or a common malay term Batal wudhu’
1. Poo and pee and fart
Al Maidah 5: 6
O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salât (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles. If you are in a state of Janâba (i.e. after a sexual discharge), purify yourself (bathe your whole body). But if you are ill or on a journey or any of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (i.e. sexual intercourse) and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allâh does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour to you that you may be thankful (6)
Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said, “Allah does not accept the prayer of anyone if he makes hadath until he makes ablution.” A man from Hadramaut asked: “What is hadath, O Abu Hurayrah?” Abu Hurayrah replied, “It is to pass wind from the anus, with or without sound.” (Bukhari and Muslim)
Also do take note of this hadith
Abu Hurayrah narrated that teh Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,
“When one of you feel something in his stomach, and doubts whether he has released wind, he should not leave the mosque until he hears a sound or smells something.” Muslim
Thus it is not necessary to renew wudhu’s on the suspicious of passing wind unless one is absolutely sure that he has passed wind (because of smell or sound)
2. The secretion of wadi and madhi
Wadi is a thick cloudy liquid that comes from private part for no apparent reason. This requires one to clean the private parts and renew the wudhu’.
‘Aishah said, ” Wadi comes out after urination. The person should wash the private parts and perform ablution. It is not necessary to perform ghusl. This is related by Ibn al-Munzhir.
Ibn ‘Abbas related that “mani (sperm) requires ghusl. As for mazhi (semen) and wadi they require a complete purification.” This is related by al-Athram. Al-Baihaqi has it with the wording, “Concerning mazhi (prostatic fluid) and wadi, he said, ‘Wash your sexual organs and perform the same type of ablution as you perform for prayer.”‘
Madhi is clear liquid that usually comes when one is feeling aroused. This requires one to clean the private parts and renew the wudhu’.
In a hadith narrated by Ali bin Abi Talib who said, “I used to pass madhi.” So I asked al Miqdad to ask the prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam for me. He asked him, then he replied, “One must perform ablution.” (due to its excretion)
For mani however, one needs to make ghusl. Thus it is important that one can tell the difference between each of them.
3. Deep sleep
Deep sleep that makes one completely unaware of the surroundings. This is regardless whether his buttocks are on the ground when sitting or not.
Light sleep does not nullify one’s wudhu based on this ahdith
Narrated by Anas Ibn Malik, “The companions in the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wasalam in his lifetime, used to wait for the Isha’ prayer until their heads began to nod (in drowsiness). They would then pray without performing ablution.
Meanwhile one who were in heavy sleep, their wudhu’ is nullified and must take wudhu’ after waking up to pray.
Prophet Muhammad salallahu alaihi wasalam made an analogy of the eye as aleather strap of the anus in this hadith
Narrated Muawiyyah, Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wasalam said, “The eye is the leather strap of the anus, and when the eyes sleep, the leather eyes is loosened.”
What it means, when one sleeps deeply, one cannot control the anus muscle anymore and may release fart and not realize it. With that loss of consciousness, one should renew his wudhu’.
So children, remember that if you sleep so soundly in the car, even though you are sitting,, your wudhu’ is nullified and thus you must renew your wudhu’.
4. Loss of consciousness due to drunkenness or ill
So if you are given anaesthetics and loss your conciousness because of it, you need to renew your wudhu’ to pray.
5.Touching one’s private parts without a barrier
There is a difference of opinion in this matter. because of conflicting hadith.
i. First opinion is touching private parts do not break wudhu’ at all. Among those who take this opinion is Imam hanafi
This is based on this hadith
Narrated by Talq bin Ali, “A man said I touched my penis, or the narrator said, “If a man touched his penis during prayer, does he have to perform ablution?” The Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihiwasalam said, “No! It is just a part of you.”
ii. The rest of the scholars take the opinion that touching private part does break one’s wudhu’. This based on another hadith
Busrah Bint Safwan said, The Messenger of Allah sallahu alaihi wasalm said, “Whoever touches his penis must perform ablution.”
According to the scholars, this hadith came later and it is said that it abrogates the previous hadith and it is also more authentic that the previous one in terms of isnad.
Ibn Taymiyyah take the middle road between the two hadith and said that touching with desire breaks one’s wudhu’ and if no desire involves, wudhu’ is not broken.
Insya Allah khayr we take Ibn Taymiyyah’s opinions in such that at times that for example we need to put medicine around our private parts or wash a child’s bottom. However if we purposely touch our private parts for no reason like itchiness, it is best that we renew our wudhu Insya Allah.
6. Eating the meat of camel
It is reported on the authority of Al baraa’ ibn ‘Aazib that he said, “Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam said, “Make ablution after eating camel meat and do not make ablution after eating mutton.”
Vomiting or a Nosebleed Do Not Invalidate the Wudhu’
There is no sahih narration that wudhu’ becomes invalidate when one vomits or bleeds. Thus as the principle of fiqh, everything is permitted unless there is a clear prohibition for it.
A sahabah who is the companion of the ansar was pefroming solah at night at Ghazwah Dhi Ruqa’ and he was shot by an arrow by the enemy and was badly wounded but he continued praying (Abu dawood Purification).
It is not possible that Prophet sallalalhu alaihi wasalam did not know about this and ordered him to do solah again.
Similarly when Umar was wounded he continued his prayer although blood was flowing from his body.
Allah knows best.
1. Bulugh Maram
2. Prayer According to Sunnah – Darussalam
3. Fiqh Course – IIPH