Monthly Archives: December 2012

Battle of Tabuk

Story of the battle of Tabuk is taken from the Sealed Nectar taken HERE

Current Road Route Madinah-Tabuk

Setting:
9th year after hijrah
In the hot summer month
Tabuk is about 700km from Madinah according to current road route

The Byzantines Empire

Reason for battle :

Previously a fierce fight between the Byzantines and the Muslims at Mu’tah. The confrontation gave great impression on the Arabs, all over Arabia. Caesar was aware of the potential threat by the Muslims especially nearing the border of the Arab worlds. Thus the threat must be stopped. Caesar gathered a huge army of teh byzantines and pro Roman Ghassanide against the Muslims.

Prophet’s Response

Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam knew that if he delayed or reacted passively to the Byzantine threat, this would give opportunity for them to drill all the way to Madinah.

He sallallahu alaihi waslaam ordered the companion to get ready for war.

Sent for the Makkans and the other Arab tribes asking for their assistance

Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam declared openly of his intention to meet the Byzantines and fight them. He urged to people to get ready and fight in teh way of Allah.

Prophet also call out for charities.

Threats that Muslims Had

– The hypocrites spreading fear of the powerful undefeated Roman Armies

– The Muslims were already experiencing hardship and drought.

– Lack of Funds. Despite the big number of charity, the army was not properly equipped. The shortage of provision and mount was so serious that 18 men mounted one camel alternately. Members of the armie had to eat leaves. Others resort to slaughtering the camel thus losng the mount. It was hardship such that the army was called the Army of Distress.

Muslim’s response to cal of Jihad at Tabuk

– The Muslims race to give their wealth and property to support the invasion.

– Uthman bin Affan prepared two hundred saddled camels to travel to Ash Shams. Presented them all with 200 hudred ounces of gold. Then he brought 100 saddled camels. Gave 1000 dinars.

Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam said,

From this day on nothing will harm ‘Uthman regardless of what he does.”

Uthman continued to give charity and reach 900 camels and 100 horses.

– Abdur Rahman bin Awaf – 200 ounces of silver

– Abu Bakr – paid all his wealth and leave for himself nothing.

– Umar paid half of his wealth

Al Abbas – gave a lot of money. So did Talhah, Sa’d bin ‘Ubadah and Muhammad bin Maslamah. People rushed to give as much as they can. Women too.

The needy and the poor who could not afford a ride came to the prophet sallalhu alaihi wasalam asking for one so they could fight but was turned down. and left crying after that. 9:92

Except the hypocrites. 9: 79

The Muslim Army

– Big number – thirty thousand

– This and the fame of the Muslims army scared the Byzantines army that they never came down to fight.

– The march was in Rajab and they returned in madinah. Thus ghazwah is for 50 days. 20 days in Tabuk

– This is the last battle that Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam made.

Lessons

1. Prophet Muhammad’s salllahu alaihi wasalam decision to meet the Byzantinne armies proved to be the most correct decision

– it shows the rising power and seriousness they have coming from the Arabia. Arabia is sandwiched between two empires Byzantine and Persia but none bothered to conquer them let alone fathom that the coming rising power will be from Arabia – the Muslims.

– It opened the eyes of the rest of Arabia to the Muslim’s influence that turned many of the arabs living in the borders of the Byzantines and Arab to be in alliance with teh Muslims. Thus changing the border of the Byzantine ruling

2. When the Muslims committed themselves and strive fully in the path of Allah, Allah strikes fear in the heart of the non Muslims

3. The Sahabah were generous and were all out in giving charity in Allah’s path

4. Even though no actual war took place, but the armies had difficulties throughout the preparation and the journey but the true Muslims strived.

5. Surah at Tawbah was sent down mostly throughout this battle

6. The hypocrites were deal sternly after this battle

7. the hypocrites were trying hard to demoralise the Muslims by putting fear of the super powers of the time to them.

 

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Hadith 11 – Adherence to What is Certain

On the authority of Abu Muhammad al-Hasan bin Ali bin Abi Taib, the grandson of the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu alayhi wasallam, and who is dearest to him, radiyallahu anhuma, who said: I committed to memory from the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu alayhi wasallam, (the following words):

Leave that about which you are in doubt for that about which you are in no doubt.

[Al-Tirmidhi and al-Nasaíi related it, and al-Tirmidhi said: It is a good and genuine Hadith]

Hadith 6 – Avoidance of Doubtful Matter

This hadith, include the meaning of hadith 6: Avoidance of doubtful matter. Do you remember the gist of the hadith 6? We did it HERE

Hadith 6 advocates taqwa in avoiding things that are doubtful. Hadith 6 also talks about the heart for when it is good then only the whole body is good. A corrupt heart, will only yield to a corrupt body.

Principle of Worship : Action Upon Certainty

Hadith 11 is about encouragement to adhere to things that are certain – that the heart feels reassured rather than anxiety. This is the principle that is applied by the pious people whose deeds are governed by consciousness of Allah at all times.

Also acting upon certainty serves to defeat the attempts of shaytan at confusing the worshipper with imaginary fears and distracting him from his worship. This is called waswasah and it must be ignored.

Waswasah – Shaytan’s Devilish Insinuations
Waswasah is one of shaytan’s strategies against the Children of Adam. They would whisper to the Muslims in matters of ritual purification like ablution and solah when they intend to perform them. These are among the areas of attack

i. To keep them away from following the sunnah of the prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam.

Making them believe that all the teachings in the sunnah are not enough to worship Allah properly. Then people will invent other methods, hoping to increase reward from Allah, while they are in fact reducing or cancelling it altogether.

Prophet sallahu alaihi wasalam used to take wudhu’ and ghusl with very little water. If a person under the influence of shaytan would not be satisfied with little water.

Whoever wants to rid himself from this trial has to believe, with certainty, that the truth is in following the sunnah of the Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam in both his words and actions has to be on the right path. In essence this should encourage us to seek the true knowledge so that we remain certain of our actions.

ii. Solah
– making one doubt in their number of rakaah
– making them doubt about their niyah of their prayer. So you see some people who make niyah out loud before their takbeer and kept repeating, “usalli” many times. This is an exaggeration of obedience to shaytan and acceptance of his waswasah. Alhamdulillah we don’t make niyah out loud and we are certain about our prayer that niyah’s place is in the heart.
– Remember this hadith
Uthmaan ibn Abi’l-Aas (radi Allahu anhu) came to the Prophet (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) and said: “The Shaytaan comes between me and my prayer and recitation of Quran, and he is confusing me.” The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “That is a devil called Khinzab. If you notice that, then seek refuge with Allah from him, and spit drily to your left three times.” Uthmaan ibn Abi’l-Aas (radi Allahu anhu) said: “I did that, and Allah took him away from me.” [Muslim]

The people under the influence of waswasah by shaytan are a joy to the khanzab and his companions. We seek refuge in Allah from them.

iii. Purification
– Some people doubt they have thoroughly cleaned themselves. A story as an example of exaggeration of such
– Abu al faraj bin Al juziy reported from Abu Al Wafa’ bin Uqayl that a man said to him: “I dip in water many times, and still doubt whether I have washed properly or not, so what is your opinion?” The sheikh said to him, “Go, for the obligation of solah is withdrawn from you.” He said, “Why do you say so?” The sheikh replied: “Because the Prophet said: “There are three persons whose actions are not recorded: a lunatic whose mind is deranged till he is restored to consciousness, a sleeper till he awakes, and a boy till he reaches puberty. Whoever dips in water many times, yet still has doubt whether he is wet or not, is a lunatic.”
– Ponder this
Zin Al Abidin once said to his som, O son, get me some clothing to wear when I respond to the call of nature: for I have seen flies landing on filth, then touching cloth afterwards. Then he observed that neither the Prophet sallalahu alaihi wasalam nor his companions used to war more than two pieces of clothing, so he cancelled his request.
– The deen is easy. If we follow the sunnah, we won’t be putting hardship on ourselves Insya Allah.
– Also be aware in wasting when taking wudhu’
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said,
“There is a shaytan (devil) for ablution called `walhan’, meaning greedy, avoid the waste of water.”(at Tirmidhee)

iv. Waswasah about breaking wudhu’

For example
i. When one doubts the number of rakaah he has prayed
– If he is not sure whether it is three or four, he takes the lesser number (that is certain) and continued praying and perform sujud sahwi.
ii. If he is confused with the number of tawaf
– Take the lesser number (that is certain) and continue.
iii. Ablution
– Also another worship that shaytan likes to infect the worshiper with suspicions. Many have fallen into this trap. Repeating their wudhu’ and prayers because of suspicions. This is exactly what shaytan wants – that you waste your time because of your suspicions. Waste water and make things difficult on yourself and sometimes others too.
– Doubt is not sufficient to invalidate ablution. This is an important principle.
– When one is uncertain, one must assume that his ablution is still in effect and continue in one’s worship.
– A hadith narrated by Abu Hurayrah aid that the messenger of Allah aid, If any of you have pain in his abdomen, but is doubtful whether or not anything has issued from him, he should not leave the mosque (to make wudhu’) unless he hears a sound or perceives a smell.”
– We must make every effort to defeat the strategies of shaytan.

Knowledge

This shows the importance of knowledge. The knowledge of what invalidates will help us come up with certainty and eliminate problems of being doubtful. The knowledge of the sunnah will help us avoid the bidaah and uncertainty, Insya Allah.

Lessons

In this hadith emphasis on avoidance of waswasah is emphasised. It is important to have great care for the deen, but being excessive in doing things based on suspicions is an indication that one is under the influence of shaytan.
• Shaytan is always looking for ways to lead us astray
• Shaytan also try to put ideas in us and make us doubt our ibadah.
• Making ibadah difficult by being suspicious is among the work of shaytan.
• Among the most common room for attack in purity, abution and solah.
• One way to combat waswasah is knowledge of the sunnah.
• The knowledge of sunnah will help us be certain what is right or excessive in the deen.
• Seek refuge in Allah against waswasah of shaytan.

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