Monthly Archives: May 2010

Surah Al Feel 105:1-5

Have you (O Muhammad (SAW)) not seen how your Lord dealt with the Owners of the Elephant? [The elephant army which came from Yemen under the command of Abrahah Al-Ashram intending to destroy the Ka’bah at Makkah]. (1)
Did He not make their plot go astray? (2)
And He sent against them birds, in flocks, (3)
Striking them with stones of Sijjîl (baked clay). (4)
And He made them like (an empty field of) stalks (of which the corn has been eaten up by cattle).(5)

Allah begins this surah with a question to make the Quraysh ponder upon how Allah has saved the Kaabah from the enemy. This is a blessing to the Quraysh. Due to this bounty, the Quraysh’s status was elevated among the Arabs.

Allah reminded them on how Allah ruined the enemy’s great plan. Allah is the best planner. Allah has willed for the army to march all the way from Yemen up to whwre they were nearing Makkah. In the way, Allah has willed the army to defeat a few groups who went out to stop the army. Which made Abrahah probably more confident of his unbeatable army. No one can stop him and his great army elephants.

Allah has willed everything until finally to give the whole army the punishment thus showing the truth to the Arab world that the Kaabah will be protected by Allah.

Imagine in the sky there comes a flock of birds coming to you. Like jet fighters carrying little bombs in their claws and beak.

It is reported from `Ubayd bin `Umayr that he said, “When Allah wanted to destroy the People of the Elephant, he sent birds upon them that came from sea swallows. Each of the birds was carrying three small stones — two stones with its feet and one stone in its beak. They came until they gathered in rows over their heads. Then they gave a loud cry and threw what was in their claws and beaks. Thus, no stone fell upon the head of any man except that it came out of his behind (i.e., it went through him), and it did not fall on any part of his body except that it came out from the opposite side. Then Allah sent a severe wind that struck the stones and increased them in force. Thus, they were all destroyed.”

Subhanallah! Tiny little birds against the great elephant army? When Allah wills it, anything can be His soldiers. And in this story, the small birds were Allah’s soldier.

See what they are carrying

تَرۡمِيهِم بِحِجَارَةٍ۬ مِّن سِجِّيلٍ۬
stone -حجر
stones – حجارة

What happen to the army of elephants
Allah describes they are melt down and slowly vegetate looking like stalks of corn already being chewed up. Unrecognisable.

The meaning of this is that Allah destroyed them, annihilated them and repelled them in their plan and their anger. They did not achieve any good. He made a mass destruction of them, and not one of them returned (to their land) to relate what happened except that he was wounded. This is just like what happened to their king, Abrahah. For indeed he was split open, exposing his heart when he reached his land of San`a’. He informed the people of what happened to them and then he died.

Dr. Aliya helped me tremendously in preparing the worksheetts. Barakallahufihi. May Allah shower her with ilmu that are beneficial

———————

Among the exercises we did

1. Identifying الاءستفهام in the surah. WHich are

أ and

كيف

2. Highlighted words

Word to highlight is

أصحاب الفيل

طيرا أبابيل

حجارة من سجيل

عصف ماكول

3. The two animals mentioned in the surah

الفيل

طيرا

4. Introducing الضمير المنفصل

هم

5. Introducing حرف الجر

6. Some reflection

The Quraish were idolators but the Elephant Army were Christians. Wasn’t Christianity closer to Islam than idolatry (shirk)? Why did Allah give victory to the Quraish instead?

Lessons from this surah:

  1. It is easy for Allah to defeat His enemies.
  2. People may plot against Allah & Islam but Allah knows of their plot. They cannot trick Allah.
  3. The torment for disbelievers is harsh indeed, even in this world.
  4. Allah saved Makkah from the invasion of the Elephant Army to protect the Ka’bah and honour the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad SAW
  5. No matter how big the army of the disbelievers, they cannot defeat the armies of Allah.

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Surah Al Feel 105:1-5 – The Story

Have you (O Muhammad (SAW)) not seen how your Lord dealt with the Owners of the Elephant? (1)
Did He not make their plot go astray? (2)
And He sent against them birds, in flocks, (3)
Striking them with stones of Sijjîl (baked clay). (4)
And He made them like (an empty field of) stalks (of which the corn has been eaten up by cattle).(5)

This surah is a favourite choice for either read aloud/ story telling session.

For extra reading, can read Tafsir Ibn Kathir on the story of Al Feel, you can read it

A Summary of the story of the people of the elephant

Dhu Nafr was captured and taken along with the army of Abrahah.

My children have heard the story of Al feel many times. This must be the most favourite read aloud story for the children. So I thought of making it a bit more visual for them.

We got ourselves a large Saudi Map,

Cut up a picture of elephants heard.

And trace up the route (roughly) that they took to go to Makah

So Abrahah built this church so high that people may drop their skull cap looking up to the church. Then he wanted people to make pilgrimage to te church instead of Kaabah in Makkah. he must have thought that by building a grander more sophisticated building, people will immediately flock to it. Kaabah was just a simple structure. But Allah puts love of people to Kabbah than any other.

Things happen that finally lead to the charges of army towards Kaabah. It must be quite a sight in the land of arab to see elephants marching.

Indicate the small clashes along the way

Emphasise is to show that Allah WILLS, Abarahah’s army to win many times to the arabs.

Ask them to imagine, the grand march of the elephants trashing through the arab land. Imagine how great and powerful Abrahah must have felt.

Along the way can introduce the scene between Abarahah and Abdul Mutalib. Remind them who Abdul Mtalib was

1. Rasulullah s.a.w. grandfather

2. Leader of the Quraysh

Finally ask them to imagine the early sign of trouble for Abrahah, when the leader of the elephant mahmoot) refuse to charge to the Kaabah but willing to charge elsewhere.

Then a flock of birds came in like some airfighters with three little bombs each.

Ask them to imagine the effect of the bomb on those who were hit. Imagine the elephants scamper away. And so were the soldiers. And probably the herds they captured along the way.

Reflect on what Nufayl said, as the Quraysh were onlooking Abarahah’s army being attacked by the flock of birs,

“Where will they flee when the One true God is the Pursuer? “

Think about it and reflect on the current world situation. Imagine how defeated the Arabs felt when some of them tried their very best to stop the Abarahah’s army but failed.  Battles after battles and none could stop the mighty elephants as Allah has not will it.

Abrahah may have planned, but Allah is the Greatest of all planners.  He wills Abarahah’s army to approach Kaabah only to destroyed them at the very end.

And when Allah sends the flock of birds pursuing those who intend to destroy the kaabah, can they even run anywhere? When Allah sends down His punishment, no one can escape.

Think of these words when you think you want to be naughty. Know that Allah is Al Alim and He sees you all the time. And there is no way that you can hide from His knowledge for he will bring forth even the tiniest grain of  sin you are trying to hide.

Also think of those who are oppressed by some people.  Remember that Allah favours the dua’ of the oppressed ones. And where will the aggressors flee when Allah is pursuing them?

Something to Ponder

Abrahah is among the Christians. While the people in Makkah at that time were pagans. Mushriks. Before Islam came through Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. into the world, people who followed Isa a.s. were the Muslims as long as they believed in One God and Isa is not the God’s son.  The Christians were closer To islam compared to the pagans. But Allah were on the pagan’s side. Why do you think?

1. First and foremost, Allah wants to save the Kaabah

2. Allah wants to raise the status of the Quraysh

3. these are all in preparation of greater events to follow suit. Allah in indeed the best of planner. Allahu Akbar.

4. The most complete religion will be revealed in Makkah which is Islam. And thus is the religion to be followed and not Christianity.

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Filed under Al Quran, Islamic Stories/ Seerah