Monthly Archives: July 2013

Prophet Nuh alaihi salam : The Flood

So We revealed to him (saying): “Construct the ship under Our Eyes and under Our Revelation (guidance). Then, when Our Command comes, and water gushes forth from the oven, take on board of each kind two (male and female), and your family, except those thereof against whom the Word has already gone forth. And address Me not in favour of those who have done wrong. Verily, they are to be drowned. (Al mumeenoon 23: 27)

Allah ordered that when His Decree comes and the punishment befalls Prophet Nuh alaihi salam is to do the followings

i. Put in the Ark a pair from every kind of animal

ii. Take with him his family who believe meaning to leave the ones who disbelieve

iii. And not to beseech Allah when he sees the disbelievers drowning

The scholars differed regarding how many people boarded the Ark with Nuh. It is reported from Ibn Abbas, that there were eighty men along with their wives. Some said 72, some said 10 while some said only his family.

As for the wife of Prophet Nuh alaihi salam, some said she died before the Flood. Some said she drowned with the disbelievers. The Bible says she was in the Ark, thus perhaps she became disbeliever afterwards.

Regardless, we know that the wife of Prophet Nuh alaihi salam was a disbeliever

Surah at Tahrim 66: 10

Allâh sets forth an example for those who disbelieve, the wife of Nûh (Noah) and the wife of Lut (Lot). They were under two of our righteous slaves, but they both betrayed them (their husbands by rejecting their doctrine) So they [Nûh (Noah) and Lut (Lot) A.S.] availed them (their respective wives) not, against Allâh, and it was said: “Enter the Fire along with those who enter!” (10)

Allah instructed Prophet Noah alaihi salam

Surah Mu’meenoon 23: 28-29

And when you have embarked on the ship, you and whoever is with you, then say: “All the praises and thanks are to Allâh, Who has saved us from the people who are Zâlimûn (i.e. oppressors, wrong-doers, polytheists, those who join others in worship with Allâh). (28) And say: “My Lord! Cause me to land at a blessed landing-place, for You are the Best of those who bring to land.” (29)

In another Surah Hud 11: 40-41

(So it was) till when Our Command came and the oven gushed forth (water like fountains from the earth). We said: “Embark therein, of each kind two (male and female), and your family – except him against whom the Word has already gone forth – and those who believe. And none believed with him, except a few.” (40) And he [Nûh (Noah) A.S.] said: “Embark therein, in the Name of Allâh will be its (moving) course and its (resting) anchorage. Surely, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Tafsir At-Tabarî) (41)And he [Nûh (Noah) A.S.] said: “Embark therein, in the Name of Allâh will be its (moving) course and its (resting) anchorage. Surely, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Tafsir At-Tabarî) (41)

It is clear in these ayahs, that before Prophet Nuh alaihi salam embark on the journey, he glorified Allah, thanked Allah and make du’a to Allah.

Similarly in another ayah in Surah Zukhroof 43:12-14

And Who has created all the pairs and has appointed for you ships and cattle on which you ride; (12) In order that you may mount on their backs, and then may remember the Favour of your Lord when you mount thereon, and say: “Glory to Him who has subjected this to us, and we could never have it (by our efforts).” (13) And verily, to Our Lord we indeed are to return! (14)

Thus, we should take this lesson and also glorify and praise Allah and make du’a to Allah before we ride in a vehicle.

Prophet Nuh alaihi salam began his journey with Allah’s name and ended it with Allah’s name.

The Flood

The waves of the water were like mountains

Hud 11: 42

So it (the ship) sailed with them amidst the waves like mountains,

This is because Allah sent down rain from the sky, the like of which the people of earth has never seen before. Similarly, there was no rain like it after the incident. The earth gushed fourth its water from its springs when it was ordered to do so.

Surah al Qamar 54: 10-14

Then he invoked his Lord (saying): “I have been overcome, so help (me)!” (10) So We opened the gates of heaven with water pouring forth. (11) And We caused the spring to gush forth from the earth. So the waters (of the heaven and the earth) met for a matter predestined (12) And We carried him on a (ship) made of planks and nails, (13) Floating under Our Eyes, a reward for him who had been rejected! (14) And indeed, We have left this as a sign, Then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)? (15)

Subhanallah. Even the devastating tsunami that we watched can never be compared to the flood that befalls on the people of Nuh alaihi salam. May Allah protect us.

Surah al Haqqah 69: 11-12

Verily! When the water rose beyond its limits [Nûh’s (Noah) Flood], We carried you (mankind) in the floating [ship that was constructed by Nûh (Noah)]. (11) That We might make it a (Noah’s ship)an admonition for you, and that it might be retained by the retaining ears. (12)

Discuss. Allah says that Allah is giving these stories as a reminder for us. Reflect to what you have learned by far and what kind of admonition did you get.

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Manners of Making Supplication – Continued

1. Praise Allah at the beginning of du’a and then the sending of Prayers upon His Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam

The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam heard a man supplicate in his prayer, without glorifying Allah and without sending prayers upon teh prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said (to him)

You have rushed (your supplication) O worshipper

And then the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam heard a man pray; the man glorified Allah, praised Him and sent prayers to teh Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam. the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said (to him)

Supplicate, you will be answered, ask, you will be given.

(At Tirmidhee graded Hasan. Graded sahih by AlBaanee

Ibn Mas’ud radiallahhu anhu related a similar narration. He said, “I was once praying while Abu bakr and Umar were with teh Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam. When I sat down, I began by praising Allah then sending prayers upon the Prophet sallalalhu alaihi wasalam. I then supplicated for myself. The prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam then said,

“Ask, you will be given; ask, you will be given.”

This is Insya Allah a good reminder for us to not be hasty in making our du’a. Praise Allah with His Beautiful names. He is the One who is going to answer to your prayer. It is of the best of manners that we praise Him before we seek His help.

The best of example of making du’a is taught to us by Allah in Surah Fatihah. The first three verses of Surah fatihah are praises to Allah before we make our du’a.

Also never forget to send solah to Prophet Muhammad sallalalhu alaihi wasalam.

Let’s try it.

Let’s look at this article on how we are to send salah to our Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam. HERE.

2. Asking Allah three times

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported that the Prophet sallalalhu alaihi wasalam loves to repeat his supplications three times, and pray for forgiveness three times. (Abu Dawud)

Anas ibn Malik narrated that the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,

If you ask Alalh for the jannah three times, the jannah will say, O Allah, make him enter jannah. And if you ask Allah to protect you from hellfire three times, hellfire will say, “O Allah, protect him from hellfire.”

Repeating the du’a shows the persistence and the urgency of your need when you ask from the One who can Give.

Al-Bukhaari (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:

“Chapter on repeating du’aa’s.” Then he mentioned the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her), that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made du’aa’ to Allaah and repeated the du’aa’, when the Jew Labeed ibn al-A’sam put a spell on him. ‘Aa’ishah said: Until one day, or one night, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made du’aa’, then he made du’aa’, then he made du’aa’… Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6391; Muslim, 2189.

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in al-Daa’ wa’l-Dawa’ (p. 25): One of the most beneficial of remedies is persisting in du’aa’.

In Kitaab al-Zuhd by Imam Ahmad (305) it is narrated from Qataadah: Mawraq said: I can find no other likeness for the believer except that of a man who is at sea, clinging onto a piece of wood, and saying, “O Lord, O Lord,” that Allaah might save him.

And Allaah knows best.

Insya Allah we will try our very best.

Taken from

1. The Book of Manners – darussalam

2. QuranSunnah

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Jalasatul Istirahah

Ayyub narrated: Abu Qilabah said : Malik bin Huwairith came to us and led us in salah in this mosque of ours and said:

“I lead you in Salah,just to show you how Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam performed his Salah”

I asked Abu Qilabah, “How was the solah of Malik bin Huwairith?” He replied, “Like the solah of this sheikh of ours (Amr bin Salamah)

“That Sheikh used to pronounce the Takbir perfectly and when he raised his head from the second prostration, he would sit for a while and then support himself on the ground and get up. (Bukhari)

Malik bin Huwairith Al Laithi narrated:

I saw he Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam performing salaah and in the odd rakaah, he used to sit for a moment before getting up (Bukhari)

There is a difference of opinion as whether this is wajib or sunat muakkad or mustahab when there is a need to do so. It is mustahab when there is a need to do so insya Allah. Refer HERE.

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Ghusl

Ghusl – Major Hadith Special bath (mandi wajib)

Matters that require one to take ghusl is when they had the following incident
i. Mani – sticky liquid that comes out from our private part particularly when we think of the opposite sex.
ii. Sexual intercourse. (State of janabah)
iii. After menstruation.
iv. Post-child bleeding.

What you are not allowed to do when you are in this state
i. Solah
ii. Hajj
iii. Fast (Sawm)
iv. Read the Quran (Khilaf for during menses)
v. Touch the quran
vi. Sit in the masjid (you can pass through)
To be in the state of purity you must clean yourself after, by making Ghusl (Mandi wajib).

Pillars of Ghusl
i. Intention
– From the hadith of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam, “Verily deeds are purely according to attention.”
– Say the intention in your heart.

ii. Washing all the body parts
– How do we know how to perform ghusl? By the teaching of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam. Let’s look at the hadith by Aisyah radiallahu anhu

She said, “When Allah’s messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam made ghusl from janabah, he used to begin by washing hands, then he would pour water from his right hand to his left hand and wash his private parts, make the ablution of prayer, take some water and put his finger to the roots of his hair, until he could see that the skin was wet, then he would pour water over his head three times and then over the rest of his body. Then he would wash his feet.

Summary
• Wash hands
• Pour water from the right hand to the left hand to wash the private part. Or por water from your shower hose and clean your private part with your left hand.
• Take wudhu’ (ablution)
• Take some water and wash the root of your hair until the skin is wet.
• Wash the head three times
• Wash the rest over the body
• Wash the feet.

Other actions that is mustahab (sunat) to perform ghusl
i. After losing consciousness
ii. After burying a kaafir
iii. On the day of two Eeds (Al Fitr and Adha)
iv. On the Day of Arafah
v. Friday
vi. After washing corpse
vii. For Hajj and Umrah

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Al Ghafur, al Ghaffar

One of Allah’s greatest names is Al-Ghafuwr (الغَفُور). It’s one of the most common names mentioned in the Qur’an (91 times). The name itself is on the pattern that denotes a very powerful doer of an action.

Linguistic Meaning: The root of Al-Ghaffuwr and Al-Ghaffar is the verb is ghafara (غَفَرَ), which does NOT mean “to forgive”; rather, it means to shield and protect and cover. Like a helmet, which, in Arabic, is called a “mighfaar.”

Islamic Meaning: Islamically, Allah (سبحانه وتعالى), Al-Ghaffuwr is the one who shields and protects YOU from the consequences of your own actions. One of the connotations is, you shield and cover something based upon knowledge. So when Allah does maghfirah, he’s covering your sins, being fully aware of what they are.

So we say he’s the one who FORGIVES, regardless of how large the sin his. That’s what Al-Ghaffuwr is—the one who does the concept of ghafara to a higher level. Even if it’s a large quantity—a HUGE sin—Al-Ghafuwr will cover it up. It’s a QUALITY of covering.

غَفَّارً۬ا – Oft Forgiving

Allah says in Surah Imran 3: 147

رَبَّنَا ٱغۡفِرۡ لَنَا ذُنُوبَنَا

Our Lord! Forgive us our sins

In contrast to Al-Ghaffuwr, Al-Ghaffaar is only mentioned about four times in the Qur’an.

Al-Ghaffaar is the one who CONTINUES to forgive, again and again and again and again and again. So Allah (سبحانه وتعالى) forgives you REGARDLESS of how many times you sin—again and again, he gives you continuous forgiveness. It’s a QUANTITY forgiveness.

Again

Al Ghafur – the One who hides the sins even how big it is

Al Ghaffar – the One who continuously forgive the sins regardless how many times you sin

Combined Names
This great name of Allah (سبحانه وتعالى), Al-Ghafuwr, is mentioned in combination with several other names of Allah.

Ar-Raheem: 72 times, Allah mentions Al-Ghafuwr with Ar-Raheem, one of the most common sets of pairs of Allah’s names—signifying that he COVERS these sins because he’s merciful to us. We have learned about ar Rahim. Let’s refresh it HERE.

Al-Haleem: 6 times, Allah pairs Al-Ghafuwr with Al-Haleem—and Al-Haleem means the one who is able to restrain his anger after being justifiably angry. He is capable of being angry with us, but he restrains and forgives us.

Al-’Afuww: 4 times, Allah pairs Al-Ghaffuwr with Al-’Affuw, meaning he is the one who covers our sins, and also wipes them out, utterly obliterates them, with his forgiveness.

Ash-Shakuwr: 3 times, he pairs this with As-Shakuwr (الشكور), the one who appreciates what you’ve done and rewards you with more then you deserve. Pairing this with Al-Ghafuwr, you get the one who forgives you, and gives you more then you deserve for your good deeds. And Suratush-Shuraa, the people of Jannah say: “we made it because Allah is Ghafuwr and Shakuwr—He forgave us, and gave us more then we deserve.”

Al-Aziz: 2 times, Allah pairs Al-Ghafuwr with Al-Aziz (العزيز), and Al-Aziz is, the one who has honour and power, and the one who has power in himself so he cannot be harmed, and the all-powerful. These are the meanings of Aziz. By combining with Al-Ghafuwr, Allah is saying, “I’m forgiving you DESPITE the fact that I’m all-powerful.” Because if a bully comes and hits you, you might forgive him, because there’s nothing you can do—you’re weak and incapable—but Allah says “no, I forgive even though I am Al-Aziz.” And that is the HEIGHT of forgiveness. We have done Al Aziz. Let’s see how we can connect the meaning HERE

Al-Waduwd: 1 time, Allah pairs Al-Ghafuwr with Al-Waduwd (الوَدُود)–the one who shows extra love, the caring type of love (Arabic has over 10 verbs to describe different types of love). And Al-Waduwd has connotations of caring and loving and protecting. Allah is saying “I forgive you because I love you with that type of love”–best described as a parent’s love (wudd) for her child.

Allah says about Himself that He is the Forgiver, the Oft Forgiving and the All Forgiving of sins. Allah says in Surah Ghafir 40: 3

The Forgiver of sin, the Acceptor of repentance, the Severe in punishment, the Bestower (of favours), Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), to Him is the final return. (3)

غَافِرِ ٱلذَّنۢبِ – Forgiver of sins

Allah also said that prophet Nuh Alaihi salam address to them to seek forgiveness from your Lord in Surah Nuh 71: 10

فَقُلۡتُ ٱسۡتَغۡفِرُواْ رَبَّكُمۡ إِنَّهُ ۥ كَانَ غَفَّارً۬ا

I said (to them): ‘Ask forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving;

Priests Cannot Forgive Sins

Allah Alone is the One who has the right to forgive sins

Al Imran 3: 35

And those who, when they have committed Fahishah (illegal sexual intercourse) or wronged themselves with evil, remember Allâh and ask forgiveness for their sins; – and none can forgive sins but Allâh – And do not persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know.

Those who gave the priests the right to forgive sins have really gone astray. Forgiving sins is the right of Allah alone. he Forgives the sins of whom He wills of His slaves and He tortures whom he wills

Al fath 48: 14

And to Allâh belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, He forgives whom He wills, and punishes whom He wills.

The Sin that Allah does Not Forgive

Allah forgives all sins

Az Zumar 39: 53

 قُلۡ يَـٰعِبَادِىَ ٱلَّذِينَ أَسۡرَفُواْ عَلَىٰٓ أَنفُسِهِمۡ لَا تَقۡنَطُواْ مِن رَّحۡمَةِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ يَغۡفِرُ ٱلذُّنُوبَ جَمِيعًا‌ۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ هُوَ ٱلۡغَفُورُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ

Say: “O ‘Ibâdî (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allâh, verily Allâh forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful

ٱلۡغَفُورُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ

The only sin that is unforgivable is the association of partners with Allah and disbelief

An Nisa 4: 48

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يَغۡفِرُ أَن يُشۡرَكَ بِهِۦ وَيَغۡفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٲلِكَ لِمَن يَشَآءُ‌ۚ

Verily, Allâh forgives not that partners should be set up with Him (in worship), but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He wills

An Nisa 4: 137

نَّ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ثُمَّ كَفَرُواْ ثُمَّ ءَامَنُواْ ثُمَّ كَفَرُواْ ثُمَّ ٱزۡدَادُواْ كُفۡرً۬ا لَّمۡ يَكُنِ ٱللَّهُ لِيَغۡفِرَ لَهُمۡ وَلَا لِيَہۡدِيَہُمۡ سَبِيلاَۢ

Verily, those who believe, then disbelieve, then believe (again), and (again) disbelieve, and go on increasing in disbelief; Allâh will not forgive them, nor guide them on the (Right) Way

Having Sins Forgiven

1. We gain the Forgiveness from Allah by seeking His Forgiveness

Al Imran 3: 135

And those who, when they have committed Fahishah (illegal sexual intercourse) or wronged themselves with evil, remember Allâh and ask forgiveness for their sins; – and none can forgive sins but Allâh – And do not persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know

An Nisa 4: 110

And whoever does evil or wrongs himself but afterwards seeks Allâh’s Forgiveness, he will find Allâh Oft¬Forgiving, Most Merciful.

2. The one new to Islam

Taha 20: 73

Verily! We have believed in our Lord, that He may forgive us our faults, and the magic to which you did compel us. And Allâh is better as regards reward in comparison to your [Fir’aun’s (Pharaoh)] reward, and more lasting (as regards punishment in comparison to your punishment

Amr ibn al-‘As says: “When Allah guided me to Islam, I went to the Prophet (saws) and said to him: ‘O Prophet of Allah (saws)! Stretch out your hand so that I may pledge my allegiance to you.’ The Prophet (saws) stretched out his hand to me, but I withdrew my hand. The Prophet (saws) asked: ‘O ‘Amr! What is the matter with you?’ I said: ‘I would like to stipulate a condition!’ The Prophet (saws) asked: ‘What is it?’ I said: ‘That all my past sins be forgiven!’ The Prophet (saws) said: ‘O ‘Amr! Do you not know that (acceptance of) Islam wipes off all past sins, and ‘Hijrah’ (migration for Allah’s Cause) wipes off all sins, and Hajj (Mabrur) wipes off all past sins!”‘

In this narration the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam informed us that Allah forgives the previous sins of whoever embraces Islam and emigrates and perform pilgrimage.

Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Prophet of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wassallam) said: “There was a man from among a nation before you who killed ninety-nine people and then made an inquiry about the most learned person on the earth. He was directed to a monk. He came to him and told him that he had killed ninety-nine people and asked him if there was any chance for his repentance to be accepted. He replied in the negative and the man killed him also completing one hundred. He then asked about the most learned man in the earth. He was directed to a scholar. He told him that he had killed one hundred people and asked him if there was any chance for his repentance to be accepted. He replied in the affirmative and asked, `Who stands between you and repentance? Go to such and such land; there (you will find) people devoted to prayer and worship of Allah, join them in worship, and do not come back to your land because it is an evil place.’ So he went away and hardly had he covered half the distance when death overtook him; and there was a dispute between the angels of mercy and the angels of torment. The angels of mercy pleaded, ‘This man has come with a repenting heart to Allah,’ and the angels of punishment argued, ‘He never did a virtuous deed in his life.’ Then there appeared another angel in the form of a human being and the contending angels agreed to make him arbiter between them. He said, `Measure the distance between the two lands. He will be considered belonging to the land to which he is nearer.’ They measured and found him closer to the land (land of piety) where he intended to go, and so the angels of mercy collected his soul”.

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Among the lesson you can take from this hadith

One comes to know from this Hadith that the gate of Taubah is open even for the worst of the sinners; and Allah forgives everyone provided he repents sincerely, the conditions for such repentance have already been discussed.

It is the duty of a religious scholar that while discussing a problem, he should keep in mind the psychological aspects of the questioner and adopt a policy which neither causes a change in the Injunction of Allah nor make the sinner reckless in his sins out of frustration.

Have a look at this video by Yusha Evans concerning the hadith

3. Allah forgive sins through doing good deeds as He says about givers of charity

At Taghabun 64: 17

إِن تُقۡرِضُواْ ٱللَّهَ قَرۡضًا حَسَنً۬ا يُضَـٰعِفۡهُ لَكُمۡ وَيَغۡفِرۡ لَكُمۡ‌ۚ

And that is why we must try to be easy with our money. Whenever we can give out in charity. Never underestimate the amount you give even as little as a date can also be counted big in the eyes of Allah with ikhlas.

4. Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam informed us that the martyr who is killed for the sake of Allah while being patient and not fleeing from the battlefield will have all his sins forgiven except his debts (Al Bukhari)

5. It is also lawful to ask someone to seek forgiveness for us as long as they are still alive.

When Prophet sallahu alaihi wasalam was alive, he was definitely the best person for His Companions to ask him to ask Allah to forgive the,.

An Nisa 4:64

We sent no Messenger, but to be obeyed by Allâh’s Leave. If they (hypocrites), when they had been unjust to themselves, had come to you (Muhammad SAW) and begged Allâh’s Forgiveness, and the Messenger had begged forgiveness for them: indeed, they would have found Allâh All-Forgiving (One Who forgives and accepts repentance), Most Merciful.

Also when the evil plans of the sons of Yaqub was made clear to their father, they begged him to seek forgiveness for them

Yusuf 12: 97-98

They said: “O our father! Ask forgiveness (from Allâh) for our sins, indeed we have been sinners.” (97) He said: “I will ask my Lord for forgiveness for you, verily He! Only He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.” (98)

Notice that they still ask Allah for forgiveness. Forgiveness is not in the power of the creation even the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam and other prophets alaihi salam too.

Allah also informed us that teh angels ask Allah’s forgiveness for the believers

As Shuara 42:5

and the angels glorify the praises of their Lord, and ask for forgiveness for those on the earth, verily, Allâh is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful. (5)

Taken from

1. The perfect names of |Allah – Dr Umar S al Ashqar

2. Al Ghaffur Al Ghaffar by ilmfruits

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