As Salam means The Peace and also The one free from all defects.
Al Hashr 59: 23
He is Allah whom here is La Ilaha illa Huwa the king, The Holy, the one free from All defects…
Allah is free from all form of defects.
He has no equal and nothing resemble Him.
His attributes are perfect. Human beings are never perfect.
The perfection of the Prophet and Messengers are in relative to other people. They have defects like the need to sleep, eat and drink. And Allah is free from all the wants of human.
Allah has no wife nor children.
he has no equal and counterpart.
He is free from death, slumber or sleep.
His Power is free from fatigue.
his Knowledge is free from ignorance or forgetfullness.
His Will is free from going astray.
His Words are free from lying and wrongdoing.It is Perfect with truth and justice.
His Richness is free from need of others. Every thing and person needs Him though.
His Forgiveness and patience are free from need or humiliation.
His Torture, revenge and severe Punishment are free from wrongdoing and oppression. they reflect His pure Wisdom and Justice
His Giving is free from being in need or in return for something.
It is free from stinginess and hypocrisy.
His Giving is Pure Goodness and kindness.
His withholding of things is real justice and wisdom, and does not imply stinginess or inability.
Allah’s Ascension to the Throne does not imply His needs to be carried. In fact the throne is in need of Allah and the carriers as well.
Finding Peace in Ourselves
Peace is from Allah.
Our Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam informed us that peace is from Allah,
Aisha reported: When the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, would invoke peace while sitting in prayer, but he did not sit but long enough to say, “O Allah, You are Peace and from You is peace; blessed are You, O Majestic and Generous.”
[Sahih Muslim, Book 4, Number 1227]
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ إِذَا سَلَّمَ لَمْ يَقْعُدْ إِلَّا مِقْدَارَ مَا يَقُولُ اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ السَّلَامُ وَمِنْكَ السَّلَامُ تَبَارَكْتَ ذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ
592 صحيح مسلم كِتَاب الْمَسَاجِدِ وَمَوَاضِعِ الصَّلَاة اللهم أنت السلام ومنك السلام تباركت ذا الجلال والإكرام
This indicate that if you want peace, you must seek it from Allah.
People are always seeking for peace. this world is such a stressful world and we are anxious nations. Just look around us and see how many people are under depression. Suicide, going mad, running amok. Sometimes you hear people looking for themselves. Trying to find peace within themselves. And they resort to many ways. Some go for religion, which unfortunately resort to false Gods. While some may resort to methods taking them further away from God altogether.
This world is not an abode of peace; it is indeed a place for testing. Its favours and delights are mixed with displeasure; its relief is mixed with misfortunes and slaves can gain its delights and pleasures only through suffering and hard work.
However believers in this world can obtain favours and delights of a different type. Their hearts are made comfortable by remembering Allah. Those who attained the true slave status have peace even the kings envies them for the pleasure the slaves enjoy. The more Muslims observe Allah’s order, the more they attain peace for themselves.
When we greet each other with peace by saying: “Al-Salām `alaykum”, we are invoking this name of Allah, and in doing so, we are communicating this connotation of Allah’s perfection as well as the idea of peace.
And indeed Allah has made “peace” the salutation of the believers: “Their greeting on the Day they shall meet Him will be “Salâm: Peace (i.e. the angels will say to them: Salâmu ‘Alaikum)!” And He has prepared for them a generous reward (i.e. Paradise). (44) ” [Sūrah al-Ahzāb 33: 44]
He has commanded us to use this salutation: “So when you enter houses, greet yourselves with a salutation from Allah.” [Sūrah al-Nūr: 61] Therefore, a believer invokes peace upon himself and upon others with this salutation.
Indeed, Allah greets his creatures in this world with the salutation of peace.
“Peace be upon Noah in all the worlds.” [Sūrah al-Sāffāt: 79]
“Peace be upon Abraham.” [Sūrah al-Sāffāt: 109]
“Peace be upon Moses and Aaron.” [Sūrah al-Sāffāt: 120]
“Peace be upon Elias.” [Sūrah al-Sāffāt: 130]
“Peace be upon the Messengers.” [Sūrah al-Sāffāt: 181]
“Say: Praise be to Allah, and peace be upon the servants He has chosen.” [Sūrah al-Naml: 59]
“Peace be upon those who follow guidance.” [Sūrah TaHā: 47]
Allah’s salutation upon His servants is His decree that they will be safeguarded in this world and the next. Though they are subject to the trials and tribulations that others experience in the world, Allah bestows upon their hearts contentment and certainty of faith which transforms their difficulties into a boon and a rewarding experience. Theirs are contented hearts, at peace with whatever Allah decrees for them.