Monthly Archives: March 2012

Obligatory Acts of Ablution

The obligatory acts of wudhu’ are
1. Washing the face, which includes maqmadah (rinsing the mouth with water) and istinshaaq (Sniffing water up into the nose and then expelling it)

2. Washing the hands up to elbow

3. Wiping over the whole head – ears are part of the head

4. Washing the feet up to the ankles

5. Doing the actions in order

5. Doing it continuously.

Al Maidah 5: 6

O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salât (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles

As for the rinsing mouth with water and sniffing up water into the nose – there is khilaf on it. However Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam did so for every wudhu’.

ISLAM QA ON SNIFFING WATER INTO THE NOSE

Wiping the head

Narrated Abdullah bin Zaid bin Aasim regarding the description of ablution: Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam wiped his head from the forehead back (up to but not including the neck) and then back to forehead with his two wet hands.

ISLAM QA WIPE OVER HEAD different opinion

ISLAM QA WIPE OVER HEAD

ISLAM QA WOMAN WIPE OVER HEAD

If however, one has turban over the head, one can wipe the forelock and over the turban Insya Allah.

The report narrated by Muslim (247) from al-Mugheerah ibn Shu’bah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) wiped his forelock and his turban. They said: He (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) only wiped the forelock, which is at the front of the head.

Washing the ears

Washing the ears has different opinion. Some say it is obligatory. But majority of scholars say it is mustahab.

The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “The ears are part of the head.” There is some difference of opinion as to whether this hadeeth is saheeh; it was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Ibn Maajah.

ISLAM QA HOW TO WIPE THE EARS

Running the fingers through the beard

Narrated by Anas ibn malik: When Allah’s Messenger sallalalhu alaihi wasalam used to make ablution, he would take a handful of water and put it under his jaw and pass it through his beard. And he said, “Thus I was commanded by My Lord, the All Mighty All Powerful.”

ISLAM QA RUNNING THROUGH BEARD

Cleaning between Fingers and Toes

Clean in between your fingers and toes as the hadith

Perform ablution and clean between fingers and toes and sniff the water high during istinshaaq, unless you are fasting.

Performing it in Order

The act should not be mixed up. Even let’s say you miss a spot on the obligatory part of wudhu’ you have to repeat the wudhu’ all over again.

Narrated Anas : The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam saw a man whose foot appeared a portion like the size of a fingernail which was not touched by water. he then said, “Go back and perform your wudhu’ properly.”

Doing it Continuously

Wudhu’ must be taken continuously without long pause. A few second pause, to change from sink to a lower tap is permissible Insya Allah.

These obligatory part of wudhu’ needs to be washed or wiped once only. However it is mustahab to do three. Twice is also good. As we want to not be deprived of reward, we will do as how Prophet sallahu alaihi salam did as much as we can, Insya Allah.

References
1. Explanation of Important Lessons – Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz – Darussalam
2. Fiqh course – Volume 1, Tahara, salaah and Janaaiz – IIPH
3. bulugh Maram

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Al Muhaymin : the Watcher over His Creatures, The Guardian, the Preserver

هُوَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِى لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلۡمَلِكُ ٱلۡقُدُّوسُ ٱلسَّلَـٰمُ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُ ٱلۡمُهَيۡمِنُ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡجَبَّارُ ٱلۡمُتَڪَبِّرُ‌ۚ سُبۡحَـٰنَ ٱللَّهِ عَمَّا يُشۡرِڪُونَ (٢٣)

He is Allâh beside Whom is Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allâh! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him. (Al Hashr 59: 23)

Al Muhaymeen means
the One who Sustains and protects all that exists. He knows what they do; nothing of their affairs can be hidden from Him:

Neither you (O Muhammad SAW) do any deed nor recite any portion of the Qur’ân, – nor you (mankind) do any deed (good or evil), but We are Witness thereof, when you are doing it. And nothing is hidden from your Lord (so much as) the weight of an atom (or small ant) on the earth or in the heaven. Not what is less than that or what is greater than that but is (written) in a Clear Record. (Tafsir At-Tabarî). (Yunus 10: 61)

also it means the Witness

Ibn Abbas and other scholars said, “Muhaymeen means the Witness over His creatures for what they did. He is the Observer and Watcher of what they do”

On the Day when Allâh will resurrect them all together (i.e. on the Day of Resurrection) and inform them of what they did. Allâh has kept account of it, while they have forgotten it. And Allâh is Witness over all things. (Al Mujadila 58: 6)

Whether We show you (in your lifetime, O Muhammad SAW) some of what We promise them (the torment), – or We cause you to die, – still unto Us is their return, and moreover Allâh is Witness over what they used to do. (Yunus 10: 46)

The word for witness in Arabic is شَہِيدٌ

Al Khattabi explained the meaning of Al Muhaymeen as

The One Who bears witness over all that His creatures do or say. It was also said that Muhaymeen means the Observer and Protector of every thing.

Allah also describes His Book the Quran, as being Muhaymeen

وَأَنزَلۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ بِٱلۡحَقِّ مُصَدِّقً۬ا لِّمَا بَيۡنَ يَدَيۡهِ مِنَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبِ وَمُهَيۡمِنًا عَلَيۡهِ‌ۖ

And We have sent down to you (O Muhammad SAW) the Book (this Qur’ân) in truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it and Muhaymin (trustworthy in highness and a witness) over it (old Scriptures) Al maidah 5: 48

The Quran is a witness over the previously revealed books.
It contained the best of each book and abolished whatever did not adhere to its rules and provisions. It also revealed the interpolations made by His enemies, teh jews. Furthermore, the Quran indicated the truth embodied in the previous books.

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The Worship of the Angels

Angels worship Allah and they do not have the ability to disobey Him.

Tahrim 66: 6

O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allâh, but do that which they are commanded. (6)

It is their nature to abstain from sin. Also to do acts of obedience. It does not require effort on their part because they have no desires (nafs).

They are still commanded to worship and obey Allah

An Nahl 16: 50

They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded. (50)

Now fear is one of the highest uboodiyah that is being a slave of Allah.

Al Anbiya 21: 27-28

They speak not until He has spoken, and they act on His Command. (27) He knows what is before them, and what is behind them, and they cannot intercede except for him with whom He is pleased. And they stand in awe for fear of Him. (28)He knows what is before them, and what is behind them, and they cannot intercede except for him with whom He is pleased. And they stand in awe for fear of Him. (28)

The angels are slaves who serve Allah and carry out His instructions. They cannot go beyond what He commands or go against instructions that are givent o them. they are in fear and awe of Allah. They do as commanded and hasten to respond.

Narrated by Ibn Abbas, prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said to Jibreel, “Why do you not visit us more often?” Allah responded,

Maryam 19: 64

And we (angels) descend not except by the Command of your Lord (O Muhammad SAW). To Him belongs what is before us and what is behind us, and what is between those two, and your Lord is never forgetful,— (64)

Lessons : The Characteristics of the Angel

1. Angels do not have nafs

2. they obey Allah’s command

3. teh angels fear Allah greatly – stand in awe at Allah

4. they do not speak until they are spoken to

5. they do not go beyond what is commanded to them.

Their Worship

The angels fulfil their responsibility given to them and worship Him. Among their worship

1. Glorifying Allah (Tasbeeh)

The angels remember Allah (dhikr) and the greatest dhikr is tasbeeh – saying Subhanallah.

Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam told us that the angels say in their exaltation as narrated by Abu Dhar
The best way of dzikir is that which He chose for Hisangels, “subhanallahi wa bihamdih.: (Muslim)

Al Ghafir 40: 7

Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allâh) and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh) (saying): “Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who repent and follow Your Way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire! (7)

As Shura 42: 5

Nearly the heavens might be rent asunder from above them (by His Majesty), and the angels glorify the praises of their Lord, and ask for forgiveness for those on the earth, verily, Allâh is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful. (5)

Al Anbiya 21: 20

They (i.e. the angels) glorify His Praises night and day, (and) they never slacken (to do so) (20)

As Saffat 37: 165-166

Verily, we (angels), we stand in rows (for the prayers as you Muslims stand in rows for your prayers); (165) And verily, we (angels), indeed are those who glorify (Allâh’s Praises i.e. perform prayers). (166)

2. Standing in Rows

This is in the verse above.

The Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam urged the Companions to follow the example of angels in making straight rows for the prayer

“The Messenger of Allah said:

«أَلَا تَصُفُّونَ كَمَا تَصُفُّ الْمَلَائِكَةُ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ؟»

(Will you not form ranks as the angels form ranks in the presence of their Lord) We said, `How do the angels form ranks in the presence of their Lord’ He said:

«يُتِمُّونَ الصُّفُوفَ الْمُتَقَدِّمَةَ، وَيَتَرَاصُّونَ فِي الصَّف»

(They complete the rows nearer the front and they consolidate the rows. )”

3. They Make Sujood

The angels pray to Allah standing, bowing and making sujood.

Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,
“The heavens have squeaked (from weight) and they have the right to sqeak. There is not even a span but that it has an angel in sujood or standing (in prayer), exalting and praising Allah. (Tabaranee. Verified authentic by al-Albani)
They stand, bow and prostrate.

4. They go For Hajj

The angels visit al Baytul Maa’moor to worship Allah. Everyday seventy thousands of them enter it and never return to it until the Day of Judgment. Can you imagine the number of angels?

At Tur 52: 4

By the Tur (Mount); (1) And by the Book Inscribed. (2) In parchment unrolled. (3) And by the Al Bait-ul-Ma’mûr[] (the house over the heavens parallel to the Ka’bah at Makkah, continuously visited by the angels);

In the Two Sahihs it is confirmed that the Messenger of Allah said in the Hadith about Al-Isra’, after ascending to the seventh heaven:

«ثُمَّ رُفِعَ بِي إِلَى الْبَيْتِ الْمَعْمُورِ، وَإِذَا هُوَ يَدْخُلُهُ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفًا، لَا يَعُودُونَ إِلَيْهِ آخِرَ مَا عَلَيْهِم»

(Then, I was taken to Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur. It is visited every day by seventy thousand angels who will not come back to visit it again.) The angels worship Allah in Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur and perform Tawaf around it just as the people of the earth perform Tawaf around the Ka`bah. Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur is the Ka`bah of those who reside in the seventh heaven. During the Isra’ journey, the Prophet saw Ibrahim Al-Khalil, who was reclining with his back on Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur. It was Ibrahim who built the Ka`bah on earth, and surely, the reward is compatible with the action. Al-Bayt Al-Ma`mur is parallel to the Ka`bah; every heaven has its own house of worship, which is also the direction of prayer for its residents. The house that is located in the lower heaven, is called Bayt Al-`Izzah.

Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,

Al Bayt ul Maa’moor is in the seventh heaven. Seventy thousand angels enter it every day and never return to it until the last Hour. * Recorded by Ahmad and An Nass’ee verified by al Albanee)

5. Their Fear of Allah

The angels have great knowledge of Allah thus their fear of Him are very great.

Narrated by Abu hurayrah that prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,
“When Allah decrees a matter in the heavens, the angels beat their wings in submission to what he has said, (with a sound like) a chain striking a rock.”

From jaabir that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said: “On teh night on which I was taken on the Night of Journey (Israa’), I passed by the hosts on high, and Jibreel was like a worn mat, from his fear of Allah.”

Lessons : Angel’s Worship

1. Make tasbih – day and night and they never slack

2. Standing in rows

3. Making sujood

4. They go to hajj

5. Fear of Allah

 

Exercise

  1. Which of the following are not the characteristics of angels?
    1. Will not refuse the command of Allah
    2. Delay in executing command of Allah
    3. Will always obey Allah
    4. Worship Allah

2. List the worship of Allah by the angels

3. The angels’ Hajj.

a. Name of the house

b. Where?

c. The number of angels

4. What is the dzikir that Allah has chosen for the angels?

 

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