Allah has given some of the angels the job of taking the lives of people. The chief of these angels is known as the Angel of Death.
قُلۡ يَتَوَفَّٮٰكُم مَّلَكُ ٱلۡمَوۡتِ ٱلَّذِى وُكِّلَ بِكُمۡ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمۡ تُرۡجَعُونَ
Say: “The angel of death, who is set over you, will take your souls, Then you shall be brought to your Lord.” (as Sajda 32: 11)
It is wrong to call the Angel of Death by the name of “Izraeel” as people do because it is not mentioned in the Quraan and Sunnah.
Some stories in the quran and hadith concerning the Angels of Death
The angel of death ask permission to take the souls of the Prophets. Sometimes they appear in the form of man
Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 23 :: Hadith 423
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The angel of death was sent to Moses and when he went to him, Moses slapped him severely, spoiling one of his eyes. The angel went back to his Lord, and said, “You sent me to a slave who does not want to die.” Allah restored his eye and said, “Go back and tell him (i.e. Moses) to place his hand over the back of an ox, for he will be allowed to live for a number of years equal to the number of hairs coming under his hand.” (So the angel came to him and told him the same). Then Moses asked, “O my Lord! What will be then?” He said, “Death will be then.” He said, “(Let it be) now.” He asked Allah that He bring him near the Sacred Land at a distance of a stone’s throw. Allah’s Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, “Were I there I would show you the grave of Moses by the way near the red sand hill.”
Many angels of death when death approaches
When we are nearing death there will be many angels accompanying the Angel of Death when he takes the souls from the bodies. They will come with him when a person is close to death.
Surah Al An’aam 6: 61
He is the Irresistible, Supreme over His slaves, and He sends guardians (angels guarding and writing all of one’s good and bad deeds) over you, until when death approaches one of you, Our Messengers (angel of death and his assistants) take his soul, and they never neglect their duty.
Two types of angels of death : Angels of mercy and angels of punishment
Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (pbuh) and his Companions
Bukhari :: Book 4 :: Volume 56 :: Hadith 676
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:
The Prophet said, “Amongst the men of Bani Israel there was a man who had murdered ninety-nine persons. Then he set out asking (whether his repentance could be accepted or not). He came upon a monk and asked him if his repentance could be accepted. The monk replied in the negative and so the man killed him. He kept on asking till a man advised to go to such and such village. (So he left for it) but death overtook him on the way. While dying, he turned his chest towards that village (where he had hoped his repentance would be accepted), and so the angels of mercy and the angels of punishment quarrelled amongst themselves regarding him. Allah ordered the village (towards which he was going) to come closer to him, and ordered the village (whence he had come), to go far away, and then He ordered the angels to measure the distances between his body and the two villages. So he was found to be one span closer to the village (he was going to). So he was forgiven.”
Angels of mercy
They come to the believers at the time of death in a kind manner. they remove the soul kindly and tell them their great rewards in Jannah
Surah Al Fussilat 41: 30-32
Verily, those who say: “Our Lord is Allâh (Alone),” and then they stand firm, on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) (saying): “Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised! (30) “We have been your friends in the life of this world and are (so) in the Hereafter. Therein you shall have (all) that your inner-selves desire, and therein you shall have (all) for which you ask. (31) “An entertainment from (Allâh), the Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (32)
Angels of Punishment
The angels of punishment come to the disbelievers at the time of death in a cruel and horrible manner. They tear out the souls and beat them hard
Surah Muhammad 47: 27
Then how (will it be) when the angels will take their souls at death, smiting their faces and their backs? (27)
1. We believe that there is Angel of death.
2. Angel of death will come when we die with his assistants
3. Angel of mercy will come to the believers. They will be kind and tell us our reward.
4. Angel of punishment will come to the disbelievers and beat their faces and back.
5. Death is guaranteed to all of us. We ask Allah that the angel who come to us to take our souls away would be the angel of mercy.