Allah sent Nuh alaihi salam when his people are deep in their worshipping idols and false gods, and was treading the path of darkness and ignorance. Thus Allah sent Propht Nuh alaihi salam as a mercy for His slaves.
Nuh alaihi salam was also the first messenger to be sent on earth. This can be proved in the hadith when the people of the day of judgment go to certain prophets to ask them to ask Allah to start the judgment day.
The Prophet said, “The believers will be kept (waiting) on the Day of Resurrection so long that they will become worried and say, “Let us ask somebody to intercede far us with our Lord so that He may relieve us from our place.
Then they will go to Adam and say, ‘You are Adam, the father of the people. Allah created you with His Own Hand and made you reside in His Paradise and ordered His angels to prostrate before you, and taught you the names of all things will you intercede for us with your Lord so that He may relieve us from this place of ours? Adam will say, ‘I am not fit for this undertaking.’ He will mention his mistakes he had committed, i.e., his eating off the tree though he had been forbidden to do so. He will add, ‘Go to Noah, the first messenger sent by Allah to the people of the Earth.’ The people will go to Noah who will say, ‘I am not fit for this undertaking’ He will mention his mistake which he had done, i.e., his asking his Lord without knowledge.’ He will say (to them), ‘Go to Abraham, Khalil Ar-Rahman.’ They will go to Abraham who will say, ‘I am not fit for this undertaking. He would mention three words by which he told a lie, and say (to them). ‘Go to Moses, a slave whom Allah gave the Torah and spoke to, directly and brought near Him, for conversation.’
They will go to Moses who will say, ‘I am not fit for this undertaking. He will mention his mistake he made, i.e., killing a person, and will say (to them), ‘Go to Jesus, Allah’s slave and His Apostle, and a soul created by Him and His Word.’ (Be: And it was.) They will go to Jesus who will say, ‘I am not fit for this undertaking but you’d better go to Muhammad the slave whose past and future sins have been forgiven by Allah.’ So they will come to me, and I will ask my Lord’s permission to enter His House and then I will be permitted. When I see Him I will fall down in prostration before Him, and He will leave me (in prostration) as long as He will, and then He will say, ‘O Muhammad, lift up your head and speak, for you will be listened to, and intercede, for your intercession will be accepted, and ask (for anything) for it will be granted:’ Then I will raise my head and glorify my Lord with certain praises which He has taught me. Allah will put a limit for me (to intercede for a certain type of people) I will take them out and make them enter Paradise.”
(Qatada added: I heard Anas saying that) the Prophet said, ‘I will go out and take them out of Hell (Fire) and let them enter Paradise, and I will return for the third time and will ask my Lord for permission to enter His house, and I will be allowed to enter.
When I see Him, I will fall down in prostration before Him, and will remain in prostration as long as He will, and then He will say, ‘Raise your head, O Muhammad, and speak, for you will be listened to, and intercede, for your intercession will be accepted, and ask, for your request will be granted.’ So I will raise my head and praise Allah as He has taught me and then I will intercede and He will put a limit for me (to intercede for a certain type of people). I will take them out and let them enter Paradise.”
(Qatada said: I heard Anas saying that) the Prophet said, “So I will go out and take them out of Hell (Fire) and let them enter Paradise, till none will remain in the Fire except those whom Quran will imprison (i.e., those who are destined for eternal life in the fire).” The narrator then recited the Verse:– “It may be that your Lord will raise you to a Station of Praise and Glory.’ (17.79) The narrator added: This is the Station of Praise and Glory which Allah has promised to your Prophet. (Bukhari)
In this long hadith, we are concern at the moment, at the mentioned of prophet Nuh. It is said here, that he is the first messenger sent.
The highest status of the Messengers and Prophets are five
Muhammad sallalalhu alaihi wasalam
They are referred to as ULUL AZIM or the Messengers of strong will.
Al Ahqaf 46: 35
فَٱصۡبِرۡ كَمَا صَبَرَ أُوْلُواْ ٱلۡعَزۡمِ مِنَ ٱلرُّسُلِ
Therefore be patient (O Muhammad SAW) as did the Messengers of strong will..
Every Prophet after Prophet Nuh alaihi salam was from his descendent, and so is the case after Ibraheem alaihi salam.
Al Hadid 57: 26
And indeed, We sent Nûh (Noah) and Ibrahîm (Abraham), and placed in their offspring Prophethood and Scripture, And among them there are some who are guided, but many of them are Fâsiqûn (rebellious, disobedient to Allâh). (26)
The scholars differed regarding the age of Prophet Nuh alaihi salam when he was sent as a Messenger. Some have said 50 or 350 and also 480. And he made daawah to his people for 950 years.
Subhanallah can you imagine that? 950 years?
What did Prophet Nuh alaihi salam called his people to?
– to worship Allah without associating with any partners with Allah
– not to worship idols, statues and false gods
– believe and acknowledge the Oneness of Allah
And this is the message that is brought by all Messengers of Allah.
The story of Prophet Nuh alahi salam can be found a lot in the quran.
One of them is in Surah Nuh (concerning what he calls them to)
Surah Nuh 71: 1-4
Verily, We sent Nûh (Noah) to his people (Saying): “Warn your people before there comes to them a painful torment.” (1)
He said: “O my people! Verily, I am a plain warner to you, (2)
“That you should worship Allâh (Alone), be dutiful to Him, and obey me, (3)
“He (Allâh) will forgive you of your sins and respite you to an appointed term. Verily, the term of Allâh when it comes, cannot be delayed, if you but knew.” (4)
In other soorah (of similar meaning)
Al Aaraf 7: 59
Al Mu’meenoon 23: 23
Prophet Nuh’s daawah
Allah mentioned in the quran That prophet Nuh alaihi salam made daawah in various ways. Listen to how Prophet nuh alaihi salam told Allah how much he tried to make daawah to his people. He mentioned, as Allah told us in Surah Nuh, all that he did in his daawah’s effort even though it is not fruitful. His people rejected him.
This is one way to make du’a, to mention to Allah how much we have done for his sake and to continue to beg for Allah’s help.
Surah Nuh 71: 5-19
He said: “O my Lord! Verily, I have called my people night and day (i.e. secretly and openly to accept the doctrine of Islâmic Monotheism) (5)
“But all my calling added nothing but to (their) flight (from the truth) (6)
“And verily, every time I called unto them that You might forgive them, they thrust their fingers into their ears, covered themselves up with their garments, and persisted (in their refusal), and magnified themselves in pride. (7)
“Then verily, I called to them openly (aloud); (8)
“Then verily, I proclaimed to them in public, and I have appealed to them in private, (9)
“I said (to them): ‘Ask forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving; (10)
‘He will send rain to you in abundance; (11)
‘And give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.’ ” (12)
What is the matter with you, that you fear not Allâh (His punishment), and you hope not for reward (from Allâh or you believe not in His Oneness). (13)
While He has created you in (different) stages i.e. first Nutfah, then ‘Alaqah and then Mudghah, see (VV.23:13,14).(14)
See you not how Allâh has created the seven heavens one above another, (15)
And has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp? (16)
And Allâh has brought you forth from the (dust of) earth. (Tafsir At-Tabarî) (17) Afterwards He will return you into it (the earth), and bring you forth (again on the Day of Resurrection)? (18)
And Allâh has made for you the earth a wide expanse. (19)
Firstly, Prophet Nuh alaihi salam made daawah night and day, calling them to Islam.
Imagine us doing this. Even making comments on youtube for example. We may lose patience reading the non believers retort us back. Mock us. Mock Allah and his prophets. Mock islam. Or even when we try to advise our friends, we may be called a party pooper or other names and being told to stay silent and leave. We may even lose friends.
Prophet Nuh alaihi salam, made daawah day and night calling them to the truth. But what did the people do? They ran away! Or when he spoke, they put their fingers in their ears not wanting to listen. Can you imaine talking to people and they do that to you? Or they cover themselves refusing to listen! And despite all these, they became more and more arrogant!
Imagine doing these for 950 years only to get rejection from them. Subhanallah! Indeed the prophets are the chosen people and we ask Allah that we will be placed among them in jannah.
Sometimes he talked in the open caling people in his campaign. Sometimes Prophet Nuh talked to them in private. He told them how Allah is most merciful and He will forgive everything.
Prophet Nuh alaihi salam continued by telling them what Allah has given them and that he is the one with power who can do all these.
Prophet Nuh told them to ask forgiveness from Allah and Allah will give them more of what they have because Allah is the One who gives all of these.
Give them wealth and sons
Provide for them gardens
and make rivers
These are all resources that make their livelihood.
He also reminded who created them and that Allah made them in three different stages.
And that he made seven heavens, the moon that reflects the light and the sun like a lamp.
And that the earth for you wide so that you could cultivate, live in it and travel on it.
This is one way to make daawah to remind people to reflect on their surroundings. Nothing we see now happen by chance. It is created by the one who not only create but maintain it perfectly. Do you think rain and flowing rivers just happen on itsown. The vast land and the canopy of sky? Look around and reflect.
And all of this are easy for Allah. And He can destroy all of it and gather all of you back and make you alive again. He is able to do all things.
Prophet Nuh alaihi salam conveyed his message to his people and all he got are people who became even more arrogant, ignored him, cover themselves when he speak, put fingers in their ears. Imagine you are talking to someone and they mock you like this.
Prophet Nuh alaihi salam tried his very best and even more. He put so many means in his daawah but the means did not succeed. His people carried on in deviation, transgression and worshiping idols.
1. Prophet Nuh alaihi salam is the first Messenger sent to people on earth.
2. All prophets are of his lineage
3. He is among the Ulul Azim among the prophets.
4. His calling for tawheed teaches us to have patience in daawah.
5. Among methods of daawah that we can learn
i. Develop skills
- make use of the tools/ means that you have.
- the current way is the media and the internet.
- this require you to learn to write effectively
- to acquire knowledge as much as you can from young.
- ability to orate
- have the best of akhlaq
- Ask people to make reflection of the surroundings
- remind them who created all of this
- remind who is the one who gives you everything
3. make istighfar
- and Allah will forgive you
- and he will give you more
4. Talk to Allah
- Prophet Nuh Alaihi salam told Allah what he has done for his daawah
- He complained to Allah about the people who refuse to listen to him
- Remember Allah is As Samee’. He is the one who listens to everything.