In Makkah, the number of muslims was small. They could make Jama’ah without any call. When Rasulullah(s) arrived in Madina, the number of Muslims started to increase. Rasulullah(s) built masjid An Nabawi to offer salah regularly. By the second year of Hijrah, the number of Muslims had increased. The people announced in a loud voice. “As-salat ul-jamiah (the salah for jam’ah is ready).” Those who heard this call came to join the salah. Muslims felt the need to find a way to inform people to come to the salah. Rasululah(s) asked his sahabah for their advice.
Some sahabah suggested that the muslims, like the jews, should blow a horn to announce the time for the salah. Others said, the muslims might ring bells as the christians do in their churches. A few proposed that the muslims, like the fire-worshippers, kindle a fire call people to pray. Rasullullah(s) wasn’t satisfied with any of these ideas. He waited to hear a better idea or to receive guidance from Allah.
One day, a sahabi, Abdullah ibn zaid came to Rasulullah and said, ” O Messenger of Allah! I had a beautiful dream last night.”
“What was the dream you saw” Rasulullah asked zaid.
Zaid answered, “I’ve seen that a man wearing green garment taught me the words of the Adhan and advised me to call people to prayer with these words.” He then recited the words of the Adhan.
The words were beautiful and full of meaning. Rasullulah recognized that the dream of Zaid was true. He asked Zaid to teach the words of Adhan to Bilal.
Bilal stood up called the Adhan. The voice of Bilal resounded throughout the Madinah. People came running to Masjid un-Nabi. Umar ibn Khatib was one of the persons who came and said “O Messanger of Allah an angel taught me the same words in my dream last night.” And Rasulullah(s) accepted this Adhan as the official call to the Salah.
1. They wrote the story of adhan
2. They then practice their arabic writing – having to write the adzan
3. For Z, he wrote down Allahhu Akbar in arabic a few times.
Book of Call to Prayer
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 580
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
When the number of Muslims increased they discussed the question as to how to know the time for the prayer by some familiar means. Some suggested that a fire be lit (at the time of the prayer) and others put forward the proposal to ring the bell. Bilal was ordered to pronounce the wording of Adhan twice and of the Iqama once only.
Book of Call to Prayer
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 578
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:
When the Muslims arrived at Medina, they used to assemble for the prayer, and used to guess the time for it. During those days, the practice of Adhan for the prayers had not been introduced yet. Once they discussed this problem regarding the call for prayer. Some people suggested the use of a bell like the Christians, others proposed a trumpet like the horn used by the Jews, but ‘Umar was the first to suggest that a man should call (the people) for the prayer; so Allah’s Apostle ordered Bilal to get up and pronounce the Adhan for prayers.
Book of Call to Prayers (Adhaan
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 577
The people mentioned the fire and the bell (they suggested those as signals to indicate the starting of prayers), and by that they mentioned the Jews and the Christians. Then Bilal was ordered to pronounce Adhan for the prayer by saying its wordings twice, and for the Iqama (the call for the actual standing for the prayers in rows) by saying its wordings once. (Iqama is pronounced when the people are ready for the prayer).
Book of Call to Prayer
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 579
Bilal was ordered to repeat the wording of the Adhan for prayers twice, and to pronounce the wording of the Iqamas once except “Qad-qamat-is-Salat”.
An interesting article I found about the continuity of Azan throughout the world. Read HERE.
I invited the children to imagine the sounding of adhan across the world. Taking subuh prayer in Malaysia (at approximately 6a.m for easiness of calculation) and it would be 1 a.m. in Qtar then. Then the earth rotate and subuh in Qtar is about 5 a.m. (for easiness of calculation). Malaysia would be 10 a.m. I invited them to imagine the adhan resounding across the world at every hour in 24 hours.
And Subuh time for each countries falling in different longitude differs by certain hour. (Is it 1 hour? somebody please advise). What more the countries and places that fall in between. The adzan will continuously vibrate throughtout the world calling Muslims to pray. SUBHANALLAH! ALLAHHU AKBAR!
Watch this video for better illustration.
2x أشهد أن لا اله إلا الله
2x أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله
2x حي على الصلاة
2x حي على الفلاح
2x الله أكبر
1x لا إله إلا الله