The Ruku’ (Bowing)

After completing the recitation Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam would pause for a moment.

Then he (sallallahu alaihi wasalam) would raise his hands and make Takbir.

Then he (sallallahu alaihi wasalam) would make ruku’.

How did Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam make ruku’?

It is related that Mus’ab ibn Sa’d said, “I prayed beside my father and, placing my palms together, put my hands between my thighs. My father forbade me to do that saying, ‘We used to do that and we were forbidden to do it and told to put our hands (palms) on our knees.’ ” (Al Bukhari)

Lesson
1. To put palms on knees

Abu Humayd narrated about the salah of Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam,
“Then he (sallallahu alaihi wasalam) bowed and kept his palms on his knees as if he was grasping them, and he stretched out his arms and held them away from his sides.” In another narration, “he spread his fingers out.” (Abu Dawood, As Salat)

Lesson
2. Grasp the knee
3. Spread the fingers out
4. Arms away from the side of the body.

Abu Mas’ud Al badri narrated: Allah’s messenger sallallahu alaihi salam said,
One’s salah is not accepted unless one straightens one’s back in Ruku’ and Sujud. (Abu Dawood, As Salat)

Lesson
5. The back is straight when making ruku’

When prophet Mohammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam make Ruku’, he would spread his back and make it level, such that if water were poured on it, the water would not run off. (At Tabbarani)

The Book of Prayers (Kitab Al-Salat)

Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 1005

‘A’isha reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to begin prayer with takbir (saying Allih-o-Akbar) and the recitation:” Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Universe.” When he bowed he neither kept his head up nor bent it down, but kept it between these extremes; when he raised his bead after bow- ing he did not prostrate himself till he had stood erect; when he raised his head after prostration he did not prostrate himself again till he satup. At the end of every two rak’ahs he recited the tahiyya; and he used to place his left foot flat (on the ground) and raise up the right; he prohibited the devil’s way of sitting on the heels, and he forbade people to spread out their arms like a wild beast. And he used to finish the prayer with the taslim.

Lesson
6. When bowing prophet sallahu alaihi wasalam kept his head straight with his back neither bent or up.

Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam used to be at ease in his ruku’ and ordered the one who prayed badly to be so.

Zaid bin Wahb narrated, Hudhaifah saw a person who was not performing the bowings and prostrations perfectly. he said to him, “You have not performed salah and if you should die, you would die on a religion other than that of Muhammad sallallahu alaihi waslam.” (AL Bukhari)

Noman bin Murrah narrated that Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alahi wasalam asked his companions:
What do you think of the drunkard, the debauched and the thief (that is, how great are their sins)? The companions replied, “Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam know better,

The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,
“All these are mortal sins and liable to severe punishment. And the worse of theft is when one steals from his own salah.”

The companions asked: How does one do that? The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam replied:
“He does not fully perforr Ruku’ and Sujud in salah.” (Mu’ata Imam Malik)

Once Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam was praying, when he glanced out out of the corner of his eye at a man not settling his backbone in Ruku’ and sujud. When he finished, he said, “O assembly of Muslims! Verily the prayer is not valid of the one who does not settle his spine in Ruku’ and sujud.”

Lesson
7. Do not rush through your ruku’
8. be firm in your ruku’ and also be at ease.
9. Bow down for ruku’ until your back has reached the level and rise up without rushing.

Adzkar in Ruku’

Prophet sallalalhu alaihi waslaam would say different types of remembrance of Allah and supplication.
1. The one most of us know is “Subhana rabbiyal ‘Azim (How perfect is mu Lord, the Supreme- three times.

But sometimes Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam would repeat it more than that.

Once in a night prayer, he repeated it so much that his Ruku’ became nearly as long as his standing before it, in which he has recited three of the long surahs: al Baqarah, An Nisa’ and Al Imran. The prayer was full of supplication and seeking forgiveness.

2. Subhanarabbiyal ‘azimi wa bi hamdih.
How perfect is my Lord, the Supreme and Praised be He

and a few others. Perhaps we can learn them all Insya Allah.

Lesson
10. Glorify Allah as Prophet sallahu alaihi wasalam in the ruku’

What about reciting quran in Ruku’?

The Book of Prayers (Kitab Al-Salat)

Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 970

Ibn ‘Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) drew aside the curtain (of his apartment) and (he saw) people in rows (saying prayer) behind Aba Bakr. And he said: Nothing remains of the glad tidings of apostlehood, except good visions which a Muslim sees or someone is made to see for him. And see that I have been forbidden to recite the Qur’an in the state of bowing and prostration. So far as Ruk’u is concerned, extol in it the Great and Glorious Lord, and while prostrating yourselves be earnest in supplication, for it is fitting that your supplications should be answered.

Lesson
11. Do not recite the quran in ruku’.
Reference
1. Prayer according to he sunnah – compiler Prof Muhamamd Zulfiqar
2. The Salah – The Prophet’s prayer described – Muhamamd Nasir Al Din Al Albani

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