Monthly Archives: April 2012

Going to Toilet – Outdoor

We like to go camping outdoor or perhaps a picnic that may last for a whole day. Sometimes there are no proper facilities for toilet, so we usually have to make a makeshift one.

But we should not forget our manners of going to a makeshift toilet because anywhere that you relieve yourself, is considered a toilet . If you think about it, in the times of Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wasalam and the sahabah, this is how they go to toilet. Outdoor style.

We thank Allah for the ni’mah of an easy toilet we have now, but we can always learn how to handle ourselves when we need to relieve ourselves outdoor, Insya Allah.

1. Avoid Relieving Yourselves in these three places

Muaadh Ibn Jabal related that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said (please refer to the arabic text in the book)

Stay away from the three malain : (Excreting) stool in Mawaarid (pathways that lead to water), in the middle of the road and in the shade.

Another hadith,

Abu hurairah reported that the Messenger of Allah sallalalhu alaihi wasalam said, Beware of Al La’aanain. The Companions asked, “And what are the Al La’aanain, O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “The One who relieves himself in the pathway of people or in their shade.”

The word Mala’in and La’in comes from the same root word which is La’an which means cursing. La’inain (in muthana form) means two matters that lead people to cursing.

So in these hadith, these are the actions that cause people to curse the one who did certain action. which are relieving oneself in three places
i. Drinking water
ii. a path to walk on
iii. a shade to sit under. – a tree or any shade that people use to take cover.

In general the hadith also mean not to relieve oneself where people often frequent or can take benefit from it. It does not mean that one cannot relieve themselves under a tree at all. It only means not to do it at where people usually take benefit from.

2. The Prohibition of urinating in Stagnant Water (Water that does not flow)

Jaabir reported that the Messenger sallalahu alaihi wasalam forbade the practice of urinating in stagnant water (that is water that does not flow such as a puddle, a pond) -Muslim, An Nassaaee and Ibn Majah.

For greater reason it is not allowed to defecate in it

The reason behind it is, urine is very likely to contaminate stagnant water and this will harm other people who want to use it.

Does this include swimming pool? Large lakes? lakes that are connected to river or sea?

Imam Nawawi said: “If the water is a lot and is flowing and attached to the seas or river, it is permissible or makrouh.”

As for pool, some scholars dervie that if the water is a lot than it is permissible but some say it is prohibited. Read in Islamweb HERE.

The best is to refrain from doing that. If you need to pee at the pool, get out of the pool and pee in the toilet.

3. The Prohibition of Facing the Qiblah or Turning One’s Back to it When Using the Toilet.

There are several hadith on this matter

Abu Ayub Al Ansaree related that the Messenger of Allah sallalahu alaihi wasalam said,

When one of you turns to defecate, then he should neither face the qiblah nor turns his back to it, but rather, it should be to his east or west (left or right)

Another hadith

Jabeer Ibn Abdullah said, “The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam forbade us from facing the Qiblah and urinating at the same time. Then one year before he died, I saw him facing it (while urinating). (Tirmidhee hasan by AlAlbanee.)

Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)

Dawud :: Book 1 : Hadith 11

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Marwan al-Asfar said: I saw Ibn Umar make his camel kneel down facing the qiblah, then he sat down urinating in its direction. So I said: AbuAbdurRahman, has this not been forbidden? He replied: Why not, that was forbidden only in open country; but when there is something between you and the qiblah that conceals you , then there is no harm.

There are different opinions to whether it is alowed or not to face or turn against the qiblah when relieving oneself. Insya Allah we will take the strongest opinion.

i. It is totally not allowed to face the qiblah during relieving of oneself.
ii. Some scholars say if urinating in a building, then it is okay. However if it is done in the open, then this is not allowed.
iii. Other say it is makruh and one should try to avoid it. This is the STRONGEST opinion.

Thus bear this in mind the next time we go outdor and need to relieve oneself. Also bear this in mind when we make our makeshift toilet. This again call that we must be aware of the qiblah direction when we are in the open. ALhamdulillah we have gadgets to help us with that.

4. Do not forget to recite the du’a to enter the toilet

So you are in the outdoor and there is no door for the toilet because there is no proper toilet in the first place. But it does not mean that we should not be reciting the du’a.

As you approach the spot that you have chosen to urinate or pass stool or before you are about to sit down, say the invocation. And when you are finished, say the invocation of leaving the bathroom.

An Nawawee said, “It is agreed upon that these manners are recommended, that there is no distinctions between buildings and wide open sapces. And Allah knows best.”

5. Make Sure No One Can See You

The Book of Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)

Muslim :: Book 2 : Hadith 527

Mughira b. Shu’ba reported: I was in the company of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) on a journey when he said: Mughira take hold of this jar (of water). I took hold of it and I went out with him. (I stopped but) the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) proceeded on till he was out of my sight. He relieved himself and then came back

Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)

Dawud :: Book 1 : Hadith 1

Narrated Mughirah ibn Shu’bah:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) went (outside) to relieve himself, he went to a far-off place.

Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)

Dawud :: Book 1 : Hadith 14

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wanted to relieve himself, he would not raise his garment, until he lowered himself near the ground.

The Book of Menstruation (Kitab Al-Haid)

Muslim :: Book 3 : Hadith 673

‘Abdullah b. Ja’far reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) one day made me mount behind him and he confided to me something secret which I would not disclose to anybody; and the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) liked the concealment provided by a lofty place or cluster of dates (while answering the call of nature), Ibn Asma’ said in his narration: It implied an enclosure of the date-trees.

An Nawaweee said, “The point of jurisprudence one learns from the hadith is that, when one goes to relieve himself, it is recommended that for him to conceal himself behind a cluster of trees, behind a mound, in some lowland, or anything similar. What is important is that that his entire body becomes hidden from the view of others This is sunnah muakaddah. Allah knows best.

Also, if one has to pass stool or urine in open terrain, he should not raise his garment until he lowers himself to the ground, especially if there is someone who can see him. It’s easier if he has a thawb or abaya or a sarong.

6. To Stand or To Sit?

We have discussed earlier, HERE, that it is better to sit than to stand. But if you are at a place, where it is dirty to sit then you are allowed to stand with the following conditions
i. He must be safe from his garment or body become sullied
ii. He must be safe from anyone seeing him.

Thus among the things that we learned today in terms of the etiquette of going to the toilet are

1. To avoid relieving ourself at places where people take shade, pathway that leads to water, people’s path.
2. Urinating in stagnant water. may be a puddle or a pond.
3. Facing or backing the Qiblah.
4. To recite the du’a before relieving oneself and after it.
5. It is better to sit when relieving oneself but one is allowed to stand if one needs to.

Allah knows best.

References
1. The Book of Manners – Darussalam
2. Bulugh Maram – Al hafiz Ibn Hajar Al Asqalani – Darussalam.

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Prophet Nuh (Noah) alaihi salam – When Shirk Began to Take Place

Prophet Nuh alaihi salam : Nuh ibn Lamech ibn Methuselah ibn Idris ibn Yared ibn Mahaleel ibn Qeenan ibn Enos ibn Sheeth (Seth) ibn Adam. (Peace be upon them all).

Ibn Jarir mentioned that Noah alaihi salam was born after one hundred and twenty six years of the death of Adam alaihi salam.

Ibn Hibban reported in his book Saheeh on the authority of Abu Umamah that a man asked the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam,

O Messenger of Allah, was Adam a Prophet? The Prophet replied, “Yes, a prophet that Allah spoke to.” the man then asked, “Then how much time was there between the two of them?” The Prophet replied, “There was ten Qarn (centuries) between the two of them. (Muslim)

In a hadith narrated by Ibn ‘Abbaas, the Prophet (S) said: “There were ten Qarn between Adam and Noah, all living according to Islam.”

qarn is a period of time. It can either mean a century or a generation. If it is ten centuries, then we know that is 1,000 years, or a millennium.

If Qarn means generations, as according to how Quran define Qarn is, then it would mean ten generations. Thus that amount of time could be much more than a 1,000 years.

مَّ أَنشَأۡنَا مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِمۡ قَرۡنًا ءَاخَرِينَ

Then, after them, We created another generation (31) Mu’meenoon 23: 31

The people in that time live very long age. Prophet Nuh himself made daawah alone for 950 years! Subhanallah! Compare that to our average age now. Perhaps 60 or 70 or 80.

Allah has created our lifespan shorter now with His great wisdom. Perhaps the world would be overpopulated otherwise? Allah knows best.

The people within the generations were muslims, those who worship the God who created all things. Until after the ten Qarns people began to worship idols and false gods. Thus Allah sent Prophet Nuh alaihi salam as a mercy for His slaves.

Nuh was the first Messenger to be sent upon earth.

After those pious generations, certain incidents happened that led people of the time to gradually worship idols.

In surah Nuh, there are mentiones of their gods.

An Nuh 71: 23

 “And they have said: ‘You shall not leave your gods, nor shall you leave Wadd, nor Suwâ’, nor Yaghûth, nor Ya’ûq, nor Nasr (these are the names of their idols). (23)

Ibn Abbas said, “These are the names of the pious people from among them. Following their deaths, Shaytan inspired their people to erect status in the place where they used to sit, and to call them with their names. They did so, however at this point, they were not worshiped until that generation died and the new generation deviated.”

Ibn Jareer said : They were pious people during the period of Adam and Nooh, and they had followers. When they died, tehir followers said, “If we make statues of them, it will be more pleasing to us in worship and will remind us of them.”

So they built statues of them. But when they died and other generations came after them, Iblees approached them saying, Your forefathers used to worship them, and through that worship they got rain. So why don’t you worship them too? And that is how they came to worship them.”

A summary of what Ibn Abu Hateem said

Wadd : He was a pious man who was loved by his people. But when he died, they gathered and remained around his grave in Babylon and were overwhelmed by grief on the death of this man. When Shaytan saw them in this state, he came to them disguised as a man and said, “I saw your grief on the death of this man. So should I make a statue like him which could be erected, thus you may remember him? They answered, “Yes” So he made a statue like him which they erected up their gathering place and they remembered him. When Shaytan noticed their keenness in remembering him, he suggested, “Should I build a statue of him in the homes of everyone of you, so that each one of you could remember him in his home?” They agreed. The Shaytan then made the statue and they laced in their house and the people used it to remember him.

Their children’s generation saw what their fathers did for their remembrance. However when the children came, they had no idea of how their fathers remembered them and so gradually they took them as their god. So the first one to be worshipped besides Allah was Wadd, the idol they named after Wadd himself.”

Al-Bukhari recorded from Ibn `Abbas that he said, “The idols that were among the people of Nuh wound up among the Arabs afterwards. In reference to Wadd, it became the idol of the people of Kalb in the area of Dawmat Al-Jandal. Suwa` became the idol of the people of Hudhayl. Yaghuth became the idol of the people of Murad, then the people of Bani Ghutayf at Al-Juruf in the area of Saba’ worshipped it after them. Ya`uq became the idol of the people of Hamdan. Nasr became the idol of the people of Himyar for the family of Dhu Kala`.

These idols were all named after righteous men from the people of Nuh.

`Ali bin Abi Talhah reported from Ibn `Abbas that he said, “These are statues that were worshipped in the time of Nuh.” Ibn Jarir recorded from Muhammad bin Qays that he said concerning Yaghuth, Ya`uq and Nasr, “They were righteous people between the time of Adam and Nuh, and they had followers who used to adhere to their guidance. Then, when they died, their companions who used to follow them said, `If we make images of them, it will increase our desire to perform worship when we remember them.’ So they made images of them. Then, when those people died and other people came after them, Iblis approached them and said, `They (your predecessors) used to worship these statues and they were granted rain by their worship of them.’ Thus, they (the latter people) worshipped them.”

Some lessons you can learn from this

1. Shaytan is very patient and cunning. They took their time to sow the seeds of syirk beautifying it to what seemingly a pious deed.

2. Small deviation may cause the generation to go astray in the future.

3. We must stop syirik from the root.

4. To avoid making images of people and hanging it up for memories.

5. To not exaggerate in praising the pious ones.

6. Prophet Nuh is the first  messenger on earth.

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Standing after Bowing (Qauma)

Abu Hurairah narrated that Allah’s messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam said

“When the Imam says, ‘Sami Allahu liman hamida (Allah hears those who sent praises and thanks to him), you should say, ‘Allahumma Rabbana lakalhamd (O Allah! Our Lord! All the praises and thanks are for You) And if the saying of any one of you coincides with that of the angels, all his past sins will be forgiven. (Bukhari)

Lesson
1. Let’s rush to gain more ajr by raising our head and reciting the words calmly

To stand up Calmly and erect straight

Prophet Muhammad sallalahu alaihi wasalamm said, “No person’s prayer is complete until he has said Takbir then made ruku’ then has said Allah listens to the one who praises Him until he is standing straight. (Abu Dawood) When he raised his head, he would stand straigt until every vertebrae returned to its place.” (Al Bukhari)

Lengthening this Standing and Obligation to be at ease in it

Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam used to make this standing about as long as his Ruku’. In fact, he would stand (for so long) sometimes that one would say, “He has forgotten (because of his standing for so long).

He used to instruct to be at ease in the standing. No one’s prayer is complete unless does that, and used to say: Allah, Mighty and Sublime, does not look at the prayer of the slave who does not make his backbone upright in between his bowings and prostrations.” (Ahmad)

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