Monthly Archives: February 2009

History of Adhan

In Makkah, the number of muslims was small. They could make Jama’ah without any call. When Rasulullah(s) arrived in Madina, the number of Muslims started to increase. Rasulullah(s) built masjid An Nabawi to offer salah regularly. By the second year of Hijrah, the number of Muslims had increased. The people announced in a loud voice. “As-salat ul-jamiah (the salah for jam’ah is ready).” Those who heard this call came to join the salah. Muslims felt the need to find a way to inform people to come to the salah. Rasululah(s) asked his sahabah for their advice.

Some sahabah suggested that the muslims, like the jews, should blow a horn to announce the time for the salah. Others said, the muslims might ring bells as the christians do in their churches. A few proposed that the muslims, like the fire-worshippers, kindle a fire call people to pray. Rasullullah(s) wasn’t satisfied with any of these ideas. He waited to hear a better idea or to receive guidance from Allah.

One day, a sahabi, Abdullah ibn zaid came to Rasulullah and said, ” O Messenger of Allah! I had a beautiful dream last night.”

“What was the dream you saw” Rasulullah asked zaid.

Zaid answered, “I’ve seen that a man wearing green garment taught me the words of the Adhan and advised me to call people to prayer with these words.” He then recited the words of the Adhan.

The words were beautiful and full of meaning. Rasullulah recognized that the dream of Zaid was true. He asked Zaid to teach the words of Adhan to Bilal.

Bilal stood up called the Adhan. The voice of Bilal resounded throughout the Madinah. People came running to Masjid un-Nabi. Umar ibn Khatib was one of the persons who came and said “O Messanger of Allah an angel taught me the same words in my dream last night.” And Rasulullah(s) accepted this Adhan as the official call to the Salah.

Exercise

1. They wrote the story of adhan
2. They then practice their arabic writing – having to write the adzan
3. For Z, he wrote down Allahhu Akbar in arabic a few times.

Book of Call to Prayer
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 580

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

When the number of Muslims increased they discussed the question as to how to know the time for the prayer by some familiar means. Some suggested that a fire be lit (at the time of the prayer) and others put forward the proposal to ring the bell. Bilal was ordered to pronounce the wording of Adhan twice and of the Iqama once only.

Book of Call to Prayer
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 578

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

When the Muslims arrived at Medina, they used to assemble for the prayer, and used to guess the time for it. During those days, the practice of Adhan for the prayers had not been introduced yet. Once they discussed this problem regarding the call for prayer. Some people suggested the use of a bell like the Christians, others proposed a trumpet like the horn used by the Jews, but ‘Umar was the first to suggest that a man should call (the people) for the prayer; so Allah’s Apostle ordered Bilal to get up and pronounce the Adhan for prayers.

Book of Call to Prayers (Adhaan
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 577

Narrated Anas:

The people mentioned the fire and the bell (they suggested those as signals to indicate the starting of prayers), and by that they mentioned the Jews and the Christians. Then Bilal was ordered to pronounce Adhan for the prayer by saying its wordings twice, and for the Iqama (the call for the actual standing for the prayers in rows) by saying its wordings once. (Iqama is pronounced when the people are ready for the prayer).

Book of Call to Prayer
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 11 :: Hadith 579

Narrated Anas:

Bilal was ordered to repeat the wording of the Adhan for prayers twice, and to pronounce the wording of the Iqamas once except “Qad-qamat-is-Salat”.

An interesting article I found about the continuity of Azan throughout the world. Read HERE.

I invited the children to imagine the sounding of adhan across the world. Taking subuh prayer in Malaysia (at approximately 6a.m for easiness of calculation) and it would be 1 a.m. in Qtar then. Then the earth rotate and subuh in Qtar is about 5 a.m. (for easiness of calculation). Malaysia would be 10 a.m. I invited them to imagine the adhan resounding across the world at every hour in 24 hours.

And Subuh time for each countries falling in different longitude differs by certain hour. (Is it 1 hour? somebody please advise). What more the countries and places that fall in between. The adzan will continuously vibrate throughtout the world calling Muslims to pray. SUBHANALLAH! ALLAHHU AKBAR!

Watch this video for better illustration.

4xالله أكبر
2x أشهد أن لا اله إلا الله
2x أشهد أن محمدا رسول الله
2x حي على الصلاة
2x حي على الفلاح
2x الله أكبر
1x لا إله إلا الله

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Book : Amalan Anak Salih

I am adding a new syllabus. WHile S is doing her jawi writing, I shall be reading a book with H. Something short and simple Insya Allah.

We are starting on this small pocket book Amalan Anak Yang Salih collected and translated by Baharuddin Ayudin. book published by Penerbitan Salafi.

This book contains collection of hadith targeted to nurture the children to love the deen, Insya Allah.

Due to my shortcoming, I can only translate the hadith as per the direct meaning. I pray to Allah, that He would give me the opportunity to learn more on this knowledge.

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Rasullulah s.a.w bersabda : “ucapkanlah:’ Aku beriman dengan Allah.” Kemudian tetapkanlah pendirian.”

Haziq wrote down as this

This hadith tells us to believe in Allah and to be steadfast in believing Him.

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Pillars in Prayer : Intention in Solah

I overheard H said out the intention of solah out loud when he was praying with S the other day. I was quite surprise for we have been praying without announcing the intention out loud, and there he was doing it.

So, I decided to introduce this topic in our Fiqh lesson this week.

First of all,  we all know in whatever that we do, the most important thing we must have is our niyah, our intention. This is what that makes the ibadah profitable or useless. It can make even our little act of kindness, like feeding a dieing stray dog, be rewarded heavily in the hereafter or our 1 million donation lost its value in the eyes of Allah. Insya Allah, we will cover this when we discuss the hadith qudsi one day.

Similarly, niyah is also important when we want to make our solah.

However  it is NOT required for us to state the intention out loud.

When the Prophet (s.a.w.) would stand to pray, he would say Allahhu Akbar and would not say anything beforehand. he would not say the intention out loud beforehand.

All of these statements are innovation. None of them have ever been recorded from him, not with a sound or a weak chain, an unbroken or broken chain. Nor has any of them been narrated by the Companions or approved by any of the Followers of the four Imams. (verbatim quoted from The Concise Presentatoon of Fiqh : Dr Abdul Azeem Badawi).

However, the ilm of fiqh many times have different khilaf thus different translation. Refer to this fatwa in ISLAMONLINE.

Sice we want to strive ourselves to follow the sunnah of Rasullullah and His Companions, we can try to make all intentions be stated IN THE HEART at the beginning of the prayer.

Exercise
To teach them how to think of a niyah and say it in the heart. Insya Allah with conviction from them.

When making intention we must be IKHLAS (sincere). Pray solely for Allah’s pleasure instead of scared of my anger.

This condition of niyah are the same for wudhu’ and fasting. Remember most of all, Allah Al Samee’ knows what you intent in your heart more than anything else, so make your intention right, and Insya Allah you will be rewarded accordingly.

In short
In everything that we want to do (that is permissible of course) we must
1. have good intention in the heart.
2. always correct the niyah.
3. Have ikhlas
3. Do it to please Allah.

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Filed under Fiqh, Pillars of Islam, Solat

As Samee’ (السميع)

There is nothing like Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. Ash Shura 42:11


وَلَهُ ۥ مَا سَكَنَ فِى ٱلَّيۡلِ وَٱلنَّہَارِ‌ۚ وَهُوَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلۡعَلِيمُ (١٣)

And to Him belongs whatsoever exists in the night and the day, and He is the All¬Hearing, the All¬Knowing.” Al Anaam 6:13

Allah is the All Hearing

Allah hears everything whether we say it quietly or loudly.

He can hear the silent cry in your heart. When you are sad.

He hears when you whispers to yourself. Or with your friends when you think no one can hear.

He hears you when you ask for forgiveness. Seek forgiveness from Him often. Allah loves that.

He hears your prayers EVEN when you are not using any words. The prayers that you say in your heart when you ask Allah to make things easy for you. When you ask Allah to protect you.

Allah has the power to hear us. He can hear everyone’s whispers at the same time. Allah is Great. He is the All-Hearing.

And Allah hears you in any language you say it. Pray to Allah in the language you are comfortable in. It’s good that you have memorised a certain dua. Make sure you understand it, so you can pray and ask Allah rather than read to Him.

And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad SAW) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. Al Baqarah 2:186

When you know that He hears everything you say, you must know that he hears when you say something bad. When you talk bad things to somebody. So stay away from it.

He also hears when you pray to Him. This is most wonderful. Knowing this, we should not limit ourslef to praying the 5 time daily prayer. Pray all the time. Glorify Allah. Doing Dzikir is a good way. Practice this

Astaghfirullah

Subhanallah

Alhamdullilah

Lailahaillalah

Allahu Akbar

As many times as you can. He hears you when you glorify Him. We will be rewarded, Insya Allah.

If you feel like you are having a hard time, ask for His help. He hears you.

When you feel that you need to make a decision. Ask for His help. He hears you.

When you feel happy for something you get. Praise Allah. He hears you.

Remember, you can call Allah by His names when you pray asking for His help.

And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allâh, so call on Him by them, Al A’araf 7: 180

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Believe that Allah Knows Everything, He sees everything and He hears everything. If you believe this, Insya Allah you will have fear in Allah when you want to do something bad. He is always watching you. he knows what you are going to do. And He hears what you said.

Use this knowledge to instead do good things for Allah sees all.

Exercise

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Suratul Ikhlas

Children’s Progress

H is now reading up to Juz 15.

He has now memorise up to Al Qadr. I was a bit disappointed of the slowness.

B is now reading up to page 11 on the iqra 6. She has memorised to to Al Kawthar. I have started making her recite the simple surahs in Juz Amma and she is now reciting Al Asr. I hope by the time she finishes Iqra’ 6, her quran recitation would be good so she can proceed to Al Baqarah, Insya Allah.

Z is reading up to the letter To ط in the Iqra 1.

I overheard Jack reciting part Fatehah, part Al Ikhlas, Part Annas and part Al Falaq. But somehow he refuse to recite me when I ask him to.

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Both H and S have memorised Al Ikhlas and are reciting this every night before they go to sleep, Insya Allah.

The revelation

According to Ibn Kathir, Imam Ahmad recorded from Ubayy bin Ka’b that the idolators said to the Prophet s.a.w. “O Muhammad! tell us the lineage of your Lord.” So Allah revealed Surah Al Ikhlas 112:1-4

Say: He is Allah the One and Only; (1) Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; (2) He begetteth, not nor is He begotten; (3) And there is none like unto Him. (4)

At the time Prophet Muhammad was revealing Islam the people were worshiping many things for instance

The Christians worship Jesus, whom they claim is the son of God, some people worshiped the sun and moon, some worshiped idols made of stone, wood, gold and silver. Some have gods and goddesses. And they say some gods marry a goddess. Some of these gods need to be served food and drink.

Thus Prophet Muhammad s.a.w invited everyone to worship only one God. This surah denies all the characteristics of false gods that the idolaters are worshiping. That indeed He is one.

قُلۡ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ أَحَدٌ

Say Allah is one.

That Allah cannot have any partners. No equal. The word Al Ahad can only be used for Allah the Mighty and Majestic. Al Ahad is Allah’s name.

This deny the claims of idol worshippers who worship so may different type of gods meant for different function.

ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّمَدُ

Allah the Eternal and Absolute.

He is the Self Sufficient Master of who all creatures depend on. He does not depend on anything. He does not eat or drink. he has no human characteristics at all.

This deny other religion which put God with characters like human. Or those Gods who require food and drink.

As Samad is Allah’s name.

لَمۡ يَلِدۡ وَلَمۡ يُولَدۡ

He begets not, nor was He begotten

It means that Allah does not have a child. A parent. Or a spouse.

This deny the claim that their god is the son of god or the claims that their gods marry a certain goddess.

وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُ ۥ ڪُفُوًا أَحَدُۢ

And there is none co-equal or comparable unto him

One cannot make comparison of Allah to anything for Allah is nothing compared to all His creation.

This soorah describes about Allah’s rights. This surah summarizes the message of the Quran, the oneness of Allah (SWT). It emphasizes worshiping Allah alone and the concept of Tawheed. Always reflect on this surah and may all of my children remain intact on their aqeedah.

Lessons learnt

1. Allah is One. Al Ahad.

2. Allah is Self Sufficient.

3. Allah does not have any of human traits.

4. Allah does not have a child. he has no parent. And he has no spouse meaning he does not get married like we do. Allah is above all.

5. there is nothing that we can compare to Allah. Nothing at all!

Surah Al Ikhlas is equal to a third of the Quran

Virtues of the Qur’an

Bukhari :: Book 6 :: Volume 61 :: Hadith 534

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

The Prophet said to his companions, “Is it difficult for any of you to recite one third of the Qur’an in one night?” This suggestion was difficult for them so they said, “Who among us has the power to do so, O Allah’s Apostle?” Allah Apostle replied: ” Allah (the) One, the Self-Sufficient Master Whom all creatures need.’ (Surat Al-Ikhlas 112.1–to the End) is equal to one third of the Qur’an.”

Seeking Cure

Book of Medicine

Bukhari :: Book 7 :: Volume 71 :: Hadith 644

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Whenever Allah’s Apostle went to bed, he used to recite Surat-al-Ikhlas, Surat-al-Falaq and Surat-an-Nas and then blow on his palms and pass them over his face and those parts of his body that his hands could reach. And when he fell ill, he used to order me to do like that for him.

From now on, do this before you go to sleep.

Exercises

I prepared some exercise sheet for them to answer and to understand the surah better, Insya Allah.



Arabic Words

  • قُلۡ
  • هُوَ
  • أَحَدٌ
  • لَمۡ
  • ڪُفُوًا

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