Monthly Archives: April 2010

Hadith 4 – Man’s Development and His Destiny Part 3

Sheikh Uthaymeen said in the last part of the hadith

verily one of you performs the actions of the people of Paradise until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, and so he acts with the actions of the people of the Hellfire and thus enters it; and verily one of you performs the actions of the people of the Hellfire, until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him and so he acts with the actions of the people of Paradise and thus he enters it.

This is for those who perform good deeds which are displayed to people, but in reality his innermost thoughts are filthy and has corrupt intention. Thus finally the corrupt intention will overtake him until he has a misfortune ending. And we seek Allah’s refuge from that.

The latter part of hadith emphasises the importance of one’s final deeds. An important lesson to learn is
1. we cannot judge the outer appearance whether a person is destined to Jannah or hell.

eg. of a story of seemingly doing good deed are the hypocrites. Also during one of the war, a companion showed great zealous of killing the enemy, and he was receiving praises by many. But Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. observed, “He is among the people of Hellfire.”. Later on theman was injured and he became impatient with his injury and killed himself.

Thus it may appear that one is doing good deed among people, but only Allah knows the rue motivation.

Also what seem to be the best of deeds may be invalidated in the sight of Allah if the person is seeking world recognition and praises instead of His acceptance.

Lesson

1. Do not judge a person by their good/ bad deeds.
2. However we can always encourage one to do good deed and remind one another to have niyah to please Allah.
3. When you see a bad deed, protest as much as you can. The very least is not to agree with the bad deed in your heart. To detest it. And to ask Allah to show the person guidance.
4. We must put our utmost effort to continously do good deeds for the sake of Allah.
5. Seek refuge from Allah from a misfortune ending.

Understanding the human components
1. We have aqal – intellect
So we can distinguish between good and evil.

2. Al Fitrah – natural disposition. Allah creates everyone with this innate to enable us to love what is good and hate evil. We can however change due to environment, background, upbringing and friends

3. Willingness and power -Allah provides us with both. We cannot do something unless we are willing to do and have power t do it. We have a freewill to choose.

4. Desires (shahawat) – which will manipulates willingness towards either good or bad.

Let’s use all these components to the best we can by
1. Get closer to Allah by having knowledge.
2. Through knowledge we can know what is evil, what is bad, what is to be avoided.
3. Through knowledge what Allah is please with us on.
4. Control our desire by channeling our activities to a more alternative activity. For eg. the want to have a boyfriend/ girlfriend. keep oneself busy with activities like martial arts, school, memorising quran, social activities etc.
5. Ask Allah for tawfiq

May Allah guides us all.

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It rains when I want to have fun

I threw a hypothetical question to the children. It may be hypothetical but it is a real situation. We have seen many occasions that people grumble when it rains because they couldn’t do what they planned to do.

You are ready for a picnic then it rains, How should you react?

Understandably you might be disappointed. But let us reflect back the blessings that Allah chose to pour the rain on you.

Alahmdulillah, after listening to various form of blessings that Allah gave on us concerning the rain, the ni’mah supercedes everything else. When rain pours, we cannot count just how much blessings we are receiving. Subhanallah!

So we discussed on our attitudes

  • To not be angry
  • Do not curse the rain
  • Instead make dua’
  • Let us think of something we can do indoor instead

We have discussed the dua’ that we can make as narrated by hadith. refer HERE.

There are times that some of us may not receive the same blessings from Allah. Our Prophet Muhammad sallalhu alaihi wassalam has taught us that we can make prayer to ask for rain from Allah. The prayer is called Istiqa’. Refer HERE.

And we read the story of Prophet Hud alaihi salam. Read HERE.

Among the lessons from the story of Prophet Hud alaihi salam is the punishment that befalled on the people of ‘Ad of who Prophet Hud alaihi salam was sent to.

They suffered long drought and famine yaani there was no rain for a long time. Presumably their water sources that have been their source of live in the form of river and spring and fountain have dried up. When finally dark cloud approached them from far, they were so happy because they thought god has favoured them with rain. Rather it is dark cloud of punishment of howling wind which lasted for eight days and seven nights and throw them everywhere. The whole place was buried with sand.

Prophet Muhammad salllahu alaihi salam made du’a when he sees dark cloud because he is afraid that the same thing will happen to his people. Read HERE for the du’a.

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Rain is a Blessing

Brainstorm what rain does for us

  • helps plants to live
  • helps animals to live
  • used in factories and industries
  • i can drink water
  • it grows flowers
  • rain feeds rivers and oceans.
  • rain makes dead valley alive
  • rain cools us down
  • rain goes into the earth

There are so much blessings that Allah gives to us in the form of rain.

Az Zumar 39: 21

See you not, that Allâh sends down water (rain) from the sky, and causes it to penetrate the earth, (and then makes it to spring up) as water-springs and afterward thereby produces crops of different colours, and afterward they wither and you see them turn yellow, then He makes them dry and broken pieces. Verily, in this, is a Reminder for men of understanding.

Have they not seen how We drive water to the dry land that has no any vegetation, and therewith bring forth crops providing food for their cattle and themselves? Will they not then see?

Abasa 80: 24-27

Then let man look at his food, And We split the earth in clefts, And We cause therein the grain to grow,

ALHAMDULILLAH

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Water Cycle : Water goes into the earth

When the rain falls it may
1. become puddle
2. Goes into the river
3. Used by us
4. Goes back into the ocean
5. Absorbed by the earth

Allah makes the water absorbed by the earth to stop at certain level.

Al Mulk 67: 30
Say (O Muhammad SAW): “Tell me! If (all) your water were to sink away, who then can supply you with flowing (spring) water?”

Al Mu’minoon 23: 18
And We sent down from the sky water (rain) in (due) measure, and We gave it lodging in the earth, and verily, We are Able to take it away.

We talked about water table. This is an easy to read article explaining about water table. HERE.

When the pressure contained in the space of water table is high, the water comes out of the earth as spring, fountain and river. Subhanallah!

.We looked at diagrams. And pointed out that Allah created the impermeable rock so water does not get lost into the earth but rather very accessible to us. We talked about how people can access the water by making well.

We also talked that human are using water table alot especially in countries with limited water resources.

Let us take heed of Allah’s warning that if Allah wants, He can take the water table away in any way He sees fits.

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Water Cycle : Precipitation

More and more condensation process will occur and more water droplets will be collected.

And the cloud will get heavier.

And by the will of Allah, it rains or snows.

Al Aaraf 7: 57
And it is He Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His Mercy (rain). Till when they have carried a heavy-laden cloud, We drive it to a land that is dead, then We cause water (rain) to descend thereon. Then We produce every kind of fruit therewith. Similarly, We shall raise up the dead, so that you may remember or take heed.

Do you notice that rain come down in drops and does not fall like waterfall would? If rain comes down like waterfall, it will damage lots o things.

Ar Rum 30:48
Allâh is He Who sends the winds, so they raise clouds, and spread them along the sky as He wills, and then break them into fragments, until you see rain drops come forth from their midst! Then when He has made them fall on whom of His slaves as He wills, lo! they rejoice!

Praises to Allah for all His blessings.

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Water Cycle : Condensation

The water vapour that rises due to evaporation reach a cool place.

This condenses into water droplets. And water droplets turn into cloud.

Points to watch out : Do you notice that as you go further up like climbing the mountain, it gets colder. Whereas you are actually getting nearer to the sun.

Ar Rum 30:48
Allâh is He Who sends the winds, so they raise clouds, and spread them along the sky as He wills, and then break them into fragments, until you see rain drops come forth from their midst! Then when He has made them fall on whom of His slaves as He wills, lo! they rejoice!

The wind then blows the clouds to where Allah wills.

Al Aaraf 7: 57
And it is He Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His Mercy (rain). Till when they have carried a heavy-laden cloud, We drive it to a land that is dead, then We cause water (rain) to descend thereon. Then We produce every kind of fruit therewith. Similarly, We shall raise up the dead, so that you may remember or take heed.

Are we counting our blessings yet?

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Water Cycle : Evaporation

We discussed about evaporation.

1. the sun heats up the ocean

2. Ocean water evaporates and rises into the air.

Also  I pointed out to them who allow all these to happen? ALLAH.

Allah also made that the salt water when it is evaporated would leave the salt behind. Subhanallah.

Al Waqiah 56: 68-70

Then tell Me about the water that you drink.Is it you who cause it from the rainclouds to come down, or are We the Causer of it to come down? If We willed, We verily could make it salt (and undrinkable), why then do you not give thanks (to Allâh)?

Subhanallah! Have we thought about  that? That Allah  made the salt leave behind so that He gives us sweet tasting rain and thus

1. we can drink it

2. the animals can drink

3. Plants can use it to grow

So many reasons for us to be thankful to Allah!

__________________________________________________________
We did an experiment to separate salt from water by evaporation. S was the one assigned to write the “lab report”

Separating salt mixed in water
Objective : To separate salt diluted in water.

Things you need
2 bowls
salt
measurement jug
2 x 15oml clear water
spoon

What to do
1. Pour salt into one of the bowls
2. Pour 150ml of water into each bowl.
3. Stir the salt well
4. Put the two bowls at the same place where it is well exposed. It is best if they are placed under the sun.

The bowl of salt has no water after being left. Now only salt is left in the bowl.

The second bowl has no water left. Evaporation process has occured.

Conclusion
When salt water is evaporated, the salt is left behind.

All by the will of Allah.

You may be interested with desalination that we covered since it is related to separating salt from the salt water. Read it HERE.

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Water Cycle

It was a two weeks school holiday which are done now. :(.

For this school break, we covered the topic of water cycle.

We talked about the process.

Ocean water (and any water) evaporated by the sun – turn to vapour – will rise up to the air – until reach a cool level – condense – turn into water droplet and form a cloud – the wind blows the cloud – meanwhile evaporation contine to happen and more water vapour are formed – clouds get bigger – when it becomes heavy – precipitation. it will pour down as rain – some goes to river, some fall on us watering the plants and such, some go back to the ocean, some goes into the earth.

In general this is our exaggerated water cycle model.

There’s the cool sun on the left. Clouds getting bigger. Rain falling over land giving life to the world by the will of Allah.

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Cloud seeding

Still on the subject of rain, to day we explore some methods that the world are using to induce ore water to the world. This time is about how people induce rain. By planting seeds of water to the cloud and thus as Allah has put the rule that as the clouds get heavy, rain or snow will fall, by Allah’s leave.

Cloud seeding is a form of weather modification in the attempt to change the amount or type of precipitation that falls by dispersing substance into the air that serve as condensation.

The most common chemical are silver iodide, dry ice and salt.

Among the applications are

1.  In China they used cloud seeding to increase the amount of rain over arid regions.

2. China used cloud seeding just befor the 2008 Olympic games in order to clear the air pollution.

3. In Feb 2009 china blasted iodie sticks over Beijing and some places in the North of China to induce snowfall after four months drought. The snowfall in beijing lasted fort three days and led to the closure of 12 main  roads around Beijing.

4. The U.S also used cloud seeding to increase precipitation in areas experiencing drought. Also to reduce  the size of hailstorm and to reduce the amount of fog at the airport areaa.

5. Cloud sedding is occassionally used by major ski resorts to induce snowfall

6. In Australia, seeding over hydro electricity catchment area increases rainfall.

7. In Alberta cloud seeding using pumped silver iodide into the atmosphere to reduce the threat of hail damage. This program was funded by farmer contribution and government grants.

8. Russian military pilots seeded clouds over belarus after the Chernobyl disaster to remove radioactive particles from clouds heading towards Moscow.

9. At July 2006 G8 Summit, President Putin commented that air force jets had been deployed to seed incoming clouds so they rain over Finland. Rain drenched the summit anyway.

10. In Southeast Asia, open burning haze that pollutes the regional environment. Cloud seeding has been used to improve air quality by encouraging rainfall.

11. In October 2009, the Mayor of Moscow promised a “winter without snow” for the city after revealing efforts by the Russina Air force to seed the clouds upwind from Moscow throughout winter.

Criticism

1. People are complaining that cloud seeding is stealing rain that could potentially fall on other land.

2. Or making rain fall at where it is not suppose to as some people prefer their place not wet or blanketed with snow.

3. The quantity of precipitation is unknown sometimes causing more damage

4. The chemical thrown in and spread as rain to the earth.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_seeding

http://science.howstuffworks.com/cloud-seeding1.htm

http://www.weatheronline.co.uk/reports/wxfacts/Cloud-seeding.htm

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Separating salt and water

The kids and I are now looking at the subject rain for our school term project.

We discussed about the rain cycle. And we just learned about evaporation

  • the sun heats up the ocean
  • The ocean water evaporates and rises into the air
  • Subhanallah from sat water (and various kind of water), Allah turns it into sweet rain water

Al Waqi’ah 56: 68-70

Then tell Me about the water that you drink. (68) Is it you who cause it from the rainclouds to come down, or are We the Causer of it to come down? (69) If We willed, We verily could make it salt (and undrinkable), why then do you not give thanks (to Allâh)? (70)

We did an experiment to separate salt from water by evaporation. S was the one assigned to write the “lab report”

________________________

Allah has put this rule for us to learn from. Humans have also learned this sunatullah and use the same principle to extract water from the ocean (which is full of salt).

This process is called DESALINATION.

Heated water evaporates to become water vapor, leaving salts and impurities behind, and then condenses as it cools to fall as freshwater (aka rain). Distillation plants refine and speed up this process by applying artificial heating and cooling and by evaporating water under lower air and vapor pressure, which significantly reduces its boiling point.

When does one probably need desalination?

1. In a country where water is scarce – most of middle east countries namely Saudi Arabia, Qtar, Kuwait and UAE. Also in the USA and Japan.

2. Also when coastal disasters around the world, like Hurricane Katrina, the 2004 Indonesian tsunami and the 2010 Haiti earthquake.

However this is an expensive technology.

A good read of what is hapenning in Qtar

QTAR WILL FACE SHORTAGE OF WATER

Gulf countries facing water shortage: report
Publish Date: Friday,2 April, 2010, at 12:32 PM Doha Time

By Pratap John
Chief Business Reporter
The GCC region is facing potential water shortage with limited groundwater resources, which is already facing depletion because of over-use, the Economist Intelligence has said in a report.
The next ten years will see rising water demand, as the GCC’s expanding middle class adopts an increasingly water-intensive lifestyle, featuring private swimming pools, gardens requiring big sprinkler systems, and even a growing interest in golf.
Over the next decade, these countries will be among the world’s ‘highest per-capita users’ of water, it said.
Qtar’s water demand is set to double by the decade-end with EIU projecting a requirement for 104.7bn imperial gallons by 2020. Qtar’s water requirement this year is estimated at 56.22bn imperial gallons. The growth in demand for water in Qtar is among the highest in the GCC countries.
A main issue related to very high per capita consumption is that the bulk of the region’s water is directed into agriculture, a sector that provides less than 5% of GDP. Artificially cheap water has enabled the development of water-intensive crops in a region that has no natural advantage in producing these, but where governments provide generous subsidies to ensure future food supplies.
A few GCC countries are beginning to change this policy, for instance by phasing out energy-intensive crops or limiting the use of land for farming, but there will be pressure to do much more over the next decade.
Industrial demand for water is likely to rise faster than overall economic growth would suggest.
Regionally, a combination of rising temperatures and expanding populations suggests that water will become increasingly scarce in the Middle East, and raises concerns about the long-term possibility of conflicts over water. Some of the less wealthy countries in the region are already looking more seriously at strategies to manage water demand, particularly in agriculture, with the use of drip irrigation.
In the longer term, there are concerns that the increasing salinity of Gulf water will make desalination more difficult and more expensive. Gulf water is already highly saline, as the hot climate causes a high evaporation rate.
There are also concerns about water pollution from coastal industries and sewage, EIU said in its report titled ‘The GCC in 2020: resources for the future’, which is sponsored by Qtar Financial Centre.
To meet the growing demand, the region will rely increasingly on desalinated water, which is expensive and energy-intensive. There is huge scope to make economies more water-efficient.
At present, there are considerable inefficiencies all along the production, distribution and consumption chain, starting with energy-inefficient production and ending with water-inefficient consumption.
The GCC economies account for more than 40% of the world’s water desalination capacity, and much of that capacity is energy-intensive. To meet demand, governments continue to build new desalination plants.
Since these plants run on fossil fuels, efforts to boost the supply of energy, diversify fuel sources and improve energy efficiency will have a strong impact on the provision of water.
“It’s not only that desalination is energy-intensive, but that a lot of energy is wasted,” said Nikolopoulos of Climate Change Capital.
Most of the GCC’s desalination plants use thermal sources, mainly natural gas.
There is significant and ongoing investment in dual-purpose co-generation plants, which produce both electricity and desalinated water through a combined thermodynamic cycle, which is more efficient than separate production processes. These are encouraging initiatives, but there is still a lot of room for further energy savings in the desalination process, the report noted.

From this article you will understand that

1. Qtar has freshwater shortage

2. Qtar is dependent on desalienation process of their ocean water to freshwater

3. This process is very expensive

4. In relative to many other places, the ocean in the middle east area is more saline (high content of salt). Look at the process of evaporating saltwater for salt. the sun is very intense in this region, thus more water are evaporated leaving more salt in the water content.

5. there should be a more serious effort to educate the masses on precious water.

Look at the precipitation level in Qtar in this article http://www.weather.com/outlook/travel/businesstraveler/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/QAXX0003?from=36hr_bottomnav_business. The highest level it reaches is in Feb at 0.7 inches.  And no rain at all from June-Oct

Reread surah al waqiah 56: 68-70. Allah tells us to be thankful. Allah can stop this blessings whenever He wills.

Reads
1. How stuff works.

2. The STAR report

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