1. Al-Qâri’ah (the striking Hour i.e. the Day of Resurrection),
2. what is the striking (Hour)?
3. and what will make You know what the striking (Hour) is?
4. it is a Day whereon mankind will be like moths scattered about,
5. and the mountains will be like carded wool,
6. Then as for Him whose balance (of good deeds) will be heavy,
7. He will live a pleasant life (in Paradise).
8. but as for Him whose balance (of good deeds) will be light,
9. He will have his home In Hawiyah (pit, i.e. Hell).
10. and what will make You know what it is?
11. (it is) a hot blazing Fire!
This is one of the names of the Judgment day. Qurtubi said, “It is called the striking hour because it strikes heart with terror. It will be a day of terror and distress.”
This is the kind of terror that you get when you are shock. But Al Qariah would be even more shocking than any of the shock you ever had. This is due to the severity and shocking events of the day.
Allah has called the judgment day with many names. Among them are
i. Yawm al Akhirah (the resurrection Day)
ii. Yawm al Akhir (the Last Day)
iii. As Sa’ah (The Hour)
iv. Yawm al fasl (The Day of Separation)
v. Yawm ad Deen (the Day of Recompense)
vi. As saakkhah (The Trumpet Blast)
vii. At Taammaat al Kubraa (The Greatest catastrophe)
viii. Yawm al hasrah (The Day of Grief and Regrets)
ix. Al ghasyiah (The Overwhelming)
x. Al Haaqaah (The inevitable)
Wa ma adra kamal…
it is an indication that the subject being asked is something serious and also frightening. It is a question that asks what will make you know of the subject concerned.
And be sure that Allah will follow up with verses explaining the subject.
Allah mentions in Surah al Haqqah that the people of Thamud and ‘Ad rejected Al Qariah meaning they reject n the fact that they will be raised back after their death.
These will be among the people who will be shocked to see the truth of the terror of the day when it comes!
Moths Scattering about
Allah describes that on the Striking Hour, the mankind will be like moths scattered about. Have you seen the blizzard of moths swarming about a source of light? Have you observed how they fly about? Describe it.
Allah intensifies concerning the fright of the day by describing the condition of human on that day that will be scattering, their coming and their going, all due to being bewildered at what is happening to them, just like scattered moths. They will move about, stumbling to one another.
Some videos for illustration
Mountains like wool
This is a map showing the greatest mountain ranges in the world. Some of them host among the tallest and greatest mountains.
Look at a mountain and contemplate. A mountain huge and sturdy. Imagine they will turn to wool that will be blown easily by any soft breeze. They will become nothing.
And that is exactly what will happen on the striking hour when human will be running around in panic and things turned chaotic.
The Balance/ Scale
At the end of that Day, there will be a Balance that will be set up to weigh people’s deeds.
Qurtubi said: “When the Reckoning would have been completed, the deeds will be weighed. The weighing will be for the purpose of requital, so it should come after the Reckoning. The Reckoning will be an evaluation of people’s deeds, then the weighing will be to determine their values so that reward or punishment may be awarded accordingly.
The scale will be vast!
Al Haakim narrated from Salman that the prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam said
“The Balance will be set up on the Day of Resurrection, and even if the heavans and earth will be weighed in it, they would fit. The angels will say, “O Lord, who will be weighed in this?” Allah will say, “Whoever I will among my creation.” The angels will say, “Glory be to You, we did not worship You as You deserved to be worshipped.”
The scale will be precise and will not give any discrepancy in its measurements!
Al Anbiya 21: 47
and we shall set up balances of justice on the Day of Resurrection, Then none will be dealt with unjustly In anything. and if there be the weight of a mustard seed, we will bring it. and Sufficient are we as Reckoners.
Cause and Effect
If scale of good deeds are heavy – He will live a pleasant life that is in Jannah.
If scale of good deeds are light also meaning the bad deeds are heavy – He will be tormented in Hellfire.
عِيشَةٍ۬ رَّاضِيَةٍ۬ – pleasant life
What do you think is the pleasant life?
Some Hadith Concerning the Balance
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “There are two phrases that are light on the tongue but heavy on the scale of rewards and are dear to (Allah) the Gracious One. These are, subhanallah wa bi-hamdihi (All Glory is to Allah and all Praise to Him), and subhanallah al-azim (Glorified is Allah, the Great).” (Muslim, Bukhari, and Tirmidhi)
Zuhr Ibn Habeesh related from Ibn Mas’ud [RA] that he had very thin legs. (One day), the wind flung away (his garments thus exposing them). The people laughed at him. Then Messenger of Allah [SAW] said: What are you laughing at? They said: O Prophet[SAW], from the thinness of his legs. He[SAW] said: By the One who has my soul in His Hand, the two of them (ie his two legs) are indeed heavier in the Balance than Uhud (a large mountain in Madinah).
Abu Malik al-Ashari (r.a.) (radhi Allahu anhu) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w.s.) said: “Cleanliness is half of faith. Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah) fills the scale. SubhanAllah (Glory be to Allah) and Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah) fill up what is between the heavens and the earth. Prayer is a light. Charity is proof (of one’s faith). Endurance is a brightness and the Qur‘an is a proof on your behalf or against you. All men go out early in the morning and sell themselves, thereby setting themselves free or destroying themselves.” (Muslim, 432)
Musa (Moses) (May the peace and blessing of Allah be upon him)said: ‘O my Rabb, teach me something through which I can remember You and supplicate to You.’ Allah answered: ‘Say, O Musa, La ilaha ilIa-Allah’. Musa said: ‘O my Rabb, all your slaves say these words’. Allah said: ‘O Musa, if the seven heavens and all they contain other than Me (Ghairy) and the seven earths as well, were all put in one side of a scale and La ilaha ilIa-Allah put in the other the latter would overweigh them.'” [This Hadith has been reported by Ibn Hibban, and Al-Hakim declared it Sahih].
If you translate this verse with little Arabic that we know it would mean “So his mother will be Hawiyyah.” Remember the word for “mother” is أم.
But what does this mean?
Some scholars translate mother to mean, that one will fall into Hawiyyah head first as the head the mother of the body.
Some other interpret the meaning as, on a distressing day one will be running to what should comfort him most. Like a child running to his mother. But the only thing that the sinners will be running to is hell. Thus their mother on that day is the blazing hell.
Hawwiyah is another name that Allah uses for Hell.
Do you remember that we learn the word that Allah uses for hell in Surah humazah?
Hawwiyyah is described as chasm or abyss or bottomless pit because the one who is being thrown into it is thrown from top to bottom.
The next two verses will explain what Hawiyah is insya Allah
It is a hot blazing fire.
Which means the heat is extreme.
The prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam told us: “Fire as we know it is one seventieth part of the Fire of Hell” Someone said, “O Messenger of Allah, it is enough as it is!” he salllaahu alaihi waslaam said, “It is as if sixty nine equal portions were addedto fire as we know it.”
May Allah protect us from it!
Lessons from this surah:
1. One of the names of the resurrection day is Al Qariah
2. Horrifying things will happen on yawm al akhirah : the huge sturdy mountains will be just like discarded wool totally destroyed.
3. On the resurrection day man will be divided to two categories : the one heavy in the good deed scale and the one light in the good deed scale
4. The one with the heavy balance – will live a life of pleasure that is Paradise.
5. The one light in balance – will be thrown into hell fire with blazing fire.