The Cave of Hira’

Narrated to the children the significance of Cave Hira’.
Questions asked
1. At what age did Prophet Muhammad become a prophet?
2. How would the Quraysh describe Prophet Muhammad before he became a prophet?

Important points:
Rasulullah s.a.w. even before he became a prophet always stay away from sinful things. He never worship the idols.
6 months before prophethood, Prophet Muhammad s.a.w always have dreams which came true. This drove him to solitude and chose Hira’s cave.
He would stay for many days and nights thinking about Allah and reflecting.
His wife Khadijah r.a. was supportive of him.

Narrate to them the story of when Jibraeel came and asked him to read three times.
And finally the first revelation – the first five verses of Suratul Alaq.

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
ٱقۡرَأۡ بِٱسۡمِ رَبِّكَ ٱلَّذِى خَلَقَ (١) خَلَقَ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنَ مِنۡ عَلَقٍ (٢) ٱقۡرَأۡ وَرَبُّكَ ٱلۡأَكۡرَمُ (٣) ٱلَّذِى عَلَّمَ بِٱلۡقَلَمِ (٤) عَلَّمَ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنَ مَا لَمۡ يَعۡلَمۡ (٥)
Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), (1) He has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood) (2) Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, (3) Who has taught (the writing) by the pen. (4) He has taught man that which he knew not. (5)

Have the kids to recite this

– Tell the story of how Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. ran down in fright from the cave to his home where his wife, Khadijah r.a. exclaiming cover me! cover me!
– One of the most important lessons to be learnt from the event when Prophet Muhammad s.a.w told his story to Khadijah r.a. is the response of Khadijah r.a. to the Prophet showing her support to her husband.

Never! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your Kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones

Khadijah r.a. knew Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. is a good man who treat people well and someone who can be trusted. It shows also that Khadijah r.a. is a good wife who is supportive of her husband knowing that her husband is a good man.

Continue the story by telling about Khadijah r.a. cousin, Waraqah bin Naufal. And what he had to say
Important lesson on what he has to say is, Waraqah told Prophet Muhammad that
1. This is the same angel who came to Prophet Musa a.s.
2. The Quraysh will drive Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. out. because of the true message that Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. will deliver.

Revelation
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 1 :: Hadith 3

Narrated ‘Aisha:

(the mother of the faithful believers) The commencement of the Divine Inspiration to Allah’s Apostle was in the form of good dreams which came true like bright day light, and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of Hira where he used to worship (Allah alone) continuously for many days before his desire to see his family. He used to take with him the journey food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadija to take his food like-wise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet replied, “I do not know how to read.

The Prophet added, “The angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read and I replied, ‘I do not know how to read.’ Thereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read but again I replied, ‘I do not know how to read (or what shall I read)?’ Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said, ‘Read in the name of your Lord, who has created (all that exists) has created man from a clot. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous.” (96.1, 96.2, 96.3) Then Allah’s Apostle returned with the Inspiration and with his heart beating severely. Then he went to Khadija bint Khuwailid and said, “Cover me! Cover me!” They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told her everything that had happened and said, “I fear that something may happen to me.” Khadija replied, “Never! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your Kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.”

Khadija then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin ‘Abdul ‘Uzza, who, during the PreIslamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. Khadija said to Waraqa, “Listen to the story of your nephew, O my cousin!” Waraqa asked, “O my nephew! What have you seen?” Allah’s Apostle described whatever he had seen. Waraqa said, “This is the same one who keeps the secrets (angel Gabriel) whom Allah had sent to Moses. I wish I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out.” Allah’s Apostle asked, “Will they drive me out?” Waraqa replied in the affirmative and said, “Anyone (man) who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day when you will be turned out then I would support you strongly.” But after a few days Waraqa died and the Divine Inspiration was also paused for a while.

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah Al-Ansari while talking about the period of pause in revelation reporting the speech of the Prophet “While I was walking, all of a sudden I heard a voice from the sky. I looked up and saw the same angel who had visited me at the cave of Hira’ sitting on a chair between the sky and the earth. I got afraid of him and came back home and said, ‘Wrap me (in blankets).’ And then Allah revealed the following Holy Verses (of Quran):

‘O you (i.e. Muhammad)! wrapped up in garments!’ Arise and warn (the people against Allah’s Punishment),… up to ‘and desert the idols.’ (74.1-5) After this the revelation started coming strongly, frequently and regularly.”

——————————
Questions
1. What was the name of the angel who came to Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.?
2. What is the name of the cave he used to go to?
3. Why is Cave Hira’ important in Muslim’s history?
It does not mean we should go and climb and make special prayer there om purpose.
4. Why would Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. go to the cave?
5. What is the first surah revealed to Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.?

1 Comment

Filed under Al Quran, Islamic Stories/ Seerah

One response to “The Cave of Hira’

  1. Sama

    thanx so much this really helped with an essay im writing.

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