Monthly Archives: March 2011

Reciting Surah Al Fatihah

After reciting the Ta’weeth (Seeking refuge against the shaytan), recite Bismillah quietly.

The Book of Prayers (Kitab Al-Salat)

Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 786

Anas reported: I observed prayer along with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and with Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman (may Allah be pleased with all of them), but I never heard any one of them reciting Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Rahim loudly.

Lesson

1. Recite Bismillah quietly.

Reciting the Fatehah

Characteristics of Prayer

Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 12 :: Hadith 710

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

The Prophet, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar used to start the prayer with “Al-hamdu lil-lahi Rabbil-‘ala-min (All praises are for Allah the Lord of the Worlds).”

Prayer (Kitab Al-Salat): Details of Commencing Prayer

Dawud :: Book 3 : Hadith 822

Narrated Ubadah ibn as-Samit:

We were behind the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) at the dawn prayer, and he recited (the passage), but the recitation became difficult for him. Then when he finished, he said: Perhaps you recite behind your imam? We replied: Yes, it is so, Apostle of Allah. He said: Do not do so except when it is Fatihat al-Kitab, for he who does not recite it is not credited with having prayed.

Lesson

1. Reciting surah Al Fatehah is a pillar of solah.

2. Leaving it invalidates a prayer.

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When following behind the imam, The scholars differe in opinions regarding reciting fatehah.

1. Obligatory to listen to loud recitation of imam and only recite Al-Fatihah in the last 2 silent raka’ah. The scholars based on the verse Al A’araf 7: 204

So, when the Qur’ân is recited, listen to it, and be silent that you may receive mercy.

Thus the need to be silent and listen to the quran recitation by the imam.

2. Obligatory to recite your own Al-Fatihah in all raka’ah after the imam finishes his recitation of Al-Fatihah This is based on the hadith narrated by Ubada bin As Samit, Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alahi wasalam said, “There is no solat for him who does not recite Ummul Quran.”

Thus the scholars used this hadith to show that everyone must read Al Fatehah. First by listening to the imam’s recitation (as the above fatwa) and then to continue to recite it yourself.

This is also the strongest opinion

3. Must remain silent no matter what. Some scholars said that the maamum’s Fatehah wuld be the imam fatehah in both the loud recitation and the slow recitation.

(I am sorry for not firmly knowing who the scholars are. May we be guided.)
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How do you advice to someone who does not know how to recite fatehah to pray?

Alhamdulillah, this is taught to us by the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasalam

Narrated by Abdullah bin Abi Aufa, A man came to the prophet sallallahu alaii wasalam said, “I cannot memorise anything from the quran, so teach me something which can be a substitute for me.” He said,”say Subhanallah walhamdulillah wa lailaha illallah wallahu akbar, wa la hawla wala quwwata illa billah al adheem.

Lesson
1. Only for those who still cannot recite fatehah they can substitute with
i. Tasbih – Subhanallah
ii. Tahmid – Alhamdulillah
iii. Tahlil – Lailaha illallah
iv. takbir – Allahu Akbar
v. La hawla wala quwata illa billahi adzeem

Reference
1. Al Bulugh al Maram
2. Prayer according to the sunnah – Darussalam publication

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Water

Taharah – In normal language (linguistically), means cleanliness and free from dirt or najis. In fiqh it means removing impurity and makes one pure to make ibadah.

This time round we will talk about different type of water that we can use to clean ourself, particularly for wudhu’ or ghusl.

1. All water that comes from the sky or earth is pure and can be used for taharah.

And He it is Who sends the winds, glad tidings heralding His mercy, and We send down purifying water from the sky, Al Furqan 25: 48

Give examples of water that comes from the sky.

Give examples of water that comes from earth

2. Seawater

Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said sea water is pure.

Abu Hurayrah narrated from Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wasalam said sea water is pure. “Messenger of Allah! We travel by sea and we do not carry much fresh water with us so if we do wudu with it we go thirsty. Can we do wudu with seawater?” The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, replied, “lts water is pure, and its dead creatures are halal without slaughtering.”

Lessons

1. You can use seawater to make wudhu’ and ghusl

2. You can eat the dead animals from the sea like fish, squids and there is no need to slaughter it.

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In general water is pure.

Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)

Dawud :: Book 1 : Hadith 67

Narrated AbuSa’id al-Khudri:

I heard that the people asked the Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): Water is brought for you from the well of Buda’ah. It is a well in which dead dogs, menstrual clothes and excrement of people are thrown. The Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) replied: Verily water is pure and is not defiled by anything.

Lesson

1. In general water is considered pure unless proven otherwise.

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So what makes the water impure then?

Imam al Baihaiqi reported, “Water is tahoor except when its smell, taste or odour is changed by najasah that affected it.”

Lesson

Water is considered not tahoor (meaning not pure meaning you cannot use it to make wudhu’ or ghusl) when

1. It has smell.

Regardless if the smell is nice  like perfume or it has terrible smell.

2. It has taste

We cannot make wudhu using the mineral water that has strawberry taste in it. What more from tea and so forth.

3. Colour

Any coloured water cannot be used.

However if the water is mixed with mud like water from the well or river, this can be used. This is based  on an event in the time of Rasulullah sallahu alaihi wasalam.

Purification (Kitab Al-Taharah)

Dawud :: Book 1 : Hadith 66

Narrated AbuSa’id al-Khudri:

The people asked the Messenger of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): Can we perform ablution out of the well of Buda’ah, which is a well into which menstrual clothes, dead dogs and stinking things were thrown? He replied: Water is pure and is not defiled by anything.

Budaah well was situated that rain water used to drain these objects including mud and dirts into the well.

If the water does not change in its SMELL, COLOUR and TASTE, then it is considered pure. And you can make wudhu’ and ghusl from it.

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Ar Rabb

Rabb when translated would loosely means Lord or master. But it means wider than Lord and Master that we know. It means He is the Lord and the Possessor of everything. He has no associates. He is the Lord of the Lords and the King of the Kings.

It also means owner, master, manager, educator, custodian and the bestower. From the word رب comes the word ‘tarbiyyah’ (تربية) which means to nurture, educate, train, rear and raising.

Ar Rabb is the who creates, the one who runs the affairs, the one who nurtures, the one who sustains.

Allah is Ar Rabb

Allah is Rabb for everything.

Allah is Ar Rabb for all creatures.

Allah created me. Allah gives me many things, and give all people everything they need.

Allah provided for us.

He is the one I worship for Allah is Ar Rabb.

Rabb doesn’t just mean Lord. Rabb means Cherisher, Sustainer, Maintainer, Caretaker, Lord, and everything. Allah (swt) gave you clothes. Allah (swt) gave you elements to take from the world and make things. Allah (swt) even sent some of those elements from outter space to this earth so that they could be used by us. Subhan Allah (glory be to Allah), this is a Caretaker. Allah (swt) gave you your eyes, your hearing, intellect and the ability to communicate. Allah (swt) gave you everything you need materially as Rabb.
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In the Arabic language when the word Rabb is used with another noun such as Rabatul Manzil meaning the homekeeper – housewife – Queen of the House. It does not mean that she is the queen that will sit supervising people’s work. It means that she takes care of the household, manage it, nurture the people in the house and provide love and warmth.

Allah is rabbul A’lamin. Lord of the worlds. meaning He does even more than just create not one world but many. World of angels, world of Jinn, world of animals, world of mankind, world of plants, world of inanimate things. He sustains it, He nurtures it. he provides for the creatures in it. It is Him and nothing else.

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For younger kids

explain

Mother is rabatul Manzil – keeper of the house

take care of you, food, clothes, education, living and so on

King – takes care of the country, economy, people

Allah is the King of all kings. He owns everything and He takes care of it.

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Believing that Allah is Ar Rabb that He creates everything and takes care of everything and the Master of everything is called the Tawhid Rubbobiyah.

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in the quran

Lord of the worlds

Fatihah 1: 2

(for the little one make him read this verse and describe what it means by Allah Rabbul Alamin)

Al Baqarah 2:131

Al Maidah 5: 28

Al An’am 6:71

A An’a, 6: 164

Lord of the Throne

A Tawbah 9: 129

Al Anbiya 21: 22

Lord oh the heavens and Earth

Al Isra 17: 102

Al Kahf 18: 14

Maryam 19: 65

Allah as our Lord and Lord of our ancient fathers

As Shuara 26: 26

Ad Dukhan 44: 8

Lord of the east and west

Al Muzzammil 73: 9

Ash Shuara 26: 28

Ar Rahman 55: 17-18

Al Maarij 70: 40

Invoking Allah and Glorifying him by His name Ar Rabb

In Quran and hadith there are plenty of examples on how we invoke Allah by calling Him Ar Rabb

Invocation of Prphet Ibrahim alaihi salam

Al Baqarah 2: 126

Al baqarah 2: 260

Invocation of Prophet Moses

Al Araf 7: 151

And Prophet Nuh

hud 11: 45

And Yusuf alaihi salam

Yusuf 12: 33

Yusuf 12: 33

Yusuf 12: 101

Imran’s wife

Al Imran 3: 35

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Who is your Lord?

Allah is my Lord.

من ربك؟

الله ربي

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الله ربي  والاسلام ديني محمد النبي

Allahhu Rabbee

Wal Islamu Deenni

Muhammadun Nabiiee

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Let us learn to invoke Allah by calling Him with one of His glorified names Ar Rabb.

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1. Tawheed for children

2. TJ’s Allah is My Lord (An excellent work. Masya Allah)

2. The Perfect names of Allah – Dr Umar S. Al Ashqar

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I believe in Angels : Israfeel the Horn Blower

Israafeel is not mentioned in the quraan, but is mentioned in the following dua’ that Prophet Muhamamd sallalahu alaihi wasalm said when he started the night prayers. I am sorry for not putting the arabic version.

The Book of Prayers (Kitab Al-Salat)

Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 1694

‘Abd al-Rahman b. ‘Auf reported: I asked ‘A’isha, the mother of the believers, (to tell me) the words with which the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) commenced the prayer when he got up at night. She said: When he got up at night he would commence his prayer with these words: O Allah, Lord of Gabriel, and Michael, and Israfil, the Creator of the heavens and the earth, Who knows the unseen and the seen; You decide amongst Your servants concerning their differences. Guide me by Your permission, to the truth when the people differ for it is You Who guide whom You will to the Straight Path.

HORN 1

When Allah wants to end the life in this world, a horn will be blown. Everyone will die except for those whom Allah chose.

HORN 2

The horn will be blown again for a prescribed time that only Allah knows, and everyone will rise again from death.

And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allâh wills. Then it will blown a second time and behold, they will be standing, looking on (waiting).

Az Zumar 39: 68

The horn will be blown by an angel that Allah has apponted

Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasalam said

Indeed the eyesight of the beholder of the Horn is ever-ready since he was given charge of it. He looks steadily towards the throne, fearing (if he blinks) that the command will come before his glance towards Him. His eyes are like two bright planets.

Recorded from al haakim from Abu Hurairah. Declared authentic by albani.

Abu Sa’eed Al Khudri reported that the Prophet salllahu alaihi wasalam said,

How can I feel secure when the holder of the horn has placed the horn against his mouth and has bent his forehead. he listens carefully, awaiting the command to blow so as to blow it.

Recorded by Ahmad, At Tirmidhee and others Declared authentic by Albani.

There is no authentic hadeeth giving the name of the Horn Blowers, but most ulama’ believe that it is Israafeel.

Reference :

1. Eeman made easy :Knowing the Angels – Muhammad al Jibaly

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