Al Mutakabbir means the Most Great to whom all glory belongs, the Supreme and Most High over His creatures and their attribute.
Kibriya means dominion and kingdom.
It also meas perfect in existence. To Allah alone may these qualities be ascribed.
Thus when Allah is Al Mutakabbir, it may mean as the following
1. Allah is Perfect and Complete in Himself, His Attributes and Deeds. That is why, He alone deserves the qualities or glory and magnificence as He is the only One without any associates or equals.
Reflect on surah al Ikhlas 112: 1-4
Say (O Muhammad (SAW)): “He is Allâh, (the) One. (1) “Allâh-us-Samad (السيد الذي يصمد إليه في الحاجات) [Allâh the Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, (He neither eats nor drinks)]. (2) “He begets not, nor was He begotten; (3) “And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.” (4)
Let’s look a how Allah describes himself
i. Allah is One
ii. He is self-sufficient
All creatures need him
iii. He doesnt need to eat or drink
iv. he was not born nor does He has any child
v. No one is co-equal or comparable to Him
For these qualities, Allah deserves majesty and glory in the heavens on earth. No one else has the right to have such qualities.
2. Allah’s Attributes do not resemble those of His slaves. They are the qualities of perfection and majesty whereas the slaves qualities are incomplete or imperfect on one way or another. Allah the Glorified and Exalted in His Attributes are always perfect and supreme. Allah does not have quality that indicate deficiency and imperfection. Example : Allah does not need to sleep nor relax. Allah’s attributes resemble nothing of those of His slaves. His attributes match His Glory and Majesty. He is perfect in self and attributes.
3. No one other than Allah has the right to be arrogant (mutakabbir) because Allah alone has the right to have the quality of being the Supreme. No one has the right to be named the Supreme and be arrogant because
i. Allah ordered His slaves not to have such names. In hadith Qudsi, Allah says
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said,
“Allah the Almighty said, ‘Pride is My cloak and greatness is My robe, and he who competes with Me in respect of either of them, I shall cast into the Hell Fire.’”
Pride is an attribute that is not befitting for anyone except Allah. One of Allah’s names is Al-Mutakabbir (the Majestic) which means He is the One Who is above all bad qualities, shortcomings and faults, because of His might and pride. Whoever seeks to compete with Allah in that, Allah will destroy him, wreak vengeance on him and make things difficult for him.
What is meant by ‘seeks to compete with Me’ is seeking to acquire that characteristic in the sense of sharing in it.
This is a stern warning against arrogance which clearly demonstrates that it is haram.
Everyone who tries to be arrogant and put himself above others, Allah will bring him down among the lowest of the low, and will humiliate him, because he is going against reality, so Allah will punish him by thwarting his aims; the punishment is to fit the crime.
The one who is arrogant towards the people will be trampled beneath the feet of the people on the Day of Resurrection, as a punishment for his arrogance.
It was narrated from ‘Amr ibn Shu’ayb via his father and grandfather that the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “On the Day of Resurrection, the arrogant will be gathered like ants in the form of men. Humiliation will overwhelm them from all sides. They will be driven to a prison in Hell called Bawlas, with the hottest fire rising over them, and they will be given to drink of the juice of the inhabitants of Hell, which is teenat al-khabaal.” [Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2492 – Classed as Hasan by al-Albaani in Sahih al-Tirmidhi, 2025]
Moreover, arrogance may be the cause of a person being deprived of Paradise and may mean that the Lord of Glory will not even look at him, as it says in the following two ahadith:
It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allah ibn Mas’ood (radi Allahu anhu) that the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “No one who has an atom’s-weight of arrogance in his heart will enter Paradise.” A man said, “O Messenger of Allah, what if a man likes his clothes and his shoes to look good?” He (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Allah is Beautiful and loves beauty. Arrogance means rejecting the truth and looking down on people.” [Sahih Muslim]
Az Zumar 39: 60
And on the Day of Resurrection you will see those who lied against Allâh (i.e. attributed to Him sons, partners) — their faces will be black. Is there not in Hell an abode for the arrogant? (60)
Az Zumar 39: 72
It will be said (to them): “Enter you the gates of Hell, to abide therein. And (indeed) what an evil abode of the arrogant!” (72)
ii. Allah Alone has the right to glory and majesty, because He is the owner of the Kingdom and all that exists in the heavens and in the earth and whatever is in between them. He is the Lord that controls everything. No one can resist His Will or invalidate His Command. People are subjected to His Will and their property is transient, because it will eventually return to Allah
iii. Arrogance, supremacy and compulsion corrupt human beings. Whoever has any of these qualities will never be just and will never do good deeds That is why Allah set up the hearts of wrong and evil doers.
Al Ghafir 40: 35
Those who dispute about the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allâh, without any authority that has come to them, it is greatly hateful and disgusting to Allâh and to those who believe. Thus does Allâh seal up the heart of every arrogant, tyrant. (So they cannot guide themselves to the Right Path). (35)
Despite the fact that Allah has the qualities of supremacy, majesty and arrogance, He remains Just, Fair, Merciful and Forgiving.
Which definitely cannot be the same for a person who are arrogant.
Allah says He will seal one’s heart from guidance if he is among the tyrant and arrogant. Na’udzubillahhi minadz dzalik.
Thus we must make du’a that Allah keeps us away from being among the arrogant. That Allah will continue to send us tawfiq and hidayah.