Monthly Archives: March 2009

The Children Going for Umrah

Our last two weeks lessons was all about the ibadah umrah.

We discussed about the ibadah and went through the rukun and also the sunnah for each rites. We discussed the forbidden things to do. What halal things that become haram during the ihram.

We tried to memorise the supplication, the niyah, talbeeyah, the dua befoe entering Kaabah area, looking at hajaratul aswad, the supplication between rukun yemeni and hajaratul aswad.

I checked the children’s recitation of suratul kafirun. Then we memorised the saee’s supllication. I told them the story of Prophet Abraham a.s. and Siti hajar and Prophet ismael and how the ritual of sa’ee began.

I emphasised on the sacrifice that all of them made for the sake of Allah. It is important for us to see the story of Siti Hajar on how when she learnt that Prophet Abaraham a.s. left them in the barren desert by Allah’s order, she was content. She submitted and believe that Allah will protect them.

This is something we need to keep repeating to the children (and ourselves). Allahs asks for us now to obey Him, do things that are told, do extra things for Him to please Him and to stay away from haram. Instill to them that we need not question Allah’s order and submit to Him alone.

Anyway, H, was initially not so happy about shaving off his whole head for tahallul. I do not want to make him do things that he didn’t really want to do. However I narrated to him this hadith,

Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 26 :: Hadith 785
Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said, “O Allah! Be merciful to those who have their head shaved.” The people said, “O Allah’s Apostle! And (invoke Allah for) those who get their hair cut short.” The Prophet said, “O Allah! Be merciful to those who have their head shaved.” The people said, “O Allah’s Apostle! And those who get their hair cut short.” The Prophet said (the third time), “And to those who get their hair cut short.” Nafi’ said that the Prophet had said once or twice, “O Allah! Be merciful to those who get their head shaved,” and on the fourth time he added, “And to those who have their hair cut short.”

Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. prayed three time for Mercy from Allah to those who shaved their whole head. I also talked to him about the feeling of humility in the eyes of Allah. He now agrees to it. Of course I also told him that he will have two weeks school holiday, the hair will grow a bit by then. Not to mention, macho. 😛

S wanted to shave off her head too, listening to this hadith. Allah makes things easier for woman, Alhamdullilah, we are spared from doing so.

We discuss other things that we can do throughout our stay in Makkah and Madinah. Among them for example
1. Tawaf
2. Ii’tikaaf
3. Lots of dzikirs
4. Read the Quran. Try and set a target to complete. To complete it would be good.
5. Perhaps set a target to memorise more surahs.
6. We can do ziarahs to some places. Among them in line are visiting all the places for hajj rites. H really wants to to visit the Mount Uhud. He wants the feeling of climbing it too.

I prepared a document of a simple guideline for the kids to do umrah. I also printed out the basic supplications and printed them out on small cards. They will look at them this week and have them memorised Insya Allah. You can check them out here. I urge you to inform me of any mistakes in this document so that I can have it rectified where appropriate and thus we can learn from each other.

The cover page is designed by S. Then both H and and Z wanted their drawings on the book too. I will perhaps edit this book and put their drawings in the book itself.

For other supplications, as the sunnah is, there are no specific supplication narrated in hadith. I gave them some tips to help them focus on the dua that they can make, Insya Allah. I pray to Allah that He accepts this humble effort of mine to help bring the children closer to Him.

We made a practice of doing the umrah. And doing pretend tawaf and sa’ee. In fact the whole do. They had fun and I believed it helped them understand the whole rites.

Pray for our safe journey and things to be made easy on us. Ameen

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Surat Al-Masad 111: 1-5

The Revelation

One day, the Prophet s.a.w went out to the valley of Al Batha and he went up to the mountain. Then he cried out

“O people, come at once!”

It was a normal business day, but because Prophet Muhammad s.aw. who is a very respected man called out in a hurry, the Qurashy gathered around him. then Rasullulah s.aw. asked

“If I told you all that the enemy was going to attack you in the morning, or in the evening, would you all believe me?”

Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. is also known as Al Ameen meaning the truthful one. He was known for his good character, his honesty and truthfulness.

Thus without doubt the people relpied,

“Yes! Of course we believe you.”

Then Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. said to them,

“Verily, I am a warner sent to you all before the coming of a severe torment.”

So the Prophet s.a.w told the people about Allah and they should worship Allah alone.

Abu Lahab was in the crowd. Then he said, “Have you gathered us for this? May you perish!”

May you perish means I hope you die!

Thus then Allah revealed Surat Al Masad

Perish the two hands of ABu Lahab and perish he! (1)

His wealth and children will not benefit him. (2)

He will be plunged in flaming Fire, (3)

And his wife, the wood-carrier, (4)

Will have upon her neck a twisted rope of Masad. (5)

Who is Abu Lahab?

Abu Lahab is Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.’s uncle. Abu Lahab, i.e. the Father of the Flames, whose name was ‘Abdul-‘Uzza and means the servant of the idol ‘Uzza, was a man of fiery temperament with a reddish face. This nickname, perhaps, was chosen for him, because, ‘lahab’, in Arabic, means ‘a flame of fire’.

Ever since Prophet Muhammad s.a.w began to spread Islam, Abu Lahab became his enemy. He used to often cause harm to the Messenger of Allah s.a.w. even though the Prophet is his own nephew. When Prophet Muhammad s.a.w was born, Abu Lahab was so happy he went to free a slave.  But after Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. invited people to worship Allah and leave the idols, he hated him and scorned the religion.

Whenever Prophet s.a.w goes to the market to spread Islam calling the people to worship Allah, Abu Lahab would follow him and shouted, “Verily! He is an apostate and a liar!” He was following behind him (p.b.u.h.) calling the prophet s.a.w a mad man and pelting his feet with stones, causing the holy Prophet (p.b.u.h.) to walk with bleeding wounds.

تَبَّتۡ يَدَآ أَبِى لَهَبٍ۬ وَتَبَّ

Perish the two hands of Abu Lahab and perish he!

This is a supplication against Abu Lahab and the second is information about him.

مَآ أَغۡنَىٰ عَنۡهُ مَالُهُ ۥ وَمَا ڪَسَبَ 

His wealth and his children will not benefit him!

When Prophet s.a.w. called his people to faith, Abu Lahab said, “Even if what my nephew says is true, I will ransom myself from the torment on the Day of Judgement with my wealth and my children.”

Abu Lahab was a rich, proud man who boasted about his wealth and used it against Islam. Allah said that all his wealth and his children will not benefit him at all.

سَيَصۡلَىٰ نَارً۬ا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ۬ (٣)

He will enter a Fire full of flames!

Then Allah said He will enter a fire full of flames. Allah has promised Abu Lahab hell even before he dies. This ayaat was sent down even before Abu Lahab dies. Allahu Alim knows that Abu Lahab would not be among those who will receive guidance and will be sent to hell.

Who is Abu Lahab’s wife?

Abu Lahab’s wife is Arwah Binti Harb bint Umayyah. She is one of the leading women in Quraysh. Also known as Umm Jamil. She is also the sister of Abu Sufyan.

She was very supportive of her husband’s hatred to Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. She used to place thorns in the path of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. with the intention of hurting him.

According to Tafsir  Ibn Kathir, she will be helping to administer Abu Lahab’s punishment in the fire of hell. Allah says

وَٱمۡرَأَتُهُ ۥ حَمَّالَةَ ٱلۡحَطَبِ (٤)

She will carry the firewood and throw it upon her husband to increase his torment. And she herself will be in the hell fire.

فِى جِيدِهَا حَبۡلٌ۬ مِّن مَّسَدِۭ (٥)

In her neck is a twisted rope of Masad.

In her neck will be a tight twisted rope. Some said made of fibres. Some said skin animals and some said made of iron.

When Arwah heard this surah revealed she was very angry. She went out to look for the prophet with a stone in her hand. She wants to harm our beloved Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. She said, “He criticises our father, his religion is our scorn and his command is to disobey us.”

The Messenger s.a.w. was sitting in the masjid (of the Kaabah) and Abu Bakar r.a.. When Abu Bakar r.a. saw this, he said, “O! Messenger of Allah! She is coming and I fear that she will see you.” The Messenger s.a.w. replied, “Verily she will not see me.”

So Arwah came near to them until she was standing in front of them. But she did not see the Messenger s.a.w. She then said to Abu Bakar r.a. ,”O Abu Bakar. I heard that your friend is making poetry slandering me.”

ABu Bakar replied, “No! By the Lord of this house (Kaabah) he is not defaming you.”

So she turned away and said, “Indeed the Quraysh know that I am the daughter of their leader.”

Lessons

I prepared a follow through worksheet for the children to help them explore this surah, Insya Allah. I emphasised on the who/what/why/when/where whichever is applicable.

Body Parts
In this surah there are two body parts that are mentioned which are hands (يدا) and the upper part of the chest (جيد). We explored the description of these body parts and what Allah described what will happen to them in this surah.

I introduced some basic arabic words for body parts.

Worldly possession
Allah described that Abu Lahab’s wealth and children will not benefit them.

nauzubillah that we are befallen on the same fate. We talked about how we can make use of our possessions to benefit us in the Hereafter, Insya Allah

Finally we discussed the lessons that we can gain from this surah, Insya Allah.
1. Relationship does not guarantee faith. Even though, Abu Lahab is the Prophet’s closest uncle, this does not guarantee he has any benefit of the true faith. The same goes to us. We pray for guidance for ourselves and our children to always be in the straight path and not be misguided.
2. This sura is about ABu Lahab and his wife but also more on their behaviour and thoughts against Prophet muhammad s.a.w. and Islam. Thus they are cursed for this. Thos individual who have the same quality are also cursed by Allah.

And these are the lessons that the children put in their answer sheets
1. Abu Lahab and his wife Arwah will have a place in the hellfire

2. Those who curses Prophet Mohammad s.a.w. will go to hell.

3. Assisting those people will put you in the same place too.

I am putting here a copy of the worksheet that I prepared for this lesson. Feel free to use it if you like. I appreciate that if you do use it, to give feedback so we (as in me and you) can, Insya Allah, improve each other. Tell me also how you can improve it. 😀

____________________________________________________

Reference :

Tafsir Ibn Kathir (The tafsir of Surah Tabbat)

Abu Lahab and his Wife Arwah by Shazia Nazlee (Darussalam Publication)

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Manners on Listening to the Adhan

WHAT WE SHOULD SAY/DO WHEN WE HEAR THE ADHAN

1. Repeat what the mu’adhin says


Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 585

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

Allah’s Apostle (s.a.w.) said, “Whenever you hear the Adhan, say what the Mu’adhdhin is saying.

Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 587

Narrated Mu’awiya r.a. as above (586) and added:

“When the Mu’adhdhin said, “Haiya alas-sala(t) (come for the prayer).” Muawiya said, “La hawla wala quwata illa billah (There is neither might nor any power except with Allah)” and added, “We heard your Prophet (s.a.w.) saying the same.”

Thus when we hear the adhan we must repeat back what the muadhin say except when he say

Hayya Alas-Solaah and

Hayya Alal- Falah

Then we answer

لا حولا ولا قوّة إلّا باللّه

Laa haw laa Qowwata Illa Billah

There is no power or might save with (except) Allah.

2. Invoke blessings to the prophets

Book of Prayer
Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 747

‘Abdullah b. Amr b. al-As reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When you hear the Mu’adhdhin, repeat what he says, then invoke a blessing on me, for everyone who invokes a blessing on me will receive ten blessings from Allah; then beg from Allah al-Wasila for me, which is a rank in Paradise fitting for only one of Allah’s servants, and I hope that I may be that one. If anyone who asks that I be given the Wasila, he will be assured of my intercession.

To invoke blessings upon the Prophet (PBUH) means to recite “Allahumma salli `ala Muhammadin, wa `ala ali Muhammadin, kama sallaita `ala Ibrahima wa `ala ali Ibrahima, innaka Hamidun Majid.” Wasilah literally means that mode or method by which one attains his goal, but here it stands for that high rank in Jannah which will be awarded to the Prophet (PBUH).

3. Make the doa wasilah

Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 588

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

Allah’s Apostle (s.a.w.) said, “Whoever after listening to the Adhan says, ‘Allahumma Rabba hadhihi-d-da’ watit-tammati was-salatil qa’imati, ati Muhammadan al-wasilata wal-fadilata, wab’ athhu maqaman mahmudan-il-ladhi wa’ adtahu (O Allah! Lord of this perfect call (of not ascribing partners to You) and of the regular prayer which is going to be established! Kindly give Muhammad (s.a.w.) the right of intercession and superiority and send him (s.a.w.) (on the Day of Judgment) to the best and the highest place in Paradise which You promised him)’, then intercession for me will be permitted for him on the Day of Resurrection”).

And then after the adzan is finished recite this dua

O Allah! Lord of this perfect call (of not ascribing partners to You) and of the regular prayer which is going to be established! Kindly give Muhammad (s.a.w.) the right of intercession and superiority and send him (s.a.w.) (on the Day of Judgment) to the best and the highest place in Paradise which You promised him)’, then intercession for me will be permitted for him (s.a.w.) on the Day of Resurrection

The word Shafa`ah means to beg someone to pardon somebody’s faults and shortcomings or to request someone for doing a virtuous deed. In the context of this Hadith, it refers to the privilege of intercession of the Prophet (PBUH) due to which he will request for the forgiveness of such people for whom he will be given permission by Allah.

Why do we make this dua?

Book of Prayer

Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 747

‘Abdullah b. Amr b. al-As reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When you hear the Mu’adhdhin, repeat what he says, then invoke a blessing on me, for everyone who invokes a blessing on me will receive ten blessings from Allah; then beg from Allah al-Wasila for me, which is a rank in Paradise fitting for only one of Allah’s servants, and I hope that I may be that one. If anyone who asks that I be given the Wasila, he will be assured of my intercession.

We make this dua because we are praying that Prophet Muhammad s.a.w will be given the right of intercession (shafaah) by Allah and we pray that we too will be rewarded by this. This is certainly what we need on judgment day. Judgment day would be very difficult for all of us, and Insya Allah with the will of Allah, intercession will be given to Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.), and the difficulties on that trying day would be alleviated. Prophet Muhammad s.a.w., with the will of Allah, will be given the syafaah to ask Allah to hasten the judgment process.

Read about intercession HERE. Then tell the children the story of syafaah in general.

4. Make dua to Allah in between the adhan and iqamaah

It is also preferred for us to invoke Allah between Azan and iqamaah, for invocation at this time is answered

Kitab As salat

Dawud :: Book 2 : Hadith 521

Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

The supplication made between the adhan and the iqamah is not rejected.

SUMMARY OF WHAT WE SHOULD DO UPON HEARING THE ADHAN

1. Respect the adhan by stopping conversation. Even reading the quran.

2. Stay focus on the adhan.

Repeating what the muadhin say except for the hayya alas-solah and hayya-ala-falah. Instead say la hawla walakuata illa bila

3. After adzan sends salaah to prophet (s.a.w)

4. Then read the dua’ wasilah

5. Make dua between azan and iqamah.

EXERCISE

I cut out out the words of adhan and jumble them up together with the response words. H is to arrange the adhan words while S is to label the correct response to them.

I also pasted the sallah to the prophets that we should read after hearing the adhan. We then took turns to read it and get familiar with them.

We also pasted the doa wasilah. We will stick it on one of the walls, Insya Allah, so that we can refer to it quickly as soon as we hear the adhan. Living in a Muslim country, the adhan can be heard loud and clear from the many mosques around us, Subhanallah.

For now I don’t expect S to be able to memorise all of the quickly. However if we strive to practise this sunnah, Insya Allah the memorising part will be made easy. may Allah makes difficult things easy for all of us.

OTHER MANNERS ON HEARING THE ADHAN

Book of Prayer

Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 1822

Narrated Abdullah bin Mughaffal Al Muzani r.a., “There is a salat between the two adhan (Adhan and iqama), there is a salat between the two adhan. And then while saying it the third time he added, “For the one who wants to (pray).”

If one hears the adhan when he is in the mosque, one should not leave the mosque.

The Book of Prayers

Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 1377

Abu Sha’tha’ reported: While we were sitting with Abu Huraira in a mosque a man went out of the mosque after the call to prayer had been announced. (A man stood up in the mosque and set off.) Abu Huraira’s eyes followed him till he went out of the mosque. Upon this Abu Huraira said: This man has disobeyed Abu’l- Qasim (Muhammad) (may peace be upon him).

Listen to the adzan for practice.

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Book : Amalan Anak Salleh (Mencintai Rasullullah s.a.w.)

Mencintai Rasulullah s.a.w.

Rasulullah s.a.w bersabda : “Tidak beriman seseorang kamu sehinggalah aku ini lebih dikasihi olehnya daripada anaknya, bapanya dan manusia seluruhnya.”

Riwayat Al Bukhari, Muslim, Al Nasaiy, Ibn Majah

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Book  of Belief
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 2 :: Hadith 14

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said “None of you will have faith till he loves me more than his father, his children and all mankind.”

______________________________________________

This hadith tells us that we need to give our highest love to him above our parents, our children and the people we love. How do we love our prophet s.a.w.? By practicing what he teaches, believing in his message and staying away from the things that he did not do. We should strive to carry out his sunnah and stay away from things that he did not teach.

Insya Allah, this is what we will strive upon.

Then we pointed out the familiar arabic words such as

قال

لا

يؤمِنُ

كُم

حتّى

أحب

من

ولده

والده

النّاس

أجمعين

I have an interesting audio that you may like to listen. This is a lecture by Hussein Yee.  He is a daawah activist based in Malaysia. Reverting to Islam, he now does daawah all over the world, Masya Allah. He recently came over here. I think his lecture is apt for this entry.

Hmm I do not know how to upload audio into here. Perhaps this link would be helpful, Insya Allah. THE BEST GENERATIONS by HUSSEIN YEE

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Filed under Arabic Words, Book, hadith

Excellence of the Adhan

Before we start the lesson, we revised back the story of how the Adhan first started. I did this by asking them to narrate the story in turns.

_______________________________

This week topic is a continuation of the subject adhan. Today we highlighted the excellence of adhan that are found in the hadith.

Superiority/ Virtues of Adhan

Book of Call to Prayer

Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 582

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “When the Adhan is pronounced Satan takes to his heels and passes wind with noise during his flight in order not to hear the Adhan. When the Adhan is completed he comes back and again takes to his heels when the Iqama is pronounced and after its completion he returns again till he whispers into the heart of the person (to divert his attention from his prayer) and makes him remember things which he does not recall to his mind before the prayer and that causes him to forget how much he has prayed.”

This hadith tells Syaitan runs with great speed and he breaks wind, or he intentionally makes noise. Basically it shows that Syaitan will try to avoid the adhan. The second point is we must strive to stay focus in solat.

It’s easy to narrate this hadith for any children love the word fart. I stressed on the point that Shaytan will try to avoid the adhan and try as he might to make as much noise as he can.

Book of Call to Prayer

Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 589

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If the people knew the reward for pronouncing the Adhan and for standing in the first row (in congregational prayers) and found no other way to get that except by drawing lots they would draw lots, and if they knew the reward of the Zuhr prayer (in the early moments of its stated time) they would race for it (go early) and if they knew the reward of ‘Isha’ and Fajr (morning) prayers in congregation, they would come to offer them even if they had to crawl.”

This hadith points out that there are great rewards in the following

1. The one who pronounce the adhan

2. To hasten the prayer of Dzuhur

3. To stand in the first saf

4. To pray in congregation for Isyak and Fajar.

Children always love reward stories. This is the best time to talk about certain deeds that have high rewards.

Book of Call to Prayer

Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 583

Narrated ‘Abdul Rahman:

Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri told my father, “I see you liking sheep and the wilderness. So whenever you are with your sheep or in the wilderness and you want to pronounce Adhan for the prayer raise your voice in doing so, for whoever hears the Adhan, whether a human being, a jinn or any other creature, will be a witness for you on the Day of Resurrection.” Abu Said added, “I heard it (this narration) from Allah’s Apostle.”

On the Day of Requital, Almighty Allah will grant the faculty of speech, and all these things will testify for the Mu’adhdhin, as would be done by mankind and jinn. It also tells us hat even we are in the outdoors traveling for instance, we should still call out the adzan.

Part of what I parted to them was how during the judgment day, you will be surprised by the the unknown witnesses (to you) who would come up and tell Allah that you did so and so. We are outdoor lovers, and hadith like this is a great tip especially for my son, to remind us the importance of doing adhan, and not to mention the reward that comes with it, Insya Allah.

Book of Prayer

Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 750

Isa bin Talhah said: I was with Mu’awiya b. Abu Sufyan r.a. when the Mu’adhdhin called (Muslims) to prayer. Mu’awiya said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) saying The Mu’adhdhins will have the longest necks on the Day of Resurrection.

This Hadith highlights the eminence of Mu’adhdhin and Adhan. Adhan means calling people to the worship of Allah. Mu’adhdhin (the caller) gets reward for the Salat of all those who hear his Adhan. The phrase “will have the longest necks” has been given different interpretations. One of them is that they are those who long for the Mercy of Allah more than anyone else. Another interpretation is that their necks will grow longer on the Day of Requital and so sweat will not reach them, for every one will sweat on that day depending on his deeds: sweat will reach up to one’s ankles or knees or waists. In the case of some people, sweat will reach up to their mouths. Another interpretation is that those who call Adhan will have an honourable and great status on the Day of Requital.

I reminded them that during the judgment day is the time that Allah will make us show our true deeds by some signs. For the muedzins for example will be recognised by their long necks, the ummah of Muhammad s.a.w. will be recognised by the beauty of their wudhu’ body parts and so on.

Superiority/ Virtues of Adhan

  1. Syaitan will run away when he hears the adhan and while doing that he will make loud fart and make loud noises so that he does not hear the adhan
  2. There are great rewards for those who pronounce the adhan
  3. When you go outdoor, select someone to announce the adhan before praying. Pronounce the adhan loudly for all the creations of Allah can hear the adhan. And they will be the witness of the adhan in the judgment day.
  4. In the judgment day, the muedzins will have long necks and they can be easily recognized due to this feature.

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Exercise

They are asked to put up the summary of the excellence of adhan in point form.

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I intended to continue with the manners of listening to the adhan (which is actually the main objective of these adhan series), however we were blessed with a few guests so we had to stop the session and will resume the lesson Insya Allah, next week.

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