Continuation from our last seerah session. We last talked about events at Jabal thawr and had special mentioning of our heroin Asmaa bint Abu Bakr r.a.
Today we continued the story of the journey up to the arrival at the outskirts of Madina i.e. Quba’ and the construction of the first masjid of Islam, Masjid Quba’. We read the children’s book, The Story of Muhammad s.a.w. in Madinah by Abu Zahir.
And I added extra punches from the book, “The Sealed Nectar (Ar Raheeq Al Makhtum”.
Masjid Quba’s is the first masjid in Islam
Rasulullah s.a.w. himself help construct it with the companions.
Ash Shamus bint An Nu’man said that she looked at Allah’s Messenger s.a.w. when he arrived and built the mosque and she saw him carry stones until he became bent over by the stones and she could see the whiteness of the dust on his stomach. A man from the Companions came and said, “May my father and mother be sacrificed for you, O Messenger of Allah, give it to me and I will be sufficient.” But he replied, “No, take one like it.” He carried on working until it was built.
Reward of an Umrah
Sahl bin Hunaif r.a. narrated that Allah’s Messenger s.a.w. said,
Whoever went out until he came to the mosque, Quba’s mosque and prayed therein, it would be equivalent to performing Umrah (in reward)
Al mustadrak by Al Hakim and was authenticated and confirmed by the researchers Allush.
Mentioning in The Quran
Masjid Quba was made reference in the Quran (Tawbah 9:108). Allah encourages His Prophet s.a.w. to pray in Masjid Quba’s, which, from the first day, was built on taqwa, obedience of Allah and His Messenger s.a.w., for gathering the word of the believers and as an outpost and a fort for Islam and its people.
This verse is also sent down to not allow the Prophet s.a.w. to pray in a masjid near Quba which was built by the hypocrites of Madinah as a fort against Islam.
Verily, the mosque whose foundation was laid from the first day on piety is more worthy that you stand therein (to pray). In it are men who love to clean and to purify themselves. And Allâh loves those who make themselves clean and pure (i.e. who clean their private parts with dust [which has the cleansing properties of soap) and water from urine and stools, after answering the call of nature]. (Tawbah 9:108)
Masjid Ad-Dirar and Masjid At-Taqwa
The reason behind revealing these honorable Ayat is that before the Messenger of Allah migrated to Al-Madinah, there was a man from Al-Khazraj called “Abu `Amir Ar-Rahib (the Monk).” This man embraced Christianity before Islam and read the Scriptures. During the time of Jahiliyyah, Abu `Amir was known for being a worshipper and being a notable person among Al-Khazraj. When the Messenger of Allah arrived at Al-Madinah after the Hijrah, the Muslims gathered around him and the word of Islam was triumphant on the day of Badr, causing Abu `Amir, the cursed one, to choke on his own saliva and announce his enmity to Islam. He fled from Al-Madinah to the idolators of Quraysh in Makkah to support them in the war against the Messenger of Allah . The Quraysh united their forces and the bedouins who joined them for the battle of Uhud, during which Allah tested the Muslims, but the good end is always for the pious and righteous people. The rebellious Abu `Amir dug many holes in the ground between the two camps, into one of which the Messenger fell, injuring his face and breaking one of his right lower teeth. He also sustained a head injury. Before the fighting started, Abu `Amir approached his people among the Ansar and tried to convince them to support and agree with him. When they recognized him, they said, “May Allah never burden an eye by seeing you, O Fasiq one, O enemy of Allah!” They cursed him and he went back declaring, “By Allah! Evil has touched my people after I left.” The Messenger of Allah called Abu `Amir to Allah and recited the Qur’an to him before his flight to Makkah, but he refused to embrace Islam and rebelled. The Messenger invoked Allah that Abu `Amir die as an outcast in an alien land, and his invocation came true. After the battle of Uhud was finished, Abu `Amir realized that the Messenger’s call was still rising and gaining momentum, so he went to Heraclius, the emperor of Rome, asking for his aid against the Prophet . Heraclius gave him promises and Abu `Amir remained with him. He also wrote to several of his people in Al-Madinah, who embraced hypocrisy, promising and insinuating to them that he will lead an army to fight the Messenger of Allah to defeat him and his call. He ordered them to establish a stronghold where he could send his emissaries and to serve as an outpost when he joins them later on. These hypocrites built a Masjid next to the Masjid in Quba’, and they finished building it before the Messenger went to Tabuk. They went to the Messenger inviting him to pray in their Masjid so that it would be a proof that the Messenger approved of their Masjid. They told him that they built the Masjid for the weak and ill persons on rainy nights. However, Allah prevented His Messenger from praying in that Masjid. He said to them,
«إِنَّا عَلَى سَفَرٍ وَلَكِنْ إِذَا رَجَعْنَا إِنْ شَاءَ الله»
(If we come back from our travel, Allah willing.)” When the Messenger of Allah came back from Tabuk and was approximately one or two days away from Al-Madinah, Jibril came down to him with the news about Masjid Ad-Dirar and the disbelief and division between the believers, who were in Masjid Quba’ (which was built on piety from the first day), that Masjid Ad-Dirar was meant to achieve. Therefore, the Messenger of Allah sent some people to Masjid Ad-Dirar to bring it down before he reached Al-Madinah. `Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said about this Ayah (9:107), “They are some people of the Ansar to whom Abu `Amir said, `Build a Masjid and prepare whatever you can of power and weapons, for I am headed towards Caesar, emperor of Rome, to bring Roman soldiers with whom I will expel Muhammad and his companions.’ When they built their Masjid, they went to the Prophet and said to him, “We finished building our Masjid and we would like you pray in it and invoke Allah for us for His blessings.”Allah revealed this verse,
[لاَ تَقُمْ فِيهِ أَبَدًا]
(Never stand you therein), until,
(…wrongdoers) ” Allah said next,
(they will indeed swear), those who built it,
[إِنْ أَرَدْنَا إِلاَّ الْحُسْنَى]
(that their intention is nothing but good.) by building this Masjid we sought the good and the comfort of the people. Allah replied,
[وَاللَّهُ يَشْهَدُ إِنَّهُمْ لَكَـذِبُونَ]
(Allah bears witness that they are certainly liars) for they only built it to harm Masjid Quba’, and out of disbelief in Allah, and to divide the believers. They made it an outpost for those who warred against Allah and His Messenger , such as Abu `Amir the Fasiq who used to be called Ar-Rahib, may Allah curse him! Allah said,
[لاَ تَقُمْ فِيهِ أَبَدًا]
(Never stand you therein), prohibiting His Prophet and his Ummah from ever standing in it in prayer.
Taken from Ibn Kathir tafsir At Tawbah 9:107
Lessons From This
1. May we be among those with ilmu and practise it.
2. Allah does not allow us to worship at a place where the purpose of built is to disunite the disbelievers.
3.Masjid Quba’s is the first masjid in Islam
4. Rasulullah s.a.w. himself helped build the masjid
5. Whoever pray in Masjid Quba’ will be rewarded with an equivalent umrah
6. Masjid Quba’s is also referred as Masjid Taqwa in the Quran. Of which it is built on piety.