Surah An Nasr 110:1-3

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

إِذَا جَآءَ نَصۡرُ ٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡفَتۡحُ (١) وَرَأَيۡتَ ٱلنَّاسَ يَدۡخُلُونَ فِى دِينِ ٱللَّهِ أَفۡوَاجً۬ا (٢) فَسَبِّحۡ بِحَمۡدِ رَبِّكَ وَٱسۡتَغۡفِرۡهُ‌ۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ ڪَانَ تَوَّابَۢا (٣)

When there comes the Help of Allâh (to you, O Muhammad (SAW) against your enemies) and the conquest (of Makkah), (1) And you see that the people enter Allâh’s religion (Islâm) in crowds, (2) So glorify the Praises of your Lord, and ask His Forgiveness. Verily, He is the One Who accepts the repentance and Who forgives. (3)

1. Surah Al Nasr is the last surah to be revealed in the Quran in its entirety.

An-Nasa’i recorded from `Ubaydullah bin `Abdullah bin `Utbah that Ibn `Abbas said to him, “O Ibn `Utbah! Do you know the last Surah of the Qur’an that was revealed” He answered, “Yes, it was

[إِذَا جَآءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ ]

(When there comes the help of Allah and the Conquest.) (110:1)” He (Ibn `Abbas) He (Ibn `Abbas) said, “You have spoken truthfully.”

2. This surah indicates the completion of life of Allah’s Messenger s.a.w.

Alhamdullilah H and Z have memorised this surah. I will read to them the translation of this surah. And I will then ask them, from the translation, what the lessons from this surah mean.

And then I will narrate this hadith.

Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh)) Bukhari ::

Book 6 :: Volume 60 :: Hadith 494
Narrated Ibn Abbas:

“Umar used to bring me into the gatherings with the old men of (the battle of) Badr. However, it was as if one of them felt something in himself (against my attending). So he said, `Why do you (`Umar) bring this (youth) to sit with us when we have children like him (i.e., his age)’ So `Umar replied, `Verily, he is among those whom you know. Then one day he called them and invited me to sit with them, and I do not think that he invited me to be among them that day except to show them. So he said, `What do you say about Allah’s statement,

[إِذَا جَآءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ ]

(When there comes the help of Allah and the Conquest.)’ Some of them said, `We were commanded to praise Allah and seek His forgiveness when He helps us and gives us victory.’ Some of them remained silent and did not say anything. Then he (`Umar) said to me, `Is this what you say, O Ibn `Abbas’ I said, `No.’ He then said, `What do you say’ I said, `It was the end of the life of Allah’s Messenger that Allah was informing him of. Allah said,

[إِذَا جَآءَ نَصْرُ اللَّهِ وَالْفَتْحُ ]

(When there comes the help of Allah and the Conquest.) which means, that is a sign of the end of your life.

[فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهُ إِنَّهُ كَانَ تَوِبَا ]

(So, glorify the praises of your Lord, and ask His forgiveness. Verily, He is the One Who accepts the repentance and Who forgives.)’ So, `Umar bin Al-Khattab said, `I do not know anything about it other than what you have said.”’ Al-Bukhari was alone in recording this Hadith

Prophetic Commentary on the Qur’an (Tafseer of the Prophet (pbuh)) Bukhari ::
Book 6 :: Volume 60 :: Hadith 491
Narrated Aisha:

“When the “Surat-An-Nasr”, ‘When comes the Help of Allah and the conquest,’ had been revealed to the Prophet he did not offer any prayer except that he said therein,سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَبِحَمْدِكَ اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي”Subhanka Rabbana wa bihamdika; Allahumma ighfirli (I testify the Uniqueness of our Lord, and all the praises are for Him: O Allah, forgive me!”)

This surah was revealed during the Prophet’s Farewell Pilgrimage in the tenth year of Hijrah about three months before teh Prophet’s death.

3. AL FATH

The meaning of al fath in the surah is the conquest of Makkah or opening of Makkah.

This Surah also gives a sign to the Prophet s.a.w. that when he receives victory of the opening (of Makkah), people will enter Islam in crowds.

Think of the Prophet Muhammad’ sa.w. journey. After 13 years trying to spread Islam in Makkah, he had to migrate to Madinah due to many factors. Among them was the Muslims were prosecuted in Makkah.

But then, biiznillah, Islam then began to flourish and the Muslims became stronger in Madinah. However many of the Arab tribes around Saudi were waiting until the Muslims are able to conquer Makkah for them to embrace Islam. To them if Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. is a true prophet, then he would be victorious only when he can conquer Makkah.

Thus when the Muslims did conquer Makkah, many people then believe that Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. is the true prophet. After two years of the conquest in Makkah, nearly all the peninsula Arabia became Muslims. Allahu Akbar.

4. TELL THEM THE STORY OF WHAT HAPPEN WHEN THE MUSLIMS ENTERED MAKKAH

They destroyed all the idols in and around Kabbah and declared Tawhid.

4. HUMBLENESS AND NOT REVENGEFUL

Tell them the story of when Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. and his 10,000 armies entered Makkah. Attention is on his humbleness and how he dropped his head so low that his chin touched his camel.

If we remember how hard our beloved Prophet s.a.w and his followers were tortured in the first 13 years in Makkah, we would think it would be logical that the Muslims are revengeful on this victorious day.

One man, trembling with awe on the Day of the Conquest, was told, ‘Be at ease. Do not be afraid. I am not a king. I am only the son of a woman of the Quraysh who used to eat meat dried in the sun.’

He even gave back the keys to Makkah to the caretaker,Uthman ibn Talhah, who had insulted the Prophet s.a.w. in the earlier years.

There are great lessons to be learnt from this.  Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. went through hard timein his own beloved city of Makkah caused by the disbelieving Quraysh (bring up a few incidents like being thrown with stones, being put the remains of camel’s intestines while he was prostrating) when he started spreading Islam. He probably has all the reasons to be revengeful when victory finally come to teh Muslims. Instead he was truly humble.

This is what we must emulate. Our success are all from Allah. And all the praises of our victory should go to Allah.

Did well in exam? Barakallahufik. Say Subhanallah, ALhamdullilah and make istighfar. Remember Allah all the time.

Can you think of the type of success that you would like to achieve?

Remember how you should act when Allah grants it to you.

5. Lessons

Victory belongs to Allah.

Only He has the power to grant them to whomever He wishes. However this does not mean we should sit and wait for victory. We must work hard and have tawakkal to Allah. If it is decreed that victory/ success is ours than, bi iznillah, it will be.

In this ayah, Allah showed sign to Prophet Muhammad s.a.w., that when Allah has given victory, people will begin to enter Islam in crowds.

An important lesson can be learnt from this surah, when Allah grants victory the best way to celebrate is by being humble and praising Allah when victory comes. he does not become deluded or proud, but give  thanks and praises Allah

Further, it is possible that at the time of victory, some disgraceful behaviour appears in a person and he becomes involved in pride and self-conceit, or tries to take revenge and clear the personal accounts against his enemy. Stay away from this!

Remember Allah when success is given to you.

I made a simple worksheet for the children to follow as we learn about this surah. I still need to make improvement and all the worksheets of the surahs though. Any recommendation?

————————————–

Anyway i  talked to the children briefly about the treaty of Hudaibiyah and about the conquest of Makkah. We watched the Movie “The Message” before. Then I showed them the clippings of the movie.

—————————

Main Reference

1. Tafsir Ibn Kathir

4 Comments

Filed under Al Quran, Islamic Stories/ Seerah

4 responses to “Surah An Nasr 110:1-3

  1. aie

    dear lollies, i did a presentation of this surah. would u like a copy of the note?

  2. lolliesplace

    oh the very please. May it benefit all of us even more.🙂

  3. Teringat masa kelas tajweed kat Maryam Ctr, masa kelas I masuk kelas you sbb Najwa takde, + our dearest teacher Siham got teary when reciting + talking about this surah… Wonderful times…🙂

  4. lolliesplace

    oh I ingat gak. Masya Allah SIham kalau mengajar is very passionate. And sesungguhnya masa belajar An Nasr tu membuatkan I terus senang memorise because of the short tafsir she gave. I mean mungkin kita dah tau erti dia tapi when she explained it with passion, I terus faham. And that’s it..khalas, I know I must learn more. Alhamdullillah.

    miss you at maryam centre. Alhamdullilah still ada Zahrah.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s