Monthly Archives: October 2012

Nullifiers of Wudhu’

or a common malay term Batal wudhu’

1. Poo and pee and fart

Al Maidah 5: 6

O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salât (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles. If you are in a state of Janâba (i.e. after a sexual discharge), purify yourself (bathe your whole body). But if you are ill or on a journey or any of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (i.e. sexual intercourse) and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allâh does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour to you that you may be thankful (6)

Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said, “Allah does not accept the prayer of anyone if he makes hadath until he makes ablution.” A man from Hadramaut asked: “What is hadath, O Abu Hurayrah?” Abu Hurayrah replied, “It is to pass wind from the anus, with or without sound.” (Bukhari and Muslim)

Also do take note of this hadith

Abu Hurayrah narrated that teh Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,

“When one of you feel something in his stomach, and doubts whether he has released wind, he should not leave the mosque until he hears a sound or smells something.” Muslim

Thus it is not necessary to renew wudhu’s on the suspicious of passing wind unless one is absolutely sure that he has passed wind (because of smell or sound)

2. The secretion of wadi and madhi

Wadi is a thick cloudy liquid that comes from private part for no apparent reason. This requires one to clean the private parts and renew the wudhu’.

‘Aishah said, ” Wadi comes out after urination. The person should wash the private parts and perform ablution. It is not necessary to perform ghusl. This is related by Ibn al-Munzhir.

Ibn ‘Abbas related that “mani (sperm) requires ghusl. As for mazhi (semen) and wadi they require a complete purification.” This is related by al-Athram. Al-Baihaqi has it with the wording, “Concerning mazhi (prostatic fluid) and wadi, he said, ‘Wash your sexual organs and perform the same type of ablution as you perform for prayer.”‘

Madhi is clear liquid that usually comes when one is feeling aroused. This requires one to clean the private parts and renew the wudhu’.

In a hadith narrated by Ali bin Abi Talib who said, “I used to pass madhi.” So I asked al Miqdad to ask the prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam for me. He asked him, then he replied, “One must perform ablution.” (due to its excretion)

For mani however, one needs to make ghusl. Thus it is important that one can tell the difference between each of them.

3. Deep sleep

Deep sleep that makes one completely unaware of the surroundings. This is regardless whether his buttocks are on the ground when sitting or not.

Light sleep does not nullify one’s wudhu based on this ahdith

Narrated by Anas Ibn Malik, “The companions in the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wasalam in his lifetime, used to wait for the Isha’ prayer until their heads began to nod (in drowsiness). They would then pray without performing ablution.

Meanwhile one who were in heavy sleep, their wudhu’ is nullified and must take wudhu’ after waking up to pray.

Prophet Muhammad salallahu alaihi wasalam made an analogy of the eye as aleather strap of the anus in this hadith

Narrated Muawiyyah, Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wasalam said, “The eye is the leather strap of the anus, and when the eyes sleep, the leather eyes is loosened.”

What it means, when one sleeps deeply, one cannot control the anus muscle anymore and may release fart and not realize it. With that loss of consciousness, one should renew his wudhu’.

So children,  remember that if you sleep so soundly in the car, even though you are sitting,, your wudhu’ is nullified and thus you must renew your wudhu’.

4. Loss of consciousness due to drunkenness or ill

So if you are given anaesthetics and loss your conciousness because of it, you need to renew your wudhu’ to pray.

5.Touching one’s private parts without a barrier

There is a difference of opinion in this matter. because of conflicting hadith.

i. First opinion is touching private parts do not break wudhu’ at all. Among those who take this opinion is Imam hanafi

This is based on this hadith

Narrated by Talq bin Ali, “A man said I touched my penis, or the narrator said, “If a man touched his penis during prayer, does he have to perform ablution?” The Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihiwasalam said, “No! It is just a part of you.”

ii. The rest of the scholars take the opinion that touching private part does break one’s wudhu’. This based on another hadith

Busrah Bint Safwan said, The Messenger of Allah sallahu alaihi wasalm said, “Whoever touches his penis must perform ablution.”

According to the scholars, this hadith came later and it is said that it abrogates the previous hadith and it is also more authentic that the previous one in terms of isnad.

Ibn Taymiyyah take the middle road between the two hadith and said that touching with desire breaks one’s wudhu’ and if no desire involves, wudhu’ is not broken.

Insya Allah khayr we take Ibn Taymiyyah’s opinions in such that  at times that for example we need to put medicine around our private parts or wash a child’s bottom. However if we purposely touch our private parts for no reason like itchiness, it is best that we renew our wudhu Insya Allah.

6. Eating the meat of camel

It is reported on the authority of Al baraa’ ibn ‘Aazib that he said, “Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam said, “Make ablution after eating camel meat and do not make ablution after eating mutton.”

Vomiting or a Nosebleed Do Not Invalidate the Wudhu’

There is no sahih narration that wudhu’ becomes invalidate when one vomits or bleeds. Thus as the principle of fiqh, everything is permitted unless there is a clear prohibition for it.

A sahabah who is the companion of the ansar was pefroming solah at night at Ghazwah Dhi Ruqa’ and he was shot by an arrow by the enemy and was badly wounded but he continued praying (Abu dawood Purification).

It is not possible that Prophet sallalalhu alaihi wasalam did not know about this and ordered him to do solah again.

Similarly when Umar was wounded he continued his prayer although blood was flowing from his body.

Allah knows best.

Reference

1. Bulugh Maram

2. Prayer According to Sunnah – Darussalam

3. Fiqh Course – IIPH

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Allah al Jabbar – The Compeller

Al Jabbar – the Compeller is one of the best names of Allah.

The word ‘Jabbaar’ appears 10 times in the Qur’an, but only once for Allah (swt). This word is used nine times for people who are strong, oppressive, or commit dhulm (injustice), who compel and force others. The one that is used for Allah can be found in Surat al-Hashr (verse 23 )

Surah al Hashr 59: 23

He is Allâh beside Whom is Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allâh! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him. (23)

Al-Jabbaar is one of the authentic Names of Allah (swt) and it means ‘one who compels or restores.’ Al-Jabbaar, like the majority of the Names of Allah, is of an intensified form so Al-Jabbar not only means ‘one who restores,’ but “the One who restores completely.’

Jabbaar is from the root jabr (ج ب ر or جبر), and this root has several meanings:

a) The first meaning is ‘to pressurize, to compel and force someone to do something.’ From this, it is understood to mean ‘to tyrannize someone and be tyrannical.’ We learn from the Qur’an that:

وَإِذَا بَطَشْتُم بَطَشْتُمْ جَبَّارِينَ

“And when you strike, you strike as tyrants.” (Qur’an, ash Shuara 26:130 )

Similarly in Surat al-Maryam, Prophet `Isa `alayhi salaam says:

وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْنِي جَبَّارًا شَقِيًّا

“And He has not made me a wretched tyrant.” (Qur’an, al maryam 19:32 )

b) Secondly, jabr means ‘to be strong, tall and great.’ ‘Nakhlatun Jabbaarah’ is used to describe a tall date palm tree that is very strong and gives a lot of fruit. Also in the Qur’an, when Bani Isra’eel (the children of the tribe of Isra’eel) were told to enter the city of Jerusalem, they said:

إِنَّ فِيهَا قَوْمًا جَبَّارِينَ

“Indeed within it is a people of tyrannical strength.” (Qur’an, 5:22 )

c) The third meaning of jabr is ‘to repair the broken, fix and reform something.’ When something is incomplete and you complete it, that act is called jabr. Furthermore, when there is a deficiency and you make up for it that is called jabr. (Interesting fact: from the same root is the word ‘algebra:’ you ‘fix’ the equation.  The word ‘jabeerah’ is also used for a splint, to help broken bones.)

If Allah is Jabbaar, what does it mean?

a)      According to al Khattaabi, it means: “He is the One who forces His creation upon what He commands and upon what He has forbidden. In other words, whatever Allah wills, His will is executed.” The first meaning of Jabbaar is ‘Compeller,’ so whatever He wills is what happens. He is the One who implements His will.

AL Jabbar may have derived from the word ijbar which means subduing and coercing. Thus Allah the is the Compeller to Whom belongs glory and supremacy.

Al Ghazali defined the name Al Jabbar as “the One Whose will is carried out by force on everybody and no one’swill affect Him. He is the One Who controls everyone. No one can do Him any harm. Therefore the Absolute Compeller is Allah.

All creatures submit to the Power of Allah. If He wants something to be, He just issues His Command and it is:

Yassin 36: 82

Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, “Be!” and it is! (82) 

Al Imran 3: 83

Do they seek other than the religion of Allâh (the true Islâmic Monotheism worshipping none but Allâh Alone), while to Him submitted all creatures in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly. And to Him shall they all be returned. (83)

b)     Secondly, it means ‘al ‘Aali fawqa khalqihi’, the One who is Exalted and High above His creation. In other words, He is the Greatest One. We said ‘nakhlatun jabbaarah’ is the tallest tree in the orchard. Allaah (swt) being al-Jabbaar is the Greatest and there is no one else who is greater than Him. He is the One who is Qawwiy, A’dheem (The Most Strong, The Most Great). He is the One who has ‘tawl’: He owns a lot and can give a lot. The Supreme Power and Authority belongs to Him Alone.

Al Jabbar means the Highest and the Most Supreme Over His Creatures

Allah is Higher and more Supreme than His creatures in His attributes and Compelling signs. He deserves highness and dominion.

c)      Thirdly, Jabbaar means ‘Al Muslih, the One who Reforms, the One who fixes the situation for His creation. When we find our resources to be incomplete, Allah (swt) completes them. When we are unable to reach our goals, Allah (swt) assists us. He is the One who amends the affairs of His creation. It means if a slave is unable to reach His goal, Al-Jabbaar will enable Him and provide Him with the sources to reach this goal.

Al jabbar is derived from the root word jabara which means to cause something to grow.

Thus Allah helps the poor, needy, oppressed and afflicted people. Allah relieves the pain and alleviate the distress of the sick people.

Insya Allah in our du’a we can call to Al Jabbar whenever we are in distress. May Allah always protect us.

If Allah is Al-Jabbaar, what are we supposed to do?

1)      We must know that He is Al Jabbaar alone, and we cannot imitate Him. For many Names of Allah, we must act upon them in a way most suitable for us. Allah is Ar-Rahman (The Entirely Merciful) so we should have mercy on others.

However, because Allah is Al-Jabbaar it does not mean we become jabbaar. Why? Because He has told us to not be jabbaar and He does not like those who are arrogant.

From Surat Ibrahim we learn:

وَاسْتَفْتَحُوا وَخَابَ كُلُّ جَبَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ

“And they requested victory from Allah, and disappointed, [therefore], was every obstinate tyrant.” (Qur’an, Ibrahim 14:15)

Similarly, Allah says:

كَذَٰلِكَ يَطْبَعُ اللَّهُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ قَلْبِ مُتَكَبِّرٍ جَبَّارٍ

‘Thus does Allah seal over every heart [belonging to] an arrogant tyrant.” (Qur’an, 40:35)

So whoever is jabbaar, it leads to their heart being sealed and his ultimate loss in this life and the next.

From a hadith in Sahih Bukhari, we learn that hellfire is for the jabbaareen, those who are jabbaar, Hellfire said: ‘I have been given the privilege of receiving the arrogant and the tyrants.’

We may think that we are not oppressive, and that such a title only belongs to the rulers who kill people and commit injustice, but we are also jabbaar sometimes. In the context of Isa (as), it is said he was righteous towards his mother and he was not a jabbaar (disobedient). So jabbaar means ‘one who is forceful against his parents’ in this context; i.e., when parents tell their child to do something and the child doesn’t listen. Jabbaar is not just a mighty tyrannical ruler, but jabbaarcan be any person who refuses to obey, harms and hurts other people and does not listen to the authority. The first lesson for us is that we are ‘ebaad (servants) and we should recognize ourselves as ‘ebaadAllah (servants of Allah).

2)      The second lesson we learn is that if someone is unable to reach their goals, they find constriction in time and ability. We should ask Al-Jabbaar to fix our deficiencies. When we are unable to achieve a goal and find ourselves weak and when we find ourselves in a mess, we should ask for the help of Al-Jabbaar who will make up all of the deficiencies.

Allah showed His slaves the path to faith and the path to disbelief

The compulsion relates to Allah’s Management of the universe. In the religious matter, however, Allah legislated to His slaves whatever pleases Him without compelling them to carry out anything of them.

He commanded them to do certain things and asked them to avoid others. Whoever obeys Allah’s Commands shall go to Paradise and whoever disobeys shall be thrown to Hell.

Al Kahf 18: 29

And say: “The truth is from your Lord.” Then whosoever wills, let him believe, and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve. Verily, We have prepared for the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers), a Fire whose walls will be surrounding them (disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh). And if they ask for help (relief, water) they will be granted water like boiling oil, that will scald their faces. Terrible is the drink, and an evil Murtafaq (dwelling, resting place)! (29)

Ash Shams 91: 7-10

And by Nafs (Adam or a person or a soul), and Him Who perfected him in proportion; (7) Then He showed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him; (8) 

Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself (i.e. obeys and performs all that Allâh ordered, by following the true Faith of Islâmic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds). (9) And indeed he fails who corrupts his ownself (i.e. disobeys what Allâh has ordered by rejecting the true Faith of Islâmic Monotheism or by following polytheism or by doing every kind of evil wicked deeds) (10)

Du`a’s with this Name

a)      In between the two sajdahs, there is the du`a’:

Allahumma-ighfirlee warhamnee wahdini warhamnee wajburnee wa ‘aafinee warzuqnee warfa’nee, 
‘O Allah, forgive me, have mercy upon me, guide me, enrich me, give me health, grant me sustenance and raise my rank.’

Jabr in this duaa does not mean to compel, but rather it means ‘fix my situation’, in the meaning of muslih (reformer).  Remember we explain that Jabr can alsoo mean fix something broken.

b)     There is a sahih hadith in Abu Dawood that mentions a du`a’ that the Prophet ﷺ would recite in sujood and ruku’:

Subhana dhil jabaroot wal malakoot wal kibriyaa’i wal ‘athamah.

Glorified is the the One who possesses jabaroot- which means greatness and power here, wal malakoot is all of His dominion, wal kibriyaa’ and the greatness, wal ‘athamah, and the grandness. (‘How perfect He is, The Possessor of total power, sovereignty, magnificence and grandeur.’)

We should write these du`a’s down and memorize them, so we may benefit from them.

Why are these du`a’s mentioned in sajdah? We are most close to Allah in sujood and mentioning His Greatness expresses our humility.

So Allah (swt) is Al-Jabbaar: The One who Compels, The One who Reforms and The One who is Great.

 

Taken from

1. The perfect names of Allah -Dr Umar S. Al Ashqar

2. A good article on Al Jabbar by sister Amatullah. May Allah bless her

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The Angels and the Sons of Adam

1. They bring down Allah’s Messages

Allah selected the angels for a very great and noble job which is to take commands and teachings to the people.

Al Fatir 35: 1
All the praises and thanks are to Allâh, the (only) Originator [or the (Only) Creator] of the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels messengers with wings, – two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Verily, Allâh is Able to do all things. (1)

Allah has told us that Jibreel is the only one who carries this mission

Ash Shuara 26: 193-194

And truly, this (the Qur’ân) is a revelation from the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists), (192)Which the trustworthy Rûh [Jibril (Gabriel)] has brought down; (193) Upon your heart (O Muhammad SAW) that you may be (one) of the warners, (194)

But wahy may be brought by other angels even though very rarely, as the hadith goes

Ibn Abbas in which Ibn Abbas narrates:

“One day Jibreel was sitting with the Prophet ﷺ and Jibreel heard the sound of a door in the heavens. So he raised his head and saw an angel coming. Then Jibreel said to the Prophet ﷺ, ‘This door is a door that was never opened before until today. And this angel is an angel who never came before.’ The angel came to Jibreel and the Prophet ﷺ and gavesalaams (greetings of peace) to them. Then he said to the Prophet ﷺ, ‘I give you the good news of two lights that are given to you that were never given to any prophet before you: the Opening of the Book (i.e. Surat al-Fatiha) and the last verses of Surat al-Baqarah.’”

Not everyone to whom an angel comes is a Messenger or a prophet.

Allah sent Jibreel to Maryam. (The story of how Isa was created)

Allah sent Jibreel to the mother of Ismaeel whn she ran out of food and drink (the story of zam zam)

The sahabah saw Jibreel in human form (hadith Islam, Iman and ihsan)

An angel visited a man who was visiting his brother because he loved him for th sake of Allah.

2. They blow life into people and record their future

While we are in our mother’s womb, Allah sends and angel to blow life into us and write important things from our future.

Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother’s womb for forty days in the form of a nutfah (a drop), then he becomes an ‘alaqah (clot of blood) for a like period, then a mudghah (morsel of flesh) for a like period, then there is sent to him the angel who blows his soul into him and who is commanded with four matters: to write down his rizq (sustenance), his life span, his actions, and whether he will be happy or unhappy (i.e. whether or not he will enter Paradise). (Bukhari and Muslim from Ibn Mas’ood)

We did the hadith previously at hadith 4 – Man’s development and his destiny

3. They write what the People Do

Be aware that there are angels who stay with us all the time. they record all what we do, whether good or bad.

Az Zukhroof 43: 80

Or do they think that We hear not their secrets and their private counsel? (Yes We do) and Our Messengers (appointed angels in charge of mankind) are by them, to record. (80)

The angels never forget to write anything.

All of us have two angels –
one on the right recording good deed
one on the left recording bad deed

Al Infitar 82: 10-12
But verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch you, (10) Kirâman (Honourable) Kâtibîn writing down (your deeds) (11) They know all that you do. (12)

Al Qaaf 50: 17-18
(Remember!) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being), one sitting on the right and one on the left (to note his or her actions) (17) Not a word does he (or she) utter, but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it).(18)

Please refer to the arabic words in this verse.

The word qa’eed – translated as sitting. really means watching.

The word raqeeb ateed – translated as watcher means always ready to do that and he never misses a single word.

Thus each person will find that this books contain everything that he said or did.

The kuffar will see their books of deeds on the Day of resurrection andthey will cry out

Al Kahf 18: 49

And the Book (one’s Record) will be placed (in the right hand for a believer in the Oneness of Allâh, and in the left hand for a disbeliever in the Oneness of Allâh), and you will see the Mujrimûn (criminals, polytheists, sinners), fearful of that which is (recorded) therein. They will say: “Woe to us! What sort of Book is this that leaves neither a small thing nor a big thing, but has recorded it with numbers!” And they will find all that they did, placed before them, and your Lord treats no one with injustice. (49)

From a hadith,

Abu Hurayra is that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A slave of Allah might say something which pleases Allah Almighty without realising it on account of which Allah raises him some degrees. A slave of Allah might say something which angers Allah Almighty without realising it on account of which he falls into Jahannam.” [al-Bukhari]

From Al Qaf 50: 18

(Remember!) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being), one sitting on the right and one on the left (to note his or her actions) (17)

Not a word does he (or she) utter, but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it). (18)

Ibn Katheer mentioned that Imam Ahmad used to moan when he was sick. Then he heard that Tawoos said, “Everything is written down, even (a person’s moans).” After that, Ahmad never moaned until he died, may Allah have mercy on him.

Subhanallah Allah Ar Raheem Ar Rahman. He makes the angels on the left to give a chance for the sinners to repent in 6 hours before he starts recording the records,

Abu Umamah reported that the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,
Indeed the angel on the left lifts the pen for six hours from a sinful Muslim. If he then regrets and seek Allah’s forgiveness for his sins, the angels drop it. Otherwise he records it as one wrong. At tabaranni. verified hasan by al Albanee

The angels also record the actions of the heart

Al Infitar 82: 12

They know all that you do. (12) 

Narrated by Abu Huraira that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said:

Allah says: Whenever My slave intends to do a bad deed, (I say to the deeds recording angels): Do not record it against him until he (actually) commits it. If he has done so, write it down exactly as one in his record book. But if he refrains from it for My sake, write down this as a virtue in his favour. And when he intends to do a good deed, but does not actually do it, write it as a virtue for him. And if he puts it into practice, write its reward equal to, from ten to seven hundred times (in his account). (This Hadith is sound and reported by Bukhari, Muslim and Tirmidhi). 

Another hadith by Abu Hurayrah

The angels says, ‘O Lord, Your slave wants to do something bad,’ although He (Allah) Knows best about him. So, Allah says, ‘Watch him. If he does it then write it down as it is. If he does not do it, then write it down as one hasanah for him, for he is abstaining from it because of Me.’ (Bukhari and Muslim)

4. Stirring up good motives in the heart

Allah has appointed for each person a qareen (constant companion) from among the angels and another from among the jinn.

Ibn Masood said, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:

“There is no one among you but he has with him a constant companion (qareen) from among the jinn and a constant companion from among the angels.” They said, “You too, O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “Me too, but Allaah has helped me against him (the devil-companion) and he has become Muslim.” (Muslim)

The angelic companion is probably different from the angels who are commanded to record the deeds. This angel is appointed to guide the person. This qareen from the angel will tell us and encourage us to do good while the qareen of the jinn will tell us and encourage us to do evil.

Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said that the Messenger of Allah said,

«إِنَّ لِلشَّيْطَانِ لَمَّةً بِابْنِ آدَمَ، وَلِلْمَلَكِ لَمَّةً، فَأَمَّا لَمَّةُ الشَّيطَانِ فَإِيعَادٌ بِالشَّرِّ، وَتَكْذِيبٌ بِالْحَقِّ، وَ أَمَّا لَمَّةُ الْمَلَكِ فَإِيعَادٌ بِالْخَيْرِ، وَتَصْدِيقٌ بِالْحَقِّ، فَمَنْ وَجَدَ ذَلِكَ فَلْيَعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ مِنَ اللهِ، فَلْيَحْمَدِ اللهَ، وَمَنْ وَجَدَ الْأُخْرَى فَلْيَتَعَوَّذْ مِنَ الشَّيْطَان»

(Shaytan has an effect on the son of Adam, and the angel also has an effect. As for the effect of Shaytan, it is by his threatening with evil repercussions and rejecting the truth. As for the effect of the angel, it is by his promise of a good end and believing in the truth. Whoever finds the latter, let him know that it is coming from Allah and let him thank Allah for it. Whoever finds the former, let him seek refuge – with Allah – from Shaytan.)

The Prophet then recited,

﴿الشَّيْطَـنُ يَعِدُكُمُ الْفَقْرَ وَيَأْمُرُكُم بِالْفَحْشَآءِ وَاللَّهُ يَعِدُكُم مَّغْفِرَةً مِّنْهُ وَفَضْلاً﴾

(Shaytan threatens you with poverty and orders you to commit Fahsha’; whereas Allah promises you forgiveness from Himself and bounty. Al Baqarah 2: 286)

This is the narration that At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i collected in the book of Tafsir in their Sunan collections.

Al-Haafiz Abu Moosa narrated from Abu az-Zubayr that Jaabir said:

“The Messenger of Allah :saw: said:

‘When a person goes to bed, an angel and a devil hasten towards him. The angel says,

‘End you day with good,”

– and the devil says,

“End your day with evil.”

If he remembers Allah until (sleep) overtakes him, the angel expels the devil and spends the night watching over him.

When he wakes up, an angel and a devil hasten towards him. The angel says,

“Start (your day) with good,’

– and the devil says,

‘Start (your day) with evil.’

If he says,

‘Praise be to Allah who has brought my soul back to life after causing it to die, and has not caused me to die during my sleep. Praise be to Allah Who has detained the souls whom He decreed should die, and has sent back the others until an appointed time. Praise be to Allah Who grasps the heaven and the earth lest they move away from their places, and if they were to move away from their places, there is not one that could grasp them after Him (cf. 35:41), and Praise be to Allah Who holds up the heavens so that they cannot fall on the earth except by His leave,’

– then the angel expels the devil and spends the day watching over him.” (Bukhari)

This should encourage us to do lots of good deeds so that the angels are near to us constantly. Angels love good deeds while the devil hates it.

5. testing the Sons of Adam

Allah may send some of His angels to test the sons of Adam.

Narrated Abu Huraira: that he heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “Allah willed to test three Israelis who were a Leper, a blind man and a bald-headed man. So, he sent them an angel who came to the leper and said, ‘What thing do you like most?’ He replied, “Good color and good skin, for the people have a strong aversion to me.’ The angel touched him and his illness was cured, and he was given a good color and beautiful skin. The angel asked him, ‘What kind of property do you like best?’ He replied, ‘Camels (or cows).’ (The narrator is in doubt, for either the leper or the bald-headed man demanded camels and the other demanded cows.) So he (i.e. the leper) was given a pregnant she-camei, and the angel said (to him), ‘May Allah bless you in it.’ The angel then went to the bald-headed man and said, ‘What thing do you like most?’ He said, ‘I like good hair and wish to be cured of this disease, for the people feel repulsion for me.’ The angel touched him and his illness was cured, and he was given good hair. The angel asked (him), ‘What kind of property do you like bests’ He replied, ‘Cows,’ The angel gave him a pregnant cow and said, ‘May Allah bless you in it.’ The angel went to the blind man and asked, ‘What thing do you like best?’ He said, ‘(I like) that Allah may restore my eye-sight to me so that I may see the people.’ The angel touched his eyes and Allah gave him back his eye-sight. The angel asked him, “What kind of property do you like best?’ He replied, ‘Sheep.’ The angel gave him a pregnant sheep. Afterwards, all the three pregnant animals gave birth to young ones, and multiplied and brought forth so much that one of the (three) men had a herd of camels filling a valley, and one had a herd of cows filling a valley, and one had a flock of sheep filling a valley. Then the angel, disguised in the shape and appearance of a leper, went to the leper and said, I am a poor man, who has lost all means of livelihood while on a journey. So none will satisfy my need except Allah and then you. In the Name of Him Who has given you such nice color and beautiful skin, and so much property, I ask you to give me a camel so that I may reach my destination. The man replied, ‘I have many obligations (so I cannot give you).’ The angel said, ‘I think I know you; were you not a leper to whom the people had a strong aversion? Weren’t you a poor man, and then Allah gave you (all this property).’ He replied, ‘(This is all wrong), I got this property through inheritance from my fore-fathers’ The angel said, ‘If you are telling a lie, then let Allah make you as you were before. ‘ Then the angel, disguised in the shape and appearance of a bald man, went to the bald man and said to him the same as he told the first one, and he too answered the same as the first one did. The angel said, ‘If you are telling a lie, then let Allah make you as you were before.’ The angel, disguised in the shape of a blind man, went to the blind man and said, ‘I am a poor man and a traveler, whose means of livelihood have been exhausted while on a journey. I have nobody to help me except Allah, and after Him, you yourself. I ask you in the Name of Him Who has given you back your eye-sight to give me a sheep, so that with its help, I may complete my journey’ The man said, ‘No doubt, I was blind and Allah gave me back my eye-sight; I was poor and Allah made me rich; so take anything you wish from my property. By Allah, I will not stop you for taking anything (you need) of my property which you may take for Allah’s sake.’ The angel replied, ‘Keep your property with you. You (i.e 3 men) have been tested and Allah is pleased with you and is angry with your two companions.”  

6. The angels take the soul from the body

Allah has appointed some of His angels to pull the souls out of people’s boies when their appoited time comes which has been decreed by Allah.

As Sajda 32: 11

Say: “The angel of death, who is set over you, will take your souls, Then you shall be brought to your Lord.” (11)

Lessons

1. Angels are around the people.
2. The angels are messengers to human. But the last prophetic wahyu was for Prophet Muhamamd sallallahu alaihi wasalam
3. They blow life into people when they are in their mothers womb
4. The angel would also record the person’s future
5. They record what the people do

Reference

1. The World of the Noble Angels – Umar S al Ashqar rahimullah

2. Knowing the Angels – Muhammad al Jibaly

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