On the authority of Abu Hurairah (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) who said: The Messenger of Allah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said
Allah the Almighty is Pure and accepts only that which is pure. And verily Allah has commanded the Believers to do that which He has commanded the Messengers. So the Almighty has said
“O (you) Messengers! Eat of the Tayyibaat [all kinds of Halaal (legal) foods], and perform righteous deeds.” [Al Mu’minun 23:51]
and the Almighty has said
“O you who believe! Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you” [Al Baqarah 2:172]
Then he mentioned [the case] of a man who, having journeyed far, is dishevelled and dusty, and who spreads out his hands to the sky saying “O Lord! O Lord!”, while his food is Haraam (unlawful), his drink is Haraam, his clothing is Haraam, and he has been nourished with Haraam, so how can [his supplication] be answered ?! [Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim.]
Allah is Pure
Pure in this connotation denotes that Allah is Holy – Al Qudoos, free from all deficiencies and flaws.
Allah use the word tayyib in a few different context in the quran.
Speech that is good and pure while the wicked is impure. Please refer to the arabic. Allah uses the word Tayyib to describe good.
26. bad statements are for bad people (or bad women for bad men) and bad people for bad. An Nur 24: 26
24. see You not How Allâh sets forth a parable? – a goodly word as a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the sky (i.e. very high). Ibrahim 14: 24
10. Whosoever desires honour, power and Glory Then to Allâh belong All honour, power and Glory [and one can get honour, power and Glory Only by obeying and worshipping Allâh (Alone)]. to Him ascend (all) the goodly words, and the righteous deeds exalt it (the goodly Words i.e. the goodly Words are not accepted by Allâh unless and until they are followed by good deeds), but those who plot evils, Theirs will be Severe torment. and the plotting of such will perish. Fatir 35: 10
Allah also describes the Believers as pure. The word Tayyib here is used as pure or pious.
32. those whose lives the angels take while they are In a pious state (i.e. pure from All evil, and worshipping none but Allâh Alone) saying (to them): Salâmun ‘Alaikum (peace be on you) enter You Paradise, because of (the good) which You used to do (in the world).” An Nahl 16 : 32
Because of the faith in the believer’s heart, he is completely pure: his heart, his tongue, and his body. These are the fruits of faith.
Can you name the deeds that are pure done by the following organ?
Allah only accepts from what is Pure and Lawful
Food that are Tayyib
The greatest ways in which a believer can achieve purity of deeds is by purity of his food, making sure it is from lawful sources. In both these verses (in the hadith) are Allah’s commands for us to eat things that are Tayyib – lawful.
Tayyib here means lawful. Lawful (in the context of food) means it is halal. In general one can eat anything unless it is stipulated as haram. And that is why it seems like in religion only haram things are discussed because there are plentiful of halal things to eat out there.
The haram food are
- Animal carcasses
- Animals that are not slaughtered in the name of Allah
- animals slaughtered on idolatrous altars
- animals that we are not allowed to eat which hunt its prey using teeth and claws like dogs, cats and tigers.
- Animals that are killed not by slaughtering – strangled, beaten, electrocuted and so forth.
Al Maidah 5: 3
Forbidden to You (for food) are: Al-Maytatah (the dead animals – cattle-beast not slaughtered), blood, the flesh of swine, and the meat of that which has been slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allâh, or has been slaughtered for idols, etc., or on which Allâh’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering, and that which has been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by the goring of horns – and that which has been (partly) eaten by a wild animal – unless You are Able to slaughter it (before its death) and that which is sacrificed (slaughtered) on AnNusub (stone altars). (Forbidden) also is to use arrows seeking luck or decision, (all) that is Fisqun (disobedience of Allâh and sin). This day, those who disbelieved have given up All hope of Your religion, so fear them not, but fear Me. This day, I have perfected Your Religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for You Islâm as Your religion. but as for Him who is forced by Severe hunger, with no inclination to sin (such can eat These above-mentioned meats), Then surely, Allâh is OftForgiving, Most Merciful.
7. Even halal food can become haram like fruits presented to idols such as the mandarin oranges put at the altar or the graves.
Let us ponder on this hadith
It is reported from Tariq Ibn Shihab (Radhi Allaahu Anhu) that the Prophet said:
“A man entered Paradise because of a fly, while another entered the Fire because of a fly.” They asked: “How was that possible, oh, Messenger of Allah ?” He replied: “Two men passed by a people who had an idol, which it was not permissible for anyone to pass without making a sacrifice to it. They (the people) said to the first man: “Sacrifice (something).” He said: “I have nothing with which to do so.” They said: “Sacrifice some-thing, even if it were only a fly,” and so he did so, and they allowed him to continue on his way and so he entered the Hell-fire. Then they said to the second man: “Sacrifice (something).” But he said: “I will not sacrifice anything unless it be to Allah , the Almighty, the All-powerful,” so they struck his neck (and he died) and entered Paradise.” (Narrated by Ahmad)
ix. Intoxication and drugs.
Intoxication and drugs (except for lawful use of medicine) is the mother of evils.
This is a good read, Insya Allah. HERE.
This indicates that eating what is lawful helps one to do righteous deeds. The Prophets, peace be upon them, did this in the most perfect manner, and did all kinds of good deeds in words, actions, guidance and advice. May Allah reward them with good on behalf of the people.
Eating good food, when done intending obedience and in order to strengthen the body for carrying out one’s obligation, is thus rewarded by Allah
For as long as the food is lawful and the work is righteous, then the deeds be accepted.
Using Illegal Money
What is also haram food include the food that is bought using illegal money. Illegal money may come from stealing, or haram job, money out of lying, gambling money and so forth. Haram money brought to the home will be used to feed the family, he clothes they wear, the education they paid for, the medicine they bought and so forth. The whole life is built from haram.
If then, how can the supplications be accepted?
Ponder on this verse
27. and (O Muhammad ) recite to them (the Jews) the story of the two sons of Adam [Hâbil (Abel) and Qâbil (Cain)] In truth; when each offered a sacrifice (to Allâh), it was accepted from the one but not from the other. the latter said to the former: “I will surely kill you. ” the former said: “Verily, Allâh accepts Only from those who are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious – see V.2:2).” AlMaidah 5: 27
The Pious Predecessors used to fear for themselves from the implication of this verse that their deeds are not accepted by Allah. They pray for many months that their deeds in ramadhan is accepted. Whereas we are confident with our little worship. Astaghfirulah!
Charity out of ill gotten money is not acceptable.
Ibn Umar narrated that Prophet sallalahu alaihi wasalam said,
“Allah does not accept prayer that is not preceded by ablution, nor does He accept the charity given out of Ghulul (property taken from war booty before its distribution). (Muslim in Kitab At Taharah)
- Eat lawful food
- Take lawful earning
- Deeds are accepted if one eats lawful food
- Charity from haram is not accepted
Eating what is unlawful corrupts one deeds and prevents them from being accepted.
Allah commands His servants and Messengers, peace be upon them all, to eat lawful food and do righteous deeds.
The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam described the man who has travelled for a long period until he became unkempt and exhausted to illustrate a condition of hardship and humility during which response to supplication is most expected.
Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam indicated the manners of supplication and the causes which bring to the response to it in this hadith. They are
1. Long journey
Narrated by Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet salllahualaihi wasalam said, “There are three whose supplication is answered without doubt: The supplication of the oppressed, the supplication of the traveler, and the supplication for the father od his son.” (Abu dawood in Kitab as Salah).
Bearing difficulties and dejection are some of the greatest causes for answer to supplication.
2. One’s clothes have become worn out, and his appearance is disheveled and dusty.
Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said, “Many a person with disheveled hair (and dust coloured) is turned away from the doors (whereas Allah holds him in such high esteem) that if he were to swear by Allah, Allah would fulfill that for him. (Muslim in Kitab al Birr)
3. Raising one’s hand to the sky
Hadith of Salman, Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam said, “Your Lord is magnificent and generous, and is ashamed to turn away empty the hands of His servant when he raises them to Him.”
Raising the hands in supplication was known to be the practice of the prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam. When he performed the prayer for rain, he raised his hands so high that ine could see the white of his armpit (Bukhary in Kitab Al Istisqa’). Also, when he besseched Allah for help against the polytheists during the Battle of Badr, he extended his arms such that his cloak fell of his shoulders. (Muslim in Kitab al Jihad was Siyar)
4. Pleading with Allah by repetitively remembering and metioning His Lordship. Using the supplication that are found in Quran, they areusually mentioned with the name of the Lord.
Other time that du’a is most maqbul. Tick what you can do most often.
1. The Last Third Of The Night
2. Late at night
3. Between Adhan and Iqamah
4. An Hour On Friday
5. While Drinking Zamzam Water
6. While Prostrating
7. When Waking Up at Night
8. The Night Of ‘Qadr’ (Decree)
9. During The Rain
10. The One Who Is Suffering Injustice and Opression
11. The Traveler
12. The Parent’s Supplication for their Child
13. Dua after praising Allah and giving salat on the Prophet (SAW) in the tashahhud at the end of salat.
14. The dua of a Muslim for his absent brother or sister Muslim stemming from the heart.
15. Dua on the Day of Arafat
16. Dua during the month of Ramadan
17. Dua when the Armies meet
18. When Muslims gather for the purpose of invoking and remembering Allah (Dhikrullah).
19. First Ten days of Dhul-Hijjah
20. Dua when the heart reaches out to Allah and is ready to be totally sincere
21. Dua of people after the death of a person
22. Dua of the one fasting until he breaks his fast.
23. Dua of the one fasting at the time of breaking fast
24. Dua of a just Ruler
25. Dua of a son or daughter obedient to his or her parents
26. Dua immediately after wudu
27. Dua after stoning the Jamarat at Hajj
28. At the Crowing of a Rooster
29. Du’a made inside the Ka’bah
30. Du’a on the mount of Safa or Marwah during Umrah or Hajj
31. Dua at any of the holy sites.
32. While reciting Surah al-Fatihah
33. Saying ‘Ameen’ during prayer
34. While visiting the sick, and dua made by the sick
Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam indicated what prevents the supplication from being answered which are delving into the unlawful whether from food, drink, clothes or nutrition.
If we study the description of the man, we can perhaps infer that the man may be on his journey for hajj and jihad – the greatest deed in the sight of Allah.
Yet, in spite of that, there remains a preventative factor when the person calls Allah: his unworthiness due to prolonged consumption of haram.
However, Allah does answer the supplication of the disobedient person. In fact He did answer the supplication one of the greatest disbeliever. Do you know who it is?
What did he supplicate for?
Al Aaraf 7:14-15.
14. (Iblîs) said: “Allow Me respite till the Day they are raised up (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).”
15. (Allâh) said: “You are of those allowed respite.”
Al Hijr 15: 37
36. [Iblîs (Satan)] said: “O My Lord! give Me Then respite till the Day they (the dead) will be resurrected.”
37. Allâh said: “Then, Verily, You are of those reprieved,
Al Saad 38: 80
79. [Iblîs (Satan)] said: “My Lord! give Me Then respite till the Day the (dead) are resurrected.”
80. (Allâh) said: “Verily! You are of those allowed respite
Allah also answers the supplication of the disbelievers even though they are not asking from Him. However, what Allah gives to them in this world now is insignificant compared to what Allah will give to the believers in yaumul akhirah. He answers the supplication due to His great wisdom and his infinite Grace and Kindness and Generosity. Allaah knows best.
This hadith, should make us alert that if one persists on consuming what is haram, they should not expect Allah’s aid and that response to his supplication is most likely until he repents from the sin.
Allah Is Pure
Allah is pure and except only what is pure. He only accepts the pure ones to enter in Jannah. The pure ones are the one who does good deeds (Amal soleh) and among the righteous (soleh).
The word صلح is usually translated as righteous. It actually carries the meaning of rectification, and being worthy or suitable, etc.
If you notice in one of the morning adzkar,
ياحـي يا قـيـوم، بـرحمـتك
لي شَ ـانـي ِ
، ولا تكلـني الى نفـسي طـرفة عـين
O You Who is Everliving and Sustains and Protects everything, I seek assistance through the means of your mercy, rectify for me all my affairs and do not leave me to myself, even for the blink of an eye.
The word aslih أصلح is translated as Rectify.
Then we have the word amilus solihat عَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ
solihat is صالحات
this is derived from the word صلح
وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ – amilus solihat is translated as good deeds.
Why Allah calls it solihat – because the deeds make them proper and good. The deeds are to correct and rectify the person. It makes them good and rectify the worldly affair and akhirat.
What it also means is doing deed that will rectify you so that you become among the solihin (صاليحين). The soleh people (solihin is the plural for soleh) are the people who did deeds that rectified them and they become those who are rectified or those who are worthy because they are rectified.
Becomes worthy for what? Rectified and only then will be يصلح suitable/ worthy/ fit to be among Ar Rahman in His Jannah.
Jannah is only for the one who is rectified and had taqwa and did deeds that rectified them and made them worthy.
Allah only accepts those who are pure and they are from people who do righteous deeds.
In this hadith the importance of avoiding the unlawful is emphasized. And this is one of those ahaadeeth upon which the Principles and Rulings of Islaam are built. It teaches that whoever expects his deeds to be accepted by Allah must not pollute them with something unlawful. A person who would like his supplications be answered by Allah should take care to consume only what is lawful. And that whosoever wishes to supplicate to Allaah should humble and submit himself before his Lord with that which is Halaal.
- That Allaah accepts only that which is good
- That every believer is obliged to do that which the Messengers were obliged to do (except what is specifically exempted)
- That every Muslim must eat only Halaal and must take great care that he has avoided eating whatever he knew to be Haraam or suspicious
- That performing righteous deeds is waajib for every one of us
- That frequently we turn to Allaah for help while we do not try to eat, drink, maintain ourselves and earn in a pure way
- That if we do not take care of the above then our prayers will not be effective
- That it is correct to raise ones hands while asking Allaah for something