Al Bayyinah 98: 1-3

1. those who disbelieve from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and among Al-Mushrikûn, were not going to leave (their disbelief) until there came to them clear evidence.

2. a Messenger (Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe Wa Sallam)) from Allâh, reciting (the Qur’ân) purified Pages [purified from Al-Bâtil (falsehood, etc.)].

3. containing correct and Straight laws from Allâh.

Verse 1

لَمْ يَكُنِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ وَالْمُشْرِكِينَ مُنفَكِّينَ حَتَّىٰ تَأْتِيَهُمُ الْبَيِّنَةُ

1. those who disbelieve from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and among Al-Mushrikûn, were not going to leave (their disbelief) until there came to them clear evidence.

 

There were some different of opinions about the whole meaning of this ayah. Some of the mufasirun commented that this ayah was from the point of view of the mushrikun that is they had demanded for a proof only until then would they believe. This has been in several cases that they asked for proof.

Surah al Isra’ 17: 90

90. and they say: “We shall not believe In You (O Muhammad ), until You Cause a spring to gush forth from the earth for us;

91. “Or You have a garden of date-palms and grapes, and Cause rivers to gush forth In their midst abundantly;

92. “Or You Cause the heaven to fall upon us In pieces, as You have pretended, or You bring Allâh and the angels before (us) face to face;

93. “Or You have a House of adornable materials (like silver and pure gold, etc.), or You ascend up into the sky, and even Then we will put no faith In Your ascension until You bring down for us a Book that we would read.” Say (O Muhammad ): “Glorified (and Exalted) be My Lord (Allâh) above All that evil they (polytheists) associate with him! am I anything but a man, sent as a Messenger?”

94. and nothing prevented men from believing when the guidance came to them, except that they said: “Has Allâh sent a man as (His) Messenger?”

95. say: “If there were on the earth, angels walking about In peace and security, we should certainly have sent down for them from the heaven an angel as a Messenger.”

 But most scholars translate the ayah as there was no means of the kufr to be freed from their state of unbelief except that a clear evidence (of the truth) should come and make them understand the falsity that they believe in. This does not mean that after the coming of the clear evidence they would give up kufr, but that in the absence of the clear evidence it was not at all possible that they would be delivered from that state. However, if even after its coming, some of them still persisted in their kufr, then they themselves would be responsible for it; they could not complain that Allah had made no arrangement for their guidance.

It is clear from this ayah, Allah makes a distinct difference of a believer and a disbeliever. Those who had received a book from Allah are also considered disbeliever if they refuse to believe and accept Prophet Muhammad sallalahu alaihi wasalam.

 

5.1.1. People of the Book and the Mushriks

أهل الكتاب – People of the Book

The People of the Book are the Jews and the Christians.

المشركون- Idolaters

Idolaters are the worshipers of idols and fire among the Arabs and the non Arabs. This may mean also that they do believe in Allah but worshiping others as means. Just like the Quraysh who believe in Allah but worship idols as an intercession for them.

The common factors between them two are kufr. The people of the Book, however, follow the Book or part of the Book that were once revealed to their Prophets, while the idolaters do not follow any prophet of whatsoever.

Even though both of them are kufr, it is important to distinguish between them two because

  1. For they believed in the principle of Tauhid (Oneness of God) as the true religion, and then committed shirk. Contrary to this, the mushrik acknowledged shirk (idolatry) and dis-acknowledged Tauhid.
  2. Animal flesh duly slaughtered by the followers of the Book has been declared lawful for the Muslims if they slaughter a lawful animal in the name of Allah in the prescribed way. The animal slaughtered by the mushriks is unlawful.
  3. Also it is allowed to marry their women (not the man though). The Muslims are not allowed to marry from the mushrik.

Allah is the one who called them Ahl Kitab and Allah also described them as kufr. In this sense they are the same like pagans. Referring to them as ahl kitab should only serve them as a reminder that they are among the ones who have received The Book from Allah and the Prophet with a message. They are to adhere to the Message and become true Muslims as what their book commands them so.

 

5.2. Verse 2

رَسُولٌ مِّنَ اللَّـهِ يَتْلُو صُحُفًا مُّطَهَّرَةً ﴿٢

2. a Messenger (Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe Wa Sallam)) from Allâh, reciting (the Qur’ân) purified Pages [purified from Al-Bâtil (falsehood, etc.)].

Allah mentioned al Bayyinah in the first verse. What is the Bayyinah (clear proof) is explained in this verse.

Al Bayyinah is A Messenger from Allah that recites the purified pages. The Bayyinah is Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam himself! He is the promised Messenger that was mentioned in their books. In fact, the Jews were waiting for him when they resided in Madinah, but when the Messenger came from the Arabs and not the Jews, they became envious and refused to accept even though they knew him clearly like their own son.

Al Baqarah 2: 146

الَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْرِفُونَهُ كَمَا يَعْرِفُونَ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ ۖ وَإِنَّ فَرِيقًا مِّنْهُمْ لَيَكْتُمُونَ الْحَقَّ وَهُمْ يَعْلَمُونَ

146. those to whom we gave the Scripture (Jews and Christians) recognise Him (Muhammad or the Ka’bah at Makkah) as they recongise their sons. but Verily, a party of them conceal the Truth while they know it – [i.e. the qualities of Muhammad which are written In the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)].

 

5.2.1. Arabic Words

  1. a.      The word يتلوا

is translated as recite.

The question is how does he recite when he cannot read?

Quran has already been preserved in lauh almahfuz, A preserved tablet that Allah has written everything that is to happen from the beginning till the end.

From Surah al Buruj 85: 21-22

بَلْ هُوَ قُرْآنٌ مَّجِيدٌ ﴿٢١﴾ فِي لَوْحٍ مَّحْفُوظٍ ﴿٢٢﴾

21. Nay! This is a Glorious Qur’ân,

22. (Inscribed) In Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz (the preserved Tablet)!

When Jibrael recited to Prophet Muhammad sallalahu alaihi wasalam as commanded by Allah, it would enter his heart and thus when he recites the Quran, he was reciting the Quran from his heart.

  1. b.      The phrase صحف مطهرة

translated as Purified Pages

Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wasalam was reciting from the Purified Pages.

Suhuf linguistically means written pages. But in the Quran, this word has been used as a term for the Books revealed to the Prophets of Allah (peace be upon them); and by the scriptures are meant the scriptures which are free from every mixture of falsehood, every kind of error and moral filth.

Allah says in another part of the Quran

Abasa 80: 13-16

فِي صُحُفٍ مُّكَرَّمَةٍ ﴿١٣﴾ مَّرْفُوعَةٍ مُّطَهَّرَةٍ ﴿١٤﴾ بِأَيْدِي سَفَرَةٍ ﴿١٥﴾ كِرَامٍ بَرَرَةٍ ﴿١٦﴾

13. (it is) In records held (greatly) In honour (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfûz).

14. Exalted (in dignity), purified,

15. In the hands of scribes (angels).

16. honourable and obedient.

Purified means free from impurity, additions and deficiency.

Are there any harf jar in this ayah? If there is, circle it. Also underline the ism majrur.

5.3. Verse 3

فِيهَا كُتُبٌ قَيِّمَةٌ

3. containing correct and Straight laws from Allâh.

Ibn Jarir said, in the purified pages are Books from Allah that are upright, just and straight. They have no mistakes in them because they are from Allah.

كتب. here means laws from Allah. Laws are part of what is in the quran. And there are many more knowledge that can be found in the Quran. Can you give some of them?

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