In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Say: “I seek refuge with (Allâh) the Lord of the daybreak, (1) From the evil of what He has created; (2) And from the evil of the darkening (night) as it comes with its darkness; (or the moon as it sets or goes away) (3) And from the evil of those who practise witchcrafts when they blow in the knots, (4) And from the evil of the envier when he envies.” (5)
Did you notice the word “I seek protection” in this verse? What does that tell you about this surah?
Do you know other surah that starts with similar command? What surah is it?
Lessons from verse 2
From the evil of what He has created.
This means from the evil of all created things. Thabit Al Bunani and al Hassan Al Basri both said, “Hell, Iblis and his progeny are among from which Allah created.”
Since Allah is the one who creates evil, then sure He is the one who can protect us against it! Seek refuge only in Allah against all form of evil.
The Wisdom behind the Creation of Shaytan
The shaytan is the source of evil and sin. He calls people to kufr and disobedience. Ibn Al Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said, “In the creation of Iblees and his cohorts there is wisdom the details of which cannot be encompassed by anyone except Allah.”
Among the reasons he mentioned are
i. The perfection of total enslavement to Allah due to striving against Shaytaan and his followers
– Because there is a force who keeps telling you to do bad, you know you had to put a bigger effort in order to worship Allah. You seek refuge in Allah against this. All of these make the level of enslavement even higher.
– Love, turning to Allah, putting one’s trust in Him, patience and contentment are the most beloved forms of total enslavements to Allah. For juhad is the pinnacle of total enslavement to Him.
ii. Lesson to learn
– Remind ourselves what happen to Iblees who were raised in status among the angels worshipping Allah in the heavens. His sins caused his befallen. His pride and those hwo persist in sin and those who refuse to repent. These becomes an example for us to not to follow suit.
iii. A trial and test for us
– Allah tests us to distinguish which is better of us. To distinguish evil and good.
Al Imran 3: 179. Allâh will not leave the believers In the state In which You are now, until He distinguishes the wicked from the good. nor will Allâh disclose to You the secrets of the Ghaib (unseen), but Allâh chooses of his Messengers whom He pleases. so believe In Allâh and his Messengers. and if You believe and fear Allâh, Then for You there is a great reward.
– Allah tests us also so that we will achieve high level of gratitude. Allah wants us to thank Him properly, in all ways. How great the difference between Adam’s gratitude when he was in Paradise and after he was expelled. After being tested by the enemy. Then Allah chose him and turned him in repentance.
Remember! Allah does not and will never leave us alone to be attacked and disturbed by Shaytan. Allah sends us Messengers and gave us aql to reflect and contemplate our surroundings and evil between good. Allah also sends his ayat for our guidance. On top of that He arms us with his verses to protect us further. May Allah protect us from all evil.
Lesson from Verse 3
Some scholars discussed about the meaning of Ghasib and Waqab.
Mujahid said, “Ghasiq is the night and ‘when it is waqab’ refers to the setting of the sun.
Ibn Abbas said, “Verily it is the night when it advances with its’ darkness.”
Abu Al Muhazzim reported as, “This means the sun when it sets.”
The gist is Allah says that there is evil in the setting of the sun as it approaches darkness.
Imam Ahmad recorded that Aishah said, “The Messenger of Allah took me by the hand and showed me the moon when it rose and he said, “Seek refuge in Alah from the evil of Ghasiq when it becomes dark.”
Protect ourselves from this evil by adhering to this sunnah insya Allah,
The Book of Drinks (Kitab Al-Ashriba)
Muslim :: Book 23 : Hadith 4998
Jabir reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not let your animals and children go out when the sun sets until the first and the darkest part of the night is over, for the Satan is let loose with the sinking of the sun until the darkest part of the night is over.
And of course by seeking refuge in Allah.
Lessons from Verse 4
This particular verse is asking Allah to protect against the evil of witches. One of the methods of performing their evil, the witches make knots and blow into it evil spells.
Do you know that prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam himself was once witched?
In the Book of Medicine of his Sahih, Al-Bukhari recorded that `A’ishah said, “The Messenger of Allah was bewitched until he thought that he had relations with his wives, but he had not had relations with them.” Sufyan said, “This is the worst form of magic when it reaches this stage.” So the Prophet said,
O `A’ishah! Do you know that Allah has answered me concerning that which I asked Him Two men came to me and one of them sat by my head while the other sat by my feet. The one who was sitting by my head said to the other one, `What is wrong with this man’ The other replied, `He is bewitched.’ The first one said, `Who bewitched him’ The other replied, `Labid bin A`sam. He is a man from the tribe of Banu Zurayq who is an ally of the Jews, and a hypocrite.’ The first one asked, `With what (did he bewitch him)’ The other replied, `With a comb and hair from the comb.’ The first one asked, `Where (is the comb)’. The other answered, `In the dried bark of a male date palm under a rock in a well called Dharwan.’) `A’ishah said, “So he went to the well to remove it (the comb with the hair). Then he said, (This is the well that I saw. It was as if its water had henna soaked in it and its palm trees were like the heads of devils.) So he removed it (of the well). Then I (`A’ishah) said, `Will you not make this public’ He replied, (Allah has cured me and I hate to spread (the news of) wickedness to any of the people.)”
Allah has cured our beloved prophet Mohammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam from the evil spells. Alhamdulillah.
In another Hadith it has been reported that Jibril came to the Prophet and said, “Are you suffering from any ailment, O Muhammad” The Prophet replied,
(Yes.) So Jibril said, “In the Name of Allah, I recite prayer (Ruqyah) over you, from every illness that harms you, from the evil of every envious person and evil eye. May Allah cure you.”
This also teaches you that you should make ruqyah and make du’a to Allah that we are cured. Then we take any allowable medicine. Have tawakkal to Allah and put effort to be cured.
Lesson from verse 5
Hasad means envy. This is a dangerous sickness of the heart. Hasad is hatred and disliking the good condition that someone else has.
It is also the desire to have the blessings removed from the one you envied. Someone has something good, and we feel this burning hatred in our heart that the person should not have the good blessings.
Take an intelligent guess. What was the reason that Shaytan disobeyed Allah when Allah commanded him and the angels to make sujud to Adam?
Indeed Shaytan was jealous of Adam and couldn’t accept the idea that Allah raise the level of Adam.
Jealousy is an evil sickness. It brings one to destruction. Let us look at other examples of jealousy.
– The story of Habil and Qabil
– The story of Prophet Yusuf alaihi salam and his brothers
Do a self check whether you do have this evil disease.
How do you feel when you see a friend has a new ipod?
How do you feel when your friend was recognize by the teacher for a school work when you also worked hard on it?
How do you feel when you friend always win?
Your brother was getting attention from your parents?
If you do feel hatred and jealous, remember that this is a heart’s disease that must be healed. Learn to have a heart that is content with what you have. Being content and thankful and happy with what you have will make you the richest person in this world. Materials are not the thing that makes you happy. But a content heart that is thankful to Allah will make you happy.
Be happy for your friend who has it all. Do not dwell with what you don’t have but focus on what you have.
If you are jealous with the attention your sibling has, remember the story of Prophet Yusuf’s brother and see how much destruction they have made for themselves.
Make du’a to Allah for a heart that is content and thankful.
2. Envy of the Envier
In verse five, Allah told us to seek protection in Allah from the evil of the envier who envies. We have understood that being envious of someone is an evil heart disease. This shows how dangerous this disease is.
Among the dangers of the envier
- Destruction and difficulties the envier may cause you like the examples we give earlier.
- Evil eye – Al ‘Ayn
The Arabic word El-‘Ayn (the ‘ayn) refers to when a person harms another with his eye. It starts when the person likes a thing, then his evil feelings affect it, by means of his repeated looking at the object of his jealousy.
The Book on Salutations and Greetings (Kitab As-Salam)
Muslim :: Book 26 : Hadith 5426
Abu Huraira reported so many hadith from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and he reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The influence of an evil eye is a fact.
Malik :: Book 50 : Hadith 50.1.2
Malik related to me from Ibn Shihab that Abu Umama ibn Sahl ibn Hunayf said, ”Amir ibn Rabia saw Sahl ibn Hunayf doing a ghusl and said, ‘I have not seen the like of what I see today, not even the skin of a maiden who has never been out of doors.’ Sahl fell to the ground. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was approached and it was said, ‘Messenger of Allah, can you do anything about Sahl ibn Hunayf? By Allah, he can not raise his head.’ He said, ‘Do you suspect anyone of it?’ They said, ‘We suspect Amir ibn Rabia.’ “
He continued, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, summoned Amir and was furious with him and said, ‘Why does one of you kill his brother? Why did you not say, “May Allah bless you?” Do ghusl for it.’ Amir washed his face, hands, elbows, knees, the end of his feet, and inside his lower garment in a vessel. Then he poured it over him, and Sahl went off with the people, and there was nothing wrong with him.”
Evil eye is real. One can cause great harm to the person he is envying just by the look of his eye, by the will of Allah.
We must take all means that we can to protect ourselves against it.
Protection of the evil eye
It has been reported from Abu Said that the Messenger of Allah s.a.w. used to seek protection against the evil eyes of the Jinns and mankind. But when the Muawwidhatayn were revealed, he then used them for protection and abandon all else.
At Tirmidhi, An Nasai and Ibn Majah recorded this. At Tirmidhi said the hadith is Hasan Sahih.
We must read the Muawwidhatayn as many times as we can daily without tire. Among the recommended times to recite it
- After all solah.
To read the 3 quls once for all prayers except Fajr and Maghrib
- Morning adzkar and evening adzkar
3 quls for both times
- Before sleeping and to blow the hand after reciting them and wipe the whole body with it.
- To read Ayatul Kursi for all the times described above
- To say the morning and evening adzkar.
- Seek protection in Allah
It is perhaps also worth to take note, that we should, as much as we can, to be cautious of ourselves when we appear in public. It is best that we do not create too much attaention on ourselves.
Remember among the nasihah of Yaakub to his sons when they were traveling to Egypt to seek for food from Prophet Yusuf alaihi salam. Prophet yaakob told his sons to enter the city sparate ways so not to create the attention from people on themselves waking in a group. Allah knows best.
And that is why, it is best that we not show people the things we bought and we owned especially the things that may trigger envy from others. Also we should try to contain to ourselves of our achievements less people will become jealous of us.
The evils described in this surah are
- All the evils that Allah created
- Evil in the darkening of the night
- Evil of witchcraft
- Evil of the envier
And we ask Allah only to protect us from these evil.
Learning the Quran words
خَلَقَ – He created
إِذَا – When
حسد – Envy
1. The world of Jinn and Devils – Umar S. al Ashqar