Al Adiyyat 100: 6-11

Verily, man (disbeliever) is ungrateful to his Lord; (6) 

And to that he bears witness (by his deeds); (7) 

And verily, he is violent in the love of wealth (8) 

Knows he not that when the contents of the graves are poured forth (all mankind is resurrected)? (9) 

And that which is in the breasts (of men) is made known? (10) 

Verily, that Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) their Lord will be Well-Acquainted with them (as to their deeds and will reward them for their deeds). (11)

Earlier, the listener was given a preview show of a setting of story that they love to listen to. The Arabs love their horses. They value their mares. Loyal and courageous mares are their priced possession especially in battles. Indeed these horses are a symbol of valour and obedience. They obey their masters in any circumstances. Even if death awaits them.

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Ayah 6

Verily, man (disbeliever) is ungrateful to his Lord; (6)

In this verse six, suddenly, Allah diverts the attention from the highly suspense trailer of horse charging into war into the story of the mankind.

Allah describes how ungrateful the mankind is to their Lord. Allah reminds them who their master is. The horses depended on their masters for food, drink and their livelihood and in return they are obedient to their masters.

Allah is the one who provides sustenance and livelihood, should they also be more obedient and submissive to their Master, the true Lord? But human are an ungrateful lot.

كنود – being EXTREMELY ungrateful to the favours of Allah.

كثير الكفر بنعمة ربه.

This verse is not meant only for the Quraysh whom Allah has given ni’mah to them. Among them are their horses. Rather, this ayah is for all of us, of whom Allah has bestowed so many ni’mah that even if you count them, you couldn’t because of its abundance. Are we also ungrateful to Allah?  Are we using Allah’s ni’mah to perform sins?

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Ayah 7

And to that he bears witness (by his deeds); (7)

From this ayah, Allah begins to speak about what will happen in yaumul akhirah. About all the deeds whether apparent or hidden will be revealed and dealt accordingly.

شهيد  – witness.

You may notice this word a lot in Quran. So take note of it when you see it next time.

Some scholars translate He here to mean Allah. That Allah will bear witness to our deeds. Think about it, the one who is witnessing you now, will also the one to judge you. Have fear to Allah.

Some other scholar translate he as human that is we will be witness for or against ourselves in yaumul akhirah.

Let us refer to surah Al Qiyamah 75: 14-15

 14. Nay! man will be a witness against himself [as his body parts (skin, hands, legs, etc.) will speak about his deeds].

15. though He may put forth his excuses (to cover his evil deeds).

Let us just reflect the verses of quran and imagine our situation in yaumul akhirah. Will our limbs speak against us? Ya Allah protect us.

Al Fussilat 41: 19-22

19. and (remember) the Day that the enemies of Allâh will be gathered to the Fire, so they will be collected there (the first and the last).

20. till, when they reach it (Hell-fire), their hearing (ears) and their eyes, and their skins will testify against them as to what they used to do.

21. and they will Say to their skins, “Why do You testify against us?” they will say: “Allâh has caused us to speak, as He causes All things to speak, and He created You the first time, and to Him You are made to return.”

22. and You have not been hiding against yourselves, lest Your ears, and Your eyes, and Your skins testify against you, but You thought that Allâh knew not much of what You were doing.

Yassin 36: 65

65. This day, we shall seal up their mouths, and their hands will speak to us, and their legs will bear witness to what they used to earn. (it is said that one’s left thigh will be the first to bear the witness). [Tafsir At-Tabarî, Vol. 22, Page 24]

An Nuur 24: 24

24. on the Day when their tongues, their hands, and their legs or feet will bear witness against them as to what they used to do.

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Ayah 8

 And verily, he is violent in the love of wealth (8)

Some Arabic words

حب – love

الخير – good

شديد – strength

The interpretation of this ayah is that “He is strongly in love of the goodness (wealth as translated by the scholars)”

The Messenger of Allah said: “If the son of Adam had a mountain of gold, he would ask for another; and nothing will fill him up (in terms of desiring wealth) except dust (of his grave).” [Saheeh Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 76, Number 447]

Does this remind of us of surah at Takathur?  Talk about Surah AT Takathur.

We did surah At Takathur HERE.

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Ayah 9

Knows he not that when the contents of the graves are poured forth (all mankind is resurrected)?

Familiar words for you. Give the meaning for each.

أ

Where (which surah) did we come across this word before?

يعلم

Comes from the word علم meaning

اذا

القبور

Where (which surah) did you find this word before?

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Ayah 10

And that which is in the breasts (of men) is made known? (10)

Words

في – ______________

الصدور – ____________

The word حصل means to peel. Like you peel a banana skin to reveal what is inside. Allah knows what is in the heart of men but on yaumul akhirah, Allah will open and reveal what is in the heart of men.

Al Mulk 67: 13

13. and whether You keep Your talk secret or disclose it, Verily, He is the All-Knower of what is In the breasts (of men).

And in yaumul akhirah, even the smallest grain of deed will be brought out and so will even the smallest grain of sin.

Al Zalzalah 99: 7-8

7. so Whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it.

8. and Whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it.

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Ayah 11

Verily, that Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) their Lord will be Well-Acquainted with them (as to their deeds and will reward them for their deeds). (11)

In Yaumul Akhir, Allah who is the All Knower and the All Aware will not leave anything hidden. Do some of us live in this world thinking that we can get away with things. Allah may allow you to keep some things hidden from people, but Allah the one who Witness, the One who knows it all and is Most Aware will also be the judge. On yaumul akhirah, all things will be made known.

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Exercise

  1. List the characteristics of a good horse that is favoured especially for battle.
  2. What are the characteristics of mankind as described by Allah in this surah?
  3. What will happen to the deeds of mankind as described by Allah in this surah?

Lessons from this surah:

  1. Arabs value their horses particularly the mares.
  2. Arabian mares are known to be very fast, loyal to their master and courageous. These are the traits needed for battle.
  3. Horses depend on their master for its livelihood.
  4. Human also is in need of Allah for livelihood and Allah has given it to them, but yet mankind are continuously ungrateful.
  5. Human love their dunya love greaty.
  6. On the Day of Resurrection, the grave will be turnover, their contents will be poured out.
  7. On the Day of Resurrection, all that is hidden in the breasts will be made known.
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