99:6 that Day mankind will proceed In scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds.
Yaumaidzin – When Allah uses thus word, it is usually to indicate that a warning is coming concerning the big day.
Yasduru – comes from the word صدر. What does the word mean?
Here it means to move forward.
Ashtatan – to be broken. In this context means to be divided into groups.
That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups (Ashtat) meaning, they will be divided into types and categories. What kind of group will there be? Subhanallah, only Allah knows best. Perhaps a group of disbelievers, the righteous among the believers, the sinners among the believers, the shuhada. We ask Allah that he will resurrect us in the best manner and we ask Allah to make the day we meet Him as the best day in our life.
It is translated here to mean – to be shown.
Lam with kasrah is a preposition which means for or so.
The word يروا has the original root word رأى which means “see”
You may have seen it in different forms in other surah such as
Al Maun 107: 1
أَرَءَيۡتَ ٱلَّذِى يُكَذِّبُ بِٱلدِّينِ
have You seen Him who denies the Recompense?
And surah Al Feel 105: 1
أَلَمۡ تَرَ كَيۡفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِأَصۡحَـٰبِ ٱلۡفِيلِ
1. have You (O Muhammad (Sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe Wa Sallam)) not seen How Your Lord dealt with the owners of the Elephant? [the elephant army which came from Yemen under the command of Abrahah Al-Ashram intending to destroy the Ka’bah at Makkah].
But in surah Al Zalzalah, it is written as yurau and not yarau. When its written as YUrau that is with dommah on the letter “ya (ي)”, this means this is a passive verb. Which means instead of the doer is seeing it on his own accord, he is actually being shown to.
The letter و at the end of the letter indicates that this is a plural form. Meaning the groups of people that will be shown their deeds.
And what is it that he is being shown about?
This word can be broken into two
أعمال – this is the plural for عمل which means deed.
هم – their
Thus, we understand that, “On that day, the mankind will move forward, will be divided into groups and they will be shown their deeds.”
99: 7 . so Whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it
Thus, none knows which deed is acceptable to Exalted Allah. It is not the price, volume, size or count of the deed, but it is its weight based on sincerity that matters in the sight of Allaah. Deeds large in number but devoid of sincerity have no value. On the other hand, deeds small in number but based on sincerity are more weighty and valuable in the sight of Exalted Allaah.
It is important for us to know that there are no deeds that are too little or insignificant in the eyes of Allah. Surely we have heard of this hadith
“Do not belittle any good deed, even your meeting with your Muslim brother with a cheerful face.” [Muslim]
A smile as easy as it is, is a deed by itself.
It is also recorded in the Sahih that the Prophet said
O party of believing women! None of you should belittle a gift sent by your neighbor, even if it is a Firsan of a sheep. The word Firsan in this Hadith means its hoof.
In another Hadith he said,
Give something to the beggar, even if it is a burnt hoof.
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said,
“There are two phrases that are light on the tongue but heavy on the scale of rewards and are dear to (Allah) the Gracious One. These are, subhanallah wa bi-hamdihi (All Glory is to Allah and all Praise to Him), and subhanallah al-azim (Glorified is Allah, the Great).” (Muslim, Bukhari, and Tirmidhi)
Making dzikir is certainly easy. But easy doesn’t mean the reward is little. In fact it is to the contrary.
You will never know when a good deed that is being done with full sincerity is counted as the biggest reward in Allah’s sight. It could be that deed, is the one that puts you to jannah.
Wouldn’t it be nice, to find on judgment day, in our book of records, our deeds which we overlooked because it was so little became the most profitable that day? Remember our manners.
Remove harmful things on people’s path.
Feed hungry strays when you can.
Help people in different ways.
Can you think of other deeds you can do?
99: 8 and Whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it.
Imam Ahmad recorded from `Awf bin Al-Harith bin At-Tufayl that `A’ishah told him that the Prophet used to say,
O `A’ishah! Beware of the sins that are belittled, for indeed they will be taken account of by Allah. This Hadith was recorded by An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah.
Imam Ahmad recorded from `Abdullah bin Mas`ud that the Messenger of Allah said,
Beware of the sins that are belittled. For verily, they are gathered in a man until they destroy him. And indeed the Messenger of Allah made an example of them (sins that are taken lightly) by saying that they are like a people who settle in barren land. Then their leader comes and orders the men to go out one at a time and each bring back a stick until they have gathered a large number of sticks. Then they kindled a fire and burned everything that they threw into it.
Never think that any sin is little, for this is an opening for Shaytan to come in and further make sins seem insignificant.
Yarahu – he sees it
This mean, that everyone will be shown their deeds by
i. The showing of their records
Surah Al- Haqqah, 69: 19 & 25;
19. then He that will be given His record In His right hand will say: “Ah here! read ye My Record!
25. and He that will be given His record In His left hand, will say: “Ah! would that My record had not been given to me!
Surah Al-Inshiqaq, 84: 7 & 10
7. then He who is given His record In His right hand,
10. but He who is given His record behind His back,-
ii. In this surah, it was mentioned that the earth will inform what happen to her
It is also worth to note here, that Allah is Ar Rahman, Ar Rahim and Most forgiving. Strive now that Allah will overlook your sins and pardon it. Make repentance for sins you know and also sins that you do not know. Take steps now so Allah will pardon you in yaumul akhirah
An Nisa 4: 31
31. if You avoid the great sins which You are forbidden to do, we shall remit from You Your (small) sins, and admit You to a Noble Entrance (i.e. Paradise).
Najm 53: 32.
those who avoid great sins (See the Qur’ân, Verses: 6:152,153) and Al-Fawâhish (illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) except the small faults, Verily, Your Lord is of Vast Forgiveness. He knows You well when He created You from the earth (Adam), and when You were fetuses In Your mothers’ wombs. so ascribe not purity to yourselves. He knows best Him who fears Allâh and keep his duty to Him [i.e. those who are Al-Muttaqûn (pious – see V.2:2)].
Allah has also said in the quran that the righteous believers will have an easy reckoning
Al Ankabut 29: 7
7. those who believe [in the Oneness of Allâh (Monotheism) and In Messenger Muhammad Sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe Wa Sallam , and do not apostate because of the harm they receive from the polytheists], and do righteous good deeds, surely, we shall remit from them their evil deeds and shall reward them according to the best of that which they used to do.
Az Zumar 39: 35
35. so that Allâh may remit from them the evil of what they did and give them the Reward, according to the best of what they used to do.
Al Ahqaf 46:15-16
15. and we have enjoined on man to be dutiful and kind to his parents. his mother bears Him with hardship and she brings Him forth with hardship, and the bearing of him, and the weaning of Him is thirty (30) months, till when He attains full strength and reaches forty years, He says: “My Lord! grant Me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favour which You have bestowed upon Me and upon My parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds, such as please you, and make My off-spring good. Truly, I have turned to You In repentance, and Truly, I am one of the Muslims (submitting to Your Will).”
16. they are those from whom we shall Accept the best of their deeds and overlook their evil deeds. (They shall be) among the dwellers of Paradise, a Promise of truth, which they have been promised.
Al Inshiqaq 84:7-8
7. then, as for Him who will be given his record In his Right hand,
8. He surely will receive an easy Reckoning,
Also a hadith
Anas says that once Abu Bakr Siddiq was having his meals with the Prophet (peace be upon him). In the meantime this verse was revealed. Abu Bakr withdrew his hand from food and said: O Messenger (peace be upon him) of Allah, shall I see the result of every little evil that I have happened to commit? The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: O Abu Bakr, whatever unpleasant and troublesome things you experience in the world, will compensate for the little evils that you happened to commit, and Allah is reserving every little good that you do for your Hereafter, (Ibn Jarir, Ibn Abi Hatim, Tabarani in Al-Ausat, Baihaqi in Ash-Shuab. Ibn al-Mundhir, Hakim, Ibn Marduyah, Abd bin Humaid).
However, this verse warns man of a truth of vital importance which is this: Even a most ordinary good has its own weight and its own value, and the same is also true of evil: even a most ordinary evil will also be considered and taken into account; it will not just be overlooked. Therefore, no good act, however small and insignificant, should be left, undone, for many such good acts can collect and be regarded as a major good act in the reckoning with Allah. Likewise, even a most ordinary evil also should not be committed, for a large number of such ordinary errors can become serious sins.
The same thing has been described by the Prophet (peace be upon him) in several Ahadith. According to a tradition related in Bukhari and Muslim, on the authority of Adi bin Hatim, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
Save yourselves from the fire of Hell even if it be by giving away a pit of a date, or by uttering a good word.
Lessons from this surah:
1. The greatest of all earthquakes will occur in the day of resurrection.
2. Allah will make the earth spills out her contenton that day. The scholars have translated this to mean, all the deads that are used to be buried will be taken out, the treasures that were in it and so forth.
3. Be aware that Allah will make the earth to speak and inform of what were did to her.
4. We will be shown all our deeds, be it good or bad, even how small the deed is.
5. This verse then contains strong encouragement towards performing good, even if it be little, and discouragement from working evil even if it seem paltry.