۡدُواْ خَيۡرًا أَوۡ تُخۡفُوهُ أَوۡ تَعۡفُواْ عَن سُوٓءٍ۬ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ كَانَ عَفُوًّ۬ا قَدِيرًا (١٤٩

Allâh does not like that the evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged. And Allâh is Ever All¬Hearer, All¬Knower. (148)

Whether you (mankind) disclose (by good words of thanks) a good deed (done to you in the form of a favour by someone), or conceal it, or pardon an evil, … verily, Allâh is Ever Oft-Pardoning, All-Powerful. (149)

An Noor 24: 22

And let not those among you who are blessed with graces and wealth swear not to give (any sort of help) to their kinsmen, Al-Masâkîn (the poor), and those who left their homes for Allâh’s Cause. Let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allâh should forgive you?

Do you not love that Allah should forgive you? Let us learn the beautiful story behind his ayah. May we be given the same eemaan. HERE.

Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam said, “Charity does not reduce one’s own wealth, pardoning others increaes one’s own power and dignity, and whoever humbles himself before  Allah will be elevated instead.”

And Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (22)

References

1. http://www.istijabah.com/2011/11/allaahs-forgiveness/

2. The perfect Names of |Allah – Dr Umar S al Ashqar

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Sa’ad ibn Muadh

The Muslims Envoy to Madinah – How Sa’ad ibn Mu’adh entered Islam.

After the Pledge (in the form of an oath had been taken) the Prophet [pbuh] sent to Yathrib (Madinah) Mus‘ab bin ‘Umair Al-‘Abdari [R], the first Muslim ‘ambassador’ to teach the people there the doctrines of Islam, give them practical guidance and make attempts at propagating the Islam among those who still professed polytheism. As‘ad bin Zurarah hosted him in Madinah. So prepared was the ground, and so zealous the propagation that the Islam spread rapidly from house to house and from tribe to tribe. There were various cheerful and promising aspects of success that characterized Mus‘ab’s task. One day Mus‘ab and As‘ad were on their way to the habitations of Bani ‘Abd Al-Ashhal and Bani Zafar, when they went into the premises of the latter clan. There they sat near a well conversing with some new converts. Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh and Usaid bin Hudair, chiefs of the two clans heard of this meeting, so Usaid approached the Muslims armed with his lance while the other Sa‘d excused himself on grounds that As‘ad was his maternal cousin. Usaid came closer cursing and swearing and accused the two men of befooling people weak of heart, and ordered that they stop it altogether. Mus‘ab calmly invited him to sit saying, “If you are pleased with our talk, you can accept it; should you hold it in abhorrence, you could freely immunize yourself against what you hate.” “That’s fair,” said Usaid, pierced his lance in the sand, listened to Mus‘ab and then heard some verses of the Noble Qur’an. His face bespoke satisfaction and pleasure before uttering any words of approval. He asked the two men about the procedures pertinent to embracing Islam. They asked him to observe washing, purge his garment, bear witness to the Truth and then perform two Rak‘a. He responded and did exactly what he was asked to do, and then said there was a man (Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh) whose people would never hang back if he followed the Islam. He then left to see Sa‘d and his people. Sa‘d could immediately understand that Usaid had changed. To a question posed by Sa‘d, Usaid said that two men were ready to comply with whatever orders they received. He then managed a certain situation that provided the two men with a chance to talk with Sa‘d privately. The previous scene with Usaid recurred and Sa‘d embraced Islam, and directly turned to his people swearing that he would never talk with them until they had believed in Allah, and in His Messenger. Hardly did the evening of that day arrive when all the men and women of that group of Arabians embraced Islam with the exception of one, Al-Usairim, who hung back until the Day of Uhud. On that day he embraced Islam and fought the polytheists but was eventually killed before observing any prostration in the way of prayer. The Prophet [pbuh] commented saying: “He has done a little but his reward is great.”

Prophet Muhamamd sallallahu alaihi wasalam was impressed with what Sa’ad ibn Mu’adh said when prepearing for battle of Badr

The Sealed Nectar

On account of the new grave developments, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) held an advisory military emergency meeting to review the ongoing situation and exchange viewpoints with the army leaders. Admittedly, some Muslims feared the horrible encounter and their courage began to waver; in this regard, Allâh says:
“As your Lord caused you (O Muhammad [Peace be upon him) ] to go out from your home with the Truth, and verily, a party among the believers disliked it, disputing with you concerning the Truth after it was made manifest, as if they were being driven to death while they were looking (at it).” [8:5, 6]
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) apprised his men of the gravity of the situation and asked for their advice. Abu Bakr was the first who spoke on the occasion and assured the Prophet (Peace be upon him) of the unreserved obedience to his command. ‘Umar was the next to stand up and supported the views expressed by his noble friend. Then Al-Miqdad bin ‘Amr got up and said: “O Messenger of Allâh! Proceed where Allâh directs you to, for we are with you. We will not say as the Children of Israel said to Moses (Peace be upon him):
“Go you and your Lord and fight and we will stay here;”
Rather we shall say:
“Go you and yourLord and fight and we will fight along with you.”
By Allâh! If you were to take us to Bark Al-Ghimad, we will still fight resolutely with you against its defenders until you gained it.”

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) thanked him and blessed him.

The three leaders who spoke were from the Emigrants, who only constituted a minor section of the army. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) wanted, and for the more reason, to hear the Helpers’ view because they were the majority of the soldiers and were expected to shoulder the brunt of the war activities. Moreover, the clauses of Al-‘Aqabah Pledge did not commit them to fighting beyond their territories.

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) then said: “Advise me my men!”

by which he meant the Helpers, in particular. Upon this Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh stood up and said: “By Allâh, I feel you want us (the Helpers) to speak.” The Prophet (Peace be upon him) directly said: “Oh, yes!” Sa‘d said: “O Prophet of Allâh! We believe in you and we bear witness to what you have vouchsafed to us and we declare in unequivocal terms that what you have brought is the Truth. We give you our firm pledge of obedience and sacrifice. We will obey you most willingly in whatever you command us, and by Allâh, Who has sent you with the Truth, if you were to ask us to plunge into the sea, we will do that most readily and not a man of us will stay behind. We do not grudge the idea of encounter with the enemy. We are experienced in war and we are trustworthy in combat. We hope that Allâh will show you through our hands those deeds of valour which will please your eyes. Kindly lead us to the battlefield in the Name of Allâh.”

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) was impressed with the fidelity and the spirit of sacrifice which his companions showed at this critical juncture. Then he said to them: “Forward and be of cheer, for Allâh has promised me one of the two (the lucrative course through capturing the booty or strife in the cause of Allâh against the polytheists), and by Allâh it is as if I now saw the enemy lying prostrate.”

He commited himself to Islam at the age of 31. He is known to be a handsome, gallant, tall man with a radiant face.

The role of Sa’ad ibn Mu’adh during the Battle of Khandaq

Excerpt from the Sealed Nectar

During the process of fighting (Battle of Khandaq), Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh was shot by an arrow that pierced his artery. Perceiving his end approaching, he invoked Allâh saying: “Oh, Allâh, you know nothing is closer to my heart than striving in Your way against those people (disbelievers) who belied Your Messenger and banished him from his town. Oh, Allâh, I deeply believe that You have decreed that we should fight them, so if there is still more fighting to go with them, let me stay alive in order to strive more against them. If it has settled down, I beseech you to ignite it again so that I breathe my last in its context.”He concluded his supplication beseeching Allâh not to let him die until he had had full revenge on Banu Quraiza. In the midst of these difficult circumstances, plottery and intrigues were in fervent action against the Muslims. The chief criminal of Bani Nadir, Huyai, headed for the habitations of Banu Quraiza to incite their chief Ka‘b bin Asad Al-Qurazi, who had drawn a pact with the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) to run to his aid in times of war. Ka‘b, in the beginning resisted all Huyai’s temptation, but Huyai was clever enough to manipulate him, speaking of Quraish and their notables in Al-Asyal, as well as Ghatfan and their chieftains entrenched in Uhud, all in one mind, determined to exterminate Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and his followers. He, moreover, promised to stay in Ka‘b’s fort exposing himself to any potential danger in case Quraish and Ghatfan recanted. The wicked man went on in this manner until he later managed to win Ka‘b to his side and persuade him to break his covenant with the Muslims. Banu Quraiza then started to launch war operations against the Muslims especially the secluded garrisons that housed the women and children of the Muslims. On the authority of Ibn Ishaq, Safiyah (May Allah be pleased with her) daughter of ‘Abdul Muttalib happened to be in a garrison with Hassan bin Thabit as well as some women and children. Safiyah said: “A Jew was spotted lurking around our site, which was vulnerable to any enemy attacks because there were no men to defend it. I informed Hassan that I was suspicious of that man’s presence near us. He might take us by surprise now that the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) and the Muslims are too busy to come to our aid, why don’t you get down and kill him? Hassan answered that he would not do it, so I took a bar of wood, went down and struck the Jew to death. I returned and asked Hassan to loot him but again Hassan refused to do that. This event had a far reaching effect and discouraged the Jews from conducting further attacks thinking that those sites were fortified and protected by Muslim fighters. They, however, went on providing the idolaters with supplies in token of their support against the Muslims.

On hearing this bad news, the Messenger (Peace be upon him) despatched four Muslim prominent leaders Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh, Sa‘d bin ‘Ubada, ‘Abdullah bin Rawaha and Khawat bin Jubair for investigation but warning against any sort of spreading panic amongst the Muslims and advising that they should declare in public that the rumours are groundless if they happen to be so. Unfortunately the four men discovered that the news was true and that the Jews announced openly that no pact of alliance existed any longer with Muhammad (Peace be upon him). The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) was briefed on this situation, and the Muslims understood their critical position with the horrible danger implied therein. Their back was vulnerable to the attacks of Banu Quraiza, and a huge army with no way to connive at in front, while their women and children unprotected standing in between. In this regard, Allâh says:
“And when the eyes grew wild and the hearts reached to the throats, and you were harbouring doubts about Allâh. There, the believers were tried and shaken with a mighty shaking.”
[33:10, 11]

Now that the Muslims were shut in within the Trench on the defensive, the hypocrites taunted them with having indulged in delusive hopes of defeating Kisra, emperor of Persia, and Caesar, emperor of the Romans. They began to sow the seeds of defeatism, and pretended to withdraw for the defence of their homes, though these were in no way exposed to danger. Here, Allâh says:
“And when the hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease (of doubts) said, ‘Allâh and His Messenger (Peace be upon him) promised us nothing but delusions!’ And when a party of them said: ‘O people of Yathrib (Al-Madinah), there is no stand (possible) for you (against the enemy attack!) therefore go back!’ And a band of them asked for permission of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) saying: ‘Truly, our homes lie open (to the enemy).’ And they lay not open. They but wished to flee.” [33:12, 13]
The Messenger of Allâh, (Peace be upon him) wrapped himself in his robe and began to meditate on the perfidy of Banu Quraiza. The spirit of hopefulness prevailed over him and he rose to his feet saying:
“Allâh is Great. Hearken you Muslims, to Allâh’s good tidings of victory and support.”
He then started to lay decisive plans aiming at protecting the women and children, and sent some fighters back to Madinah to guard them against any surprise assault by the enemy. The second step was to take action that could lead to undermining the ranks of the disbelieving confederates. There, he had in mind to conclude a sort of reconciliation with the chiefs of Ghatfan on the basis of donating them a third of Madinah’s fruit crops. He sought the advice of his chief Companions, namely, Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh and Sa‘d bin ‘Ubadah, whose reply went as follows:

“O Messenger of Allâh! If it is Allâh’s injunction, then we have to obey, but if it is a new course you want to follow just to provide security for us then we don’t need it. We experienced those people in polytheism and idolatry and we can safely say that they don’t need the fruit of our orchards, they rather need to exterminate us completely. Now that Allâh has honoured us with Islam, I believe the best recourse in this situation is to put them to the sword.” Thereupon the Prophet (Peace be upon him) corrected their Belief saying: “My new policy is being forged to provide your security after all the Arabs have united to annihilate you (Muslims).”

Sa’ad ibn Mu’adh ruling the Banu Quraizah

In the light of this reluctance, they had nothing except to comply with the Messenger’s judgement. The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) ordered that the men should handcuffed, and this was done under the supervision of Muhammad bin Salamah Al-Ansari while the women and children were isolated in confinement. Thereupon Al-Aws tribe interceded begging the Prophet (Peace be upon him) to be lenient towards them. He suggested that Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh, a former ally, be deputed to give verdict about them, and they agreed.

Sa‘d meanwhile stayed behind in Madinah due to a serious wound he sustained in the Confederates Battle. He was summoned and brought on a donkey. On his way to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) , the Jews used to exhort him to be lenient in his judgement on account of former friendship. Sa‘d remained silent but when they persisted he uttered: “It is time for Sa‘d not to be afraid of the blame of the blamers.” On hearing this decisive attitude, some of them returned to Madinah waiting fa desperate doom.

On arrival, he alighted with the help of some men. He was informed that the Jews had agreed to accept his verdict about them. He immediately wondered if his judgement would pass on all the people present, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) included, turning his face away in honour of him. The reply was positive.

He decided that all the able-bodied male persons belonging to the tribe should be killed, women and children taken prisoners and their wealth divided among the Muslim fighters. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) accepted his judgement saying that Sa‘d had adjudged by the Command of Allâh. In fact, the Jews deserved that severe punitive action for the ugly treachery they had harboured against Islam, and the large arsenal they have amassed and which consisted of one thousand and five hundred swords, two thousand spears, three hundred armours and five hundred shields, all of which went into the hands of the Muslims. Trenches were dug in the bazaar of Madinah and a number of Jews between six and seven hundred were beheaded therein. Hot beds of intrigue and treachery were thus exterminated once and for all.

Huyai, a chief criminal of war, a devil of Bani Nadir and Safiyah’s father, had joined the ranks of Banu Quraiza when Quraish and Ghatfan defected, was admitted into the audience of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) with his hands tied to his neck with a rope. In audacious defiance, he declared obstinate enmity to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) but admitted that Allâh’s Will was to be fulfilled and added that he was resigned to his fate. He was ordered to sit down, and was beheaded on the spot.

Only one woman of the Jews was killed because she had killed a Muslim warrior by flinging a grinding stone upon him. A few elements of the enemy embraced Islam and their lives, wealth and children were spared. As for the spoils of the war, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) divided them, after putting a fifth aside, in accordance with Allâh’s injunctions. Three shares went to the horseman and one to the infantry fighter. Women captives were sent to Najd to be bartered with horses and weaponry. For himself, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) selected Rehana bint ‘Amr bin Khanaqah, manumitted and married her in the year 6 Hijri. She died shortly after the farewell pilgrimage and was buried in Al-Baqi‘.

After the war with Banu Quraiza had been settled and they had been defeated, Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh’s wish was gratified and he gave his last breath. In response to his supplication ‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) narrated, Sa‘d’s wounds began to bleed from the front part of his neck while he was in his tent which the Prophet (Peace be upon him) had pitched for him in the mosque so that he would be in close proximity in order to inquire about and watch his well-being closely. The people were not scared except when the blood flowed towards them, and in the Mosque along with Sa‘d’s tent, there was the tent of Banu Ghifar. They said: O people of the tent, what is it that is coming to us from you? Lo! it was Sa‘d’s wound that was bleeding and he died thereon.

The Throne of Allah Shook upon the Death of Sa’ad ibn Mu’adh

Jabir narrated that the Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) had said: “The Throne of the Compassionate shook for the death of Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh. ” When his bier was carried, At-Tirmidhi said: The hypocrites alleged it was too light. The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) retorted:
“The angels are carrying him.”

Narrated Jabir: I heard the Prophet (salallahu alaihi wasallam) saying, “The Throne (of Allah) shook at the death of Saad ibn Muadh.” Through another group of narrators, Jabir added, “I heard the Prophet : saying, ‘The Throne of the Beneficent (Ar-Rahman) shook because of the death of Saad ibn Muadh.” [Saheeh Al-Bukhari, Volume No. 5, Hadeeth No. 147]

[According to the Darussalam commentary, “The Throne shook” means that it shook in the delight of his welcome.]

There’s more…

Ibn Umar narrated that the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alaihi wasalam) said: “This (i.e. Saad ibn Muadh) is the one at whose death the Throne shook, the gates of heaven were opened for him and seventy thousand angels attended his funeral. It squeezed* him once then released him.” [Sunan An-Nasai, Hadeeth No. 2057. Graded ‘saheeh’ by Shaikh Al-Albani in Saheeh Sunan An-Nasai, Hadeeth No. 2055]

[*This refers to the squeezing of the grave.]

And that’s not all….

Al-Baraa reported that a garment of silk was presented to Allah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihi wasallam). His Companions touched it and admired its softness; thereupon he said: “Do you admire the softness of this (cloth)? The handkerchiefs of Saad ibn Muadh in Paradise are better than this.” [Saheeh Muslim, Hadeeth No. 6036]

 

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Angels and the Believers 3

i. They come down when a believer recites the Quran

Narrated Al-Bara’ bin ‘Azib: A man recited Surat-al-kahf (in his prayer) and in the house there was a (riding) animal which got frightened and started jumping. The man finished his prayer with Taslim, but behold! A mist or a cloud hovered over him. He informed the Prophet of that and the Prophet said, “O so-and-so! Recite, for this (mist or cloud) was a sign of peace descending for the recitation of Quran.”  (Book #56, Hadith #811)

Al-Bukhari recorded that Usayd bin Hudayr said that he was once reciting Surat Al-Baqarah while his horse was tied next to him. The horse started to make some noise. When Usayd stopped reciting, the horse stopped moving about. When he resumed reading, the horse started moving about again. When he stopped reciting, the horse stopped moving, and when he resumed reading, the horse started to move again. Meanwhile, his son Yahya was close to the horse, and he feared that the horse might step on him. When he moved his son back, he looked up to the sky and saw a cloud radiating with light that looked like lamps. In the morning, he went to the Prophet and told him what had happened and then said, “O Messenger of Allah! My son Yahya was close to the horse and I feared that she might step on him. When I attended to him and raised my head to the sky, I saw a cloud with lights like lamps. So I went, but I couldn’t see it.” The Prophet said, “Do you know what that was” He said, “No.” The Prophet said,

«تِلْكَ الْمَلَائِكَةُ دَنَتْ لِصَوْتِكَ وَلَو قَرَأْتَ لَأَصْبَحْتَ يَنْظُرُ النَّاسُ إِلَيْهَا، لَا تَتَوارَى مِنْهُم»

(They were the angels, they came close hearing your voice (reciting Surat Al-Baqarah), and if you had kept reading, the people would have been able to see the angels when the morning came, and the angels would not be hidden from their eyes.)

ii. They convey the salams of the ummah to Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam

From Ibn Mas’ud, the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said: ‘Allah has angels who travel about the earth; they convey to me the peace greeting from my ummah. Declared sahih by Albani

This hadith teaches us that

i. we should make lots of salawat toour prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam and it will be conveyed to him Insya Allah

ii. We do not need to ask people to send salam to the prophet when they visit the prophet sallalhu alaihi waslam grave, because the angels are our messengers who will pass the salam to us whenever we make salawat.

iii. They protect and support righteous people, and relieve their distress

Allah may send angels to protect some of His righteous slaves other than the Prophets and Messengers.

This story is in Ibn Kathir in a commentary of the ayah 27: 62

Is not He (better than your gods) who responds to distressed one, when he calls on Him, and He removes the evil (Qur’an 27:62)

– He said:Al-Haafiz ibn ‘Asaakir mentioned the story of a man of whom Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Dawood ad-Daynoori, who was known as Ad-Daqqi as-Soofi. This man said:

I used to transport people and their goods with a mule that belonged to me, from Damascus to Balad az-Zabadaani. One day a man rode with me, and for part of the way we were traveling off the beaten track. He said to me, “Take this path, it is shorter”, I said, “That’s no good. “He said “But it is shorter”

So we took the path, and it reached a place where it was very difficult to go, and there was deep valley in which there were many dead bodies. He said, “Hold the mule’s head, so I can dismount.” So he dismounted, then he rolled up his sleeves and gathered his garments. Then he pulled out a knife and came towards me. I ran away from him and he followed me. I implored him by Allah, and said, “Take the mule and all the baggage on it. He said they are mine anyway but I am going to kill you. I tried to scare him by reminding him of Allah and the punishment, but he paid no heed to that.”

So I surrendered to him, and said “let me pray two rakah” He said hurry up then. So I stood up to pray , but the words of the Qur’an would not come to me. I could not remember even a single letter. I remained standing, confused and he was saying “Come on! get on with it” Then Allah enabled me to recite this Ayah

Is not He (better than your gods) who responds to distressed one, when he calls on Him, and He removes the evil (Qur’an 27:62)

Suddenly I saw a horseman who had come from the mouth of the valley with a spear on his hand. He threw the spear at the man, and it did not miss his heart. The man fell dead, and I clung to the horseman and said, “By Allah, who are you” He said “I am a messenger of the One who responds to the distressed one when he calls on Him, and Who removes the evil” Then I took the mule and the baggage and I returned safe and sound.

Similarly, Allah sent Jibreel to help the mother of Ismaa’eel in Makkah.

In Saheeh al-Bukhaari it is narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas from the Prophet (Peace be upon him), in the story of Ibraaheem’s migration with Ismaa’eel and his mother Haajir to the land of Makkah – which is a long story – that the mother of Ismaa’eel ran like a distressed person between As-Safa’ and Al-Marwah seven times, looking for water.

“When she looked out from Al-Marwah, she heard a voice, and she kept quiet and listened attentively. She heard the voice again and said,

“O (whoever you may be)! You have made me hear your voice; have you got something to help me?”

And she saw an angel at the place of Zamzam, digging the earth with his heel (or his wing), till water flowed from that place…

The angel said to her,

‘Don’t be afraid of being neglected, for this is the House of Allah which will be built by this boy and his father, and Allah never neglects His people.’”

(Bukhaari, 6/397, hadith no. 3364)

This angel who came to her was Jibreel. In Al-Musnad it is narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas that Ubayy ibn Ka’b said:

“When Jibreel dug Zamzam with his heel, the mother of Ismaa’eel started to scoop up the earth around it.

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

‘May Allah have mercy on Ismaa’eel’s mother! Had she left Zamzam alone (flowing without trying to control it), Zamzam would have been a stream flowing on the surface of the earth.’”

(Musnad Ahmad, 5/121)

Allah knows best how He sends help to the rest of us when we are in distress. Tawakkal to Allah that He doesn’t leave one in distress for He knows what is best for you.

iv. The angels attend the funerals of the righteous

Ibn Umar [ra] narrated that the messenger of Allah, [pbuh] said concerning the death of Sa’ad ibn Mu’adh: “This is a righteous servant for whom the Throne shook and for whom the gates of heavens were thrown open and whose funeral was witnessed by 70,000 angels who had never descended to the earth until that day. He was squeezed (in his grave once), then he was released”(Muslim)

More about Saad bin Mu’adh HERE

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Shirk in Tawheed of Lordship

Insya Allah we will be using this simple article for this topic.

Explaining Shirk by Sheikh al Uthaymeen

Shirk in Tawhid ar Rububiyyah
This shirk includes the belief that either
i. Shirk by association – that there are others who share Allah’s control and rule over the creation
ii. Shirk by negation – Believing that there is no God at all.
This kind of shirk can be divided into two main types
i. Shirk by association

The most common example in this shirk is superstitious. Believing that something will bring them luck or bad luck or believing in fortune tellers and horoscopes.

Do you believe an amulet can bring you luck? Or a black cat can bring you bad luck? This is shirk, because none of the created things can do any of these things because the One who has power is only Allah. He has predestined everything for you and He also has decreed for you your rizq. Nothing controls your life or your fortune. By taking a charm for good luck, you have destroyed your tawheed ar Rububiyyah and you have also committed shirk. May Allah protect us.

It is the same with horoscope. We read the horoscopes and believe that what it says will happen to you. We abide by their suggestions for good luck to avoid bad luck. If you read the horoscope and you believe in it, this is shirk. If you read it for fun but do not believe in it, this is a big sin and you need to repent. Listen to this hadith by Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam

The Salaah (daily prayer) of whoever approaches a fortuneteller and asks him about anything will not be accepted for forty days and nights.’
[Saheeh Muslim vol.4,p. 1211, no 5440]

This believing in luck and horoscope and fortune teller is associating Allah’s action of the one who provides and the One who has the power to do anything and denies that Allah is the One who can see the Unseen.

With Him are the keys to the unseen and no one knows except Him. Al An’aam 6:59
Say: None in the heavens or earth knows the unseen except Allah An naml 27:65

Another form of associating Allah is also by making a decision of Allah into parts like the Hindus. They believe in one god – brahma. But they believe this one god is divided to three forms: Brahma the creator god, Vishnu the preserver god and Shiva the destroyer God.

ii. Shirk by Negation

By denying that there is no god at all or saying that he himself is god like Pharoah

An Naziat 79: 24
24. saying: “I am Your Lord, Most high”,

This is also shirk in Tawheed ar Rububiyah thinking that the world is created by itself and nothing is governing it. Does he not look at himself and pnder how all these can just occur by itself? How the world can run its course without the Planer and Creator?

Reference

Islamic Studies Book 2 – Dr Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips IIPH

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Lailatul Qadr

 

LAILATUL QADR – THE NIGHT of DECREE

Laylatul Qadr is exclusively for the Ummah of Rasullulah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), since the Quran was revealed on this night. We don’t realize how merciful Allah is towards us, and the future generations of the Ummah to follow. The reason this Blessed night was given to us is related in a hadith as follows:

“Allah’s Messenger, (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), looked back at the previous communities and saw that his community lived for a much shorter period in comparison to them. He was concerned about how his community would be able to gain as many rewards as those of the previous communities. So when Allah, the Exalted, saw the concerns in the heart of His Beloved, (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), then he, (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), was given Laylatul-Qadr, which is more virtuous than a thousand months.” {Imâm Mâlik, Muwatta}

`Ubadah bin As-Samit that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi salam said, The Night of Al-Qadr occurs during the last ten (nights). Whoever stands for them (in prayer) seeking their reward, then indeed Allah will forgive his previous sins and his latter sins. It is an odd night: the ninth, or the seventh, or the fifth, or the third or the last night (of Ramadan).

The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi salam also said,

Verily, the sign of the Night of Al-Qadr is that it is pure and glowing as if there were a bright, tranquil, calm moon during it. It is not cold, nor is it hot, and no shooting star is permitted until morning. Its sign is that the sun appears on the morning following it smooth having no rays on it, just like the moon on a full moon night. Shaytan is not allowed to come out with it (the sun) on that day.

It has been reported that Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri said,

“The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wassalam performed I`tikaf during the first ten nights of Ramadan and we performed I`tikaf with him. Then Jibril came to him and said, `That which you are seeking is in front of you.’ So the Prophet performed I`tikaf during the middle ten days of Ramadan and we also performed I`tikaf with him. Then Jibril came to him and said; `That which you are seeking is ahead of you.’ So the Prophet stood up and gave a sermon on the morning of the twentieth of Ramadan and he said, Verily, it is during the twenty-seventh or the twenty-ninth night. And verily, the angels who are on the earth during that night are more numerous than the number of pebbles.

Mujahid (rahimahullah), one of the prominent mufassireen of the tabi’een said: the prayer and fasting on this day is like continuous prayer and fasting for 1000 months. Just imagine that you are blessed to meet this special night, just how many thousands of months of worshiping will that equate to. Subhanallah, this is the mercy of Allah to our ummah.

But to meet the night is not just a matter of chance. It requires hard work, steadfast and loads of du’a. Even though there are hadith indicating it will be on the odd nights and the signs that follow it, the reality is we do not know which one is the night. We just need to strive on all of the last ten nights.

The Decree on Laylatul Qadr

Allah has issued His decrees for His slaves fifty thousand years before He created His creation. The Quran and sunnah has indicate that there are two kinds of decrees: the annual decrees and the daily decree. The annual decree takes place on Laylatul Qadr. Details on who will live and die during the coming year, how much provision and rain people will have, what actions people will do, and so on, are transferred from Umm al-Kitaab.

Ad Dukhan 44: 3-5

3. we sent it (this Qur’ân) down on a blessed night [(i.e. night of Qadr, Sûrah No: 97) In the month of Ramadân,, the 9th month of the Islâmic calendar]. Verily, we are ever warning [mankind that Our torment will reach those who disbelieve In Our Oneness of Lordship and In Our Oneness of worship].
4. therein (that night) is decreed Every matter of ordainments .
5. Amran (i.e. a command or This Qur’an or the decree of Every matter) from us. Verily, we are ever sending (the Messengers),

The daily decree means the carrying out of the decrees so they happen at the times previously determined.
Ar Rahman 55: 29

29. Whosoever is In the heavens and on earth begs of Him (its needs from Him). Every Day He has some affair to bring forth (such as giving honour to Some, disgrace to Some, life to Some, death to Some, etc.)!

Mufassirin commented on this ayah that part of Allah’s affair every day is to give life and give death
It is the night!

A night so beautiful is reserved only for Allah’s companions. Those who truly aim to seek this night will give their utmost servitude to the One they are seeking (in this Night). They will give quality worship and ignore their tiredness.

So valuable is this Night of Qadr that the Qur’ân devotes this special Sûrah to it “Lailatul Qadr is better than a thousand months”. This one night surpasses the value of 30,000 nights. The most authentic account of the occurrence of the Night indicates that it can occur on any one of the last ten, odd numbered nights of Ramadhân. The fact that the exact night is unknown reflects Allâh’s will in keeping it hidden. Indeed, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa salam was prevented from telling us its precise time. One day, he came out to tell the companions the exact night. On the way he saw two men arguing with each other. By the will of Allâh, he sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam forgot and subsequently remembered it. Afterwards the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was instructed not to divulge this information. “Had I been allowed,” he sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam remarked once, “I would have told you (of its exact time).” [Ahmad] The Almighty in His wisdom kept this hidden from us for many reasons (wa Allâhu ‘Alam).

Perhaps He wants us to strive hard in our worship during the last ten days of Ramadhân so that we don’t become lazy, worshipping hard on just that one night and denying ourselves the benefit of doing the same on the other nights. The sincere believer who worries day and night about his sins and phases of neglect in his life patiently awaits the onset of Ramadhân. During it he hopes to be forgiven by Allâh for past sins, knowing that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam promised that all who bear down during the last ten days shall have all their sins forgiven. To achieve this, he remembers the Prophet’s sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam advice in different sayings wherein he used words like “seek”, “pursue”, “search”, and “look hard” for Lailatul Qadr.

Al-Aloosi comments; The fact that we don’t know the exact Night of Qadr – removes us from
some blame, in comparison to if we knew when the Night of Qadr was, and if we were lazy then – that would bring us ALOT more blame.

Moreover, Allâh and His Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam provided us some signs of its occurrence.

What should one do during the last ten days in pursuit of Lailatul Qadr? The devoted servant of Allâh makes these nights alive with prayer, reading and reflecting on Qur’ân. The long qiyaam prayer has been particularly recommended during the nights on which Laylat ul-Qadr could fall.

He makes du’aa’ to Allâh, penitently beseeching Him for His forgiveness. He is inspired by the Prophet’s sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam words

“Our Lord, most Exalted, Most high comes down to the lowest heaven during the last third of each night and announces (reassuringly): Whoever makes du’aa’, I shall answer it. Whoever asks (for something halal) I shall grant it; and whoever seeks forgiveness, I shall forgive him.” [Bukhârî]

The believer, conscious of Allâh and their sins, will continue to beseech Allâh, in and out of prayer, during his prostration.

Aa’isha radiallaahu ‘anhu said:

“When the (last) ten started, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would tighten his izaar (i.e. he stayed away from his wives in order to have more time for worship), spend the whole night awake (in prayer), and wake up his family.” [Bukhaaree and Muslim]

For a time, the only concern will be cleansing oneself of the forgetfulness that this life propagates in one’s heart, the sins that accumulate, darkening the heart, making it insensitive to disobeying Allâh. He begs Allâh to keep him away from misfortunes in this world, the punishment of the grave, and the torment of Hell. He asks Allâh to make him patient and steadfast in struggling to maintain his Islam in this world and asks Him to overlook his shortcomings, periods of laziness and neglect. Sincere devotion on that night will render the believer forgetful of the time, until he is surprised by the Adhan of Fajr. After Fajr, as the sun creeps above the horizon, reddish and weak in its appearance, without any rays, the effort at night will have been worthwhile.

The believer rejoices, knowing that this was quite possibly Lailatul Qadr and

“Whoever stays up (in prayer and remembrance of Allâh) on the Night of Qadr fully believing (in Allâh’s promise of reward for that night) and hoping to seek reward (from Allâh alone and not from people), he shall be forgiven for his past sins.” [Bukhârî, Muslim]

‘Aisha (radiallahu ‘anhaa) asked the Messenger of Allah a very smart question: “if we know that tonight is laylatul-qadar, what should we do?” How can we maximize our deeds this great day? What’s the one, best thing to say or do?

اللْهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّي

And he responded: Say: “Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun, tuhibbu al-’afwaan, fa’affuw ‘anniy.”)

Meaning? O Allah, You are Al-Affuw–the one who obliterates sins and leaves not even a trace of them–and you love Al-Afwaan, the ones who ask for ‘affaw; so ‘affuw (obliterate, destroy, disintegrate, remove, annihilate) my sins. [Bukhari]
LESSONS

1. Quran is revealed as a whole to Baitul Izzah in the night of Lailatul Qadr
2. Lailatul Qadr is a blessed night with so many virtues that we cannot afford to miss it.
3. Lailatul Qadr is even better than 1000 months
4. The knowledge that lailatul qadr is better than 1000 months should make us strive to make worship on this special night so insya Allah will be graced with blessings form Allah on this night.
5. There is peace in the night up to dawn the coming morning.
6. Make du’a and strive that you’ll be among those who will meet this night.

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Al Qadr 97: 4-5

Verse 4

4. therein descend the angels and the Rûh [Jibrael (Gabriel)] by Allâh’s permission with All Decrees,

Find in the verse the word meaning

Angels – ______________________
Permission – ___________________
Their Lord – ___________________
Each – ________________________
Matter – _______________________

Allah explains what happen in this special night – lailatul Qadr – the angels will descend in abundance during the Night of Al-Qadr due to its abundant blessings. The angels descend with the blessings and mercy, just as they descend when the Qur’an is recited, they surround the circles of Dhikr (remembrance of Allah) and they lower their wings and make du’a for them.

Let’s imagine that. Many angels are coming down from heaven looking for those who are worshipping Allah to envelop them with Allah’s blessing and mercy. We are all in need of Allah’s mercy. And for this alone, we all should strive to hunt for this special night.

Imam Ahmad also recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said about the Night of Al-Qadr, Verily, it is during the twenty-seventh or the twenty-ninth night. And verily, the angels who are on the earth during that night are more numerous than the number of pebbles.

This a spine shivering thought that the angels are on earth so many and covers the earth ready to greet the worshipping slaves. We hope not to lose such opportunity.

Ar-Ruh, here means the angel Jibril. This is a very special night indeed when even the angel Jibreel comes down which he only comes down to send wahyu to Prophets or on occasions as instructed by Allah. In our lifetime, we know from this ayah, that this is the night that Jibreel will come down to earth.

Angels will only come down by the instructions of Allah. They do not follow their whims of desire.

A lot of polytheistic religions commit shirk with the Angels, making them into a deity which is worshipped. So Allah is implying that the angels can’t do anything – except with His permission.

The polytheists would make the angels into gods, i.e. an angel which has power over the rain clouds might later be turned into a force, a ‘god of the rain’ etc. by future ignorant people. So Allah is telling us that the angels descend only by His permission.

Verse 5

5. Peace! (all that night, there is peace and goodness from Allâh to his believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn.

Find the word in the verse that means

Peace – ________
Until – _________
Dawn – ________

Peace

Among the opinions of the scholars on the matter of peace (refer to Ibn Kathir)
– With every matter, there is a peace until the appearance of dawn.
– The angels giving the greetings of peace during the Night of Al-Qadr to the people in the Masjids until the coming of Fajr (dawn).
– This means all of it is good and there is no evil in it until the coming of Fajr (dawn).

Allâh subhanahu wa ta’ala describes the night as “..peace until the rise of the morn.” [97:5] In various sayings, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam described the night as serene, tranquil, and peaceful. The sun at sunrise would appear reddish and without its normal blazing and sharp rays. Ubayy radiallaahu ‘anhu said :

“On the morning of the night of Qadr the sun would rise without any beams; (it is like) a wash basin until it raises.” [Muslim]

Ibn Abbaas radiallaahu ‘anhu said that the Messenger of Allaah (S) said :

“The night of Qadr is a night of generosity and happiness, it is not hot and neither is it cold. The sun comes up in its morning weak, reddish.” [Tabaranee, Ibn Khuzaimah and Bazzaar]

 

Related

1. Al Qadr : the Revelation of Quran

2. Al Qadr 97: 1-3

 

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