The Children’s progress
H : h is now reading up to Juz 12. He is reciting AlQuran with an Indonesian Ustaz at one of the mosques nearby. He has also memorised up to AlBayina. However I am now making him repeat all the ayahs that he has memorised to check on his tajweed. The Ustadz is also doing the same. Insya Allah.
B : She is now reading the first page of Iqra 6. However, I have also started making her recite the Juzzu Amma especially on the soorahs that she has memorised. This is in the hope that as soon as she finishes her Iqra 6, she can fluently recite the alquran. She has also memorised Al Fatihah up to Almasad. We skipped An Nasr and go straight to Al Kafirun, Al Kawthar (because it is short and will boost her confidence) and Al Qadar (because we did the Ramadhan activity). She has also memorised ayatul Kursi, Alhamdullilah. And we have been making it a routine of reciting the 3 Quls and ayatul Kursi before going to sleep. This helped her memorisation better.
Z : He is now staring on Iqra 1 and is on the letter ‘ro’. He is sometimes caught memorising a bit of Alfatihah, a bit of Annas, abit of alikhlas and a bit of ayatul kursi. Bless him.
This week we discusses ayatul Kursi.
AYATUL KURSI IS THE GREATEST AYAH IN THE BOOK OF ALLAH
While Al Ikhlas is the greatest soorah.
Taken from Tafsir Ibn Kathir
This is Ayat Al-Kursi and tremendous virtues have been associated with it, for the authentic Hadith describes it as `the greatest Ayah in the Book of Allah.’
Imam Ahmad recorded that `Ubayy bin Ka`b said that the Prophet asked him about the greatest Ayah in the Book of Allah, and `Ubayy answered, “Allah and His Messenger know better.” When the Prophet repeated his question several times, `Ubayy said, “Ayat Al-Kursi.” The Prophet commented,
«لِيَهْنِكَ الْعِلْمُ أَبَا الْمُنْذِرِ، وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ، إِنَّ لَهَا لِسَانًا وَشَفَتَيْنِ، تُقَدِّسُ الْمَلِكَ عِنْدَ سَاقِ الْعَرْش»
(Congratulations for having knowledge, O Abu Al-Mundhir! By He in Whose Hand is my soul! This Ayah has a tongue and two lips with which she praises the King (Allah) next to the leg of the Throne.)
REPELLING SHAYTAN BY RECITING AYATUL KURSI
Al-Bukhari recorded a hadith from Abu Hurayrah, in the chapters on the virtues of the Qur’an and the description of Shaytan. In this narration, Abu Hurayrah said,
“Allah’s Messenger assigned me to keep watch over the Sadaqah (charity) of Ramadan. A person snuck in and started taking handfuls of foodstuff. I caught him and said, `By Allah, I will take you to Allah’s Messenger.’ He said, `Release me, for I am meek and have many dependents and am in great need.’ I released him, and in the morning Allah’s Messenger asked me, `What did your prisoner do yesterday, O Abu Hurayrah’ I said, `O Allah’s Messenger! He complained of being needy and of having many dependents, so I pitied him and let him go.’ Allah’s Messenger said, `Indeed, he told you a lie and will be coming again.’ I believed that he would show up again, for Allah’s Messenger had told me that he would return. So, I watched for him. When he (showed up and) started stealing handfuls of foodstuff, I caught hold of him again and said, `I will definitely take you to Allah’s Messenger.’ He said, `Leave me, for I am very needy and have many dependents. I promise I will not come back again.’ I pitied him and let him go. In the morning Allah’s Messenger asked me, `What did your prisoner do last night, O Abu Hurayrah!’ I replied, `O Allah’s Messenger! He complained of his great need and of too many dependents, so I took pity on him and set him free.’ Allah’s Messenger said, `Verily, he told you a lie; he will return.’ I waited for him attentively for the third time, and when he (came and) started stealing handfuls of the foodstuff, I caught hold of him and said, `I will surely take you to Allah’s Messenger as it is the third time you promised not to return, yet you returned.’ He said, `Let me teach you some words which Allah will give you benefit from.’ I asked, `What are they’ He replied, `Whenever you go to bed, recite Ayat Al-Kursi- Allahu la ilaha illa Huwal-Hayyul-Qayyum, till you finish the whole verse. (If you do so), Allah will appoint a guard for you who will stay with you, and no Shaytan will come near you until morning.’ So, I released him. In the morning, Allah’s Messenger asked, `What did your prisoner do yesterday’ I replied, `O Allah’s Messenger! He claimed that he would teach me some words by which Allah will grant me some benefit, so I let him go.’ Allah’s Messenger asked, `What are they’ I replied, `He said to me: Whenever you go to bed, recite Ayat Al-Kursi from the beginning to the end, Allahu la ilaha illa Huwal-Hayyul-Qayyum. He further said to me: (If you do so), Allah will appoint a guard for you who will stay with you, and no Shaytan will come near you until morning.’ (One of the narrators) then commented that they (the Companions) were very keen to do good deeds. The Prophet said, `He spoke the truth, although he is a liar. Do you know whom you were talking to, these three nights, O Abu Hurayrah’ Abu Hurayrah said, `No.’ He said, `It was Shaytan.”’
Then I proceeded by describing the general meaning of the ayah.
In the name of Allah the Most Merciful, and Compassionate Allah
There is no god but He,
The Living, the Everlasting,
Slumber seizes Him not, neither sleep,
To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth.
Who is there that can intercede with His, except by His leave?
He knows what lies before them and what is after them,
And they comprehend not anything of His Knowledge save as He wills.
His throne comprises the heavens and the earth,
The preserving of them fatigues Him not,
And He is the All-High, All-Glorious.
The reason why Ayat al-Kursi is the most excellent verse, is that this verse mentions the names of Allah Most High more than any other verse (i.e. this verse contains the most remembrance (dhikr) of Allah Most High).
اللَّهُ لاَ إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ
Allah! None has the right to be worshipped but He
(Al-Hayyul-Qayyum) testifies that Allah is the Ever Living, Who never dies, Who sustains everyone and everything. All creation stands in need of Allah and totally relies on Him, while He is the Most Rich, Who stands in need of nothing created.
لاَ تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلاَ نَوْمٌ
Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him
means, no shortcoming, unawareness or ignorance ever touches Allah. Rather, He is aware of, and controls what every soul earns, has perfect watch over everything, nothing escapes His knowledge, and no secret matter is secret to Him. Among His perfect attributes, is the fact that He is never effected by slumber or sleep.
This is important for Muslims to remember that Allah never tires..for in the bible it says that God created everything in 6 days and rests on the seventh. While Allah says in Quran, that no slumber or sleep overtakes Allah.
لَّهُ مَا فِي السَّمَـوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الاٌّرْضِ﴾
To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth
indicates that everyone is a servant for Allah, a part of His kingdom and under His power and authority.
مَن ذَا الَّذِى يَشْفَعُ عِندَهُ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِهِ
Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His permission
يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ﴾
He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter
this refers to His perfect knowledge of all creation; its past, present and future.
وَلاَ يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِّنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلاَّ بِمَا شَآءَ﴾
And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills
asserts the fact that no one attains any part of Allah’s knowledge except what Allah conveys and allows. This part of the Ayah indicates that no one ever acquires knowledge of Allah and in His Attributes, except what He conveys to them.
وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَـوَاتِ وَالاٌّرْضَ
His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth.
وَلاَ يَؤُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا﴾
And He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them
meaning, it does not burden or cause Him fatigue to protect the heavens and earth and all that is in between them. Rather, this is an easy matter for Him. Further, Allah sustains everything, has perfect watch over everything, nothing ever escapes His knowledge and no matter is ever a secret to Him. All matters are insignificant, modest and humble before Him. He is the Most Rich, worthy of all praise. He does what He wills, and no one can ask Him about what He does, while they will be asked. He has supreme power over all things and perfect alertness concerning everything. He is the Most High, the Greatest, there is no deity worthy of worship except Him, and no Lord other than Him.
وَهُوَ الْعَلِىُّ الْعَظِيمُ﴾
And He is the Most High, the Most Great
I printed Ayatul Kursi and cut it as according to each waqaf. B then arranged it accordingly leaving space between one waqaf and another.
H task was to put the respective translation which I have printed and cut accordingly.
Prior to this, I will highlight some arabic words in the ayah.
- اللَّهُ لاَ إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ
- هُ مَا
This helped him understand the translation of the verse. Also helped him identify more arabic words particularly the words which are repetitive in the Quran.
Z also wanted to be a part of this activity. I pointed to him the word Allah in the verse and later asked him to point out the word Allah. He was very happy. I also pointed to him the letters that he know (which are not in its connected form in the verse) like dzal, alif and rho. He sure felt accomplished!
By discussing this ayah, i get to zoom in their mistakes in memorising this verse. And I corrected them. In fact I had it printed out and highlighted their clearest mistake which were mainly the long mad and pronunciation of the letter “ain”. Now we have the printed verse on their wall and will be reviewed everyday before sleep until I am happy with their recital, Insya Allah.