Monthly Archives: February 2012

Tawheed

What is tawheed?

Tawheed means to single out Allah as the One and Only True God in our belief and in our worship.

There are steps to make us understand Tawheed.

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Do you believe that Allah ALONE is the only Lord (Rabb)?

Do you believe that Allah ALONE is the master of all that is in heavens and the earth and thus EVERYTHING that you can see and that you cannot see?

Do you believe that Allah is the creator?

And that He is the one and only One who provides the creation (food, water, shelter, health etc.)?

Do you think Allah requires partners to help help Him create all this and also maintain it?

And If you were to ask them: “Who has created the heavens and the earth and subjected the sun and the moon?” They will surely reply: “Allâh.” How then are they deviating (as polytheists and disbelievers)? (Al Ankabut 29: 61)

Almost everyone (except for those who do not believe in the existense of God (Atheist. may Allah protect us from this) believe that God does exist. The Jews believe in God. the Christians believe in God too.

Do you know that the Quraysh also believed in Allah? They know that Allah is the Creator. And he is the Rabb the one who provides for His servants.

Unlike them, we believe that Allah alone is the Rabb for all that in heavens and all in earth. And this we call TAWHEED Ar RUBBOBIYAH.

Tawheed Ar Ruboobiyah is also the belief that Aallah handles the affairs of His creation

– life

– death

– provide us food and health

Allah is with us in knowledge. he hears and sees us. He knows everything that is happening.

And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in the land and in the sea; not a leaf falls, but he knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a Clear Record. (59)

Now, if you believe that Allah is the one who creates you, the one who nurtures you and provide you with food, with ability and health. And since He is the one who gives you life to begin with and the One who will also take away your life, is it not correct that he is the one that we should worship.

Should we not worship the Creator and not any of His Creation?

Does it make sense to worship stones and idols or sun or moon or people? When all of these require Allah to create it.

This is called Tawheed Al Ullohiyah or also known as Tawheed of Ibadah. It isthe belief that all kind of worship are directed to Allah alone.

And this is the major difference between the idolaters who believe in the existense of God, acknowledge that He is the Creator of things and have power above all but yet insist on worshiping other than Him.

Some worship idols because they see it as an intermediary between him and Allah. Alhamdulillah we do not need this for we know That Allah is Al baseer and He is As Samee’. He is the All seer and All Hearer. he knows we are worshiping him and asking from him alone and directly. We do not need any intermediary to help us send the message to Him.

We do not need priests to forgive our sins for we can pray to Allah directly. We can beg for Allah’s forgiveness and we know He is Ar Rahman and Ar Rahim. He is the Most Merciful. Why do we need to ask others to do it for us when we are sinning to our Creator. We ask forgiveness ourselves.

Tawheed Al Asma wa Sifaat

This tawheed is the belief in Allah’s Names and characteristics or attributes. Only as mentioned in the Quran and as described to us by His Mesenger salllallahu alaihi wasalam.

All Allah’s names are not comparable to His creation.

For example the attribute of hearing and seeing are attributes that we have, but they are limited unlike Allah’s. Allah’s hearing and seeing are perfect. he hears everthng that is in heavens and earth.

The more we know about Allah and His attrbute, the more we will love Him, and fear him and have hope in Him.

Do you know of any who is similar to Him? Maryam 19: 65.

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At Takathur 102: 1-8

1. the mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you,
2. until You visit the graves (i.e. till You die).
3. Nay! You shall come to know!
4. again, Nay! You shall come to know!
5. Nay! if You knew with a sure knowledge (the end result of piling up, You would not have occupied yourselves In worldly things)
6. Verily, You shall see the blazing Fire (Hell)!
7. and again, You shall see it with certainty of sight!
8. then, on that day, You shall be asked about the delight (you indulged in, In This world)!

This surah is revealed in Makkah.

Verse 1

Loving the world and the heedlessness of the Hereafter

In this first ayah, Allah describes that the competition and the love for the worldly things that diverts you from the remembrance of Allah. Allah even warns us with this ayah Al Munafiqun 63: 9

O You who believe! let not Your wealth or Your Children divert You from the remembrance of Allaah. and Whosoever does that, Then they are the losers.

Even wealth and children can become distraction against the remembrance of Allah.

Exercise : Brainstorm how it can become a distraction.

Exercise : Identify what other things that can distract us from the remembrance of Allah?

Things we like or we own, such as wealth and having a great hobby can be a distraction. Does that mean we cannot have wealth? Or hobby?

No! Rather, these are blessings from Allah. Instead of allowing these pleasures to distract you from remembering Allah, remind yourself that these pleasures are from Allah and we must continuously give thanks to him. Doubling our worshiping to Him.

Exercise : How does it become a distraction?

 

Some of the characteristics of chasing of dunya that may distract you from the remembrance of Allah.

1 – The desire of having alot and a lot more.

“i want more money, a better car, a bigger house”.

2 – Competing with others in getting alot.

I want a better phone. I want a better video console. A better room. I want better than his, better than hers. I want to have his toy.

3 – Taking Pride in the Fact that you have more:

I have more things. I have a better bag. I have branded clothes.

Having occupy this in our mind will delude you, it distracts you.

Exercise : What does it mean by distracting you? Distracting you from what?

Verse 2

People will be in the distraction, happy and proud with what they have. Busy collecting more and more wealth and competing with others ensuring that he is at the top of the game. They will continue to be in this state UNTIL they are buried in the graves.

If in the business of competing for world purpose, one did not spend time thinking about Allah, worshiping Him and fearing the judgment day, then they will be doomed in the grave.

Allah used the word visit because one will only stay at the grave for a short time in relative to the Hereafter which is permanent. It will be a short stay. Just like this world, merely a transit.

Verse 3 & 4


كَلَّا – Which means NO! Or rather a STRONG NO!

سَوْفَ – In the future or coming soon

ثُمَّ – then

Man will continuously be in the state of distraction until (in one opinion) the day he dies and see the grave himself.

Ali bin Abu Talib says, “People are sleeping and when they die – they wake up.”

Some scholars said;

Ayah 3 was about; When you enter the grave, you will find out the reality.

Ayah 4 was; the second time you come out of the graves on Judgment Day.

Al Hassan Al Basri said, “These two ayahs are threat after threat.”

These ayah is repeated to give you double warning! So that people wake up from distraction!

Verse 5

According to Tafsir Ibn Kathir, this ayah means if one knows with TRUE KNOWLEDGE, one would not be diverted by rivalry for wealth and stay away from seeking the abode of the Hereafter until one reaches the graves.

What is TRUE KNOWLEDGE?

According to Qatadah

That is the knowledge of death. Whatever happens after death.

The death. The Hereafter. The questioning. The final permanent abode.

Verse 6

الجحيم – blazing fire

Can you name other names for hellfire.

Verse 7

علم اليقين – certainty by knowledge

عين اليقين – certainty by sight.

In verse 5, Allah says  علم اليقين      which is certainty with knowledge. In this verse 7, Allah mentions عين اليقين

علم اليقين      Is being certain by knowledge. For example when you see smoke, by knowledge you would insinuate that the source of the smoke is fire.

And with   عين اليقين, you actually get to see the fire. If you are already certain with your knowledge that the smoke comes from a certain fire source, the moment you actually see the fire, you would become even more certain.

This is what the verse is about. That you know by your knowledge that there will be the blazing fire, ready for those who do not obey Allah and come the judgment day, when one actually witness the fire, one will be more certain of the coming punishment!

So have taqwa to Allah and be mindful of your actions now!

Verse 8

يومئذ – that day

Can you describe what day is this verse referring to?

النعيم – delights of this world

Can you describe some of the delights of this world.

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Ibn Jarir recorded that Abu Hurayrah reported,

Once while Abu Bakr and ‘Umar were sitting, the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam came to them and said,

“What has  caused you two to sit here?”

They replied, “By He who has sent you with the truth, nothing has brought us out of our houses except hunger.” The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,

“By He who has sent me with the truth, nothing has brought me out other than this.”

So they went until they came to the house of a man from the Ansar, and the woman of the house received them. The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said to her,

“Where is so and so?”

She replied, “He went to fetch some drinking water for us.” So the man came carrying his bucket and he said, “Welcome. Nothing has visited the servants better than a prophet who has visited me today.” Then he hang his bucket near a palm tree, and climbed it and returned to them with a cluster of dates. So the Prophet sallallah alaihi wasalam said

“Why you didn’t pick (some of them)?”

The man replied, “I wanted you to choose with your own eyes.” Then he took a blade (to slaughter a sheep) and the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,

“Do not slaughter the one that gives milk.”

So he slaughtered a sheep for them that day and they all ate. Then the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said

“You will be asked about this on the day of Judgment. Hunger caused you to come out of your homes and you did not return until you had eaten this meal. So this is from the delights.”

Look at ourselves, we have even more ni’mah than them.

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Even though, possessing wealth and having lots of children are not wrong. But remember we will be asked to what did we do with these ni’mah. Did we use our wealth to something good that is in Allah’s pleasure? Did we take the responsibility of raising our children to be among those who fear Allah? Or did we boast of them of only doing dunya matters?

Ibn Abbas said that Prophet Sallallahu alaihi wasalam said, “Two favours are treated unjustly by most people: health and free time.”

These are another ni’mah that Allah has bestowed to most of us but we can easily misused them. Try and make daily schedule and also plans for the future. When you do this you can see how much time we have and how much we may have wasted it all this while. Or we can identify really how much time we can spend to do so many different things.

Let us also identify the things that make us waste our time.

Let us also ponder upon this hadith

On the authority of Ibn Mas’ud radiallaahu ‘anhu who said that the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “The two feet of the son of Adam will not move from near his Lord on the day of Judgement until he is asked about five (matters) about his life – how he spent it; about his youth – how he took care of it; about his wealth – how he earned it; and where he spent it and about that which he acted upon from the knowledge he acquired.”

Lessons from this surah:

  1. Mankind can be engrossed in the matter of dunya such that they are unmindful of the coming Hereafter.
  2. Would we only wake up only when we die?
  3. The highest level of knowledge is certainty of sight.
  4. All the blessings we have now, we will be questioned about in in the Hereafter
  5. The highest priority that we must compete is doing good in the pleasure of Allah.

References

1. Tafsir Ibn Kathir

2. Methodical interpretation of the Noble Quran – Dr Ahmad nawfal, darussalam

3. Miracle dream tafseer – Nouman Ali Khan

4. ilm fruits

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Hadith 9 : Obligations are According to Ability

عن أبي هريرة عبد الرحمن بن صخر رضي الله عنه ، قال : سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول : ( ما نهيتكم عنه فاجتنبوه ، وما أمرتكم به فأتوا منه ما استطعتم ، فإنما أهلك الذين من قبلكم كثرة مسائلهم واختلافهم على انبيائهم ). رواه البخاري [ رقم : 7288 ] ، ومسلم [ رقم : 1337]

On the authority of Abu Hurairah ‘Abd-ur-Rahmaan ibn Sakhr (radiAllaahu ‘anhu) who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayi wa sallam) say:

“What I have forbidden for you, avoid. What I have ordered you [to do], do as much of it as you can. For verily, it was only the excessive questioning and their disagreeing with their Prophets that destroyed [the nations] who were before you”. [Related by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]

The wording of this hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim, from Abu Hurairah radiAllaah ‘anhu, states: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayi wa sallam addressed us and said:

“O People! Hajj has been made obligatory upon you, so perform the Hajj.” So a man asked: “Is that every year, O Messenger of Allaah?” So the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam remained silent until the man repeated his question three times. Then he said: “If I had said ‘yes’ then it would have become obligatory upon you [i.e. every year], and you would not have been able to do so. Do not ask me about that which I have left [unspecified], for verily the nations before you were destroyed by their excessive questioning and their disagreeing with their Prophets. So if I order you with something then do as much of it as you are able, and if I forbid you from something then keep away from it.”

What are the arabic word (in this hadith) for
– prohibit
– avoid
– command
– ability

The avoidance of all that is prohibited (haram) is without exception. The prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam had forbidden to his ummah all that is forbidden by Allah, and his order to avoid it is absolute. Prohibitions are tests and trials to see who among us are the obedient.

Allah says in Al Hashr 59: 7

Whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad Sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe Wa Sallam) gives you, take it, and whatsoever He forbids you, abstain (from it) , and fear Allâh. Verily, Allâh is Severe In punishment.

Do you agree that anything that Allah has prohibited has no inherent goodness in it?

Let’s look at some of the things that Allah prohibits
i. Alcohol
ii. Gambling
iii. Fornication

Allah disallowed evil things on us as a means of elevating us from it. It is from his mercy to honour the human being from things that are harmful. Purifying and elevating the human.
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The main principles of the religion is defined in these concise word of Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam. Upon them are based many fiqh rulings concerning different aspects of worship and obedience in general.

For example
– Taking wudhu
o One needs to make complete wudhu’ unless he has difficulty such as bandages, burn, lack of water and so on.
– There are many affairs like this and are widely discuss in the Books of Fiqh.

Can you name some of them?

And in Al Baqarah 2: 286

Allâh burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which He has earned, and He is punished for that (evil) which He has earned.

This is not an escape clause to do anything you want under the name, “inability”. We must have fear of Allah at all times.

Allah says in At Taghabuun 64: 16

So keep Your duty to Allâh and fear Him as much as You can; listen and obey; and spend In charity, that is better for yourselves. and Whosoever is saved from his own covetousness, Then they are the successful ones.

Remember the sixth hadith : Avoidance in doubtful matter? Read : HERE.

These two hadith go hand in hand to ensure that we obey Allah at all times and fear Him in all the things that we do.

And that is why, we must seek ilm. Only through correct ilm, that we can learn to worship Allah the correct way. And always the correct way is the easiest way, Insya Allah.

Let’s look again at this hadith. Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam told us to totally avoid the haram matters but the order to obey was limited to the extent of one’s ability.

Many scholars are of the opinion that there is no exception to avoidance of the prohibited; it is therefore more important and more virtuous than performing some supplementary act of worship.

The saying of some sahabahs and their students, “To return a dirham taken unlawfully is better than giving away a hundred thousand in sadaqah.” Generally avoidance of haram takes precedence over supplementary worship.

Thus, one who does a lot of night prayer and supplementary acts should revisit their act of worship if he cannot resist cheating, lying, backbiting and disobedient to parents.

Having said that, this does not cover the scope that some haram things are permitted out of dire necessity. Such as the case of being forced to eat non halal food because there is just no other food except that.

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Let us reflect on the story of Prophet Musa alaihi salam with Bani Israel concerning the yellow cow in Suratul Baqarah 2: 67-71

67. and (remember) when Mûsa (Moses) said to his people: “Verily, Allâh commands You that You slaughter a cow.” they said, “Do You make fun of us?” He said, “I take Allâh’s Refuge from being among Al-Jâhilûn (the ignorants or the foolish).”
68. they said, “Call upon Your Lord for us that He may make plain to us what it is!” He said, “He says, ‘Verily, it is a cow neither too old nor too young, but (it is) between the two conditions’, so do what You are commanded.”
69. they said, “Call upon Your Lord for us to make plain to us its colour.” He said, “He says, ‘It is a yellow cow, bright In its colour, pleasing to the beholders.’ ”
70. they said, “Call upon Your Lord for us to make plain to us what it is. Verily to us All cows are alike, and surely, if Allâh wills, we will be guided.”
71. He [Mûsa (Moses)] said, “He says, ‘It is a cow neither trained to till the soil nor water the fields, sound, having no other colour except bright yellow.’ ” they said, “Now You have brought the truth.” so they slaughtered it though they were near to not doing it.

If they had obeyed the Prophet from the very beginning, they would have saved themselves from a lot of hardship. They insisted on questioning which was an indication of disobedience to the Prophet.

This incident, which is told by Allah to our Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam, is an example on excessive questionings and contradiction of the prophet that does benefit the questioner.

The types of questionings forbidden by the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam on various occasions are
i. Personal queries whose answer, if given by the Prophet sallallahu laihi wasalam, would have been distressing to the questioner.
ii. That whose aim is nothing more than argument, ridicule, showing off, or passing time
iii. That about purely theoretical situations which have not yet occurred
iv. The concerned information which Allah has not revealed

Not all questions are prohibited of course. When one does not know, one must ask otherwise one will remain ignorant. The sahabiyat also asked the Prophet sallahu alaihi wasalam concerning issues that can be embarrassing to ask a man.

They had a keen desire for knowledge, and they never felt too shy to ask questions about the ahkam of Islam, because they were asking the truth.

Muslim reports that, Umm Sulaim binti Milhaan, the mother of Anas bin Malik, came to the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam and said:, “O Allah’s Messenger! (sallallahu alaihi wasalam) Allah is not ashamed of the truth (Al Ahzab 33: 53). Is a Ghusl (bath) compulsory for a woman when she has a sexual dream.” He (sallallahu alaihi wasalam) replied, “Yes! When she sees signs of liquid.” When Umm Sulaim asked this question, ‘Aisyah said, “O Umm Sulaim, you have exposed women’s secret, may your right hand be rubbed with dust!” The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam said to Aisyah, “Rather your hand should be wiped with dust; O Umm Sulaim, let a woman perform ghusl if she saw such a dream.”

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Asking Questions

We have discussed concerning asking question when we discussed hadith Jibreel. Read it HERE But it is no harm to say it again

One of the methods of seeking knowledge is by asking questions. The type of questions should be MEANINGFUL. Questions that will lead the questioner, the listener and the one answering to valuable knowledge and good action are the best.
We should ask good questions that will result in others to learn also and to share knowledge. Don’t ask questions that are only meant to boast one’s knowledge or belittle the answerer.
Ibn Abbas, one of the great scholars among the sahabahs, when asked how he obtained all his knowledge, he replied, with an inquisitive tongue and a contemplating heart.
Let us do some case studies.

i. A new boy just came in the class. The teacher decided to make a get-to-know session in the class. Many students ask questions like his name, where he come from, his hobbies, what games does he like. Anas decided to ask him this question instead. What is the exact value of pi up to 5 decimal numbers. The new boy didn’t know. But Anas knew the answer and proudly tell the class the answer. Do you think this kind of question is appropriate? Discuss.

ii. In the physics class, the teacher was introducing a new subject on Force and momentum. Many could not understand the subject. Alhamdulillah Zayd felt that he could comprehend the subject matter. Zayd asked the teacher some question in the hope that teacher would explain the subject in a different approach, perhaps the students can understand it after.
Zayd already know the matter but he still asked questions. Is this considered boasting? Discuss.

iii. Today, Mu’alim is teaching a new subject on Fiqh. Ahmad is finding it hard to understand it. Everyone else seems to understand it making Ahmad feeling shy to ask worried that he’d be ridiculed. Is this a correct attitude? Discuss.

As for any students of knowledge, one must continuously seek knowledge in the Quran and sunnah. One should seek ruling in them, putting much effort in understanding them by understanding how the sahabah and the three generations understood it. There will be different opinions between the scholars. There should be useful discussion based on real desire to reach the truth and please Allah. May Allah help us.

Lessons
1. What is Haram must be avoided.
2. When we come to something that is commanded we must try to do it as much as we can.
3. Whatever Prophet commands or prohibits it is considered a shareeah whether or not it is found in quran or not.
4. Questions must be asked thoughtfully.
5. Asking too many questions and disagreeing with the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam can cause our destruction.
6. When we start making too many issues in religion and too many nit picking in religion will only bring destruction.
7. Previous nation were destroyed because they ask too many questions and they opposed their prophet excessively.

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