I told both Haziq and Sya the story casually. Injecting the Quran verse here and there. Later with Haziq I asked him to concentrate on all the verses mentioned. These notes are merely for guide and quotation of the Quran and Hadeeth.
In between the story, we had discussion and they were asked to write down salient points of the discussion.
- Who is the first man in this world?
- What is human made off?
- What is angel made off?
- What is jinn made off?
Allah says this in the Quran in Surah AlHijr 15:28
وَلَقَدۡ خَلَقۡنَا ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنَ مِن صَلۡصَـٰلٍ۬ مِّنۡ حَمَإٍ۬ مَّسۡنُونٍ۬ (٢٦) وَٱلۡجَآنَّ خَلَقۡنَـٰهُ مِن قَبۡلُ مِن نَّارِ ٱلسَّمُومِ (٢٧) وَإِذۡ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةِ إِنِّى خَـٰلِقُۢ بَشَرً۬ا مِّن صَلۡصَـٰلٍ۬ مِّنۡ حَمَإٍ۬ مَّسۡنُونٍ۬
Verily We created man of potter’s clay of black mud altered, (26) And the jinn did We create aforetime of essential fire. (27) And (remember) when thy Lord said unto the angels: Lo! I am creating a mortal out of potter’s clay of black mud altered, (28)
Iblees is also a family of jinn. they are created from fire. Iblees was the most righteous among the jinns that long time ago they were raised to stay in the heavens along with angels.
When Allah finally blew life into Adam, He asked the angels and Iblees to prostrate to Adam. To honour man. Man will be honoured to be the khalifah on earth. The angles immediately prostrate but Iblees refused. The stories are repeated many times in different surahs in the Quran.
So Allah asked him why is he not prostrating? You can find the answers in a few verses
Surah Al Hijr 15: 29-33
فَإِذَا سَوَّيۡتُهُ ۥ وَنَفَخۡتُ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِى فَقَعُواْ لَهُ ۥ سَـٰجِدِينَ (٢٩) فَسَجَدَ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ ڪُلُّهُمۡ أَجۡمَعُونَ (٣٠) إِلَّآ إِبۡلِيسَ أَبَىٰٓ أَن يَكُونَ مَعَ ٱلسَّـٰجِدِينَ (٣١) قَالَ يَـٰٓإِبۡلِيسُ مَا لَكَ أَلَّا تَكُونَ مَعَ ٱلسَّـٰجِدِينَ (٣٢) قَالَ لَمۡ أَكُن لِّأَسۡجُدَ لِبَشَرٍ خَلَقۡتَهُ ۥ مِن صَلۡصَـٰلٍ۬ مِّنۡ حَمَإٍ۬ مَّسۡنُونٍ۬ (٣٣)
So, when I have made him and have breathed into him of My Spirit, do ye fall down, prostrating yourselves unto him. (29) So the angels fell prostrate, all of them together (30) Save Iblis. He refused to be among the prostrate. (31) He said: O Iblis! What aileth thee that thou art not among the prostrate? (32) He said: I am not going to prostrate myself unto a mortal whom Thou hast created out of potter’s clay of black mud altered! (33)
Iblees said I am not going to prostrate to a creation that is made of black mud! That was what he said. Remember that all the while Iblees has been very righteous but when it comes to prostrating he refused, because humans are made of mud.
In another verse. Al Sad 38: 71-76
إِذۡ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةِ إِنِّى خَـٰلِقُۢ بَشَرً۬ا مِّن طِينٍ۬ (٧١) فَإِذَا سَوَّيۡتُهُ ۥ وَنَفَخۡتُ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِى فَقَعُواْ لَهُ ۥ سَـٰجِدِينَ (٧٢) فَسَجَدَ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ ڪُلُّهُمۡ أَجۡمَعُونَ (٧٣) إِلَّآ إِبۡلِيسَ ٱسۡتَكۡبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ (٧٤) قَالَ يَـٰٓإِبۡلِيسُ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَن تَسۡجُدَ لِمَا خَلَقۡتُ بِيَدَىَّۖ أَسۡتَكۡبَرۡتَ أَمۡ كُنتَ مِنَ ٱلۡعَالِينَ (٧٥) قَالَ أَنَا۟ خَيۡرٌ۬ مِّنۡهُۖ خَلَقۡتَنِى مِن نَّارٍ۬ وَخَلَقۡتَهُ ۥ مِن طِينٍ۬ (٧٦)
So Iblees did not prostrate. The Quran said Iblees was scornful. He was angry. he was full of pride. And when Allah asked him are you too proud? Iblees said that he is created of fire while human is created by clay.
In another verse Al Aaraf 7:11-19
وَلَقَدۡ خَلَقۡنَـٰڪُمۡ ثُمَّ صَوَّرۡنَـٰكُمۡ ثُمَّ قُلۡنَا لِلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةِ ٱسۡجُدُواْ لِأَدَمَ فَسَجَدُوٓاْ إِلَّآ إِبۡلِيسَ لَمۡ يَكُن مِّنَ ٱلسَّـٰجِدِينَ (١١) قَالَ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَلَّا تَسۡجُدَ إِذۡ أَمَرۡتُكَۖ قَالَ أَنَا۟ خَيۡرٌ۬ مِّنۡهُ خَلَقۡتَنِى مِن نَّارٍ۬ وَخَلَقۡتَهُ ۥ مِن طِينٍ۬ (١٢)
And surely, We created you (your father Adam) and then gave you shape (the noble shape of a human being); then We told the angels, “Prostrate yourselves to Adam”, and they prostrated themselves, except Iblîs (Satan), he refused to be of those who prostrated themselves. (11) (Allâh) said: “What prevented you (O Iblîs) that you did not prostrate yourself, when I commanded you?” Iblîs said: “I am better than him (Adam), You created me from fire, and him You created from clay.” (12)
Iblees think that he is made of a better and stronger material than just clay. And this arrogance made him refuse to prostrate to what he thinks is a lesser being.
What does that tell you about Iblees?
After Iblees arrogantly refused to prostrate to Adam, Allah told him that will be thrown away from heaven.
Surah Al Sad 38 : 77-78
قَالَ فَٱخۡرُجۡ مِنۡہَا فَإِنَّكَ رَجِيمٌ۬ (٧٧) وَإِنَّ عَلَيۡكَ لَعۡنَتِىٓ إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ ٱلدِّينِ (٧٨)
(Allâh) said: “Then get out from here, for verily, you are outcast. (77) “And verily!, My Curse is on you till the Day of Recompense.” (78)
Allah told Iblees that they are outcast. Kick out from heaven! And Allah said Iblees is cursed until the the end of the world. Forever!
Do you think Iblees is happy being kicked out from heaven? He is not! And this is what he said to Allah. Surah Al Sad 38 : 79-81
قَالَ رَبِّ فَأَنظِرۡنِىٓ إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ يُبۡعَثُونَ (٧٩) قَالَ فَإِنَّكَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُنظَرِينَ (٨٠) إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ ٱلۡوَقۡتِ ٱلۡمَعۡلُومِ (٨١)
[Iblîs (Satan)] said: “My Lord! Give me then respite till the Day the (dead) are resurrected.” (79) (Allâh) said: “Verily! You are of those allowed respite (80) “Till the Day of the time appointed.” (81)
Iblees ask Allah to give him time until the day we are all raised. Meaning Iblees asked to have a long life. And Allah granted their wishes.
In another verse Al Aaraf 7: 13-15
قَالَ فَٱهۡبِطۡ مِنۡہَا فَمَا يَكُونُ لَكَ أَن تَتَكَبَّرَ فِيہَا فَٱخۡرُجۡ إِنَّكَ مِنَ ٱلصَّـٰغِرِينَ (١٣) قَالَ أَنظِرۡنِىٓ إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ يُبۡعَثُونَ (١٤) قَالَ إِنَّكَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُنظَرِينَ (١٥)
(Allâh) said: “(O Iblîs) get down from this (Paradise), it is not for you to be arrogant here. Get out, for you are of those humiliated and disgraced.” (13) (Iblîs) said: “Allow me respite till the Day they are raised up (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).” (14) (Allâh) said: “You are of those respited.” (15)
Thus from the stories we found in the Quran, before he went out of heaven he asked for a wish that is to live long. And the reason he asked for the wish which Allah granted was told in this verse
Surah Al israa 17:61-62
Then in another verse
Surah Al Sad 38:82
قَالَ فَبِعِزَّتِكَ لَأُغۡوِيَنَّهُمۡ أَجۡمَعِينَ (٨٢)
[Iblîs (Satan)] said: “By Your Might, then I will surely mislead them all, (82)
In another verse Al Aaraf 7:16-18
قَالَ فَبِمَآ أَغۡوَيۡتَنِى لَأَقۡعُدَنَّ لَهُمۡ صِرَٲطَكَ ٱلۡمُسۡتَقِيمَ (١٦) ثُمَّ لَأَتِيَنَّهُم مِّنۢ بَيۡنِ أَيۡدِيہِمۡ وَمِنۡ خَلۡفِهِمۡ وَعَنۡ أَيۡمَـٰنِہِمۡ وَعَن شَمَآٮِٕلِهِمۡۖ وَلَا تَجِدُ أَكۡثَرَهُمۡ شَـٰكِرِينَ (١٧) قَالَ ٱخۡرُجۡ مِنۡہَا مَذۡءُومً۬ا مَّدۡحُورً۬اۖ لَّمَن تَبِعَكَ مِنۡہُمۡ لَأَمۡلَأَنَّ جَهَنَّمَ مِنكُمۡ أَجۡمَعِينَ (١٨)
(Iblîs) said: “Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path (16) Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones (i.e. they will not be dutiful to You).” (17) (Allâh) said (to Iblîs) “Get out from this (Paradise) disgraced and expelled. Whoever of them (mankind) will follow you, then surely I will fill Hell with you all.” (18)
Iblees promised that with the long life, he will mislead all the human against the truth! Iblees made this promise in front of Allah that his mission is to misguide all of us. He promise that he will make the human do bad things and make sure that they will disturb all of us and make sure we stay away from Allah’s way. Iblees wants the human to worship him instead of Allah.
More verse on Shaytan’s promise to stray us An Nisa 4:118-121
Discuss with them about Shaytan’s mission. How do you think Shaytan will stray you?
Take note, when Syaitan was kicked out of heaven, he asked for a wish to be granted. Instead of asking for forgiveness to Allah who is All Forgiving, he asked for a respite because he has a mission of straying all of us human. He has no remorse of what he had done, in fact he wanted to add further to his disobedient act to Allah.
Allah said to Iblees in Surah Al Israa 17:63-64
قَالَ ٱذۡهَبۡ فَمَن تَبِعَكَ مِنۡهُمۡ فَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ جَزَآؤُكُمۡ جَزَآءً۬ مَّوۡفُورً۬ا (٦٣) وَٱسۡتَفۡزِزۡ مَنِ ٱسۡتَطَعۡتَ مِنۡہُم بِصَوۡتِكَ وَأَجۡلِبۡ عَلَيۡہِم بِخَيۡلِكَ وَرَجِلِكَ وَشَارِكۡهُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَمۡوَٲلِ وَٱلۡأَوۡلَـٰدِ وَعِدۡهُمۡۚ وَمَا يَعِدُهُمُ ٱلشَّيۡطَـٰنُ إِلَّا غُرُورًا
Allah said: “Go thy way; if any of them follow thee, verily Hell will be the recompense of you (all)― an ample recompense. (63) “Lead to destruction those whom thou canst among them, with thy (seductive) voice; make assaults on them with thy cavalry and thy infantry; mutually share with them wealth and children; and make promises to them. But Satan promises them nothing but deceit. (64)
Allah allowed Syaitan to try and stray the human for this will be sent as a test for us living on earth.
And then you know what will happen in the hereafter?
Read it in Surah Ibrahim 14:22-23
وَقَالَ ٱلشَّيۡطَـٰنُ لَمَّا قُضِىَ ٱلۡأَمۡرُ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ وَعَدَڪُمۡ وَعۡدَ ٱلۡحَقِّ وَوَعَدتُّكُمۡ فَأَخۡلَفۡتُڪُمۡۖ وَمَا كَانَ لِىَ عَلَيۡكُم مِّن سُلۡطَـٰنٍ إِلَّآ أَن دَعَوۡتُكُمۡ فَٱسۡتَجَبۡتُمۡ لِىۖ فَلَا تَلُومُونِى وَلُومُوٓاْ أَنفُسَڪُمۖ مَّآ أَنَا۟ بِمُصۡرِخِڪُمۡ وَمَآ أَنتُم بِمُصۡرِخِىَّۖ إِنِّى ڪَفَرۡتُ بِمَآ أَشۡرَڪۡتُمُونِ مِن قَبۡلُۗ إِنَّ ٱلظَّـٰلِمِينَ لَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ۬ (٢٢) وَأُدۡخِلَ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ جَنَّـٰتٍ۬ تَجۡرِى مِن تَحۡتِہَا ٱلۡأَنۡہَـٰرُ خَـٰلِدِينَ فِيہَا بِإِذۡنِ رَبِّهِمۡۖ تَحِيَّتُہُمۡ فِيہَا سَلَـٰمٌ (٢٣)
And Satan saith, when the matter hath been decided: Lo! Allah promised you a promise of truth; and I promised you, then failed you. And I had no power over you save that I called unto you and ye obeyed me. So blame not, but blame me yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can ye help me, Lo! I disbelieved in that which ye before ascribed to me. Lo! for wrong-doers is a painful doom. (22) And those who believed and did good works are made to enter Gardens underneath which rivers flow, therein abiding by permission of their Lord, their greeting therein: Peace! (23)
Syaitan said that he cannot even help those who have done wrong. Those who were bad and those who followed him. He said now you have to be responsible for what you do. And all will be punished like he will be too! And at that time, those who followed Syaitan will regret at the actions they did when they lived on earth. But it will be too late. And together they will join Syaitan laknatullah in the buring hell tortured forever.
And Allah said those who believe and not follow Shaytan will reside in heaven. May you all my children be in Jannah too. Ameen.
But who will not be fooled by Shaytan?
Surah Al Sad 38:81-85
.Shaytan said, only those who TRULY believe will not be strayed. May we all be in this group. Ameen