Ramadhan is coming to an end. Alhamdulillah the children have been able to perform their fasting and have been diligently been doing other form of worshipping. The keyword here is improvement. We should be better than what we were on the last Ramadhan, Insya Allah.
We started off by reading the book “The gift of eid by Shazia Nazlee”.
And then we discussed the sunnah and the etiquette of eid together.
1. Saying Takbir.
It is mustahaab to recite the takbeer. Allah says in Surah Al Baqarah 2: 185 (interpretation of the meaning)
The month of Ramadân in which was revealed the Qur’ân, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadân i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Allâh intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allâh [i.e. to say Takbîr (Allâhu-Akbar; Allâh is the Most Great) for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him. (185)
Thus Alhamdulillah we learned the true reason why we are doing the takbeer. It is to MAGNIFY ALLAH and to BE GRATEFUL TO HIM for having guided you.
The time for takbeer on Eid al-Fitr starts from the night before Eid until the imam enters to lead the Eid prayer.
laa ilaaha ill-Allaah,
wa Allaahu akbar,
wa Lillaah il-hamd
Allaah is Most Great,
Allaah is most Great,
there is no god but Allaah,
Allaah is Most great,
Allaah is most great,
and to Allaah be praised).
Saying takbeer when coming out of one’s house to the prayer place and until the imam came out was something that was well known among the salaf (early generations).
Listen to the examples of the earlier generation concerning the takbeer
It was narrated that al-Waleed ibn Muslim said: I asked al-Awzaa’i and Maalik ibn Anas about saying Takbeer out loud on the two Eids. They said, Yes, ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Umar used to say it out loud on the day of al-Fitr until the imam came out (to lead the prayers).
It was narrated in a saheeh report that ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Sulami said, “They emphasized it more on the day of al-Fitr than the day of al-Adha.”. Wakee’ said, this refers to the takbeer. See Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 3/122/
Al-Daaraqutni and others narrated that on the morning of Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, Ibn ‘Umar would strive hard in reciting takbeer until he came to the prayer place, then he would recite takbeer until the imam came out.
Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated with a saheeh isnaad that al-Zuhri said: The people used to recite Takbeer on Eid when they came out of their houses until they came to the prayer place, and until the imam came out. When the imam came out they fell silent, and when he said takbeer they said takbeer. See Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 1/121
Men should raise their voices reciting this dhikr in the marketplaces, mosques and homes, but women should not raise their voices.
Thus we learned to day that
1. reciting takbeer is an important sunnah.
2. The timing is on the night of eid until the imam comes out for eid prayer.
3 Reciting takbeer is not to ignite sadness but to GLORIFY Allah.
4. Man should recite it with a raised voice, while women in a lower voice.
2. Doing Ghusl before going out for prayer
It is mustahab to perform ghusl
3. Eat before going out for Eid Prayer
Rasulullah s.a.w. would eat an odd number of dates before going out for prayer.
The Two Festivals (Eids)
Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 15 :: Hadith 73
Narrated Anas bin Malik,:
Allah’s Apostle s.a.w. never proceeded (for the prayer) on the Day of ‘Id-ul-Fitr unless he had eaten some dates. Anas also narrated: The Prophet s.a.w. used to eat odd number of dates.
4. You should wear your best clothes
One should give care that they wear the best clothes they have. Clothes should be neat and clean. Care must be taken though that woman should not be displaying beauty at the praying place. And perfume should not be used by them.
5. Offering Congratulations.
The etiquette during eid is also to offer congratulations. One can say
Tabaqallahhu minna wa minkum (May Allah accept our good deeds) or offering Eid Mubarak and other permissible congratulatory expression. The Malays would say, Selamat Hari Raya Maaf Zahir dan Batin.
6. Eid Prayer
The Muslims are unanimously agreed that the Eid prayer is prescribed in Islam. Some of them say that it is Sunnah, some say that it is fard kafaayah (a communal obligation) and some say that it is fard ‘ayn (an individual obligation), and that not doing it is a sin.
Even though the opinions differ, but it is clear that Eid Prayer is important for all Muslims to do. So Insya Allah we will.
The Two Festivals (Eids)
Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 15 :: Hadith 97
We were ordered to go out (for ‘Id) and also to take along with us the menstruating women, mature girls and virgins staying in seclusion. (Ibn ‘Aun said, “Or mature virgins staying in seclusion).” The menstruating women could present themselves at the religious gathering and invocation of Muslims but should keep away from their Musalla.
7. Going to prayer via one route and back with another
This is as per this hadith
The Two Festivals (Eids)
Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 15 :: Hadith 102
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:
On the Day of ‘Id the Prophet s.a.w. used to return (after offering the ‘Id prayer) through a way different from that by which he went.
As explained in the islam-qa website
It was said that the reason for that was so that the two routes would testify for him on the Day of Resurrection, for the earth will speak on the Day of Resurrection and say what was done on it, both good and bad.
And it was said that it was in order to manifest the symbols of Islam on both routes, or to manifest the remembrance of Allaah (dhikr), or to annoy the hypocrites and Jews, and to scare them with the large number of people who were with him. And it was said that it was in order to attend to the people’s needs, to answer their questions, teach them, set an example and give charity to the needy, or to visit his relatives and uphold the ties of kinship.
And Allaah knows best.
Insya Allah we will try to perform all the sunnahs and etiquettes of eid. The day to glorify and thank allah for being victorious throughout the ramadhan, Insya Allah.
Eid Mubarak and May Allah accept our good deeds.