وَمَا تَفَرَّقَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ إِلَّا مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَةُ
4. and the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) differed not until after there came to them clear evidence. (i.e. Prophet Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe Wa Sallam) and whatever was revealed to Him).
Allah says in
surah al Imran 3: 105
105. and be not as those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear proofs had come to them. it is they for whom there is an awful torment.
This verse only refers to the people of those divinely revealed Scriptures that were sent down to the nations that were before us. The Mushrikuns are not mentioned here. After Allah established the proofs and evidences against them, they divided and differed concerning that which Allah had intended in their Scriptures, and they had many differences.
For example, what happen after Prophet Isa alaihi salam came? Prophet Isa alaihi salam came bringing the same rulings of Prophet Musa alaihi salam to Bani Israel. However, the people of Book got separated whereas Prophet Isa alaihi salam was also a bayyinah for them at that time.
In a hadith concerning similar matter
Verily the Jews differed until they became seventy one sects. And verily the Christians differed until they become seventy two sects. And this Ummah will divide into seenty three sects, and all of them will be in the Fire except one. They said, “Who are they O Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “Those who are upon what I and my companions are upon.”
Essentially the People of the Books have moved from Light to darkness. Nur ila Dzulumat. They are into darkness because of their refusal to accept event though they had knowledge.
One thing we must know and always remember is that in the pursuit of us searching for knowledge, we must have taqwa. If knowledge is not attached to TAQWA, it becomes a mean of ARROGANCE.
Beware of falling into arrogance that will lead you to astray even though you have so much knowledge. A perfect example would be shaytan, who has been worshipping Allah for a long time and has so much knowledge, Yet his arrogance betray him and led him astray. Na’udzubillah.
وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّـهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَاءَ وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ
and they were commanded not, but that they should Worship Allâh, and Worship none but Him alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to him), and perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât) and give Zakât: and that is the Right religion.
The first part of the verse says, what the commands are for them.
What are the commands?
i. and they were commanded not, but that they should Worship Allâh, and Worship none but Him alone
Those who were sent the prophets before Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam were sent the same message as us that is as stated in the
surah al Anbiya 21: 25
and we did not send any Messenger before You (O Muhammad ) but we inspired Him (saying): Lâ ilâha illa Ana [none has the Right to be worshipped but I (Allâh)], so Worship Me (Alone and none else).
ii. Make Solah and Give Zakah
The command to make solah and give out zakah always come together
The command for solah and zakah always come together in the Quran.
Al Baqarah 2: 43
and perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), and give Zakât, and Irka’ (i.e. bow down or submit yourselves with obedience to Allâh) along with ArRaki’ûn.
Al Baqarah 2: 83
and perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), and give Zakât.
Al Baqarah 2: 110
and perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), and give Zakât,
Solat is sincerity with Allah.
Zakat is ihsan between human.
For the believer’s eeman to be complete, he has to have these two. One cannot just pray while neglecting his zakat duty nor can one give only zakah without performing solat.
i. The word أمروا
Do you see the letter wau and the alif with a small circle on top of it? This indicates that this is for many people.
ii. The word ليعبدوا
The root of this word is عبد
It has two meanings
- He worshipped
Essentially this is our relationship with Allah that we worship Allah and we are also His slave. Since Allah is the highest of example we cannot truly bring the meaning by comparing to any of the creation. However for understanding, we understand that human can also be slaves to man. The relationship with this man and his master can never be the same with us as slaves to Allah. For Allah as the Master is loved and obeyed throughout.
Some brief conditions to be the slave of Allah
- Love of Allah
- Sincerity in everything we do is for Allah
- Trust and tawakkal to Allah that everything He gives us is good for us.
- Term of slavery is dictated by Allah. To be a good slave must be dictated by Allah not by our own whims and desires.
So the next time you see the word عبد and its derivatives, let it be known it does not mean worship only, it also mean that we are truly the slave of Allah and we are required to obey all that He commands.
iii. The word حنفاء
It comes from the root: Hanaf which means “tilting”. Al- Haneef means “the one tilted” away from shirk. Prophet Ibrahim alaihi salam was called al Haneef which means Prophet Ibraheem was tilted away from polytheism (worshipping many gods and idols) and to monotheism Worshipping one God). This religion was called Hanefiyyah because it is the religion which is tilted away from Shirk/polytheism.
In this ayah 5 of Surah al bayyinah, Allah use the word حنفاء meaning this is part of the command to those who receive revelation that
- They should worship Allah alone
- They should not commit shirk.
Allah says in surah an Nahl 16: 36
and Verily, we have sent among Every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allâh (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Tâghût (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not Worship Tâghût besides Allâh).” Then of them were some whom Allâh guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. so travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth).
وَذَٰلِكَ دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ
The Right Religion
Allah describes here the criteria of a right religion in this ayah
- To worship Allah alone
- To worship Allah with ikhlas
- To stay away from shirk
- To perform solah
- To make zakah
– Print on an A5 card part of ayat 5.
– Give in point form how Allah describes what deenul qayyimah it in this ayat.