On the authority of Abu ‘Abd al-Rahman ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar bin al-Khattab, radiyallahu ‘anhuma, who said: I heard the Messenger of Allah, sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, say:
“Islam has been built upon five things – on testifying that there is no god save Allah, and that Muhammad is His Messenger; on performing salah; on giving the zakah; on Hajj to the House; and on fasting during Ramadhan.”
This hadith is similar to the second hadith. But this one stresses on the fundamental of Islam. And it compares the fundamental aspects to the pillars or structures of building. If one fulfills these pillars, he has laid a solid foundation of building his deen.
The other acts of Islam, which is not included as mentioned here is completes the fine touches of the deen.
Failing these obligations, the entire structure of the deen is threatened. The most important pillar is the shahadah. Not believing in it destroys the rest of the deeds.
The quran and hadith often use metaphors and similes to affirm a certain point. Or to make clear a certain meaning.
1. At Taubah 9:109
Is it then he who laid the foundation of his building on piety to Allâh and His Good Pleasure better, or he who laid the foundation of his building on the brink of an undetermined precipice ready to crumble down, so that it crumbled to pieces with him into the Fire of Hell. And Allâh guides not the people who are the Zâlimûn (cruel, violent, proud, polytheist and wrong-doer). (109)
comparing the sructure of a Mu’min’s deen which is solid compared to the weak structure of a munafiq. And the weak structure will bring to the collapse of his deen and thus hellfire.
2. Surah An Nur 24:35
Allâh is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His Light is as (if there were) a niche and within it a lamp, the lamp is in glass, the glass as it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east (i.e. neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning) nor of the west (i.e. nor it gets sun-rays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long), whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it. Light upon Light! Allâh guides to His Light whom He wills. And Allâh sets forth parables for mankind, and Allâh is All-Knower of everything. (35)
Using the metaphor of light as guidance in the heart of mu’min.
A metaphor used to condemn those who fail to fulfill the amanah (i.e. religious obligations) can be found in Surah Al-Jumu’ah (62): ayat 5. The Bani Israel, having failed to obey Allah’s commandments in the Taurah, are described as a donkey which is burdened with heavy books on its back but doesn’t understand anything from them. Scholars have said that this metaphor also applies to other nations, which fail to fulfill their amanah.
In one hadith the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, divided the status of his ummah into three categories: those who benefit from the Message, those who benefit partially and those who fail to benefit at all. He, sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, used the metaphor of rain (as the Message) falling down on different types of land, producing different results.
Using metaphors to convey the Message is a very important ‘tool’ and it is the methodology used in the Quran and by the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam. There are many modes of expression used in the Quran and Hadith and they are used for different purposes. E.g. Dealing with the misconceptions and false assumptions of the disbelievers, the Quran and Hadith use rational thinking. When describing Jannah and the Hellfire, the style used by the Quran and Hadith is the visual mode of expression – they are described in such detail that it is like we can actually visualize Jannah or the Hellfire in front of us.
One of the Sahabahs said that he had already seen Jannah and the Hellfire. The other Sahabahs were puzzled and asked him how this could be so as nobody is able to see them until the Hereafter. He replied, “I saw them through the eyes of the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam. If I were to be given the chance to see Jannah and the Hellfire with my own eyes, I would not trust my sight. I trust the eyes of the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, more than I trust my own eyes.” Here we can conclude that if we read and understand the Quran and the Hadiths we too can visualize the paradise and the Hellfire.
These modes of expression (thinking styles) used by the Quran and Hadith should be well understood and used by Muslims today to convey the Message of Islam when doing da’wah as it is the most effective way. Different styles should be used to reach/convince different people – some people are more emotional, some are more rational, etc.
First Pillar : The Shahadah
The first part of the Shahadah is testifying that there is none worthy of worship except Allah.
There are seven conditions of the Shahadah:
* Knowledge – to understand what it means
* Certainty – to have no doubt about anything confirmed in the Quran or Sunnah
* Acceptance – by the tongue and the heart of whatever the Shahadah implies
* Submission/compliance – the actual physical enactment by deeds
* Truthfulness – to say the Shahadah sincerely, with honesty, to actually mean it
* Sincerity – to do it solely for the sake of Allah
* Love – to love the Shahadah and to love its implications and requirements and what it stands for
The Shahadah is not simply saying it with our tongue. We need to adhere to these conditions. If we say the Shahadah sincerely and with honesty, we will not do anything which contradicts with or violates the Shahadah.
The second part of the Shahadah carries the following conditions:
* To believe in the Prophet, sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam, and in whatever he told us and conveyed to us
* To obey him in whatever he commanded us to do
* To stay away from or avoid whatever he commanded us not to do
* To follow or emulate him in our ibadah, akhlaq and way of life
* To love him more than we love ourselves, our family and anything else in this world
* To understand, practice and promote his Sunnah in the best way possible, without creating any chaos, enmity or harm
Second Pillar: Solah
The hadith says iqamis salah yaani performing salah or establishing solah rather than praying.
Establishing solah means
* Doing the wudu in the proper way
* To do the salah in its time
* To do it in congregation (jama’ah) – where the reward is 27 times than praying alone
* To fulfill the six conditions of salah
* To observe the proper manners (adab) of doing it such as submission and humility
* To follow preferable actions (sunnan) in our salah
Let us strive to establish solah properly. Thus making our pillar strong.
Pillar no 3 : Zakat
Zakat must be taken out in certain percentages if we own a propert under certain condition. When we earn, we must learn how much we should give as zakat.
Pillar No 4 : Hajj
Pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (Kaabah) is an obligation that we need to do only once in our lifetime – only if we meet certain conditions, e.g. if we have the financial means, a way of travelling peacefully, etc. If we meet these conditions then we should perform the Hajj as soon as possible and not to delay it.
Pillar No 5 : fasting
Fasting in ramadhan is obligatory to all Muslims.It’s also an intensive training programme for al Muslims. The month that we are more motivated to perform so many deeds possible.