Monthly Archives: January 2012

Going to the Toilet

We have gone through the akhlaq of goingto toilet, but Insya Allah a formal one to check each other’s knowledge.

The Book of Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)

Muslim :: Book 2 : Hadith 505

Salman said that (one among) the polytheists remarked: I see that your friend even teaches you about the excrement. He replied; Yes, he has in fact forbidden us that anyone amongst us should cleanse himself with his right hand, or face the Qibla. He has forbidden the use of dung or bone for it, and he has also instructed us not to use less than three pebbles (for this purpose).

We must be thankful that Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam even teaches us to clean ourselves to stress on its importance and to learn what please Allah most.

Enter the bathroom.

1. Before entering the toilet remember to recite the du’a.

Say Bismillah and read the dua’

Remember this so you can easily recite even when you are in rush to go to the toilet.

Alee Ibn Abee Talib reported that the Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,
The private areas of the children of Adam are veiled from the Jinn if one of them (children of Adam) enters Al Kaneef (a place which people relieve themselves) and says, Bismillah.

Ibn Majah. Al Albanee ruled it is authentic.

Narrated By Anas: Whenever the Prophet (sal-Allâhu alayhi wa sallam) went to answer the call of nature, he used to say,
“Allahumma inni a’udhu bika minal khubuthi wal khaba’ith i.e.
O Allah, I seek Refuge with You from all offensive and wicked things (evil deeds and evil spirits).”(Bukhari, 144)

We make this dua’ to ask Allah to protect us from Shaytan. Shaytan loves dirty place and as you know toilet is the place where people throw dirty things. Alhamdulillah Allah send us the Prophet sallalahu alaihi wasalam who teaches us how to protect ourselves from our biggest enemy with the permission of Allah.

2. Before you want to step in the toilet. Stop and check which foot you are entering the toilet with.

It should be the left foot first.

Hazrat Aisha (RadiAllahu anha) says, “Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) liked to begin with the right while combing his hair; while performing ablution (wudhu) and when putting on his shoes. (Also in every other deed, he first began with the right then the left).

Commentary.
This (beginning from the right) is not confined to the three acts mentioned in this Hadith. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) began everything with the right, that is why every other deed’ has been added in the translation of the Hadith. The basic rule is, that all those things that reflect dignity and elegance, while putting on these the right is preferred, and when removing them the left is begun with, as when putting on clothes, shoes etc. When one enters
the Masjid, one enters with the right foot and leaves with the left foot first, as this is the place of dignity and greatness. Contrary to this, in those things that do not have elegance in them, for instance when entering the toilet. (Tirmidhi) from The Hadith Software.

3. Close the Door

Alhamdulillah most of us have toilets with DOORS. So when you want to use the toilet, close the door. Have shame.

If you do not know how to unlock the door (because you are still small), do not lock them less you might not know or may not be strong enough to unlock it.

Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)  

Dawud :: Book 1 : Hadith 1

Narrated Mughirah ibn Shu’bah:

When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) went (outside) to relieve himself, he went to a far-off place.

He went to far away place so that no one can see him.

4. In the Toilet

Nowadays most of the household in my part of the world use the sitting type of bowl rather than the squatting one. Regardless do take care that you sit properly. Care that the “target” will go to the bowl.

If it is a sitting type, then sit, if it is a squatting type then squat.

If accidents happen, clean it. (Or better yet call me (But I will still make you clean it yourself))

Now. Can you stand (for boys mostly) is it okay to stand when you pass urine?

The basic principle in this issue is that a person should be seated.

Aisha r.a. said, “If anyone relates to you that teh Messenger salllahu alaihi wasalam urinated while standing, then don’t believe him, the Prophet sallallahu alaihi waslam would always be seated when urinating”

Narrated by An Nassaee and Albani rated as saheeh.

However in another hadith

Ablutions (Wudu’)  

Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 4 :: Hadith 224

Narrated Hudhaifa:

Once the Prophet went to the dumps of some people and passed urine while standing. He then asked for water and so I brought it to him and he performed ablution.

Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam usually would seat when he passed urine. Some scholars hold that the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam stood to indicate that it is permissible and he was in a place where it was not possible for him to sit down to urinate.

For you if you are in the comfort of home or where the place is clean, sitting down is preferred.

Remember as good manners to always flush. If it requires more than one flushing, do it. be sure it’s clean before you leave the toilet. Even the surrounding area. Otherwise, revert to the paragraph above.

Then clean yourself. Use your left hand to clean yourself after.

Drinks  

Bukhari :: Book 7 :: Volume 69 :: Hadith 534

Narrated Abu Qatada:

Allah’s Apostle said, “When you drink (water), do not breath in the vessel; and when you urinate, do not touch your penis with your right hand. And when you cleanse yourself after defecation, do not use your right hand.”

And also remember our lesson, Istinja’?

Since most of us have the luxury of water from tap, Alhamdulillah. Then do Istinja’. You can wipe yourself dry using tissue.

Before you leave the toilet, wash your hands.

5. Getting out of the toilet

Then leave the toilet right foot first and read the dua’ of leaving the toilet.

Summary of Manners to Entering the Toilet
1. Say the du’a
2. Enter with left foot
3. Close the door

4. Seat yourself properly

5. Flush

6. Wash yourself using left hand

7. Before leaving out wash your hands

8. Check if the toilet is clean

9. Go out right foot first

10. recite the du’a of going out.

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The Story of Prophet Idris (Enoch) alaihi salam

Maryam 19: 56-57

And mention in the Book (the Qur’ân) Idris (Enoch).Verily! he was a man of truth, (and) a Prophet. (56) And We raised him to a high station. (57)

Al Anbiya’ 21: 85-86

And (remember) Isma’îl (Ishmael), and Idris (Enoch) and Dhul-Kifl (Isaiah), all were from among As-Sâbirun (the patient). (85) And We admitted them to Our Mercy. Verily, they were of the righteous (86)

Allah praised Prophet Idris and described him as Prophet, truthful and among the righteous.

After Prophet Adam alaihi salam and Sheeth (Seth), he was the first man to be sent as a prophet, peace be upon all of them.

Ibn Ishaq said, he was the first man to write with a pen.

Allah said, “And We raised him high in the heaven.”The explanation of this ayah is mentioned in both Bukhari and Muslim which is the hadith concerning teh Nigt of Journey of our Prophet sallallahu alaihi salam. the hadith says, “The prophet passed by him on the fourth heaven.”

The Book of Faith (Kitab Al-Iman)

Muslim :: Book 1 : Hadith 309

It is narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: I was brought al-Buraq Who is an animal white and long, larger than a donkey but smaller than a mule, who would place his hoof a distance equal to the range of version. I mounted it and came to the Temple (Bait Maqdis in Jerusalem), then tethered it to the ring used by the prophets. I entered the mosque and prayed two rak’ahs in it, and then came out and Gabriel brought me a vessel of wine and a vessel of milk. I chose the milk, and Gabriel said: You have chosen the natural thing. Then he took me to heaven. Gabriel then asked the (gate of heaven) to be opened and he was asked who he was. He replied: Gabriel. He was again asked: Who is with you? He (Gabriel) said: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? Gabriel replied: He has indeed been sent for. And (the door of the heaven) was opened for us and lo! we saw Adam. He welcomed me and prayed for my good. Then we ascended to the second heaven. Gabriel (peace be upon him) (asked the door of heaven to be opened), and he was asked who he was. He answered: Gabriel; and was again asked: Who is with you? He replied: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. The gate was opened. When I entered ‘Isa b. Maryam and Yahya b. Zakariya (peace be upon both of them), cousins from the maternal side. welcomed me and prayed for my good Then I was taken to the third heaven and Gabriel asked for the opening (of the door). He was asked: Who are you? He replied: Gabriel. He was (again) asked: Who is with you? He replied Muhammad (may peace be upon him). It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and I saw Yusuf (peace of Allah be upon him) who had been given half of (world) beauty. He welcomed me prayed for my well-being. Then he ascended with us to the fourth heaven. Gabriel (peace be upon him) asked for the (gate) to be opened, and it was said: Who is he? He replied: Gabriel. It was (again) said: Who is with you? He said: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. The (gate) was opened for us, and lo! Idris was there. He welcomed me and prayed for my well-being (About him) Allah, the Exalted and the Glorious, has said:” We elevated him (Idris) to the exalted position” (Qur’an xix. 57). Then he ascended with us to the fifth heaven and Gabriel asked for the (gate) to be opened. It was said: Who is he? He replied Gabriel. It was (again) said: Who is with thee? He replied: Muhammad. It was said Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and then I was with Harun (Aaron-peace of Allah be upon him). He welcomed me prayed for my well-being. Then I was taken to the sixth heaven. Gabriel (peace be upon him) asked for the door to be opened. It was said: Who is he? He replied: Gabriel. It was said: Who is with thee? He replied: Muhammad. It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and there I was with Musa (Moses peace be upon him) He welcomed me and prayed for my well-being. Then I was taken up to the seventh heaven. Gabriel asked the (gate) to be opened. It was said: Who is he? He said: Gabriel It was said. Who is with thee? He replied: Muhammad (may peace be upon him.) It was said: Has he been sent for? He replied: He has indeed been sent for. (The gate) was opened for us and there I found Ibrahim (Abraham peace be upon him) reclining against the Bait-ul-Ma’mur and there enter into it seventy thousand angels every day, never to visit (this place) again. Then I was taken to Sidrat-ul-Muntaha whose leaves were like elephant ears and its fruit like big earthenware vessels. And when it was covered by the Command of Allah, it underwent such a change that none amongst the creation has the power to praise its beauty.

Ibn Jareer reported on the authority of Hilal ibn Yasaf who said, “Ibn Abbas asked Ka’ab in my presence, “What is the meaning of the verse,’And We raised him high in the heaven?’ And we raised him high in the heaven? “Ka’an replied, “Allah revealed to Idris, ‘I would raise for you every day the same amount of the deeds of all Adam’s children.’ Perhaps what he meant was referring to the deeds of his time only. So Idris wanted to increase his deeds.

It is said that Idris had a friend from among the angels. When this angel come to visit him, Idris said to the angel, “Allah has revealed to me such and such, so could you please speak to the angel of death so that I could increase my deeds.” The angel then carried him on his wings and went up into the heaven. When they passed by the fourth heaven, they me the angel of death, who was descending. The angel spoke to him regarding what Idris had spoken to him before.

The angel of death said, “Where is Idris?” He replied, “he is upon my back.” The angle of death said, ‘How amazing, I was sent to seize his soul and told tomeet him in the fourth heaven. I kept thinking how I could seize it in the fourth heaven when he is on the earth?” then he took his soul out. This is what s meant in the verse, “And we raised him high in the heaven.”

Subhanallah, you cannot run away when your time has come.

Reference
Stories of The Prophets Ibn kathir

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The Ruku’ (Bowing)

After completing the recitation Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam would pause for a moment.

Then he (sallallahu alaihi wasalam) would raise his hands and make Takbir.

Then he (sallallahu alaihi wasalam) would make ruku’.

How did Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam make ruku’?

It is related that Mus’ab ibn Sa’d said, “I prayed beside my father and, placing my palms together, put my hands between my thighs. My father forbade me to do that saying, ‘We used to do that and we were forbidden to do it and told to put our hands (palms) on our knees.’ ” (Al Bukhari)

Lesson
1. To put palms on knees

Abu Humayd narrated about the salah of Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam,
“Then he (sallallahu alaihi wasalam) bowed and kept his palms on his knees as if he was grasping them, and he stretched out his arms and held them away from his sides.” In another narration, “he spread his fingers out.” (Abu Dawood, As Salat)

Lesson
2. Grasp the knee
3. Spread the fingers out
4. Arms away from the side of the body.

Abu Mas’ud Al badri narrated: Allah’s messenger sallallahu alaihi salam said,
One’s salah is not accepted unless one straightens one’s back in Ruku’ and Sujud. (Abu Dawood, As Salat)

Lesson
5. The back is straight when making ruku’

When prophet Mohammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam make Ruku’, he would spread his back and make it level, such that if water were poured on it, the water would not run off. (At Tabbarani)

The Book of Prayers (Kitab Al-Salat)

Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 1005

‘A’isha reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to begin prayer with takbir (saying Allih-o-Akbar) and the recitation:” Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Universe.” When he bowed he neither kept his head up nor bent it down, but kept it between these extremes; when he raised his bead after bow- ing he did not prostrate himself till he had stood erect; when he raised his head after prostration he did not prostrate himself again till he satup. At the end of every two rak’ahs he recited the tahiyya; and he used to place his left foot flat (on the ground) and raise up the right; he prohibited the devil’s way of sitting on the heels, and he forbade people to spread out their arms like a wild beast. And he used to finish the prayer with the taslim.

Lesson
6. When bowing prophet sallahu alaihi wasalam kept his head straight with his back neither bent or up.

Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam used to be at ease in his ruku’ and ordered the one who prayed badly to be so.

Zaid bin Wahb narrated, Hudhaifah saw a person who was not performing the bowings and prostrations perfectly. he said to him, “You have not performed salah and if you should die, you would die on a religion other than that of Muhammad sallallahu alaihi waslam.” (AL Bukhari)

Noman bin Murrah narrated that Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alahi wasalam asked his companions:
What do you think of the drunkard, the debauched and the thief (that is, how great are their sins)? The companions replied, “Allah and His Messenger sallallahu alaihi wasalam know better,

The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said,
“All these are mortal sins and liable to severe punishment. And the worse of theft is when one steals from his own salah.”

The companions asked: How does one do that? The Messenger of Allah sallallahu alaihi wasalam replied:
“He does not fully perforr Ruku’ and Sujud in salah.” (Mu’ata Imam Malik)

Once Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam was praying, when he glanced out out of the corner of his eye at a man not settling his backbone in Ruku’ and sujud. When he finished, he said, “O assembly of Muslims! Verily the prayer is not valid of the one who does not settle his spine in Ruku’ and sujud.”

Lesson
7. Do not rush through your ruku’
8. be firm in your ruku’ and also be at ease.
9. Bow down for ruku’ until your back has reached the level and rise up without rushing.

Adzkar in Ruku’

Prophet sallalalhu alaihi waslaam would say different types of remembrance of Allah and supplication.
1. The one most of us know is “Subhana rabbiyal ‘Azim (How perfect is mu Lord, the Supreme- three times.

But sometimes Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam would repeat it more than that.

Once in a night prayer, he repeated it so much that his Ruku’ became nearly as long as his standing before it, in which he has recited three of the long surahs: al Baqarah, An Nisa’ and Al Imran. The prayer was full of supplication and seeking forgiveness.

2. Subhanarabbiyal ‘azimi wa bi hamdih.
How perfect is my Lord, the Supreme and Praised be He

and a few others. Perhaps we can learn them all Insya Allah.

Lesson
10. Glorify Allah as Prophet sallahu alaihi wasalam in the ruku’

What about reciting quran in Ruku’?

The Book of Prayers (Kitab Al-Salat)

Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 970

Ibn ‘Abbas reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) drew aside the curtain (of his apartment) and (he saw) people in rows (saying prayer) behind Aba Bakr. And he said: Nothing remains of the glad tidings of apostlehood, except good visions which a Muslim sees or someone is made to see for him. And see that I have been forbidden to recite the Qur’an in the state of bowing and prostration. So far as Ruk’u is concerned, extol in it the Great and Glorious Lord, and while prostrating yourselves be earnest in supplication, for it is fitting that your supplications should be answered.

Lesson
11. Do not recite the quran in ruku’.
Reference
1. Prayer according to he sunnah – compiler Prof Muhamamd Zulfiqar
2. The Salah – The Prophet’s prayer described – Muhamamd Nasir Al Din Al Albani

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Conditions of Acceptance of Wudhu’

This is another revisit in wudhu’.

Narrated Humran, the manumitted slave of Uthman,
Uthman b. ‘Affan called for ablution water and this is how he performed the ablution. He washed his hands thrice. He then rinsed his mouth and cleaned his nose with water (three times). He then washed his face three times, then washed his right arm up to the elbow three times, then washed his left arm like that, then wiped his head; then washed his right foot up to the ankle three times, then washed his left foot like that, and then said: I saw the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) perform ablution like this ablution of mine. Then the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: He who performs ablution like this ablution of mine and then stood up (for prayer) and offered two rak’ahs of prayer without allowing his thoughts to be distracted, all his previous sins are expiated. Ibn Shihab said: Our scholars remarked: This is the most complete of the ablutions performed for prayer.

Condition

1. Niyah.
you must have the intention IN YOUR HEART that you want to perform ablution. Wudhu’ without niyah is invalid. An invalid wudhu’, will render the solah not acepted as well. Allah knows best.

Here is a link by Islam QA on when to make the intention of wudhu’.

2. Saying Bismillah
There are different opinion in whether saying Bismillah is obligatory in wudhu’ or not. Some say it is mustahab and some say it is fardh. But we will say the Bismillah anyway. Insya Allah khayr.

Here is Islam QA link on it.

Another link of fatwa collected by Islam QA concerning saying Bismillah in the toilet when we take wudhu’.

3. Closing sequence or tartib.

Meaning when we perform ablution, you must follow the order. We cannot just do any part of wudhu’ in random. It has to follow the order.

And also if we missed a part of wudhu’, we must repeat the wudhu’ all over again.

Hadith recorded by Abu Dawood from Khalid Ibn Ma’daan (may Allah’s Mercy be upon him) from some of the Prophet’s (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) wives that the Prophet (Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam) saw a man praying and a small spot of his foot not washed, so he ordered him (the man) to reperform the Wudu.

Reference
1. Bulugh Maram
2. Fiqh Course – IIPH
3.Explanation of Important Lessons – Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz (Darussalam)

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