Manners of Making Supplication

1. It is Recommended to face the Qiblah When Supplicating On some occassions, Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam supplicated facing the Kaabah Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud:

The Prophet faced the Ka’ba and invoked evil on some people of Quraish, on Shaiba bin Rabi’a, ‘Utba bin Rabi’a, Al-Walid bin ‘Utba and Abu Jahl bin Hisham. I bear witness, by Allah, that I saw them all dead, putrefied by the sun as that day was a very hot day.  (Bukharee, Muslim, An Nassai and Ahmad)

Another example, the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam faced the Kaabah when he supplicated on the day of Badr. Umar al Khattab said,

When the day of Badr came to pass, the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam looked at the disbelievers, who were 1000 in numbers, while his companions were only 319 men. The Prophet of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam then faced the qiblah, extended his hands, and then began to call out to his Lord, ‘O Allah, carry out for me that which you promised me. O Allah, bring to pass that which You promised me. O Allah if You destroy this group from the people of Islam, You will not be worshiped on earth.’ he continued to call out to his Lord, facing the Qiblah, and with his hands extended, until his robe fell from his shoulders. Then Abu Bakr went to him  took his robe, and flung it back onto his shoulders. Abu Bakr then hugged him from behind and said, “O Prophet of Allah, sufficient for you is your supplicating and calling to your Lord, for He will complete for you what He promised you. (Muslim, Ahmadand at Tirmidhee)

So it is best if we could do the same. 2. It is Recommended to Raise Your Hands While You are Supplicating The above mentioned hadeeth by Umar Al Khattab indicates that it is recommended  for a Muslim to raise his hands when he is supplicating. Also there are these following a hadith

It was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) spoke of a man who raised his hands to the sky and said, “O Lord, O Lord,” whilst his food was haraam, his drink was haraam, his clothing was haraam, he had been nourished with haraam, so how could his du’aa’ be answered?

And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “ Allah feels shy to let His slave raise his hands to Him and bring them back empty.” – and other ahaadeeth. When do we raise our hands and when we do not? Refer HERE. and HERE. 3. It is Recommended to Supplicate to Allah in Secret Allah said in Surah Al A’raf 7: 55

Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret. He likes not the aggressors. (55)

We should invoke Allah in secret ad without raising the voices. To supplicate in secret is from good manners and a sign of sincerity, which makes the person’s supplication to be answered. Ibn Taymiyyah said, “Muslims (referring to the early generations) would ardently supplicate, yet their voices would not be heard by those around them. Tehy would whisper, keeping the supplications between them and their Lord. Let us remind ourselves with the story of Prophet Zakaria alaihi salam. That he called Allah in secret. This is narrated in Surah Maryam 19: 1-11

Kâf¬ Hâ¬Y⬒Aîn¬Sâd. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’ân, and none but Allâh (Alone) knows their meanings]. (1) (This is) a mention of the mercy of your Lord to His slave Zakariyya (Zachariah). (2) When he called out his Lord (Allâh) a call in secret. (3) He said: “My Lord! Indeed my bones have grown feeble, and grey hair has spread on my head, And I have never been unblest in my invocation to You, O my Lord! (4) “And Verily, I fear my relatives after me, since my wife is barren. So give me from Yourself an heir, (5) “Who shall inherit me, and inherit (also) the posterity of Ya’qûb (Jacob) (inheritance of the religious knowledge and Prophethood, not wealth). And make him, my Lord, one with whom You are Well-pleased!” (6) (Allâh said) “O Zakariyya (Zachariah)! Verily, We give you the glad tidings of a son, Whose name will be Yahya (John). We have given that name to none before (him).” (7) He said: “My Lord! How can I have a son, when my wife is barren, and I have reached the extreme old age.” (8) He said: “So (it will be). Your Lord says; It is easy for Me. Certainly I have created you before, when you had been nothing!” (9) [Zakariyya (Zachariah)] said: “My Lord! Appoint for me a sign.” He said: “Your sign is that you shall not speak unto mankind for three nights, though having no bodily defect.” (10) Then he came out to his people from Al-Mihrâb (a praying place or a private room), he told them by signs to glorify Allâh’s Praises in the morning and in the afternoon. (11)

Sheikh al Islam mentioned a few reasons to why we should invoke in secret 1. Supplicating in secret involves a higher level of eemaan. When one supplicates quietly, he knows that Allah hears a quiet, secret supplication. 2. Supplicating in secret is of great manners. You wouldn’t raise your voice to a king. And Allah is the highest example. Since Allah can hear what you whisper in your heart, it is inappropriate for you to raise your voice when you make supplication to Him. 3. Supplicating is more conducive to sincerity 4. Better concentration 5. Sense of closeness because whispering is to someone close while raising voice to someone at a distance 6. The one who supplicates quietly and in secret is likely to supplicate longer 7. Sometimes, it is necessary to keep certain blessings hidden because every blessing there is a jealous person. And since among the greatest blessings is being guided to supplicate to Allah, hence it is better to invoke in secret. 4. To Invoke Allah with Supplications that are comprehensive Supplications that are most comprehensive in meanings of goodness are those supplications that are found in the Quran and sunnah. Quran is Allah’s speech – highest and most noble speech Sunnah – is also the revelation, which Allah inspired the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam with. We have already started our daily morning adzkar which contain many du’a taken from the quran and the sunnah. 5. It is recommended to end one’s supplication with that which corresponds to what He asked for Lets look at some examples in the quran Al Imran 3: 8

(They say): “Our Lord! Let not our hearts deviate (from the truth) after You have guided us, and grant us mercy from You. Truly, You are the Bestower,” (8)

Because the supplicant is asking Allah to bestow mercy on him, it is appropriate for him to finish his supplication by mentioning a corresponding quality of Allah that He is the Bestower – Al Wahhab Al Imran 3: 194

“Our Lord! Grant us what You promised unto us through Your Messengers and disgrace us not on the Day of Resurrection, for You never break (Your) Promise.” (194)

Because the believers are asking Allah to grant them what He has promised then upon the tongues of His Messengers, it is appropriate to complete the supplication by describing Allah as being true to His promise. Al Maidah 5: 114

Īsā (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), said: “O Allâh, our Lord! Send us from heaven a table spread (with food) that there may be for us – for the first and the last of us – a festival and a sign from You; and provide us sustenance, for You are the Best of sustainers.” (114)

Having asked for sustenance, Eesa appropriately finished his supplication by saying that Allah is the Best of Sustainers If you ask Allah to bless you with a child, you can finish the supplication by saying – Allah is Bestower, Allah is the Provider If you ask Allah to forgive your sins, you can finish your supplication by saying He is Most Forgiving the Most merciful If you ask for wealth, you can finish your supplication by saying He is the provider and that He is Most Generous. We have learned quite a few of Allah’s names. From the one that you have learned, can you give other examples?

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