Monthly Archives: February 2013

Al Mutakabbir – the Supreme

Al Mutakabbir means the Most Great to whom all glory belongs, the Supreme and Most High over His creatures and their attribute.

Kibriya means dominion and kingdom.

It also meas perfect in existence. To Allah alone may these qualities be ascribed.

Thus when Allah is Al Mutakabbir, it may mean as the following

1. Allah is Perfect and Complete in Himself, His Attributes and Deeds. That is why, He alone deserves the qualities or glory and magnificence as He is the only One without any associates or equals.

Reflect on surah al Ikhlas 112: 1-4

Say (O Muhammad (SAW)): “He is Allâh, (the) One. (1) “Allâh-us-Samad (السيد الذي يصمد إليه في الحاجات) [Allâh the Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, (He neither eats nor drinks)]. (2) “He begets not, nor was He begotten; (3) “And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.” (4)

Let’s look a how Allah describes himself

i. Allah is One

ii. He is self-sufficient

All creatures need him

iii. He doesnt need to eat or drink

iv. he was not born nor does He has any child

v. No one is co-equal or comparable to Him

For these qualities, Allah deserves majesty and glory in the heavens on earth. No one else has the right to have such qualities.

2. Allah’s Attributes do not resemble those of His slaves. They are the qualities of perfection and majesty whereas the slaves qualities are incomplete or imperfect on one way or another. Allah the Glorified and Exalted in His Attributes are always perfect and supreme. Allah does not have quality that indicate deficiency and imperfection. Example : Allah does not need to sleep nor relax. Allah’s attributes resemble nothing of those of His slaves. His attributes match His Glory and Majesty. He is perfect in self and attributes.

3. No one other than Allah has the right to be arrogant (mutakabbir) because Allah alone has the right to have the quality of being the Supreme. No one has the right to be named the Supreme and be arrogant because

i. Allah ordered His slaves not to have such names. In hadith Qudsi, Allah says

The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said,

“Allah the Almighty said, ‘Pride is My cloak and greatness is My robe, and he who competes with Me in respect of either of them, I shall cast into the Hell Fire.’”

Pride is an attribute that is not befitting for anyone except Allah. One of Allah’s names is Al-Mutakabbir (the Majestic) which means He is the One Who is above all bad qualities, shortcomings and faults, because of His might and pride. Whoever seeks to compete with Allah in that, Allah will destroy him, wreak vengeance on him and make things difficult for him.

What is meant by ‘seeks to compete with Me’ is seeking to acquire that characteristic in the sense of sharing in it.

This is a stern warning against arrogance which clearly demonstrates that it is haram.

Everyone who tries to be arrogant and put himself above others, Allah will bring him down among the lowest of the low, and will humiliate him, because he is going against reality, so Allah will punish him by thwarting his aims; the punishment is to fit the crime.

The one who is arrogant towards the people will be trampled beneath the feet of the people on the Day of Resurrection, as a punishment for his arrogance.

It was narrated from ‘Amr ibn Shu’ayb via his father and grandfather that the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “On the Day of Resurrection, the arrogant will be gathered like ants in the form of men. Humiliation will overwhelm them from all sides. They will be driven to a prison in Hell called Bawlas, with the hottest fire rising over them, and they will be given to drink of the juice of the inhabitants of Hell, which is teenat al-khabaal.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2492 – Classed as Hasan by al-Albaani in Sahih al-Tirmidhi, 2025]

Moreover, arrogance may be the cause of a person being deprived of Paradise and may mean that the Lord of Glory will not even look at him, as it says in the following two ahadith:

It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allah ibn Mas’ood (radi Allahu anhu) that the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “No one who has an atom’s-weight of arrogance in his heart will enter Paradise.” A man said, “O Messenger of Allah, what if a man likes his clothes and his shoes to look good?” He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Allah is Beautiful and loves beauty. Arrogance means rejecting the truth and looking down on people.” [Sahih Muslim]

Az Zumar 39: 60

And on the Day of Resurrection you will see those who lied against Allâh (i.e. attributed to Him sons, partners) — their faces will be black. Is there not in Hell an abode for the arrogant? (60)

Az Zumar 39: 72

It will be said (to them): “Enter you the gates of Hell, to abide therein. And (indeed) what an evil abode of the arrogant!” (72)

ii. Allah Alone has the right to glory and majesty, because He is the owner of the Kingdom and all that exists in the heavens and in the earth and whatever is in between them. He is the Lord that controls everything. No one can resist His Will or invalidate His Command. People are subjected to His Will and their property is transient, because it will eventually return to Allah

iii. Arrogance, supremacy and compulsion corrupt human beings. Whoever has any of these qualities will never be just and will never do good deeds  That is why Allah set up the hearts of wrong and evil doers.

Al Ghafir 40: 35

Those who dispute about the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allâh, without any authority that has come to them, it is greatly hateful and disgusting to Allâh and to those who believe. Thus does Allâh seal up the heart of every arrogant, tyrant. (So they cannot guide themselves to the Right Path). (35)

Despite the fact that Allah has the qualities of supremacy, majesty and arrogance, He remains Just, Fair, Merciful and Forgiving.

Which definitely cannot be the same for a person who are arrogant.

Allah says He will seal one’s heart from guidance if he is among the tyrant and arrogant. Na’udzubillahhi minadz dzalik.

Thus we must make du’a that Allah keeps us away from being among the arrogant. That Allah will continue to send us tawfiq and hidayah.

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The Angels and the Believers

Earlier we discussed about the role of angels with the sons of Adam which among them are to blow the soul in the mother’s womb, protecting people, conveying message, writing people’s deeds and taking the souls at death. These are for both believers and the disbelievers.

However there are also different roles of the angels to the believers and the non believers. This is what we will discuss now Insya Allah.

1. Their love for the believers

In Saheeh al-Bukhari, the Prophet sal Allahu alayhi wa sallam says:

“When Allah subhaanahu wa ta’aala loves someone, he calls Jibreel and Allah then says, ‘Ya Jibreel! Inni uhibbu fulan! (Oh Jibreel! Verily, I love such and such a person, so love him!)’”

And Allah names that person and then Jibreel loves that person. Then Jibreel calls out to all the angels of the heavens and he says, “Allah loves so and so, so love him!”and so all the angels love him. And then Allah places pleasure in the hearts of the people towards this person!”

The Prophet sal Allaau alayhi wa sallam said in another narration of this hadeeth:

“The slave will continue to try to win the pleasure of Allah; he will try to win the love of Allah until Allah calls Jibreel and says to him, ‘Oh Jibreel! My slave so and so is trying to please me, verily my love has overcome him!’”

The thing that we need to do first, is that Allah to love us? Let’s brainstorm what we can do to achieve this status?

2. Sending blessings to the Believers

Allah tells us that the angels sends blessings on the Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam

Al Ahzab 33: 56

Allâh sends His Salât (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy) on the Prophet (Muhammad SAW) and also His angels (ask Allâh to bless and forgive him).

They also send blessings on the believers

Al Ahzab 33: 43

He it is Who sends Salât (His blessings) on you, and His angels too (ask Allâh to bless and forgive you), that He may bring you out from darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into light (of Belief and Islâmic Monotheism). And He is Ever Most Merciful to the believers. (43)

Salaah (blessings) from Allah means that He praises His slaves. In this case before the angels.

Salaah (blessings) from the angels means that they pray for people and seek forgiveness for them.

Wouldn’t be a great reward to be included among those they send the salaah to?

How do we achieve this?

Some examples

ii. Teaching people good things.

Abu Umaamah narrated that the messenger of Allah said:

“Allah and His angels, and the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth, even the ant in its hole, and even the fish, send blessings upon the one who teaches people good things”
(Sunan at-Tirmidhi, 2/343, no. 2161)

ii. Those who wait for prayer in congregation.

Abu Hurayrah said:

“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘The angels send blessings on any one of you so long as he stays where he is sitting. They say, ‘O Allah, forgive him, O Allah, have mercy on him’, so long as he does not break his wudoo’.’”
(Bukhari, 2/131, no. 647)

iii. Those who pray in the first row (s).

Al-Baraa’ ibn ‘Aazib narrates that the Messenger of Allah said:

“Allah and His angels send blessings upon the front rows”

(Sunan Abi Dawood, 1/120, no.618)

iv. Those who fill in the gaps in the rows.

It is narrated that Aa’ishah said:

“The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Allah and His angels send blessings on those who complete the rows, and whoever fills a gap (in a row), Allah will raise his status because of it’”
(Sunan Ibn Maajah, 1/164, no. 814)

v. Those who eat suhoor.

In Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan and Mu’jam at-Tabaraani al-Awsat it is narrated with a hasan isnaad from Ibn ‘Umar that the Messenger of Allah said:

“Allah and His angels send blessing upon those who eat suhoor”
(Saheeh al-Jaami, 2/135)

vi. Those who send blessings upon the Prophet ( )

Ahmad narrated in his Musnad and Al-Diyaa’ narrated in Al-Mukhtaarah from ‘Amir Ibn Rabee’ah with a hasan isnaad that the Messenger of Allah said:

“There is no person who sends blessings upon on me, but the angels send blessings on him so long as he sends blessings on me. So let a person do a little of that or a lot”
(Saheeh al-Jaami’, 5/174)

vii. Those who visit the sick.

It is narrated from ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib that the Prophet said:

There is no man who visits a sick person in the evening, but seventy thousand angels go out with him, and pray for forgiveness for him until morning, and he will have provision in Paradise. And whoever goes to him in the morning, seventy thousand angels go with him, and pray for forgiveness for him until evening, and he will have provision in Paradise
(Sunan Abi Dawood, 2/598, no. 2655. Abu Dawood stated this hadith is saheeh marfoo’)

How does the angels’ blessings affect us?

Al Ahzab 33: 43

He it is Who sends Salât (His blessings) on you, and His angels too (ask Allâh to bless and forgive you), that He may bring you out from darkness (of disbelief and polytheism) into light (of Belief and Islâmic Monotheism). And He is Ever Most Merciful to the believers. (43)

When Allah mentions us to the hosts on high, and when the angels pray for the believers and ask for forgiveness for them. This has the effect of guiding us and and ridding the darkness of kufr and shirk and sin, leading us to the light.

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