Taharah – In normal language (linguistically), means cleanliness and free from dirt or najis. In fiqh it means removing impurity and makes one pure to make ibadah.
This time round we will talk about different type of water that we can use to clean ourself, particularly for wudhu’ or ghusl.
1. All water that comes from the sky or earth is pure and can be used for taharah.
And He it is Who sends the winds, glad tidings heralding His mercy, and We send down purifying water from the sky, Al Furqan 25: 48
Give examples of water that comes from the sky.
Give examples of water that comes from earth
Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said sea water is pure.
Abu Hurayrah narrated from Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said sea water is pure. “Messenger of Allah! We travel by sea and we do not carry much fresh water with us so if we do wudu with it we go thirsty. Can we do wudu with seawater?” The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, replied, “lts water is pure, and its dead creatures are halal without slaughtering.”
1. You can use seawater to make wudhu’ and ghusl
2. You can eat the dead animals from the sea like fish, squids and there is no need to slaughter it.
In general water is pure.
Dawud :: Book 1 : Hadith 67
Narrated AbuSa’id al-Khudri:
I heard that the people asked the Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): Water is brought for you from the well of Buda’ah. It is a well in which dead dogs, menstrual clothes and excrement of people are thrown. The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) replied: Verily water is pure and is not defiled by anything.
1. In general water is considered pure unless proven otherwise.
So what makes the water impure then?
Imam al Baihaiqi reported, “Water is tahoor except when its smell, taste or odour is changed by najasah that affected it.”
Water is considered not tahoor (meaning not pure meaning you cannot use it to make wudhu’ or ghusl) when
1. It has smell.
Regardless if the smell is nice like perfume or it has terrible smell.
2. It has taste
We cannot make wudhu using the mineral water that has strawberry taste in it. What more from tea and so forth.
Any coloured water cannot be used.
However if the water is mixed with mud like water from the well or river, this can be used. This is based on an event in the time of Rasulullah sallahu alaihi wasalam.
Dawud :: Book 1 : Hadith 66
Narrated AbuSa’id al-Khudri:
The people asked the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): Can we perform ablution out of the well of Buda’ah, which is a well into which menstrual clothes, dead dogs and stinking things were thrown? He replied: Water is pure and is not defiled by anything.
Budaah well was situated that rain water used to drain these objects including mud and dirts into the well.
If the water does not change in its SMELL, COLOUR and TASTE, then it is considered pure. And you can make wudhu’ and ghusl from it.