Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. stayed in Quba for a few days, and then set off to Madinah.
The tribes and families of Madinah came streaming forth to meet prophet s.a.w..
The Ansar people, who comprised of two tribes, were wholeheartedly eager to receive Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. to their house. They welcomed Muhammad in the best garment and glittering armour and everyone called out to prophet muhammad s.a.w. to stay with them.
Prophet Muhammad sa.w. said kindly, “leave the camel, for it is commanded by Allah.”
Thus the camel moved onward until it reached the site of the Prophet’s Mosque and knelt down. And that was the site where the mosques was built.
Merits of the Helpers in Madinah (Ansaar)
Bukhari :: Book 5 :: Volume 58 :: Hadith 245
(Part of a long hadith)
Allah’s Apostle prayed in it (Masjid Quba) and then mounted his she-camel and proceeded on, accompanied by the people till his she-camel knelt down at (the place of) the Mosque of Allah’s Apostle at Medina. Some Muslims used to pray there in those days, and that place was a yard for drying dates belonging to Suhail and Sahl, the orphan boys who were under the guardianship of ‘Asad bin Zurara. When his she-camel knelt down, Allah’s Apostle said, “This place, Allah willing, will be our abiding place.” Allah’s Apostle then called the two boys and told them to suggest a price for that yard so that he might take it as a mosque. The two boys said, “No, but we will give it as a gift, O Allah’s Apostle!” Allah’s Apostle then built a mosque there. The Prophet himself started carrying unburnt bricks for its building and while doing so, he was saying “This load is better than the load of Khaibar, for it is more pious in the Sight of Allah and purer and better rewardable.” He was also saying, “O Allah! The actual reward is the reward in the Hereafter, so bestow Your Mercy on the Ansar and the Emigrants.”
During those days the mosque was built by adobe bricks and the roof by date palm branches and its pillars were the trunks of date palm trees.
And now many extensions have been done including renovations and decorations as you see it now.
Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 8 :: Hadith 437
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:
In the life-time of Allah’s Apostle the mosque was built of adobes, its roof of the leaves of date-palms and its pillars of the stems of date-palms. Abu Bakr did not alter it. ‘Umar expanded it on the same pattern as it was in the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle by using adobes, leaves of date-palms and changing the pillars into wooden ones. ‘Uthman changed it by expanding it to a great extent and built its walls with engraved stones and lime and made its pillars of engraved stones and its roof of teak wood.
Virtues of The Prophet’s Mosque
The Noble Prophet’s Mosque possess an elevated status and high rank and great virtue.
According to hadith
Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 21 :: Hadith 282
Narrated Abu Huraira
Allah’s Apostle said, “One prayer in my Mosque is better than one thousand prayers in any other mosque excepting Al-Masjid-AI-Haram.”
1. Praying in Masid An Nabawi is one thousand prayer better than any other mosque
2. Do you remember how much is it in Masjidil Haram?
Even though, the Prophet’s mosque is way bigger than the original one with a lot of new extensions made, insya Allah the virtue of praying anywhere in the mosque will be rewarded as per tha hadith.
According to Shaikhul Islam Ibn taimiyah – may Allah have mercy on him – His mosque was smaller than it is today, as was the sacred mosque, but the Rightly-guided caliphs and those who come after them had increased them both, and the ruling of the additions is the same ruling on additions in all matters. (Majmu’ Fatawa Ibn Taymiyah)
Do you know that during the Prophet’s time, he lives very near to his masjid? There were a few rooms for the Ummul Mu’minoon.
When Prophet Muhammad salallahu alaihi wassalam died, he was in Aisyah radiallahhu anha’s room. When the Prophet salallahu alaihi wassalam, the companions didn’t know where to bury him until Abu Bakr radiallahhu anhu said, that he heard the Prophet salallahu alaihi wassalam said,
A Prophet should not be buried except where he dies.
So they removed his mattress in Aisyah radiallahhu anha’s room and dug the hole under where the matress had lain.
Thus the grave you see today was previously Aisyah radiallahhu anha’s room.
In the room also they buried Abu Bakr radiallahhu anhu And Omar radiallahhu anhu.
Visiting the graves is not an obligation to us. It is not a condition of either umrah or hajj. When you want to go to the masjid, you must have the niyyah to pray in the mosque and not because of the grave.
Some of the wrong hadith that is very weak
Whoever performs the hajj and does not visit me has shunned me.
Whoever visited me after my death, it will be as if he visited me during my life.
Whoever visited me and visited my father, Abraham in the same year, Allah will guarantee huim Paradise.
Whiever visited my grave, must receive my intercession.
(Al haj wal Umrah waz Ziyarah by Shaikh Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin baz)
If you do go visit, just stand respectfully next to the grave and say
السلام عليك يا رسول الله ورحمته وبركاته
May peace, Mercy and Blessings of Allah be upon you O Messenger of Allah.
Then you can send salutations of peace upon Abu bakar And Umar radiallahhuma.
When Abdullah bin Umar visited the graves, he would not say much except this
Malik :: Book 9 : Hadith 9.22.71
Yahya related to me from Malik that Abdullah ibn Dinar said, “I saw Abdullah ibn Umar stop by the grave of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and ask for blessings on the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and on Abu Bakr and Umar.”
السلام عليك يا رسول الله ،السلام عليك ياأبا باكر، السلام عليك يا أباه
Then he would leave.
1. wipe the grave or the chamber
2. Do not kiss it
3. do not circumbalate it
4. Do not make du’a asking Prophet Muhamamd anything. We only ask from Allah. Remember! Seeking from the dead, even though he was a prophet, is associating partners with Allah. And that is shirk! A sin that is not forgiven by Allah unless you make sincere tawabah when you are alive@
5. Do not stand there for a long time
6. Do not pray towards the grave. SHIRK!
Bukhari :: Book 4 :: Volume 56 :: Hadith 784
Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:
The Prophet used to stand by a tree or a date-palm on Friday. Then an Ansari woman or man said. “O Allah’s Apostle! Shall we make a pulpit for you?” He replied, “If you wish.” So they made a pulpit for him and when it was Friday, he proceeded towards the pulpit (for delivering the sermon). The date-palm cried like a child! The Prophet descended (the pulpit) and embraced it while it continued moaning like a child being quietened. The Prophet said, “It was crying for (missing) what it used to hear of religious knowledge given near to it.”
And you certainly can pray at raudah. Raudah is located between Prophet alallahu alaihi wassalam and the pulpit.
Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 21 :: Hadith 287
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, “Between my house and my pulpit there is a garden of the gardens of Paradise, and my pulpit is on my fountain tank (i.e. Al-Kauthar).”
Remember we talk about the Al Kawthar HERE.? Thus this small area, has a lot of mercy from Allah. Try yor best to make prayers there and make the most dua’ while you are at that.
As you are eager to make dua’, remember everyone else does too. So have patience and do not push around. Follow the guard’s instruction and do not cause havoc. If you are pressured by the crowd, turn your mind to dzikir, Insya Allah.
Z’s version of Masjid Nabawi (with the help of his dad :) )